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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Nov 1997
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Oct 1997
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Sep 1997
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Jul 1997
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Jun 1997
Volume 21, Issue 3 - May 1997
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Mar 1997
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Washing Efficiency based on Consumer's Washing Behavior Integral Approach for Improving Washing Machines (II)-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 251~261
According to consumer's washing behavior, the washing efficiency of three different types of washing machines-pulsator, agitator, and drum was studied. Their detergency, rinsing efficiency, and the degree of fabric damage, tangle, and wrinkle were evaluated. The results showed that efficient washing capacity was different from the specified capacity of washing machine. Detergency and rinsing efficiency frere apparently decreased when more than 50% of capacity was loaded in washing machine of pulsator type, and 80% for agitator or drum types. They were also affected by detergent adding methods, and decreased in the order of water-detergent-washing load> washing load-detergent-water> washing load-water-detergent. Rinsing efficiency was significantly improved when the rinsing temperature was set above washing temperature. In addition, it was revealed that detergency, fabric damage, wrinkle, and tangle were highly correlated. The relationships between detergency and tangle were different for different types of washing machine. Positive relationships were found for agitator and drum types, whereas negative for pulsator type.
Study of Development of Torso Pattern according to Somatotype
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 262~276
The purpose of this study was to develop torso patterns according to the somatotype and thus to contribute to the ready-made industry. Classification of the somatotypes was based on each individual's lateral and frontal view and development of torso patterns according to the somatotype was to center on the darts. The subjects in this study were female college students of 18 to 24 year old. This study was carried out by the following procedures: 1. Classification of the somatotypes was based on each individual's lateral and frontal view. The somatotypes were classified into 18 types. 2. Eighteen subjects who had prominent somatic characteristics and average mea- surements were chosen. 3. Subjects were clothed and a sensory evaluation was carried out. 4. Experiments of alterations were carried out. The quantities of revision of torso patterns due to the difference of somatotypes were measured through these. These method were due to the items of the sensory evaluation. 5. By obtaining the results of the sensory evaluation and experiments of alterations, the torso patterns according to the somatotypes were developed. These were inputted to the CAD System and compared with one another. 6. Grading of the torso pattern according to each somatotype was carried out and thus a file of torso patterns was made according to the somatotypes.
A Study on Self Images of Women in Cosmetics Advertisement
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 277~285
The prupose of this study were to: (1) Analize the contents o( the cosmetics advertisements, (2) Compare the ideal woman images perceived by women with the women images profected through models used in the cosmetics advertisements, (3) Compare the ideal clothing images perceived by women with the clothing images profected through models used in the cosmetics advertisemtnts, and (4) Study and analise the purchase patterns of the women in theirtwenties. The subjects for this study were selected from students attending the Ewha Women's University. The study was done through video presentation, and questionnaire based on several previous studies, For the analysis of data, SPSS statistical packages were used. The results of emprical studies were summarized as follows: 1, As the result of the analysis of the current cosmetics advertisenents, the copies were mostly sentimental and short, the models mostly were casual dresses and their attitudes were active and natural for the most part. 2. The result of comparison between the images of women shows noticeable difference in that, the women tend to idealize independent intellectual and refined woman where as the models tend to be free, airy, outgoing and cute. 3. The ideal clothing images perceived by women tendto be intellectual, dignified, and neat, while the clothing worn by the models tend to be casual, cute, and sexy, thus showing noticeable discrepancy.
The Effect of Clothing Habits Wearing Cool or Warm on Motor Ability
Lee, Jong-Min ; Lee, Sun-Won ; Jeon, Tae-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 286~291
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of clothing habits wearing cool or warm in daily life on motor ability. A group of ten healthy young females were divided into a cold (C) group and a warm (W) group. From autumn to winter, C group was advised to wear cool clothing, and W group, warm Clothing. The subject's physical fitness were tested in October, initial stage of the clothing training and March of the following year, final stage of the training. The measurements were taken after the subjects rested in a thermoneutral room conditioned at 23
over 1 hour. The test items were weight, skinfold thickness, grip strength (right, left), back-lift strength, vertical jump, sit-ups, Irosmax, side step test, single-foot standing test with eyes closed, and standing trunk flexion. Changes in motor ability of each group between initial stage and final stage of the training were compared. 1. Muscle strength, part of the motor revelation capacity, showed no significant change in the both ,Troops. On the other hand, strength and power showed a decrease in the both groups and C group showed a sharp decrease. 2. Muscular endurance and cardio-pulmonary fitness, part of the motor continuation capacity, were increased after the training and the degree of increase was great in C group. 3. C group showed significant increase in motor coordination capacity including agility, balance, and flexibility after the training, while Wgroup showed significant increases only in balance. 4. Weight and skinfold thickness as a part of the physique showed no significant change.
