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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Dec 1987
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Aug 1987
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Apr 1987
Selecting the target year
Comparison between the Persian textile design and the Byzantine textile design in their patterns
Kim Young Oak ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study was to compare with the Persian texile design having an out-standing skill in fertile designs with the Byzantine textile dosing being influenced a lot by Christinity and many Oriental factors including Hellenism. These two textile design have some similarities and differences in their patterns. The results of the study were as follows: Similarities ; 1. The Persian traditional animals, hunting scenes and cavaliers are used as the major subject in both patterns. 2. Decorative designs enclosed circular are used in both patterns. Differences ; 1. The Persian textile designs are based on Zoroasterianism, and their animal designs have the Zoroasterian religious meanings. While the Byzantine designs are affected by the Christianity. In the Byantine textile designs, the mythical subjects from ancient Rome and Greece, and the circus scenes are dominent. 3. The Persian textile designs are combative, momentary, dignifed, and realistic pattern, while the Byzantin textile designs are playful, sketchy, humouristic, and evasive pattern. 4. Vivid color effect was found in the Persian textile patterns: however, more refined and gorgeous color was used by the Byzantine textile patterns. Thus, the Persian and the Byzantine textile patterns have interrelations with each other. In general, the Persian textile patterns have affected a great deal on the Byzantine textine textile patterns. They are essentially corelated with each other, but each of them has its own characteristics.
A Study on the Fashion Leadership -The relationships among fashion leadership, social character, clothing conformity and fashion information source-
Choi Sun Hyung ; Rhee Eun Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 15~24
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among fasion leadership, Social character, clothing conformity and fashion information source. For this purpose, a causal model was to be constructed and empirically tested. Fashion leadership is divided into fashion opinion leadership and fashion innovativeness and is appropriated to the model. The following conclusions were derived from the data analysis. 1. Social character has direct effects on clothing conformity, but indirect effects on fashion information source. 2. Significant interaction between clothing conformity and fashion information source was found. 3. In a fashion opinion leadership model, social character, clothing conformity, and fashion information source have significant direct effects on fashion opinion leadership 4. In a fashion innovativeness model, social character and fashion information source have significant direct effects on fashion innovativeness, and clothing conformity indirect effects through the fashion information source. 5. The explanatory power (
) was higher for the fashion opinion leadership model than for the fashion innovativeness model.
Studies on the Natural dyes( I ) -extraction and UV, VIS spectrum of coloring matter of gromwell-
Cho Kyung Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 25~32
The purpose of this study is to investigate optical behaviour of coloring matter of gromwell -extracted by water, acetic acid/methanol, and the other solvents. The results were as following: UV, VIS spectra of the solution of coloring matter of gromwell extracted by water at below
did not reveal in the range of the visible light wavelength and coloring matter of gromwell decomposed to blue particle at
. The solution extracted by acetic acid/methanol was tinged with reddish purple and its spectra shifted to the longer wavelength according to increase of the solvent temperature. The color of the solution extracted by water became extinct as time went by, but that extracted by acetic acid/methanol kept up original color. In case of dried gromwell, extraction by acetic acid/methanol was easier than by water, and variation of spectra did not appear but showed hypochromic shift.
The Microstructural Changes of Heat Set PET Fully Drawn Yarns
Choi Jong Myoung ; Cho Gil Soo ; Kim Kap Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 33~40
PET FDY was heat set at various temperatures and times and the microstructural changes was investigated through crystallinity, birefringence and melting behavior analyses. Crystallinity of heat set PET increased as the treatment temperature and time increased. Birefringence also increased as temperature and time increased. The melting behavior of heat set PET was as follows: In most cases, PET showed double melting peaks. As temperature and time increased, form II crystal became sharp and increased in size, and form I crystal decreased in size. The slower the heating rate, the higher the programmed heating effect during DSC analysis.
