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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Dec 1986
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Aug 1986
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Apr 1986
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A Study on the Detergency of Alkali-treated Polyester Fabric - The effects of surface structure-
Shin Rae Won ; Kim Sung Reon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 2, 1986, Pages 1~9
To study the effects of surface structure of fiber on the decrement of fatty soil removal at high temperature, the following variables were selected: controled and alkali-treated P.E.T.(polyester) fabrics and chopped fibers as substrates to estimate the detergencies, different aging methods of soiled substrates, and different washing temperatures and surfactant solutions. Radiotagged tripalmitin was used as soil and the detergency was estimated by means of liquid scintillation counting method. The results were as following: The surface of the fiber became rough with many grooves and the hydrophilicity of the fiber was increased and the structure of the fabric became loose by alkali treatment. While the detergency of alkali-treated P.E.T. fabric was better than that of controled P. E. T. fabric, there was no significant differences between the detergencies of controled and alkali-treated chopped fibers. These results indicate that the increment of detergency of alkali-treated P.E.T. fabric is mainly resulted from the changes of fabric structure and the improved hydrophilicity of fiber by alkai treatment. The detergency of tripalmitin was increased with elevating temp. below the m.p. of tripalmitin, was decreased around the m.p., and again was increased above the m.p ..It is considered that the decrement of detergency around the m.p. is due to the diffusion of molten tripalmitin into the grooves on fiber surface, the inner part of fiber, and between fibers. When controled and alkali-treated soiled fabrics and soiled chopped fibers were washed in the distilled water and in the Na-DBS solution respectively, below
detergencies of alkali-treated fabrics and chopped fibers were improved. However above
this result was reversed. Therefore these results are regarded as the effects of grooves on fiber surface at high temp. and improved hydrophilicity at low temp. by alkali treatment. When controled and alkali-treated soiled fabrics and soiled chopped fibers were hot-aged before washing, the detergencies of both species were decreased generally. Because the soil was diffused into the grooves on fiber surface, the inner part of fiber, and between fibers during hot-aging. The detergencies of hot-aged species were also decreased above certain temp.. These results suggest that the decrement of detergency at high temp. be resulted not only from the diffusion of soil into the grooves on fiber surface, the inner part of fiber, and between fibers, but also from the characteristics of surfactant solutions.
A Study on Fastness of Garment Leathers by Dyeing Method -On the Concentration of Dyestuff and Coating-
Sim Mi Sook ; Cho Seung Shick ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 2, 1986, Pages 11~20
This study is to examine the colorfastness of leathers which has been tested for concentration of dyestuff and method of dyeing. This study Particularly attempts to solve some problems of colorfastness in wearing and treating leather goods. The finding of this study can summarized as follows: 1. In dyeing garment leathers classified by concentration, the colorfastness to light improves as concentration increases. 2. As the result the more concentration increases, the more the colorfastness to rubbing declines. 3. In colorfastness to dry cleaning, the grade of color fading has been to be high but that of staining to be bad as concentration increases. 4. In assessing change in colorfastness, grades to light and rubbing after coating have been found to be better than that before coating. 5. In colorfastness to dry cleaning after coating, both grades of color fading and staining have been found to be bad.
Effects of Shoe Heel-Heights on the Foot Comfort
Kim Hyo Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 2, 1986, Pages 21~28
This paper is concerned with the mutual relationship among interpressure, last. foot within a new shoe and foot within a fifty-hour-used shoe at the standing posture at three different heel-heights 1. The interrelationship between the heel-heights and interpressure is very significant at the level of
. The heel-heights cause high interpressure at different parts of foot; heel point and big toe point in a 3 cm-heel shoe, big toe point and heel outside joint point in a 5 cm-heel shoe, and little toe point, heel-outside joint point, and arch point in a 7 cm-heel shoe. 2. Foot girth and foot width measurements either within a new shoe or within a fifty-hour-used shoe significant at the level of
and show discrepancies at three different heel heights; the part between instep and ball joint in a 3 cm-heel shoe, toe part in a 5 cm-heel shoe, heel-inside joint. heel-outside joint and toe part in a 7 cm-heel shoe are highly influenced by heel heights. The higher the shoe-hee15 are, the more heavily the fore part of foot is pressured in lateral direction because shoe is made to have high instep from a fashion viewpoint. Higher shoe heels prevent weight pressure from being concentrated on heel. If shoe heels are toe high, people in such shoes feel easily tired. It is very worthy of note in selecting shoes to consider not only the shoe fashion but also fore shoe type, heel height, and shoe material with proper elasticity.
A Study on Relationship of Fabric Physical Properties and Subjective Properties for Clothing Comfort
Choi Chul Ho ; Park Woo Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 2, 1986, Pages 29~35
The main purpose of the study was to investigate relationships between subjective evaluation of comfort/discomfort and tactile sensation. It was also attempted to analyse physical properties of fabric, hence to find physical factors which have effects on wearing- comfort. The results were as follows; 1. Polyester fabric B Type ranked the highest on subjective comfort scale of T-shirts. 2. Scratchiness and flexural rigidity among subjective factors were important on overall comfort sensations of the subjects. 3, In winter, subjective factors, suchas Soratchiness, Heaviness & Flexural Rigidity, were significantly correlated with objective factors of Scratchiness, Thickness & Weight, Stiffness, respectively. 4. In summer, subjective factors such as warmth, Heaviness, Clammy & Cling Tension, Flexural Rigidity, were significantly correlated with objective factors of Thermal Insulation, Thickness & Weight, Cling Tension and stiffness, respertively. 5. Scratchiness, Weight, Stiffness & Thermal Insulation among objective factors were important on overall comfort sensation of the subjects.
