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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Dec 1986
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Aug 1986
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Apr 1986
Selecting the target year
The Influence of Self-Esteen on the Clothing Behavior among High School Students
Kim Soon-Ku ; Yoon Hak-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 1~8
This study was undertaken to explore the relationship between the personality characteristic (the self-esteem) and tao clothing behaviors according to the sex and the five environmental variables. This study was designed with the hypothetic model regarding the age and the five environmental variables as Independent Variable, the self-esteem as Intervening Variable, the eight clothing behaviors as Dependent Variable. For the testing hypothesis, the questionnaries were adminstered to 335 high school boys and 308 high school girls in Pusan. The data was analyzed statistically at the B.N.U. Computer Center using to the Path Analysis (by Multiple Regression Analysis Method). The results were as follows : 1. There was significant difference in the self-esteem according to the sex. Boys had higher scores than girls. 2. There was no significant relationship between the self-esteem and all the environmental variables of this study. 3. There were significant differences in the clothing behavior subscales according to the sex. Girls had higher scores than boys in every clothing behavior subscales. 4. There were partial relationship between the clothing behavior subscales and the environmental variables. 5. There was a highly significant relationship between the self-esteem and the clothing behavior subscales except Comfort and Modesty. A negative significant aubscale were Interest, Psychological Dependence, Social Approval and Special Attention. 6. There were positively significant relationship among the clothing behavior subscales except Modesty-Aesthetics, Modesty-Interest, Modesty-Psychological Dependence and Modesty-special Attention.
A Study on the Relationship between the Economic Level of the households and the Clothing Purchase Practices of High School Girls -Centering around High School Girls in Seoul-
Kim Ae Ryuon ; Kim Jin Goo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 9~17
The purpose of this study is to research into the relationship between the clothing pur-chase practices of high school girls and the economic level of the households. For the survey of Economic Level of the households, the information of the monthly income of the households were extracted from the Annual Report of the City-Household in the Economic Planning Board. The survey of clothing purchase practices is based on Ryan's Clothing: A Study in Human Behavior. The questionnaires were distributed to the seven girls' high school in Seoul. The data from 354 respondents was analyzed by Peargons' r, ANOVA and
test. The Results were : 1. There was a significant relationship between clothing Purchase Practices variables and the monthly incomes of the households. 2. There were differences in clothing purchase practices variables according to the monthly incomes of the households. 3. There were significant relationships among the three clothing purchase Practices variables.
Preadolescent's Clothing Conformity, Awareness, and Satisfaction as Related to Family Background and Popularity
Lee Kyung Nam ; Lee In Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 19~26
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between clothing behaviors, background and popularity for a group of junior-high school girls in seoul, Korea. background : father's education, type of housing and economic level. popularity : Sociometric test. For statistical analyses of the data from 446 respondents, F-test, t-test,
-test, M. and S.D. were used. The findings were as follows : 1. (1) Father's education correlated significantly with
at p<.05, and with
at P<.005. (2) Type of housing correlated significantly with
-at p<.005, and with significantly
at p<.01. (3) Economic level correlated significantly
at p<.05, and with significantly
at p<.005. 2. A significantly positive relationship was found between popularity and background. The higher the economic level and father's education are, the more popular are they- in their classroom. They also were found to have their own houses. On the contrary, the less the economic level and father's education are, the less popular are they in their classroom. They, in most cases, live in rent houses. 3. A positive relationship was not found between popularity and clothing behaviors.
A Study of High School Students' Clothing Attitudes as Compared with Their Needs and Family Value Orientations
Yang Seung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 27~35
The purposes of this study were: 1) to investigate four aspects of high school students' clothing attitudes as compared with their needs and family value orientations. 2) to ascertain whether differences existed between toys and girls on four aspects of clothing attitudes. Needs were measured through The Need Diagnosis Scale (Jaung-Ku Whang: 1965). Family value orientations were measured through The Home Environment Inventory(Won-Sik Jung : 1970). Four aspects of clothing attitudes were assessed by means of Lee; Kahng; Lee; Yang's questionnaires. The questionnaires were administered to a sample of 576 senior high school students(285 boys and 291 girls) in Won-Ju. The data was analyzed by correlations, multiple regression, t-test. The results were as follows : 1) Need for exhibition was positively related to clothing exhibition and fashion interest for both boys and girls, and clothing conformity for boys only. Need for exhibition was negatively related to clothing modesty for boys only. Need for affiliation was positively related to clothing exhibition for both boys and girls, fashion for girls only, and clothing conformity for boys only. 2) Social climber family value orientation was positively related to clothing conformity and clothing modesty for boys only. Materialistic family value orientation was positively related to clothing exhibition. Traditional family value orientation was positively related to clothing modesty for both boys and girls, and negatively related to clothing exhibition. 3) Girls scored significantly higher than boys on attitudes toward fashion and clothing modesty, whereas boys scored significantly higher than girls on attitudes toward clothing conformity.