The Effect of Napping of Knitted Fabric on Wear Sensation
Lee Jong-Min ; Lee Soon-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 41~55
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of napping of knitted fabric on wear sensation and physiological responses. Experimental garments were four types of warm-ups made of either
P /C and either napped or unnapped respectively. Two healthy young female adults were chosen as subjects for the experiment. Experimental room conditions were as follows: Temp.,
and Air Velocity, 0.25m/ sec or 2. 86m/sec. The subjects exercised on bicycle ergometer and rested alternatively for totally 45-min. The results are summarized as follows. 1) With napped Warm-up, chest, back, mean skin temp. and microclimates, i.e., temp., relative humidity and water vapor pressure inside the clothing, were higher than with unnapped warm-up. And there was no difference in pulse rate between napped and unnapped warm-ups. 2) Wear sensations of thermal, humidity, tactile and comfort were 'more hot' and 'more uncomfortable' in 0.25m/sec air velocity. but in 2.86m/sec condition the tactile sensation was 'better' and 'more comfortable' with napped warm-ups. According to Pearson's Correlation, among various kinds of wear sensations, tactile is most related with comfort. From these results, it can be concluded that napped fabric decreases the rate of heat trans? mission and moisture diffusion through the clothing. Therefore skin and body temp. and temp., R.H., Vapor Pressure inside the clothing are increased.
A Study on the Physical Properties of Durable Press Finished Rayon Fabrics
Kim Hee Sook ; Kim Eun Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 57~65
The purpose of this study was to investigate the optimum treatment [condition for the Durable press finish of viscose rayon fabrics. Three types of commercial N-methylol crosslinking agents were applied to the fabric utilizing the pad-dry-cure technique. Changes in physical properties were evaluated for the various resin and catalyst concentrations. For DMU, the effect of different catalysts,
, were also compared. DMU treated fabrics showed in crease recovery angle, tensile strength and tearing strength but drastic decrease in abrasion resistance. DMDHEU and MDMDHEU treated fabrics were similar in most physical properties. However, DMDHEU treated fabrics were better in crease recovery angle and stiffness, and MDMDHEU treated fabrics were better in tensile strength, tearing strength and abrasion resistance. For a given resin system, crease recovery angle, tensile strength and stiffness increased with a increase in resin concentration. Tearing strength showed very little change, while abrasion resistance was decreased significantly as the crease recovery angle was increased. For the treatment of DMU,
catalyst was much better than
in all physical properties. When
catalyst was used, strength reduction and discoloration were observed. As the catalyst concentration increased, crease recovery angle, stiffness were increased. Tensile strength and tearing strength were increcased than control but at high catalyst concentration, the strength were decreased and abrasion resistance was significantly lowered. DMDHEU and MDMDHEU were more sensitive to catalyst concentrations than DMU.
The Relationships between Sex-Role Identity and Yin-Yang Clothing Behavior of Mothors and Daughters
Lee Hyun My ; Lim Sook Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 67~77
The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationship between mothers and daughters in sex-role identity and yin-yang clothing behavior as well as the relationship between sex-role indentity and yin-yang clothing behavior Sex-role identy was measured by Bem Sex-Role Inventory (1974) modified and supplemented for this study. For the measurement of yin-yang clothing behavior, researcher developed a questionnaire. Data were collected from 422 women, both college women and her mothers. For the statistical analysis, frequency, distribution, t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Duncan's multiple range test,
, Pearson's correlation coefficients, analysis of covariance. multiple regression analysis were used. The results of this research can be summarized as follows: 1 There was significant difference in yin-yang clothing behavior according to home environmental variables such as family type, mother's employment. 2. There was not significant difference in mother's yin-yang clothing behavior according to mother's sex-role identity. But positive significant relationship was found between daughter's sex-role identity and daughter's yin-fang clothing behavior. 3. Mother's sex-role identity had influence on daughter's sex-role identity And mother's yin-yang clothing behavior had influence on daughter's yin-yang clothing behavior, too. 4. Mother's fin-yang clothing behavior and daughter's sex-role identity directly affected daughter's yin-yang clothing behavior, but mother's sex-role identity indirectly affected daughter's yin-yang clothing behavior.
A Study on the Mechanical Properties of Fabrics for Korean Folk Clothes (Part 1) On the Women's Summer Fabrics
Sung Su Kwang ; Kouh Jae Oon ; Kwon Oh Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 79~88
In order to investigate the hand values and mechanical properties such as tensile, shearing, bending, compression, surface and thickness & weight of the women's summer fabrics were measured by KES-F system. Sorts of 78 commercial fabrics of women's summer cloth were classfied into 43 silk and 35 polyester fabrics according to materials. The experimental results were analysed statistically to relate the hand values and the mechanical properties and concerning to formation of weared clothes and transformation behavior were investigated. The main results are summarized as follows; 1. Polyester fabrics show higher tensile deformation than those of silk fabric. And also polyster fabric has a easy to shape-less and makes a silhouette which goes along with the body. 2. Silk fabrics is superior to polyester fabrics in formation and shear elasticity building box-shaped silhouette. 3. Polyester fabrics show sufficient ability to recover from tending deformation and drapability On the other hand, the compressibility and bending rigidity of silk fabrics were superior to polyester fabrics. 4. Regardless of materials, the bending properties is closely assocsiated with stiffness, anti-drape stiffness and flexibility with soft feeling. Fullness & softness and crispness is primarily influenced by surface properties. There is substantive relationship between scrooping and sheaing properties.