A study on the Relationship between Intelligence-Socio-economic status, Physical Constitution and Clothing Behaviors of Middle School Girls
Lim Sook Ja ; Kwon Young Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 2, 1986, Pages 37~50
The purpose of this study is to compare and to analyse the difference of middle school girls clothing behaviors and their preference for clothing styles according to their intelligence, socio-economic status, and physical constitution. For the study, data were collected from 378 middle school girls resided in Taegu: one half from high intelligence group over I.Q. 113, others from low intelligence group under I.Q. 87 using the questionaire method. For the measurement of the relationship clothing behavior, socio-economic status. Rohrer index, preference style of clothing were examined. The analysis of the data was managed by computer; frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, and ANOVA. The results of the study are as follows; 1. The significant difference in clothing behavior according to intelligence was verified in four: modesty, comfort, management, and psychological dependence. 2. The significant difference in clothing behavior according to socio-economic status was verified in all of eight clothing behavior variables. 3. There was no significant difference according to physical constitution in all clothing behavior variables. 4. There was no significant difference in the preference styles of clothing according to intelligence, but high intelligence group took more interest in detailed factors; design, style, total combination, color, print, and comfort. 5. The upper and middle class preferred slacks and lower class preferred skirts. The upper class took interest in design-style, total combination, and comfort, the middle class in total combination. and comfort, and the lower class in total combination. 6. Thin group preferred skirt, the average group preferred slacks, fatty group preferred slacks and shirts-blouse. Thin group took interest in design-style, and color-print, the average group in total combination, and fatty group in total combination, color-print, and design-style.
A Study on the Relationship Between Fashion Leadership and Self-Confidence
Cho Pill Gyo ; KOO Eun Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 2, 1986, Pages 51~57
This study was attempted to investigate the relationship between fashion leadership and self-confidence. Self-confidence was measured with Kim's Personality Scale, and fashion leadership was assessed with Hirschman and Adcock's questionnaire. These questionnaires were administered to 412 unmarried women in Taegu. For statistical analysis, the Pearson's Product-moment correlation coefficients, F-test, and Scheffe test were used. The results were as follows: 1. There was highly significant relationship between fashion opinion leadership and fashion innovativeness. 2. There was significant positive relationship between fashion leadership and self-confide-rice. 3. There was significant difference in self-confidence between innovative communicators and non-innovative communicators.
The Effects of Glycerol Aftertreatment for Low-Formaldehyde Finishing
Choi Suk-Chul ; Kim Ho-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 2, 1986, Pages 59~67
To control the amounts of formaldehyde released from the cotton fabric finished with N-methylol compounds, glycerol was used as a formaldehyde-scavenging agent. It was observed the effects of catalysts and curing conditions when aftertreated with glycerol on melamine resin finished fabric. The effects of Different processes of glycerol treatment, and different resins, urea resin and melamine resin, were compared. The conclusions obtained from the results are as follows: 1) It was shown hatt the aftertreatment with glycerol (treated without catalyst) was more effective than treated with catalysts in controlling free formaldehyde. 2) The optimum curing temperature and curing time for the glycerol aftertreatment without adversely affecting the other properties of fabric was about
, 3 min. 3) According to the increase of glycerol concentration in both aftertreatment and simultaneous treatment the amounts of free formaldehyde was reduced. The rate of decrease was manifest within the limits of
in the case of simultaneous treatment with glycerol ana resins, and
in the case of glycerol aftertreatment on resin finished fabrics. 4) Dry wrinkle recovery angle was decreased the increase of glycerol concentration. Melamine resin had a little adverse effect than urea resin, particulary glycerol aftertreatment. 5) The breaking strength was increased with the increase of glycerol concentration.
Behavior of Zeolite Type A as a Detergent Builder -Correlating the Characteristics of Soils-
Kim Sung Reon ; Kim Chun Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 2, 1986, Pages 69~77
A study was made of the effect of zeolite in detergent on the removal of soils correlating the characteristics of soil components. The detergency of natural soil was increased with increasing zeolite concentration but the effect on detergency was inferior to STPP. In case of carbon black based artificial soils. The detergency of soil containning non-polar oily soil was not improved by zeolite but the detergancy was increased with increasing zeolite concentration when polar oily soils were added to the soil. In case of iron black based artificial soils. Though the detergency was better than that of carbon black based soils, the detergency was not improved by zeolite regardless of oily soil components. The effect of zeolite on removal of oily soil was studied with tripalmitin and palmitic acid as model soils. The effect of zeolite and STPP on the removal of tripalmitin, the detergency was increased with in creasing STPP concentration but not zeolite.
Graft Polymerization of Methacrylic acid onto PET Film
Chung Hae Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 10, issue 2, 1986, Pages 79~84
Methacrylic acid was graft polymerized with benzoyl peroxide in itiator onto the commercial PET film. Graft polymerization was carried out in emulsion, which consisted of BPO (1), chlorobenzene(8) as swelling agent, tween 80(1) and sodium lauryl sulfate(1) as emulsifier and water(1,000). Original PET film has poor reactivities and, so the film preswdled with benzyl alcohol(
, 1hr) was also examined. The graft yield of PET film was increased with reaction temperature and monomer concentration. The graft yield of preswelled PET film was higher than that of no-treated PET film. Moisture regain was linearly increased with graft yield. DSC thermodiagram showed the Tm of grafted PET film was same as that of original PET film. Grafted PET film was dyed with methylene blue solution. The photograph of the cross section showed that grafting was occured not at the center but near surfaces.