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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 8 - Nov 2008
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Oct 2008
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Aug 2008
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Jul 2008
Volume 27, Issue 4 - May 2008
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Apr 2008
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Analysis of String Vibraion in Cello
Choi, Gi-Sang ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 8, 2008, Pages 395~402
In viol family string instruments vibration of string is transmitted to the front plate through bridge to cause resonance of the instrument body. Therefore, the vibration of string is the source of sound and the properties, the structure, and the boundary conditions of string are expected to have significant effect on the sound. In this study the vibration of strings in cello when one end is fixed and the other end is pressed with finger tip is studied and compared with the case of the fixed-fixed ends. The result of analysis and experiment shows that the vibration of the string that is fixed at one end and pressed with finger tip at the other end is significantly influenced by the contact condition of the string with the finger tip and also quite different from that of the fixed-fixed string, It also suggests that the sound of a cello can be significantly influenced by the contact condition between the string and the finger tip in the fingered string.
An Analysis of Effect on Road Traffic Noise Reduction Substitute through Traffic Management Improved
Kim, Hyung-Chul ; Jeong, Jea-Hun ; Jang, Seung-Il ; Kim, Heung-Man ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 8, 2008, Pages 403~410
The noise problem became more serious by the rapid urban population growth and traffic. This study estimates the noise level considering actual traffic volume and building shape and location. Based on the state of the arts noise level, changing amount of noise that was controlled by the speed control and truck and passenger car restriction is calculated. Some conclusion is found out. The 2-D type more than 3-D type is more than over standard of noise pollution and night time's over rate is larger than day time. And in the case of various solutions are used instead of applying one solution, noise pollution is effectively reduced.
Numerical Simulation of Acoustic Radiation and Fluid/Structure Interaction Based on the Helmholtz Integral Equation
Choi, Sung-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 8, 2008, Pages 411~417
An alternative formulation of the Helmholtz integral equation derived to express the pressure field explicitly in terms of the velocity vector of a radiating surface is used to solve acoustic radiation and fluid/structure interaction problems. This formulation, derived for arbitrary sources, is similar in form to the Rayleigh's formula for planar sources. Because the surface pressure field is expressed explicitly as a surface integral of the surface velocity, which can be implemented numerically using standard Gaussian quadratures, there is no need to use BEM to solve a set of simultaneous equations for the surface pressure at the discretized nodes. Furthermore the non-uniqueness problem inherent in methods based on Helmholtz integral equation is avoided. Validation of this formulation is demonstrated for some simple geometries.
A Method of Sound Segmentation in Time-Frequency Domain Using Peaks and Valleys in Spectrogram for Speech Separation
Lim, Sung-Kil ; Lee, Hyon-Soo ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 8, 2008, Pages 418~426
In this paper, we propose an algorithm for the frequency channel segmentation using peaks and valleys in spectrogram. The frequency channel segments means that local groups of channels in frequency domain that could be arisen from the same sound source. The proposed algorithm is based on the smoothed spectrum of the input sound. Peaks and valleys in the smoothed spectrum are used to determine centers and boundaries of segments, respectively. To evaluate a suitableness of the proposed segmentation algorithm before that the grouping stage is applied, we compare the synthesized results using ideal mask with that of proposed algorithm. Simulations are performed with mixed speech signals with narrow band noises, wide band noises and other speech signals.
Transcoding Algorithm for SMV and AMR Speech Coder
Lee, Duck-Jong ; Jeong, Gyu-Hyeok ; Lee, In-Sung ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 8, 2008, Pages 427~434
In this paper, a transcoding algorithm for SMV and AMR speech coder is proposed. In the application requiring the interoperability of different networks, two speech coders must work together with the structure of cascaded connection, tandem. The tandem which is one of the simplest methods has several problems such as long delay, high complexity and the quality degradation due to twice complete encoding/decoding process. These problems can be solved by using transcoding algorithm. The proposed algorithm consists of LSP (Line Spectral Pair) conversion, pitch delay conversion, and fast fixed codebook search. The evaluation results show that the proposed algorithm achieves equivalent speech quality to that of tandem with reduced computational complexity and delay.
Two-Path Language Modeling Considering Word Order Structure of Korean
Shin, Joong-Hwi ; Park, Jae-Hyun ; Lee, Jung-Tae ; Rim, Hae-Chang ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 8, 2008, Pages 435~442
The n-gram model is appropriate for languages, such as English, in which the word-order is grammatically rigid. However, it is not suitable for Korean in which the word-order is relatively free. Previous work proposed a twoply HMM that reflected the characteristics of Korean but failed to reflect word-order structures among words. In this paper, we define a new segment unit which combines two words in order to reflect the characteristic of word-order among adjacent words that appear in verbal morphemes. Moreover, we propose a two-path language model that estimates probabilities depending on the context based on the proposed segment unit. Experimental results show that the proposed two-path language model yields 25.68% perplexity improvement compared to the previous Korean language models and reduces 94.03% perplexity for the prediction of verbal morphemes where words are combined.
Voice Activity Detection Based on Discriminative Weight Training with Feedback
Kang, Sang-Ick ; Chang, Joon-Hyuk ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 8, 2008, Pages 443~449
One of the key issues in practical speech processing is to achieve robust Voice Activity Deteciton (VAD) against the background noise. Most of the statistical model-based approaches have tried to employ equally weighted likelihood ratios (LRs), which, however, deviates from the real observation. Furthermore voice activities in the adjacent frames have strong correlation. In other words, the current frame is highly correlated with previous frame. In this paper, we propose the effective VAD approach based on a minimum classification error (MCE) method which is different from the previous works in that different weights are assigned to both the likelihood ratio on the current frame and the decision statistics of the previous frame.