A Study on the Relationship Between the Preference of Clothing Design and the Nature of Reflactiveness-Implulsiveness for a Group of Preschool Children
Shin Hye Bong ; Lim Sook Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 89~99
The purpose of this present study is not only to investigate mutal relationship between the preference of clothing design and the nature of Reflectiveness-Impulsiveness, but to offer clothing design for desirably developing of child, especially of preschool children. And the practical research was performed for 166 preschool children who are in kindergarten located in Seoul and are selected according to their sex and social class. This study used Kagan's MFFT and Personality Inventory of Hwang Eung-Yeon for the test of Reflectiveness-Impulsiveness, while for the preference of clothing design used the photo deck which is showed to children. The data analysis was based on frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, chi-square (
) test, t-test, F-test, and Duncan's Multiple Range Test. It can be concluded that girls rather than toys, high class children rather than middle or low class children were more reflective as a general trend. The relationship between the preference of clothing design and the nature of Reflectiveness and Impulsiveness is as follows : 1. In color, reflective boy liked blue series and reflective girl liked pastel coloring series, while they disgusted red series and non-coloring series. The group of impulsiveness liked red series, while they disgusted non-coloring series. 2. In color combination, group of reflectiveness liked similar color, while group of impulsiveness liked contrasting color. 3. In texture, group of reflectiveness liked soft and shiny texture, while they disgusted thick and rough texture. Also Group of impulsiveness liked soft texture. 4. In pattern, reflective boy liked lettering pattern and reflective girl liked flower pattern, while she disgusted lettering pattern. Impulsive boy liked stripe pattern and limpulsive girl liked flower pattern. 5. In pattern size, group of reflectivenss liked small size, while group of impulsiveness liked large one. 6. In style, group of reflectiveness liked formal style.
A Study on the Disposable Diapers for Formaldehyde Content and its Recognizability and Consumer's Attitudes toward the Products
Nam Sang Woo ; Lee Sun Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 101~109
This study was designed to measure the amount of formaldehyde in the disposable diapers of seven different products. It was aimed to investigate the actual situation of the diaper consumption and to relate it to the amount of formaldehyde measured. The degree of recognizability on the harmfulness of formaldehyde was also studied. The amount of formaldehyde was measured by means of the Acetyl Acetone method. The a ual situation of consumption and the recognizability of the formaldehyde were investigated by questionnaire. In the survey, the subjects had their babies aged from 0
3 years and lived in Seoul. The statistical methods used were simple frequency and chi-square. The results obtained from this study were as follows; 1) Among seven (7) different disposable diapers, two were found to have less amount of formaldehyde than the Japanese regulation. 2) From the survey on the actual situation of consumption most respondents (
) experienced the dermatological problem after using the disposable diapers. Actually for the diapers which had a lot of formaldehyde, the respondents experienced the problems more severely. 3) The recognizability of formaldehyde was very low. The recognizability on the harnfulness of formaldehyde was lower, which represented the consumers had least or no knowledge about the formaldehyde release problem.
A Study on Categorizing Clothing Items by Product Characteristics.
Kim Mi Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 11, issue 3, 1987, Pages 111~119
The main purposes of the study were to categorize the clothing items into product groups according to their product characteristics, and to find out the differences of consumer perception on clothing Product groups among different age and socioeconomic groups. A questionnaire about characteristics It?as constructed on the basis of Lipton, Darling, and Miracle's theories on product categorisations. The questionnaires were administered to female subjects in two age groups (20's and 40's) living in Seoul. Subjects were classified into 3 socioeconomic groups for the analysis. The Analysis of variance, post-hoc comparisons (Scheffe test and Tuckey test) were employed for the statistical inferences. The results were as follows ; Group I : none Group II : socks, undershirts, T-shirts (20's age group) Group III : blouse, sweater, blue jean, pajama, langerie, T-shirts (40's age group), skirt Group IV : jacket, skirt (high class of 40's age group) two-piece, half coat, long coat, Korean folk costume Group V : none Some of the clothing items were categorized into different product groups by different age and socioeconomic groups.