The Relationship Between Color & Clothing Color Preference And Personality Traits Among High School Girls
Im Nha Soo ; Myeong Sook Han ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 37~45
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between color & clothing color preferences and three personality traits. Personality traits were measured with chung's Personality Scale. The questionare measuring Color & Clothing color preferences consisted of items designed to assess color preference, color repugnance clothing color preferences. These questionaire were administered to 302 senior high school girls in Seoul. Statistical analysis consisted of corelation and chi-square-test. The result were; 1) Activity, stability, sociability was no significant related to color preference. 2) Activity, sociability was positively related to color repugnance in Value but stability was no significant. 3) Sociability and stability was positively related to color preference, but activity and stability was no significant. 4) There was a positive relationship between color preference and clothing color preference. (r=0.8867) 5) The most preferred colors were white, light blue, and light green. The most repugnated colors were light red, dark red purple, and dark yellow. 6) The most preferred clothing colors were yellow, pink, and green in Spring, white and blue in Summer all kinds of colors, colors in Autumn, and Black and Grey in Winter.
A Study on the Fatigue Phenomena of Woven Fabrics -On the Changes of Mechanical Properties and Handle of Woven Fabrics Caused by the Wearing-
Suh Young Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 47~57
The purpose of this study is to investigate fatigue phenomema of woven fabric. In order to obtain the basic data which is available for predicting the fabric fatigue phenomena, the change of mechanical properties of woven fabrics caused by the wearing and the changes of mechanical properties of woven fabrics which were subjected to repeated tensile-shearing deformation using fabric testing machine has been investigated and compared. The fatigue of woven fabrics was examined with the value of basic mechanical properties of specimens measured by the KES-F fabric testing system and their hand value and wearing ability. The results were as follows. 1) The fatigue phenomena of woven fabrics by the wearing for 800 hours are different on the position of the body: On the portion of hip, the change of surface property was the greatest, bending hysterisis was greatly increased, thickness weight, stiffness, fullness shearing hysterisis were more increased than original fabric and T.H.V. was decreased. On the portion of knee, decreasing of tensile resilience and increasing of bending, shearing hysterisis were observed greater than any other part, and increasing of stiffness, crispness was more than original fabric. On the bottom area, the changes of mechanical property was comparatively small, H.V. and T.H.V. showed near the value of the original fabric. 2) By drycleaning most of mechanical properties showed the tendency to recover the value of the original fabric, but bending hysterisis and thickess were increased, tensile and com-pression resilience were decreased more than original fabric in all parts. 3) The fatigue phenomena caused by fabric fatigue testing machine were as follows. The decreasing of hystersis in the repeated deformation such as bending, shearing was appeared at the
deformation, but with the increasing cycle, the tendency was slightly regained. Handle value was also appeared the lowest value at the
Fashion Leadership as Related to Attitudes Toward Change and Socioeconomic Level among Adolescence Woman -Comparision of the Dae Gu Urban and Rural Fashion Leaders-
Noh Kyung Mi ; Kim Minja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 59~67
The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of fashion leaders in relation to attitude toward change and socioeconomic level among Dae Gu woman as well as among rural women living on the suburbs of Dae Gu: and to compare the characteristics of these urban women in a mass society with the rural women living in a traditional society. Measures selected for this study consisted of the Schrank Fashion Opinion Leadership Inventory(1973), the Schrank ana Sugawara Attitudes Toward Change Inventory(1977), and socioeconomic level. The fashion Innovation Inventory was developed by author which consisted of a list of clothing and accessory items selected after surveys to local stores, campus, and main streets, and study of fashion magazines for the current seasons. The data from 280 respondents were analyzed by Pearson corrleation coefficients, analysis of variance, and t-test. The results were as followers : 1) A significant relationship was found between fashion leadership and socioeconomic level for both urban and rural women. High attitude toward change was significantly related to high fashion innovativeness and high fashion opinion leadership among the urban groups. re significant relationship was found between fashion opinion leadership and attitude toward change among the rural sample. 2) A significant difference was found in attitude toward change scores of four urban sub-sample groups : fashion innovators, fashion opinion leaders, fashion innovative communicators(who exhibit high scores on both fashion innovativeness and fashion opinion leader-ship), and non-fashion innovative communicators. No significant difference was found in attitude toward change scores of four rural sub-sample groups. No significant differences were found in socioeconomic level of four sub-sample groups for both urban and rural women.
