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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1991
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Aug 1991
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Mar 1991
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Bed Climate and the Physiological Responses in Sleep. - On Ondol Environment -
Kim Myung Ju ; Choi Jeong Wha ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 77~87
The purpose of this study were to investigate the bed climate and the physiological responses in sleep on the traditional Korean floor heating system called Ondol. Ondol has been the most widely used heating system in Korea, yet there has been a no systematic studies examined its environmental effects on human body. Experimental room was constructed to match the typical thermal environment of Ondol. (floor surface temperature;
, air temperature;
, relative humidity;
RH, air velocity; 0.25 m/sec.) Three different combinations of bedclothes were chosen for the experiment based on the study results showing that they were the most widely used types in Korea. Type 1 was the combination of a cotton-padded mattress with a cotton-padded Korean style blanket. Type 2 was a cotton-padded mattress with a cotton-guilted Korean style blanket. Type 3 was a cotton-padded matless with a polyacryl blanket. Thermal resistance of each of these combina-tions in the bedclothes was measured using thermal manikin. Two adult female was chosen for the seven hour sleeping experiment which was known to be the average sleeping hours of Korean adult female. The bed climate was measured with the temperature under the mattress, the surface temper-ature of the mattress, and the air temperature and the relative humidity of the space between the mattress and blanket. The skin temperature, rectal temperature of the subjects and the bed climate were measured eight times, one hour before the experiment and every hour during the experiment. The weight loss and the subjective sensation were measured for the each subjects before and after the experiment. The procedure was repeated twice with two subjects and three types of bedclothes, yielding twelve combinations of results. The results were as follows; 1. With the surface temperature of
of Ondol, air temperature was
RH. The bed climates were
under the mattress,
on the mattress, and
RH between the mattress and the blanket. 2. Mean skim temperature during sleep was 34.2"C with local skin temperature of
. The skin temperatures of abdomen, thigh, foot were higher than the other parts of the body. 3. The skin temperature of chest, thigh, leg and back varied significantly according to the combinations of bedclothes. With the cotton-padded blanket, the skin temperature was the highest, while with the cotton-guilted blanket showed lowest. 4. Examining the relationship between the mean skin temperature and the local skin temper-ature, the chest temperature showed the highest correlation with the former. Therefore, the chest temperature can be recommended to represent the skin temperature in measuring the bed climate. 5. The subjective bed climates were
under the mattress,
on the mattress,
RH between the mattress and blanket. In sum, from this experiment we not only obtained the reliable value of bed climates on Ondol, but also showed that the bed climates and the physiological responses were affected differently according to the materials of bed clothes.
A Study on the Ideal Appearance of the Female Teacher
Lee Seung Hee ; Lim Sook Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 89~102
This study intends to find out the desirable teacher's image and to investigate the ideal appearance of the female teacher. The subjects were gathered into 403 high school girls, and convenience sampling was done regarding the number of schools classified by districts and regional characteristics of school. And for analysis of data frequency, percentage, mean, cronbach'
, 1-test, F-test, Duncan's Multiple Range Test, Factor-Analysis, were conducted. The results are as follows; 1. The subjects Preferred the understanding teacher to the intellectual teacher. 2. There were significant differences in satisfaction with the teacher's role-performance according to the school, grade of the subjects. 3. There were significant differences in reaction to the appearance of the female teacher according to the school, grade of the subjects. 4. There were significant differences in the ideal appearance of the female teacher according to the residence, school, grade of the subjects.
Clothing Design Preference of Women by Physical Type and Age: Study I - ln the area of line categories -
Chung Sham Ho ; Kahng Hewon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 103~113
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of physical type and age on preference for line in women's clothing design. Line preference in clothing design was concerned with varying in length, direction, division, and shape. All of the preference measures were devised specifically for this study. Furthermore, items on height and weight for physical type as well as age of the subjects were included in the questionnaire. Data were obtained by means of structured interviews and self-administered questionnaires from 588 women (
years of age) in Seoul. Analysis was by One·way ANOVA, Chi-square (
), and Scheffe test. It was found that 4 categories of line preference were affected by both body type and height. An age effect was found on 3 categories of design lines; however, preference for 2 categories of design lines in clothing styles were unaffected by either physical type or age. It was concluded that body type, height, and age are powerful predictive variables for line preference in clothing design. Generally, there was some similarities in preference for lines among slim body types, tall figures, and younger age group as well as heavy body types, short figures, and older age group.
