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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 8 - Nov 2007
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Oct 2007
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Aug 2007
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Jul 2007
Volume 26, Issue 4 - May 2007
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Apr 2007
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Feb 2007
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Jan 2007
Selecting the target year
The Effect of the Cicadas' Songs on the Psychological Responses in Adolescents
Yoon, Ki-Sang ; Suh, Sang-Joon ; Suh, Jae-Gap ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 26, issue 4, 2007, Pages 136~143
This experiment was performed to find out the effects of the cicadas' songs on the psychological responses in adolescents. As a basic coulee, the experiment to set up 'Acceptable & Unacceptable' was performed. As a further coulee, five kinds of the cicadas' songs heard frequently were analyzed and adjectives expressing the feeling to cicadas' songs were factor-analyzed, and psychological responses to auditory sensations were analyzed through regression equations. As a result, the effect of the Cryptotympana atrata's song, the Meimuna opalifera's song and the traffic noise are similar in the degree of disturbing the meditation but they are less disturbing than the white noise. The experiment for adjectives expressing was performed, because it is possible that cicadas' songs affect adolescents as a noise. Cicadas' songs can be expressed with three kinds of factors. First factor is [Annoyance], second factor is [Strength] and third factor is [Rhythm]. The first factor dominates in the songs of the Cryptotympana atrata and the Platypleura kaempferi who generate steady sound, and the third factor dominates in the songs of the Meimuna opalifera, the Leptosemia takanonis and the Oncotympana fuscata who generate fluctuating sounds. The loudness of sound didn't affect on the third factor but the emotional values of the fist and the second factors are linearly proportional to the loudness. The analysis results of the first factor associated with noise showed that the annoyance of adolescents is increased in the order of white noise - the Platypleura kaempferi - the Cryptotympana atrata, if the loudness of sounds are generated equally.
Automatic Classification of Continuous Heart Sound Signals Using the Statistical Modeling Approach
Kim, Hee-Keun ; Chung, Yong-Joo ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 26, issue 4, 2007, Pages 144~152
Conventional research works on the classification of the heart sound signal have been done mainly with the artificial neural networks. But the analysis results on the statistical characteristic of the heart sound signal have shown that the HMM is suitable for modeling the heart sound signal. In this paper, we model the various heart sound signals representing different heart diseases with the HMM and find that the classification rate is much affected by the clustering of the heart sound signal. Also, the heart sound signal acquired in real environments is a continuous signal without any specified starting and ending points of time. Hence, for the classification based on the HMM, the continuous cyclic heart sound signal needs to be manually segmented to obtain isolated cycles of the signal. As the manual segmentation will incur the errors in the segmentation and will not be adequate for real time processing, we propose a variant of the ergodic HMM which does not need segmentation procedures. Simulation results show that the proposed method successfully classifies continuous heart sounds with high accuracy.
A Probabilistic Combination Method of Minimum Statistics and Soft Decision for Robust Noise Power Estimation in Speech Enhancement
Park, Yun-Sik ; Chang, Joon-Hyuk ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 26, issue 4, 2007, Pages 153~158
This paper presents a new approach to noise estimation to improve speech enhancement in non-stationary noisy environments. The proposed method combines the two separate noise power estimates provided by the minimum statistics (MS) for speech presence and soft decision (SD) for speech absence in accordance with SAP (Speech Absence Probability) on a separate frequency bin. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated by the subjective test under various noise environments and yields better results compared with the conventional MS or SD-based schemes.
A Pre-Selection of Candidate Units Using Accentual Characteristic In a Unit Selection Based Japanese TTS System
Na, Deok-Su ; Min, So-Yeon ; Lee, Kwang-Hyoung ; Lee, Jong-Seok ; Bae, Myung-Jin ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 26, issue 4, 2007, Pages 159~165
In this paper, we propose a new pre-selection of candidate units that is suitable for the unit selection based Japanese TTS system. General pre-selection method performed by calculating a context-dependent cost within IP (Intonation Phrase). Different from other languages, however. Japanese has an accent represented as the height of a relative pitch, and several words form a single accentual phrase. Also. the prosody in Japanese changes in accentual phrase units. By reflecting such prosodic change in pre-selection. the qualify of synthesized speech can be improved. Furthermore, by calculating a context-dependent cost within accentual phrase, synthesis speed can be improved than calculating within intonation phrase. The proposed method defines AP. analyzes AP in context and performs pre-selection using accentual phrase matching which calculates CCL (connected context length) of the Phoneme's candidates that should be synthesized in each accentual phrase. The baseline system used in the proposed method is VoiceText, which is a synthesizer of Voiceware. Evaluations were made on perceptual error (intonation error, concatenation mismatch error) and synthesis time. Experimental result showed that the proposed method improved the qualify of synthesized speech. as well as shortened the synthesis time.
Comparison of Multi-Static Sonar Target Positioning Performance
Park, Chee-Hyun ; Ko, Han-Seok ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 26, issue 4, 2007, Pages 166~172
In this paper, we address the target positioning performance of Multi-Static sonar with respect to target positioning method and measurement error. Based on the analysis on two candidate solution approaches, namely, Least Square (LS) using range and angular information simultaneously and Maximum Likelihood (ML) using only range information as the existing information fusion methods for possible application to Multi-Static sonar, we propose to employ ML using range and angular information. Assuming that each sensor can receive range and angular information, we conduct representative comparison experiments over the existing and proposed methods under various measurement noise scenarios. We also investigate the target positioning performance according to number of sensors, distance between transmitter and receiver. According to the experimental results, RMSE of the proposed ML with distance and direction information is found to be more superior to ML using distance alone and to LS in case distance between transmitter and receiver is longer and number of receiver is smaller.
Underwater Target Localization Using the Interference Pattern of Broadband Spectrogram Estimated by Three Sensors
Kim, Se-Young ; Chun, Seung-Yong ; Kim, Ki-Man ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 26, issue 4, 2007, Pages 173~181
In this paper, we propose a moving target localization algorithm using acoustic spectrograms. A time-versus-frequency spectrogram provide a information of trajectory of the moving target in underwater. For a source at sufficiently long range from a receiver, broadband striation patterns seen in spectrogram represents the mutual interference between modes which reflected by surface and bottom. The slope of the maximum intensity striation is influenced by waveguide invariant parameter
and distance between target and sensor. When more than two sensors are applied to measure the moving ship-radited noise, the slope and frequency of the maximum intensity striation are depend on distance between target and receiver. We assumed two sensors to fixed point then form a circle of apollonios which set of all points whose distances from two fixed points are in a constant ratio. In case of three sensors are applied, two circle form an intersection point so coordinates of this point can be estimated as a position of target. To evaluates a performance of the proposed localization algorithm, simulation is performed using acoustic propagation program.