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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Nov 2004
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Oct 2004
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Aug 2004
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Jul 2004
Volume 23, Issue 4 - May 2004
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Apr 2004
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Volume 23, Issue 4E - 00 2004
Volume 23, Issue 3E - 00 2004
Volume 23, Issue 2E - 00 2004
Volume 23, Issue 1_E - 00 2004
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Uncertainties in Pressure Calibration of Laboratory Standard Microphones by Reciprocity Technique
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 90~102
According to the Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA), the calibration and/or test laboratories should satisfy the management and technical requirements ISO 17025 or equivalent. Chapter 5, Section 5.10.4 of the technical requirement of ISO 17025 suggests the required informations for calibration certificates, one of them is to state the uncertainty of measurement. The uncertainties of measurement in reciprocity calibration of standard laboratory microphone were calculated. The expanded uncertainties for 1 and 1/2 inch microphones were 0.03 dB in the middle frequency range and they increased up to 0.10 dB and 0.11 dB at 20 Hz, 0.07 dB and 0.08 dB at high frequency, respectively.
Characterization of the Material Properties of 0.68Pb (
Single Crystals Grown by the Solid-State-Crystal-Growth Method
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 103~108
In this paper, all the materials constants of the PMN-32%PT single crystals grown by the solid state crystal growth method were measured by the resonance method. PMN-PT crystals of tetragonal symmetry have six elastic constants, three piezoelectric constants and two dielectric constants for their independent material constants. These materials constants were extracted from six sets of crystal samples of each different geometry to have different vibration modes respectively. Measured results showed that the crystal has larger electromechanical coupling factor k/sub 33/ (∼86%) and piezoelectric constant d/sub 33/ (∼1200pC/N) than conventional piezoceramics. Validity of the measurement was confirmed through comparison of the results with the impedance spectrum from finite element analysis of the samples and the results measured with a commercial do meter.
Performance Analysis of Data Association Applied Frequency Weighting in 3-Passive Linear Array Sonars
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 109~116
This paper deals with data association using 3 sets of passive linear array sonars (PUS) geometrically positioned in a Y-shaped configuration, but fixed in an underwater environment. The data association problem is directly transformed into a 3-D assignment problem, which is known to be NP-hard. For generic passive sensors, it can be sotted using conventional algorithms, while it in PLAS becomes a formidable task due to the presence of bearing ambiguity. In particular, we proposed data association method robust to bearing measurements errors by incorporating frequency information and analyze a region of ghost problem by geometrical relation PUS and target. We analyzed the effectiveness of the proposed method by representative simulation in multi-target.
DSP Implementation and Open Sea Test of Underwater Image Transmission System Using QPSK Scheme
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 117~124
In this paper, we have been implemented the QPSK-based underwater transmission systems using DSP in order to transmit the underwater image data. We have adopted a BDPA (Block Data Parallel Architecture) to control multiple DSPs used in the transmitter and receiver in order to transmit the image data in real-time. We also have developed GUI software in order to drive and to debug the implemanted system in real-time. We have executed open sea tests in order to analyze the performance of the implemented system at East Sea near Kosung in Kangwon-Do. As a result of these experiments, it has been demonstrated that 10 kbps image data can be received without errors at 30m and 80m depth points, while the distance between the transmitter and the receiver is up to 20m.
A Subspace-based Array Shape Estimation Method Using Nearfield Source Model
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 125~133
Most of the way shape estimation method using reference sources assume that the reference sources are in the farfield. That is, the reference sources are assumed to be far from the array. However, in applications of the array with reference sources, the reference sources are not far from the way, so that in practical ocean environments, the conventional method using farfield source model fail to estimate the positions of the hydrophones. In this paper, based on the nearfield source model, a subspace-based array shape estimation method was proposed. In the proposed method, nearfield reference source is modeled using the differential time delay at each hydrophone, and nearfield parameters are derived. Using these parameters, a subspace-based array shape estimation method that generalizes the existing farfield subspace fitting method which can work regardless of the range of the source is proposed. The Cramer-Rao lower bound for the proposed method is investigated. The results of the numerical experiments indicate that the proposed method performs well in estimating the shape of a perturbed way regardless of the ranges of the reference sources.
Manufacturing and its Performance of the Underwater Wireless Telephone Using Single Side Band Modulation
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 134~145
The study aims to develop the underwater wireless telephone system. The system is designed based on the underwater acoustic communication channel parameters such as ambient noise, multipath effect and diver breathing noise. The system adopts SSB modem and its carrier frequency is about 33 kHz in which ambient noise level is low and therefore a high S/N ratio is easily obtained. The source level of the transmitter is designed as 131 dB re 1μPa. Its intelligibility index of sentence shows as 80% or mure in the range of less than 300m in the sea trial.