The Relationship between Clothing Behavior and Sex Role Attitude of Children - As object of Senior Childhood years -
Moon Young Aee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 115~126
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Sex Role attitude and childrens clothing behavior for senior childhood years upon two regions-city of Wonju and Mokpo-The questionnaires were administered to 315 elementary school children in Mokpo and 268 in Wonju. This data was analyze ststistically using to pearson's correlation, ANOVA (one-way or two-way) and Multiple Classification Analyze. The major findings of this research can be summarize as followings: 1. There are significant relationships between the unisex clothing behavior and the sex role attitude subscales. Liberal attitude toward sex role were positively related to unisex clothing behavior for senior childhood years children. 2. There are significant positive correlationships between the attitude of solving problem and comfort, autonomy, linterest and management. 3. The Sex and Grade have significants effect on the sex role attitude in two regios. Girls exhibited higher liberal attitudes toward sex role than boys. 4. The Sex have significant effects on clothing behavior and Grade have partially significant effect on clothing behavior. 5. The equality of the sexes attitude is significant relationships among the sex role attitude subscales except attitude of solving problems. There are significant inter relationships between the family role, occupation role and play role among the sex role subscales. 6. There are significant positive correlations between the unisex clothing behavior and conformity. And significant negative correlations between comfort and the unisex clothing behavior. Comfort is related to autonomy and management. Management is related to auton-omy and interest. 7. There are significant differences in sex role attitude according to two regions.
Sportswear Physiological Optimization: Effects of Clothing ease, local heating and materiales
Lee Young Suk ; An Tae Whan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 127~138
The aim of the present stud)r has been to obtain new and additional data allolwing a better design of sports garments as well as a better choice among some materiales, through measure-ment of body surface changes in the upper trunk in movement, measurement on the effects of local heating on other parts of the body and measurement of the thermal resistance of 6 types of materials applied on a manikin. In the first experiment, the upper trunk was divided in 32 Parts, the surface of which was measured by the tape method for two upper limb positions: extension at
. In the second experiment, skin temperature, local thermal sensations and whole body thermal sensation were measured every 5 minutes during 40 minutes. The four areas of the shoulder, abdomen, hande and feet were heated with the hot pack at
. In the third experiment, the regional thermal resistance of the various materials selected, in two different cases of clothing ease, have been measured by using a thermal manikin. Resultes of experiments were: 1. Extensions cause the upper front part of the trunk surface to lengthen vertically while the back tends to stretch in width. 2. Skin temperatures of the upper limbs are influenced by the abdomen and shoulder boatings. The correlation between the whole body thermal sensation and the upper trunk thermal sensation is significantly asserted. 3. Ceramic and aluminium coated materiales offer the most effective thermal resistance; ease in clothing increases the thermal resistance at the breast and the abdomen as well as the clo value of the materials.
A Study on the Reaction Somatotype of Shoulder and Neck with Thickness of Shoulder Pad - The Subject of the College Woman -
Lee Eun-Jung ; Kim Sun-Ku ; Park Jung-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 139~150
The purpose of this study is to do the Somatotype classification according to the type of shoulder-neck and to give the thinkness of shoulder pad according to them. Therefore this study was measurement body size of 201 and the somatotypes were classified as their plumb line. The standard somatotype of this measurement was classified as 9 type according to its angle of shoulder inclination and neck length. Pads which have different thickness (1 cm, 1.5 cm, 2 cm) were attached to the 9 body type and the set-in sleeve blouse and raglan sleeve blouse were made and tring test and sensory test were accomplished. The results of this study were as follows: 1 . Classification of shoulder-neck relationship. Angles of shoulder inclination (
), lock lenaths (10 cm, 12.5 cm, 15 cm) were classi- fied as 3 type each and these types were combined as 9 types. II . The result of angle difference of shoulder inclination according to pad thickness. 1) In case of set-in pad. angle is increased
per 1 cm of pad thickness. 2) In case of raglan pad. angle is increased
per 1 cm of pad thickness. III. The most fit pad thickness to the 9 types. In case of set-in sleeve blouse. 1) High shoulder-long neck, Standard shoulder-long neck Low shoulder-long neck, Stan-dard shoulder·standard neck. Low shoulder-standard neck: 1.5 cm. 2) High shoulder-standard neck, Standard shoulder-short neck, Low shoulder-short neck: 1 cm. 3) High shoulder-short neck: 0 cm(without pad) In case of raglan sleeve blouse. 4) High shoulder-long neck, Standard shoulder-long neck, Low shoulder·long neck, Stan-dard shoulder-standard neck, Low shoulder-standard neck: 1.5 cm. 5) High shoulder-standard neck, Standard shoulder-short neck, Low-shoulder-short neck: 1 cm. 6) High shoulder-short neck: 0 cm(without pad)
Anthropometry and Cluster Analysis for Figure Construction
Mun Soung Hae ; Shim Boo-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 151~162
The purpose of this study was to examine the point at issue unfitness and unclassification in figures for clothing construction. Comparing measurements of 3 sold figures and physical body by Suck·Go method and 19 items were selected. These items were acquired by factor analysis and cluster analysis an measurements of 200 women in twenties. The results were as follows; 1. Comparison between measurement of figures and physical body; There was not so much difference among figures, but significant difference between figures and physical body. 2. Comparison between measurement of surface area of figures and physical body; There was similar to each figure, but significant difference between figures and physical body. Mostly, figures were bigger than physical body in front parts but smaller in back parts. 3. There were 8 items selected by factor analysis; That is bust girth, waist girth, hip girth, neck base girth, posterior waist length, bust point length, chest breadth and armscye girth. 4. There were 7 clusters selected by cluster analysis.
