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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 8 - Nov 2008
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Oct 2008
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Aug 2008
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Jul 2008
Volume 27, Issue 4 - May 2008
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Apr 2008
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Reduction of the Vibration in PKM Using a Propeller Damper
Kim, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Heun-Hwa ; Seong, Woo-Jae ; Pyo, Sang-Woo ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 3, 2008, Pages 103~110
Strategically, the Patrol Killer Medium (PKM) ought to run at high speed that produces largely vibration by propeller, in a consequence, the vibration gradually deterioratescrews' working condition and increases the possibility of SONAR detection. In this paper, we propose the propeller damper, which is one of waysto reduce the vibration induced by the propeller, and simulate the ability of the damper numerically. The propeller damper was designed to apply to an isolated plate at the bottom flat board of ship which is directly affected by the fluctuating pressure. The dynamic pressure for the stern part of the PKM is calculated by using the DnV rule and the numerical analysis when the propeller damper applied or not, is performed with ANSYS at the isolated plate that simplified. From the analysis, the damping effect of the proposed propeller damper is confirmed and the reduction ratio for each compartment is estimated based on the experimental data in the PKM.
New Automatic Taxonomy Generation Algorithm for the Audio Genre Classification
Choi, Tack-Sung ; Moon, Sun-Kook ; Park, Young-Cheol ; Youn, Dae-Hee ; Lee, Seok-Pil ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 3, 2008, Pages 111~118
In this paper, we propose a new automatic taxonomy generation algorithm for the audio genre classification. The proposed algorithm automatically generates hierarchical taxonomy based on the estimated classification accuracy at all possible nodes. The estimation of classification accuracy in the proposed algorithm is conducted by applying the training data to classifier using k-fold cross validation. Subsequent classification accuracy is then to be tested at every node which consists of two clusters by applying one-versus-one support vector machine. In order to assess the performance of the proposed algorithm, we extracted various features which represent characteristics such as timbre, rhythm, pitch and so on. Then, we investigated classification performance using the proposed algorithm and previous flat classifiers. The classification accuracy reaches to 89 percent with proposed scheme, which is 5 to 25 percent higher than the previous flat classification methods. Using low-dimensional feature vectors, in particular, it is 10 to 25 percent higher than previous algorithms for classification experiments.
Performance Comparison of GMM and HMM Approaches for Bandwidth Extension of Speech Signals
Song, Geun-Bae ; Kim, Austin ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 3, 2008, Pages 119~128
This paper analyzes the relationship between two representative statistical methods for bandwidth extension (BWE): Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) and Hidden Markov Model (HMM) ones, and compares their performances. The HMM method is a memory-based system which was developed to take advantage of the inter-frame dependency of speech signals. Therefore, it could be expected to estimate better the transitional information of the original spectra from frame to frame. To verify it, a dynamic measure that is an approximation of the 1st-order derivative of spectral function over time was introduced in addition to a static measure. The comparison result shows that the two methods are similar in the static measure, while, in the dynamic measure, the HMM method outperforms explicitly the GMM one. Moreover, this difference increases in proportion to the number of states of HMM model. This indicates that the HMM method would be more appropriate at least for the 'blind BWE' problem. On the other hand, nevertheless, the GMM method could be treated as a preferable alternative of the HMM one in some applications where the static performance and algorithm complexity are critical.
Analysis of Multi-Mode Reflection and Transmission Coefficients of a Lamb Wave Across a Rectangular Notch
Kim, Byung-Soo ; Roh, Yong-Rae ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 3, 2008, Pages 129~139
The purpose of the present work is to derive the reflection and transmission coefficients of
mode Lamb waves in relation to the geometry of a rectangular notch when the waves propagate across the notch in an elastic plate. Firstly, the excitable modes of the Lamb wave were analyzed with respect to the plate thickness. The scattering phenomena were divided into three independent processes according to the boundary shape of the notch and the direction of the wave propagation. Linear equations for each process were derived with corresponding free or continuous boundary conditions to analyze the scattered waves. By the rule of linear superposition, the waves scattered at each process were summed for each mode. Then the steady-state reflection and transmission coefficients of the scattered waves were determined so that the difference of energy flux between the incident and the scattered waves would remain within 4%.
Simulation of Time-Domain Acoustic Wave Signals Backscattered from Underwater Targets
Kim, Kook-Hyun ; Cho, Dae-Seung ; Seong, Woo-Jae ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 3, 2008, Pages 140~148
In this study, a numerical method for a time-domain acoustic wave backscattering analysis is established based on a physical optics and a Fourier transform. The frequency responses of underwater targets are calculated based on physical optics derived from the Kirchhoff-Helmholtz integral equation by applying Kirchhoff approximation and the time-domain signals are simulated taking inverse fast Fourier transform to the obtained frequency responses. Particularly, the adaptive triangular beam method is introduced to calculate the areas impinged directly by acoustic incident wave and the virtual surface concept is adopted to consider the multiple reflection effect. The numerical analysis result for an acoustic plane wave field incident normally upon a square flat plate is coincident with the result by the analytic time-domain physical optics derived theoretically from a conventional physical optics. The numerical simulation result for a hemi-spherical end-capped cylinder model is compared with the measurement result, so that it is recognized that the presented method is valid when the specular reflection effect is predominant, but, for small targets, gives errors due to higher order scattering components. The numerical analysis of an idealized submarine shows that the established method is effectively applicable to large and complex-shaped underwater targets.
Application of Approximate FFT Method for Target Detection in Distributed Sensor Network
Choi, Byung-Woong ; Ryu, Chang-Soo ; Kwon, Bum-Soo ; Hong, Sun-Mog ; Lee, Kyun-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 3, 2008, Pages 149~153
General underwater target detection methods adopt short-time FFT for estimate target doppler. This paper proposes the efficient target detection method, instead of conventional FFT, using approximate FFT for distributed sensor network target detection, which requires lighter computations. In the proposed method, we decrease computational rate of FFT by the quantization of received signal. For validation of the proposed method, experiment result which is applied to FFT based active sonar detector and real oceanic data is presented.
Pre-Coding Method for Underwater Digital Communications in a Multipath Channel
Kim, Tae-Woo ; Hwang, A-Rom ; Seong, Woo-Jae ; Lim, Young-Kon ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 3, 2008, Pages 154~162
Signals in an underwater channel get distorted by multipath propagation. In this paper, pre-coding method is suggested which helps comprehending the signals with minimum equalization. The signals are transformed based on the knowledge of the impulse response of the channel. Proposed pre-coding method is tested by simulations based on the ray theory and through water tank experiments. In weak multipath environment, in case of an SNR of about 20 dB, BER is
, while in strong multipath environment, similar BER is achieved with SNR of about 30 dB. In order for the pre-coding method to be used for underwater vehicles, channel prediction method utilizing the waveguide invariant is suggested and tested.