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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Acoustical Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 8 - Nov 2009
Volume 28, Issue 7 - Oct 2009
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Aug 2009
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Jul 2009
Volume 28, Issue 4 - May 2009
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Apr 2009
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
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Correlation Between Tensile Strength of Diaphragm and Resonance Frequency for Micro-Speaker
Oh, Sei-Jin ; Kim, Hae-Young ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 299~307
In this study, the acoustical properties of micro-speaker had been studied as a function of diaphragm patterns. The diaphragm was divided into two sections, such as edge and dome sides. The pattern change at each side affected the tensile strength of diaphragm. As a result, the resonance frequency was varied with the change. With increasing the number of pattern at the edge side, it was increased at the first, but it reversed to the exponential decrease of that. It increased due to the increase of tensile strength to be caused by using "U" type of drill and whirlwind pattern, and decreasing of drill angle at the edge side. However, it was decreased due to the decrease of tensile strength to be by increasing the number of radiation pattern and dome hight, and decreasing the dome radius at the dome side.
Local/Global Structural Health Monitoring System Using Piezoelectric Sensors
Kim, Byung-Soo ; Kwon, Hyeok-Sang ; Kim, Jin-Wook ; Roh, Yong-Rae ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 308~317
In the present work, a sensor system composed of an oscillator sensor and a Lamb wave sensor is proposed for the purpose of structural health monitoring. The oscillator sensing system detecting the shift of a structural resonant frequency in proportion to the amount of defects in the structure is a pretty sensitive and simple device, but its detectable range is limited to its local zone. The Lamb wave sensor system, however, is applicable to global detection of the defects. This study is aimed at investigating the feasible combination of the two systems to exploits their merits simultaneously. The scheme to use PZT patches as the oscillator sensor as well as the Lamb wave sensor was proposed to identify the position, length and number of cracks by means of TOF and amplitude of signals, and its validity was confirmed through experiments.
A Study on 3-Dimensional Near-Field Source Localization Using Interference Pattern Matching in Shallow Water Environments
Kim, Se-Young ; Chun, Seung-Yong ; Son, Yoon-Jun ; Kim, Ki-Man ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 318~327
In this paper, we propose a 3-D geometric localization method for near-field broadband source in shallow water environments. According to the waveguide invariant theory, slope of the interference pattern which is seen in a sensor spectrogram directly proportional to a range of the source. The relative ratio of the range between source and sensors was estimated by matching of two interference patterns in spectrogram. Then this ratio is applied to the Apollonius's circle which shows the locus of a source whose range ratio from two sensors is constant. Two Apollonius's circles from three sensors make the intersection point that means the horizontal range and the azimuth angle of the source. And this intersection point is constant with source depth. Therefore the source depth can be estimated using 3-D hyperboloid equation whose range difference from two sensors is constant. To evaluate a performance of the proposed localization algorithm, simulation is performed using acoustic propagation program and analysis of localization error is demonstrated. From simulation results, error estimate for range and depth is described within 50 m and 15 m respectively.
Estimation of Phase Variance of Acoustic Signals Depending on Turbulence Strength Near the Mukho Port in the East Sea of Korea
Kim, Jung-Hun ; Bok, Tae-Hoon ; Paeng, Dong-Guk ; Shim, Tae-Bo ; Kim, Young-Kyu ; Park, Joung-Soo ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 328~335
Phase variance of the acoustic signals has to be investigated with the research of the medium, because the phase of the acoustic signals carries the information of the medium. The phase compensation of the received signals is required for the signal processing of SAS (Synthetic Aperture Sonar) and underwater communication. In this paper, the phase variance of the acoustic signals was studied depending on the micro-scale-turbulence of ocean. The turbulence strength of the locally isotropic and homogeneous turbulence was calculated, and the phase variance affected by the turbulence strength was computed along the ray paths. The CTD and ADCP data were acquired from a buoy system near the Mukho port in the East Sea of Korea and the ray paths were calculated by the Bellhop algorithm. As a result, the turbulence strength was mainly determined by the variation of temperature and flow speed, changing the phase variance of the received signals. Hence, we thought the phase variance should be considered in the sonar operating system.