A Study on the Relationship between Clothing Purchase Situation and Clothing Evaluative Criteria
Park Eun Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 163~171
The purposes of this study was to identify the typology of clothing purchase situation considered by female students and to find out the relationship between clothing purchase situation and clothing evaluative criteria. Data were obtained from 223 female undergraduate students living in Busan, and analyzed by factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, Pearson's correlation, cannonical correlation and regres-sion analysis. The results were as follows; 1. There were three types of clothing purchase situation considered by female students; antecedent states were momentary moods and conditions such as depression, unpleasantness, and sufficient time, point-of·purchase situations were physical surrounding and social surround-ing such as store atmosphere and salesperson, and communication situations were consisted of catalog, advertising and usability of credit cards or installment tickets. 2. There were high the relationships between clothing purchase situations and clothing evaluative criteria. It was the communication situation that reflected the most of the clothing evaluative criteria, and extrinsic criteria that explained the most the clothing purchase situ-tions.
A Study on the Comparison about Clothing Attitude among Korean-American Students and Korean Student resident in the United States
Lee Sun Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 173~187
The purposes of this study were to investigate the clothing attitude of college living in different culture area and to find out the critical factors which have an effect on their attitude. Samples subjected to this study were 774 college students consisted of 368 Korean students living in Seoul, 286 American students and 120 Korean students resident in New York. Clothing attitude was Measured by questionnaires composed of four variables; Clothing Attitude, the aspect of clothing habit, self·esteem and demographic variables. The statistical data were analyzed by t-test,
, ANOVA, Duncan multiple range test, Factor analysis, multiple regression analysis. The results of the study were as follows: 1. There was significant difference in all clothing attitude variables except expression of personality and personal satisfaction according to culture area. 2. There was significant difference in factors which have an effect on clothing attitude according to culture area. 2-1) Clothing attitude of Korean students were more affected by self-esteem than that of American students and Korean students resident in N.Y. 2-2) Clothing attitude of Korean students were more affected by sex, grade, major and income than that of American students and Korean students resident in N.Y. 3. The most influential variables on clothing attitudes of college students turned out to be self-esteem and cultural area. Other variables such as sex, major and income had some effect on clothing attitude such as sex, major and income had some effect on clothing attitude. 4. There was significant difference in the aspect of clothing habit according to culture area. 4-1) There was significant difference in all aspect of clothing wearing variables according to culture area; clothing wearing motives, influence by reference group about dress, dress accord- ing to uses. 4-2) There was significant difference in all of clothing buying behavior variables according to culture area; the factor on clothing selection, the place of clothing buying.
Status quo Study on the Functional Brassiere Development
Choi Hei-Sun ; Khang Yeo-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 189~198
The object of this study is to perceive the discomforts of the brassiere consumers according to their age groups & weight groups. The study procedures consisted of a status quo study, a rating on fit and performance according to brassiere types. 1. The result of the status quo study are as follows. (1) The study showed that with getting age bust circumference and bust size become larger with a bigger tendency to droop. Thus older age, bigger bust circumference and size require a technically improved version of brassieres. (2) Slightly tight fit brassieres were favored over more ample ones. The hobbling areas were center front, under armpits, and shoulder strapareas in that order. 2. The results of fit rating on different brassiere types are as follows. (1) The areas affected by brassiere performance were length from side neck point to bust point (bust length), width between bust points and bust height. (2) Compared among brassiere types, the wire type proved most effective. The bigger cup size group had higher satisfactory rate and low discomfort on wearing.
