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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Nov 2005
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Oct 2005
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Aug 2005
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Jul 2005
Volume 24, Issue 4 - May 2005
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Apr 2005
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2005
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
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Spatial Audio Signal Processing Technology Using Multi-Channel 3D Microphone
Kang Kyeongok ; Lee Taejin ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 2, 2005, Pages 68~77
The purpose of a spatial audio system is to give a listener an impression as if he were present in a recorded environment when its sound is reproduced. For this purpose a dummy head microphone is generally used. Because of its human-like shape, dummy head microphone can reproduce spatial images through headphone reproduction. However, its shape and size are restriction to public use and it is difficult to convert the output signal of dummy head microphone into a multi-channel signal for multi-channel environment. So, in this paper, we propose a multi-channel 3D microphone technology. The multi-channel 3D microphone acquire a spatial audio using five microphones around a horizontal plane of a rigid sphere and through post processing, it can reproduce various reproduction signals for headphone, stereo, stereo dipole, 4ch and 5ch reproduction environments. Because of complex computation, we implemented H/W based post processing system. To verily the Performance of the multi-channel 3D microphone, localization experiments were Performed. The result shows that a front/back confusion, which is the one of common limitations of conventional dummy head technology, can be reduced dramatically.
Magnitudes of the Harmonic Components Emitted from Utrasonic Contrast Agents in Response to a Diagnostic Utrasound: Theoretical Consideration
Kang Gwan Suk ; Yu Ji Chul ; Paeng Dong Guk ; Rhim Sung Min ; Choi Min Joo ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 2, 2005, Pages 78~86
This study considers the magnitude of the harmonic components radiated from the ultrasonic contrast agents (UCA) activated by a typical diagnostic ultrasound. The nonlinear dynamic response of UCA to a 2 MHz diagnostic ultrasound pulse was predicted using Gilmore Model. The elastic property of the shell membrane of the UCA was ignored in the numerical model. Simulation was carried out for the UCA varying from 1 - 9
m in its initial radius and the driving diagnostic ultrasound whose mechanical index (MI) ranges from 0.125 to 8. The powers of the sub. ultra and second harmonics of the acoustic signal from the UCA activated were compared with that of the fundamental component. The results show that. if the UCA is bigger than its resonant size (2
m in radius for the present case) the sub harmonic power was much bigger than the fundamental. In particular, the 2nd harmonic component currently used as an imaging parameter for the harmonic imaging, was predicted to be lower in power than both the sub and the ultra harmonic component. This study indicates that, for obtaining harmonic imaging with UCA, the sub or ultra harmonics could be taken as imaging parameters better than the 2nd harmonic component.
Parameter Mismatches and its Biases in Ocean Matched Field Processing
Park Jae-Eun ; Kim Jea-Soo ; Shin Kee-Cheol ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 2, 2005, Pages 87~96
In matched field processing (MEP), the observed acoustic field data is basically correlated with the replica produced by the modeling. therefore the results of source localization and correlation is limited by the mismatch of the environment and sensor location. In this paper. the effects of mismatch in environment and system on the bias in estimating the source location are investigated in the context of source localization. In the Pekeris waveguide, the simulation shows that the mismatches in environment and system, can cause a significant biases in the source localization and a degradation in MFP correlation. Mismatch caused by uncertainties in array tilt and depth, bottom depth, bottom sound speed, etc. causes degradation in source localization performance.
Characteristics of High Frequency Backscattering Strength by Zostera Marina (Seagrass) Bed
Yoon Kwan-Seob ; Na Jungyul ; La Hyoungsul ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 2, 2005, Pages 97~102
Acoustic experiments were performed with Zostera marina to study the characteristics of backscattering of seagrass living in the bottom interface. Field experiments were conducted in the Dongdae man, Namhae for day and night to consider the effects of air-bubble from photosynthesis of seagrass. The multi-frequency (30
120 kHz) responses were measured and the distributions of back scattering strength due to the movement of seagrass were Presented by PDF (probability density function) at 120 120 kHz. The results were shown both the frequency dependence and diurnal variation of the backscattering strength between day and night. This diurnal variation may be caused by the amount of oxygen in dissolved bubbles formed by Photosynthesis of seagrass.
A Study on the Validity of the Prediction of Binaural Parameters by 5 Channel Microphone System
Jang Jae-Hee ; Oh Yang-Ki ; Jeong Dae-Up ; Jeong Hyok ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 2, 2005, Pages 103~110
Providing adequate amount of spatial impression for spaciousness) has been known to be one of the most important design considerations for the good acoustics of rooms for music. and the measurement, of room acoustics using parameters. such as LEF and IACC, forms an essential part of such evaluation. However. it is unavoidable to use different transducers (figure of eight microphones. head and torso) for the measurement of each parameter and it tends to make the measurement procedure complicated. The Present work tried to provide a simpler way to measure these binaural room acoustic parameters including monaural ones with a single measurement system using both spatial information collected through a 5-channel microphone and a trained neural network. A computer simulation program, CATT-Acoustic V7.2. which allowed us to obtain exactly the same spatial information as a 5-channel microphone was used. since it requires quite a large amount of data for practical training of a neural network. Since each reflection has different energy. delay and direction, energy should be integrated properly. the concept of ray tracing method was applied inversely in this work. Also applying weightings according to the delay times was considered in this work. Finally, predicted results were compared with the measured data md their correlations were analyzed and discussed.
Investigation of the Preferred Acoustic Characteristics in Concert Halls
Choi Young-Ji ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 2, 2005, Pages 111~116
This study deals with a subjective assessment to investigate the preferred acoustic conditions and determine the important acoustical parameters in concert halls. A subjective test was carried out using dummy head recorded sounds made in actual halls in Australia (referred to as Hall A and Hall B) to evaluate the acoustic performance of two halls. The results of subjective tests were then correlated with measured acoustical parameters to investigate the significant determinants for the preference judgements. The listeners show a stronger Preference for seats in the Hall B than those in the Hall A. The low preferences for seats in the Hall A are in agreement with live performance ratings assessed by musicians. It is found that the sound level is the most significant acoustical parameter for evaluating the overall acoustic preference in the two halls.
A Prosodic Study of Korean Using a Large Database
Kim Jong-Jin ; Lee Sook-Hyang ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 2, 2005, Pages 117~126
This study investigates the prosodic characteristics of Korean through the analysis of a large database. One female and one male speakers each read 650 sentences and they were segmentally and prosodically labeled. Statistical analyses were done on these utterances regarding the tonal pattern and the size of prosodic units, correlation between the size of higher level prosodic units and the number of lower level prosodic units. and the slope and F0 of the falling and rising contours of an accentual phrase. The results showed that the duration and the number of words and syllables of a prosodic unit were significantly different not only between speakers but also between its positions within a higher level prosodic nit. The munber of a prosodic unit showed a high correlation with the duration and the number of syllables of its higher level units. The slope of the falling contour within an accentual phrase was inversely Proportional to the number of its syllables. The slope was different depending on the first tone type of an accentual phrase, which could be explained with the F0 rising and the different amount of rising between tones when an accentual phrase starts with an H tone. The slope of the falling contour across an accentual phrase boundary showed a constant and larger value compared to one within an accentual phrase. The rising contours in the beginning and end of an accentual Phrase were similar in their slopes but they differ in the amount of F0 change : the former showed a larger amount of change. The slope of the rising contour which forms an accentual Phrase on its own was inversely Proportional to the number of its syllables.