Target Velocity Estimation Technique Using CPA Analysis at the Moving Receiver
Lee, Su-Hyoung ; Kim, Jeong-Soo ; Lee, Kyun-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 336~342
A conventional Closest Point of Approach (CPA) analysis allows a non-maneuvering moving source that is radiating a constant frequency tone to be located using doppler shifted frequency measurements obtained by a stationary receiver. The original frequency, relative speed of the target, time at the CPA, and range from the CPA to the sensor are estimated by the conventional CPA. However, this paper proposes a new CPA analysis that allows the motion parameters of a target to be estimated using the bearing and frequency measurements obtained by a moving receiver that has a constant velocity. The validity of the proposed estimation scheme is confirmed through a performance analysis and simulation study.
Research on the Soundscape for Excavation, Preservation and Promotion of Soundscape Resources in Hongdo Island
Han, Myung-Ho ; Oh, Yang-Ki ; Roh, Tae-Hak ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 343~355
In order to restore the identity of sound environment and expand the sound culture of a region, the purpose of this study are to excavate the resources of soundscape and find out the plans for the preservation and promotion of soundscape resources peculiar to the region. For this purpose, this research is conducted through an interview survey of residents and an observation survey using listening walk in Hongdo, one of the southwesten island of Korea. The results of survey confirm that there are so many sounds to hear around Hongdo island, those are, natural sounds such as the song of the birds, the roar of the waves, the whistling sounds, the shriek of the seagulls, and the pebbles sounds washed away by the waves, and artificial sounds such as the steam-whistle signals, the ship's broadcasts, the voice of tourists, the sounds of church bells, lighthouse sirens etc. The results suggest that it is necessary to consider several ways for restoration of an unique soundscape in Hongdo island, those are, improvement for efficient management of a ship's broadcasts in public areas, removal of a ferry in Hongdo swimming beach, management of Dangsanje (a religious service), preservation of a lighthouse siren and a foghorn, restoration and improvement of underground stream, management and control of public fish market, restoration of brooklet, management of cooperative system for a fish market, restoration of PoongO-Gut (a ritual for a large harvest) and a skate festival, management of a Hongdo sports meeting, sound quality modification of a boat whistle, restoration of orientalia such as a funeral bier, ecosystem preservation activity of the shore and ocean, and promotion of amenity for fascination and vitality in a rural community. Also, a sound map is drawn up for many tourists so as to realize the importance of sound environment and identity of soundscape and to gain their experience at first hand in Hongdo island.
Analysis of Acoustic Psychology of City Traffic and Nature Sounds
Kyon, Doo-Heon ; Bae, Myung-Jin ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 356~362
In modern society, most people of the world are densely populated in cities so that the traffic sound has a very significant meaning. people tend to classify traffic sound as a noise pollution while they are likely to categorize most nature sound as positive. In this paper, we applied various forms of FFT filters into white noise belonged in nature sound to find frequency characteristics of white noise which preferred by people and confirm its correlation with nature sound. In addition, we conducted an analysis through the comparison of various traffic and nature sound waveforms and spectra. As a result of analysis, the traffic sound have characteristics which sound energy had concentrated on specific frequency bandwidth and point of time compared to nature sound. And we confirmed the fact that these characteristics had negative elements to which could affect to people. Lastly, by letting the subjects listen directly to both traffic and nature sound through brainwave experiment using electrode, the study measured the energy distribution of alpha waves and beta waves. As a result of experiments, it has been noted that urban sound created a noticeably larger amount of beta waves than nature sound; on the contrary, nature sound generated positive alpha waves. These results could directly confirm the negative effects of traffic sound and the positive effects of nature sound.
Equivalent Circuit Modeling of Multiple Modes Underwater Acoustic Piezoelectric Transducer Using Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm
Lee, Jeong-Min ; Lee, Byung-Hwa ; Baek, Kwang-Ryul ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 363~369
In this paper, an estimation method is presented to determine the equivalent circuit model of an underwater acoustic piezoelectric transducer with multiple resonant modes. A fitness function that includes the coupled resonant effects is proposed to minimize an error between the measured impedance of the transducer and the calculated impedance of the equivalent model. Unknown parameters of the equivalent circuit are estimated by using PSO algorithm. The proposed method is applied to an example transducer of the sandwich type with 3 resonances in the frequency band of interest. The analytical impedance of the estimated equivalent circuit model is compared with the measured impedance of the transducer and the validity of proposed method is verified.