A Study on the End-Uses Performance of Fabrics for Korean Folk Clothes
Sung Su-Kwang ; Kwon Oh-Kyung ; Hwang Ji-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 199~209
In this paper, the fabrics for Korean folk clothes(KFC) undergoes repeated laundering under given condition. After this cyclic laundering was applied, the mechanical properties of the specimen were measured using KES-F system in order to evaluated the end-use performance of fabrics for KFC. And also, the crease recovery of fabrics for KFC were measured by shirley crease recovery tester. 78 different kinds of commercial silk fabrics and polyester fabrics for KFC were used for this study. The experimental results were analysed statistically to relate the mechanical properties and the crease recovery of fabrics for KFC. Furthermore, these changes in dimensional stability, mechanical properties and handle of fabrics for KFC were discussed in comparison with those values for silk fabrics and polyester fabrics. The results obtained are as follows. 1. Regardless of materials, remarkable increase are observed in shrinkage of the fabrics for KFC about repeated laundering, but dull increase are observed in shrinkage after 10 cycles of the repeated laundering. On the other hand, slack extend are observed in dimensions after 20 cycles of the repeated laundering. The shrinkage of fabrics for KFC after 10 cycles of the lundering showed that the silk fabrics are
(warp direction) and
(weft direction) and the polyester fabrics are
(warp direction) and
(weft direction). 2. Except for tensile property, these changes in mechanical properties of fabrics for KFC by laundering have
16 range of bending, shearing, compression, surface, thickness & weight as compared with before laundering. Particularly, the LT and RT about
cycles of the repeated laundering showed remarkable decrease. And SMD, WC, T & W of fabrics for KFC by the laundering were more increased than one for original fabrics. But B, 2HB, G, 2HG, 2HGS were decreased more than one for original fabrics. 3. 'Stiffness', 'Anti-drape', 'Crispness' and 'Scroop' hand values decrease and'Fullness & softness', 'Flexibility & softness' hand values increase with repeated laundering. 4. Remarkable decrease are observed in crease recoveries about
cycles of the repeated lundering, but slack decrease are observed in crease recoveries after 5 cycles of repeated laundering. The crease recovery of fabrics for KFC have negative(-) correlation with LT, RT, G, RC and MMD, This fact implies that the smaller these values, the larger the crease recovery. The crease recovery of fabrics for KFC has a high degree of correlation with the mechanical properties such as shearing, compression, surface property. And also, the crease recovery are expected by measuring the mechanical properties such as G, 2HG, 2HGS, RC, WC, LC, MIU, MMD and SMD, according to the obtained regression equation.
Effect of Design Modification and Color Scheme on Impression Formation of Traditional Korean Women's Clothing
Kahng Hewon ; Koh Ae Ran ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 15, issue 2, 1991, Pages 211~227
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of design modification, decoration and color scheme of traditional Korean women's clothing on impression formation by 2 age groups of women. The instruments developed for the study were 2 sets of stimuli and a response scale. Stimuli I (design stimuli) consisted of 6 line drawings of female figures in Korean clothing and modified Korean style clothing, whereas stimuli II (color stimuli) consisted of 6 colored drawings of female figures in different color schemes. The 7-point semantic differential scale of 14 bipolar adjectives were used for the response scales. 144 female college students and 144 middle·aged women subjects were randomly assigned to one of 6 drawings from each set of stimuli. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, ANOVA and t-test. 1) There factors emerged to account for dimensions of design and color scheme, respectively. The first factor was interpreted as Evaluation/prestige both in design (stimuli I) and color scheme (stimuli II), the second factor was Modernity for stimuli I, and the third factor for stimuli I was Practicality. On the other hand, the Luxuriousness/Individuality was factor 2 and Modernity was factor 3 for stimuli ll. 2) Modification had the largest effect on impressions regarding design and decorated designs had a partial effect on the impression of Modernity and Practicality. The female figures in modified Korean style clothing were perceived as more prestigious, modern and practical than those in traditional Korean clothing. 3) Color schemes had little effect on impressions, while perceiver's age had a larger effect. Middle·aged women formed more positive impressions toward Korean clothing of various color schemes than female college students.