A Study on Bodyshape Factor according to Age Group of Adult Women
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 292~301
The purpose of this study was to consider the bodyshape factor of adult women according to their age groups. Age groups were 20's, the first half of 30's, the last half of 30's, 40's, 50's. Factor analysis was performed and bodyshape factors were abstracted at sight of front and side line of the body. Results indicate that the bodyshape factors were different to each age groups, so, age is very important component to the change of body shape of adult women. A suggestion is when they make standard sizes of women's ready-made clothes, it is important to reflect thier characteristics of body shape according to each age groups and age can be a standard to classify the body types of adult women.
The Relation between the Korean Costume Image and the Design - The Comparison of Korean and American-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 302~313
The purpose of this study was to investigate the meaning structure of Korean costume image in contemporary Korean fashion design expressed beauty of traditional dress. This study compared Korean and American regarding the evaluation of Korean costume image. The result was as follows; 1. The constructing factors of Korean costume image were found out as elegance, simplicity, neatness, femineity, looseness. (total variance; 62%) 2. The visual evaluation between Korean and American were sinificantly different regarding 5 factors. 3. Korean costume design were classified 4 clusters. Korean traditional fabrics and colors were commonly used in the 4 clusters. Difference of design were found in the structure of form. Formation of Korean costume image were influenced by silhouette and pattern of fabric. 4. Image of 'Would like to purchase' were influenced by image of taste.
Monthly Changes of Skin Temperature in Koreans by Sexes and Ages
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 314~324
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the thermoregulatory response level on the heat and cold tolerance with investigating monthly changes of skin temperature in Koreans and to obtain the basal information for standard amount of clothing weight, indoor climate and working condition. Forty eight subjects in 5 age groups (6~11, 12~19, 20~44, 45~64, 65~76 years old) with both sexs were taken from Seoul and Kyunggi probince. All subjects were measured skin temperature, mean skin temperature, Total clothing weight in neutral condition in each month from June 1994 to May 1995. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Skin temperature of all subjects was low on February, March and April, and was high on June, July and August. Temperatures of the torso (forehead and abdomen) and the lower limbs (leg and foot) were remarkably different. In general, most of skin temperatures except of hand, thigh and foot were higher in males. 2. Mean skin temperature was 0.5'c higher in males than female with ranging 32.5~34.5
in males and 32.1~34.1
in females. Also, mean skin temperature of 6~11 age group were higher than that of 45~ 64 age group in both sexs.
Influence of Sorel on the dgcollets in the Middle Ages
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 325~332
The purpose of the research was influential in the fashionable dacolleta of women's costume in the mid-l5th century. The results were as follow: A variation of social environment and an aesthetic sense brought on desires to express human nature. Especially, the importance for costume of the appearance of a new spirit, confirmed and developed on the contemporary. The first symptoms of humanism were leaning towards secular art, an ideal of man at once more independent and avid for action, and an interesting applied to the individual and particularity. In addition, love affairs between the ladies and knights led to increasing interest in the beauty of weakness and tenderness in the women's body Sorel Agnas who was a lover of Charles VII, France king, had a great influence on the fashion of decollette in women's costume. It was just a dacolletta to express an ideal of beauty to neckline in women's dress in contemporary.
Differences of Advertisement Preference and Intention to Purchase Product between the Groups haying Different Orientation of the Characteristics of New Young Generation in Sexuality - oriented Fashion Advertising
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 333~345
The purposes of this study were 1) to identify the differences between the sexes in the perception of sexuality in jeans fashion advertising, 2) to find out the differences between the high and low sexy advertisements and the differences between the groups which had different orientation of the characteristics of new young generation in preferences of advertisements and intentions to purchase product in sexy fashion advertising. The data were collected using questionnairs which contained nine advertisements of Guess Jeans, from 441 college students (female= 225, male= 216) living in Seoul, Korea participated in the study and the data were and analyzed by paired 1·test and t-test. The results of this study were as follows: First, there were significant differences between male and female in the perceptions of sexuality in jeans advertisements. Second, by paired t-test, male preferred highly sexy advertisement to low sexy advertisement, and female's intention to purchase product was higher in the advertisement of high sex appeal than that of low sex appeal. Third, there were partially significant diferences between two groups which had different orientation of the characteristics of new young generation in preferences of sexy advitisements. The differences of intentions to purchase product between two groups were significant in highly sexual advertising. But in low sexual advertising, the significant differences between two groups were not found in advertisement preferences and intentions to purchase products.