The Study on the Implementation of the X-Ray CT System Using the Cone-Beam for the 3D Dynamic Image Acquisition
Jeong, Chan-Woong ; Jun, Kyu-Suk ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 370~374
In this paper, we presents a new cone beam computerized tomography (CB CT) system for the reconstruction of 3 dimensional dynamic images. The system using cone beam has less the exposure of radioactivity than fan beam, relatively. In the system, the reconstruction 3-D image is reconstructed with the radiation angle of X-ray in the image processing unit and transmitted to the monitor. And in the image processing unit, the Three Pass Shear Matrices, a kind of Rotation-based method, is applied to reconstruct 3D image because it has less transcendental functions than the one-pass shear matrix to decrease a time of calculations for the reconstruction 3-D image in the processor. The new system is able to get 3~5 3-D images a second, reconstruct the 3-D dynamic images in real time.
Robust Audio Fingerprinting Using Compressed-Domain Features
Seo, Jin-Soo ; Lee, Seung-Jae ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 375~382
This paper proposes a new audio fingerprinting method based on compressed-domain features. By basing on the compressed domain, the computational efficiency of the proposed method can be greatly enhanced. Especially we deal with MDCT domain, which is widely employed in audio compression, and extract three kinds of subband features; energy, centroid, and flatness. By taking signs after differentially filtering each feature, binary audio fingerprints are obtained. The identification performance of the three kinds of fingerprints are experimentally compared. Among the considered compressed-domain subband features, the subband energy showed the best performance for fingerprinting.
A Study on SNR Estimation of Continuous Speech Signal
Song, Young-Hwan ; Park, Hyung-Woo ; Bae, Myung-Jin ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 383~391
In speech signal processing, speech signal corrupted by noise should be enhanced to improve quality. Usually noise estimation methods need flexibility for variable environment. Noise profile is renewed on silence region to avoid effects of speech properties. So we have to preprocess finding voice region before noise estimation. However, if received signal does not have silence region, we cannot apply that method. In this paper, we proposed SNR estimation method for continuous speech signal. The waveform which is stationary region of voiced speech is very correlated by pitch period. So we can estimate the SNR by correlation of near waveform after dividing a frame for each pitch. For unvoiced speech signal, vocal track characteristic is reflected by noise, so we can estimate SNR by using spectral distance between spectrum of received signal and estimated vocal track. Lastly, energy of speech signal is mostly distributed on voiced region, so we can estimate SNR by the ratio of voiced region energy to unvoiced.
Speech Reinforcement Based on G.729A Speech Codec Parameter Under Near-End Background Noise Environments
Choi, Jae-Hun ; Chang, Joon-Hyuk ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 392~400
In this paper, we propose an effective speech reinforcement technique base on ITU-T G.729A CS-ACELP codec under the near-end background noise environments. In general, since the intelligibility of the far-end speech for the near-end listener is significantly reduced under near-end noise environments, we require a far-end speech reinforcement approach to avoid this phenomena. In contrast to the conventional speech reinforcement algorithm, we reinforce the excitation signal of the codec's parameters received from the far-end speech signal based on the G.729A speech codec under various background noise environments. Specifically, we first estimate the excitation signal of ambient noise at the near-end through the encoder of the G.729A speech codec, reinforcing the excitation signal of the far-end speech transmitted from the far-end. we specially propose a novel approach to directly reinforce the excitation signal of far-end speech signal based on the decoder of the G.729A. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated by the CCR (Comparison Category Rating) test of the method for subjective determination of transmission quality in ITU-T P.800 under various noise environments and shows better performances compared with conventional SNR Recovery methods.
Frequency Domain Double-Talk Detector Based on Gaussian Mixture Model
Lee, Kyu-Ho ; Chang, Joon-Hyuk ;
The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea, volume 28, issue 4, 2009, Pages 401~407
In this paper, we propose a novel method for the cross-correlation based double-talk detection (DTD), which employing the Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) in the frequency domain. The proposed algorithm transforms the cross correlation coefficient used in the time domain into 16 channels in the frequency domain using the discrete fourier transform (DFT). The channels are then selected into seven feature vectors for GMM and we identify three different regions such as far-end, double-talk and near-end speech using the likelihood comparison based on those feature vectors. The presented DTD algorithm detects efficiently the double-talk regions without Voice Activity Detector which has been used in conventional cross correlation based double-talk detection. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated under various conditions and yields better results compared with the conventional schemes. especially, show the robustness against detection errors resulting from the background noises or echo path change which one of the key issues in practical DTD.