A Relationship between Pop Art and Fashion in the 60's
Kim Minja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 69~84
The objective of this Paper was to identify the relationship between the fine arts, pop art and fashion in relation to its qualities, motifs, and techniques of graffiti and collage. The data of this study were collected from fashion magazines such as French Vogue and American Vogue from 1962 through 1970 and Elle from 1980, post cards and reports of costume exhibition in Victoria & Albert museum in London, and newspaper accounts and magazine accounts. The qualities of pop art were characterized as 1) Popular (designed for mass audience), 2) transient (short term solution), 3) expendable (easily forgotten), 4) low cost, 5) mass produced, 6) young (aimed at youth), 7) witty, 8) sexy and erotic, ana 9) big business. Pop art was rooted in urban environment. According to analysis of the data for this paper, these special aspects of that environment reflected on fashion in the 60's. Mary Quant, Zandra Rhodes, Y.S.L., Rudi Gernreich, Paco Rabanne, Pierre Cardin, Andre Courreges in the 60's and Castelbajac and Sprouse in the 80's showed Pop art dresses, mods fashion inspired by pop artists such as Hamilton, Donaldson, Allen Jones, Jasper Jones, Andy Wahol, and Keith Haring. New erotism of fashion was Produced by Y.S.L.'s see-through blouse, Courreges'a hipster pants, and Gernreich's bikinis which revealed the navel and the breast. T-shirts and dresses ornamented with Pop idols' faces, Pop graffitic motifs, and slogans, as a resistant to society, were begun to popular.
A Study on Sonia Delaunay's Painting, Fashion and Fabric Design
Yim Sun-Hi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 85~95
1979) was one of great pioneers of abstract art, who looked at clothes and fabrics with a plastics eyes. In Association with her husband Robert Delaunay, they were instrumental in founding the movement of Orphism, she proceeded to mix strong and bright colors into her art and had a brilliant influence on the decoration and women's fashion of the 1920's. Having a strong sense for dramatic and decorative color derived in part from childhood remembrances of Russian folk art she initiated a total revolution in which she created her first simultaneous dress with multi-colored samples of materials. She extended the principle of color's simultaneity to the field of fashion, fabric design and applied art. She was interested in the dress for ballet and opera. Fashion designer Paul Poiret asked her to design the fabrics and she created the geometric and abstract patterns with her strong color. It seemed that her design was revolutionary and avant-garde. Always she desired not only art of seeing but also art of living. The purpose of this study is to recognize the influence she had upon the history of modern fashion and fabric design. It was remarked that her paintings served as a basis for later developments in Kinetics Art and had influences on 1980' s abstract patterns for silk dress. Finally, the concept 'simultaneity' of her art signifies endless rhythmes in space and time.
A Study on Women's Costume in the Period of Late 18th Century
Cho Ok-Ryae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 97~104
The change and development of costume are related to the cultural and socioeconomic factors. In the 18th century the mode of the women's costume in France was greatly influenced by the Rococo style. Elegance and exaggerated ornaments were the major characteristics of the woman's cos-tume in the Rococo period. The high hairdress and the widely hooped panier represented the typical Rococo fashion. From the second half of the 18th century onwards the aristocracy began to lose the battle with the bourgeoisie for political and economic power, and at the same time bourgeoisie fashion exerted an influence on court dress. The court fashion dominated the women's dress fashion in France up to the Revolution. Marie Antoinette, The Queen of Louis XVI, was one of the most influential fashion leaders in the lath century. The fashion, after attaining its highest point in 1770s, changed to a new direction in 1780s under Louis XVI. From that period onward the dimensions were smaller, hairdresses were not so high, and the trimming on the various garments was less liberal. In the mode, exaggeration was replaced by simplicity, and formality was replaced by functionalism.
Dyeability of Heat Treated Synthetic Fibers (I) -On the Basis of Polyester Filament Yarns-
Cho Gilsoo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 105~111
Charateristics of Temperature Regulation System in Man and its Measurement
Sung Su-Kwang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 1, 1986, Pages 113~119