The Store Attributes of Fashion Specialty Store with Fashion Involvement
Lee, Su-Jin ; Hwang, Seon-Jin ; Byeon, Yu-Seon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 346~356
This study explored the attributes of the fashion specialty store according to the level of fashion involvement. Data were obtained from 262 female college student. For analysis of the data, conjoint analysis, T-test, factor analysis were employed. The results of this study were as follows; 1) Fashion involvement could be used as an importants segment variable and that attitude toward store attributes differed by the level of fashion involvement. 2) The high fashion involvement group preferred a downtown area in location, high fashion in fashionability and fashion couture quality in terms of product quality. On the other hand, the low involvement group preferred a residential area in location, basic staple goods in fashionability, and easy to care clothes in terms of product quality. 3) Five store attributes were grouped into two attribute groups: merchandising function (including product quality, assortment and fashionability) and store atmospheric function (including location and atmosphere). The results showed that the high fashion involvement group placed more importance on the store atmospheric function rather than the merchadising function. For the low fashion involvement group, the importance was reversed.
A Study on the Market Penetration of Imported Apparel and Consumer Attitude toward the Country-of-Origin
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 357~367
The success of apparel goods mainly depends on the purchase behavior of end use consumers. The decision making processes of apparel merchandise are very complicated according to the many information cues available to the consumers. The country-of-origin is one of the extrinsic cues to affect the consumers 'decision. To study the effect of country -of-origin, the Polo style knit shirts were chosen as stimuli to the male and the female subjects (total 527) aged from 18 to 35. The identical nine shirts (3 countries
3 levels of price) were carefully manipulated for the treatments. The three countries labelled are Italy as industrialized country, China as less developed one, and Korea. In addition to the country-of -origin, the prices of the shirts were exposed to the respondents. The price levels were 14,000 won for the low, 39,000 won for the moderate, and 64,000 won for the high price level. The findings were as follows: 1) As price was increased, the perceived value and purchase intention were decresed. Price was not statistically significant to perceived quality, but it was significant to perceived value and willingness to buy. 2) The merchandise of "Made in Italy" was evaluated higher than those of "Made in Korea" and "Made in China" The country-of-origin had statistically significant influences on the perceived quality, perceived value and also willingness to buy. 3) The interaction between the two factors, country-of-origin and price, was not observed.n and price, was not observed.
The Recognition and the Somatotype Analysis Study of the Women in 20s' Lower Part of the Body for Stacks Pattern
Lee, Yeong-Ju ; Park, Ok-Ryeon ; Lee, Jeong-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 368~382
Through the recognition and the satisfaction of the lower part of the women body in 20s' we studied 202 respondents of the women in 20s' to analyze what lower part shape they want. And also through the measurment, we tried to analyze their wants. The results are as follows. 1. The women in 20s' think ideal body shapes are highstature, long legs, slander waist, hip, abdomen, thigh, ankle, and light weight. And so it needs to be studied to make slacks pattern which show slander girth and long length. 2. At the result of the body measurments the laterallargeness related with width, girth and depth items of the first factor rated 33.1 oyo in the variousfactors, and vertical largeness related with highness of the second fact rated 18.3% the first and the second factors affect importantly in the lower part of women body in 20s'. 3. At the result of the group analysis, the type divided five kinds, according to the body measurments, the type of 1, 3, 4, are normal, the type of 2 is weak, the type of 5 is fat. The type of 1 shows the largest distribution of all held 108, the flank is standard somatotype. The type of 2 is the second largest distribution held 59, the flank is forwardsomatotype. The type of 3 is the smallest of all types in the lateral largeness, the flankis turning over somatotype. The type of 4 is large both in the lateral largenessand in the vertical largeness, the flank is forward somatotype. The type of 5 is the fat type. The lateral type is the largest, the flank is forward turning over somatotype. The type of 5 showed the smallest distribution.
School Uniform Satisfactions, Clothing Interests and Self-Concepts of Male and Female High School Students
Lee, Sang-Hui ; Kim, Hyeon-Sik ; Son, Won-Gyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 383~395
The purposes of this study were 1) to identify gender differences of high school student's uniform satisfaction, clothing interests, and self-concepts among high school students and 2) to examine the relationships among self-concepts, clothing interests, and school uniform satisfaction. The questionnaire was distributed to 832 high school students, male and female, in Kangwon Province. Data were analyzed by frequency, 1-test, and Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis. The results of this study were as follows: There was no gender difference on self-concepts between male and female high school students. However there were gender differences on clothing interests and school uniform satisfaction between male and female students. Results provided implications for high school uniform and adolesent clothing.
Clothing-ergonomical Analysis of Wearing Test According to the Basic Slacks' Patterns (I)
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 396~405
The purpose of this study was to investigate the wearing condition according to different basic slacks'patterns and to provide fundamental data on structuring slacks' pattern using the multi-dimensional measuring method. 3 different kinds of basic slacks' patterns (A, B, C) were used and cross-sectional measurements of 6 parts were analysed. The results were as follows; 1) It revealed that the girth of waist, hip and thigh effected the degree of ease amounts. 2) Moira pattern shape fully supported that the considerable body parts affected the change of ease amounts. 3) Basic pattern A was usually expected to be suitable for standard-sized or unmarried women who had not experienced body-type change. 4) Basic pattern B and C were suitable for large-sized or married women whose body·type had changed. Therefore the crotch length and depth, gredient of center back line has to be set up accurately.