Prediction of the Acoustic Performance of a Music Hall Considering the Radiation Characteristics of Korean Traditional Musical Sources
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 146~161
There have been always some difficulties in target setting and conditioning of acoustic performances of the Korean traditional music hall due mainly to the lack of the information on the sound radiation characteristics of Korean musical sources. In this study, the radiation characteristics of four typical Korean traditional musical sources were investigated in precision and their usage was demonstrated: The selected musical sources were Gayageum (string), Daegeum (woodwind), Jango (drum), and Pansori Chang (vocal performance). Each sound source was located at the center of a semi-anechoic chamber and the directivity was determined by the measured sound pressure levels in every 10° angular position, for both vertical and horizontal directions. The directivity pattern of Gayageum varies from a uniform to a complex pattern having many side lobes with the increase of frequency. The main radiation of Daegeum is toward the upward direction. The directivity pattern of Jango is clearly a side-oriented one and the left direction intensity is sharper than its right side at low frequencies. For the Chang, the directivity pattern change from a uniform pattern to a frontally directed one as the frequency goes high. Measured directional and spectral characteristics of traditional Korean music sources were implemented into the computation of architectural acoustic measures for the Busan National Korean Traditional Music Hall which is under construction. Parameters such as RT, SPL, C80, IE, STI were calculated at two receiver positions by using a ray tracing technique. Significant differences in the acoustic measures at receiver positions were observed between the results in using the omni-directional source and the directional one. It is thought that the suggested source data and design method can be used as a basic reference in the future acoustic design of performance halls for the Korean traditional music.
Speech Rate and the Acoustic Features of Korean Segments
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 162~172
This study investigates the following three things through a production experiment and acoustic analysis: 1) relationship between speech rate and the segment duration in Korean, 2) relationship between speech rate and spectral characteristics of vowels, i. e. undershoot, and 3) correlation between the vowel duration and undershoot. The results showed that the faster the speech rate nab, the shorter the duration of syllables and segments was. A few speakers were affected by speech rate in the durational ratios between closure and aspiration in a stop and between Towel and consonant in a syllable. Closure duration and vowel duration were more affected compared to aspiration and consonant duration, respectively. Speakers showed some differences in the extent to which speech rate affected vowel undershoot, implying that speakers used different production mechanisms for spectral characteristics of vowels: Some speakers speeded up movement of articulatory organs according to speech rate increase while some kept it constant regardless of speech rate change.
Phonetic Question Set Generation Algorithm
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 173~179
Due to the insufficiency of training data in large vocabulary continuous speech recognition, similar context dependent phones can be clustered by decision trees to share the data. When the decision trees are built and used to predict unseen triphones, a phonetic question set is required. The phonetic question set, which contains categories of the phones with similar co-articulation effects, is usually generated by phonetic or linguistic experts. This knowledge-based approach for generating phonetic question set, however, may reduce the homogeneity of the clusters. Moreover, the experts must adjust the question sets whenever the language or the PLU (phone-like unit) of a recognition system is changed. Therefore, we propose a data-driven method to automatically generate phonetic question set. Since the proposed method generates the phone categories using speech data distribution, it is not dependent on the language or the PLU, and may enhance the homogeneity of the clusters. In large vocabulary speech recognition experiments, the proposed algorithm has been found to reduce the error rate by 14.3%.
An Improvement of Stochastic Feature Extraction for Robust Speech Recognition
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 180~186
The presence of noise in speech signals degrades the performance of recognition systems in which there are mismatches between the training and test environments. To make a speech recognizer robust, it is necessary to compensate these mismatches. In this paper, we studied about an improvement of stochastic feature extraction based on band-SNR for robust speech recognition. At first, we proposed a modified version of the multi-band spectral subtraction (MSS) method which adjusts the subtraction level of noise spectrum according to band-SNR. In the proposed method referred as M-MSS, a noise normalization factor was newly introduced to finely control the over-estimation factor depending on the band-SNR. Also, we modified the architecture of the stochastic feature extraction (SFE) method. We could get a better performance when the spectral subtraction was applied in the power spectrum domain than in the mel-scale domain. This method is denoted as M-SFE. Last, we applied the M-MSS method to the modified stochastic feature extraction structure, which is denoted as the MMSS-MSFE method. The proposed methods were evaluated on isolated word recognition under various noise environments. The average error rates of the M-MSS, M-SFE, and MMSS-MSFE methods over the ordinary spectral subtraction (SS) method were reduced by 18.6%, 15.1%, and 33.9%, respectively. From these results, we can conclude that the proposed methods provide good candidates for robust feature extraction in the noisy speech recognition.
The Optimal and Complete Prompts Lists Generation Algorithm for Connected Spoken Word Speech Corpus
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 187~191
This paper describes an efficient algorithm to generate compact and complete prompts lists for connected spoken words speech corpus. In building a connected spoken digit recognizer, we have to acquire speech data in various contexts. However, in many speech databases the lists are made by using random generators. We provide an efficient algorithm that can generate compact and complete lists of digits in various contexts. This paper includes the proof of optimality and completeness of the algorithm.