A Study on the Characterization and Dyeability of Mushroom Colorant (II) Dyeability and colorfastness of mushroom colorant-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 406~413
The dyeability and colorfastness of browning extracts from mushroom were investigated. The results of this study are as follows, 1. Browning extracts from mushroom exhibited dyeability to wool, nylon and silk. The wool and silk had the greatest K/S value at pH 4 and nylon at pH 5 2. Furthermore, the increase in K/S value corresponded to temperature, time, and the number of dyeing. 3. In most cases, the value of K/S was increased by mordant treatment. The treatment of pre-mordant caused the increase in K/S value depending on the concentration of mordant, but not in the color. Co.mordant and post-mordant treaments, however, showed various colors of YR, Y, and GY types of Munsell color wheel. 4. In the most cases, color fastness of light, drycleaning, laundry, sweat, rubbing was excellent.
한국 가톨릭 여성 수도회의 수도복에 관한 연구 -활동 수도회를 중심으로-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 414~429
This study aides at investigating the chang of habit in 'the Korean Catholic Womens's Religious Society' and analyzing its characteristics during the period from 1888 up to now. The research was carried out by investigating a wide range of documents including those on museums of religious society, and by considering the questionnaires and interviews on the present habit. The religious habit changed as a result of the social, cultural, and religious influence of period. The characteristics of their habit are analyzed in terms of four differnt periods as follow; (1) From the arrival of 'the Congregation of Sistersof 57 Paul de Chartres' to the year of Korean Endependence. (1888-1945) : The western style religious habit was introduced and settled later in korea by the members of forign religious society. The design of this religious halite might be originated from the mediaval times. (2) From the year of Korean Independence througt before the Vatican Council ll (1946 -1965) : Traditional habit style had been slowly modified. In this periord, ancient style coexisted with the reformed style. Also ordinary clothing style were observed in the religious society. (3) After the Vatican Council II(after 1965) : 'Decree on the up-to-date renewal of religious life'of the Vatican Council II affected strongly the traditional habile design. This led to a change from the ancient habit design to practical, modern and hygienic one. In addition, the habit was suited to the time and place as well as to the need of the apostolate. (4) Currently Situation(1996) : Mostly religious habit of korea is maintaining the style changed after the Vatican Council II. Present style is very simplyfied than the traditional one. But many religious societies make efforts for keeping the symbolic meaning of religious habit. All over the world, religious societies allowing ordinary clothes, but most korean women's religious societies still hold on religious habit.
Development of Dress Form for the Construction of Middle-aged Women's Clothing
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 430~441
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles Vol. 21, No. 2 (1997) p. 430∼441 Clothing fitness is strongly required in the apparel industry, and draping is an effective tool to increase fitness to the wearers. A more sophisticated and systematic information of the somatotype, accordingly, is necessary for better dress form design. This study was performed to provide fundamental data on middle-aged women's somatotypes for dress form designers by classifying the torso somatotype and analyzing the characteristics of their somatotype. The subjects were directly measured anthropometrically and indirectly analyzed photo- graphically. Data were analyzed by factor analysis, cluster analysis and analysis of variance. On the basis of the cluster analysis, using 7 factors cores the subjects were classified into four groups and four dress forms for middle-aged women were constructed. 8y the analysis of moire topography of proposed dress forms that were constructed according to the characteristics and silhouettes of front and lateral views for each somatotype of subjects, three-dimensional characteristics of somatotype and overlapped crosssection diagrams were analyzed.
Factors Affecting Outshopping Behavior of Female Consumers in Seoul and Satellite Cities
Go, Ae-Ran ; Park, Gwang-Hui ; Lee, Yeong-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 442~454
The purpose of this study was 1) to identify the effects of lifestyle activities and decision -making related variables (shopping orientations, use of information sources and importance of store attributes) on the outshopping behavior of female consumers in Seoul and satellite cities, and 2) to investigate the differences in the effects of those variables on the outshopping behavior among 4 clothing categories (formal wear, separates, casual wear, underwear). The data were collected via a questionnaires from 508 adult females of ages over 20's living in Seoul and satellite cities around Seoul and were analyzed by factor analysis and discriminant analysis. The results of this study were as follows: 1) Some of the factors of 4 decision-making related variables significantly discriminated the outshoppers and inshoppers. The most influential factors were attitude toward imported products, time-oriented and price-oriented attitude of shopping orientations. 2) There were significant differences in the effects of 4 variables on outshopping behaviors among 4 clothing categories. More factors were effective in discriminating the outshopping behavior for formal wear or separates purchase.
A Survey on Uniforms and Development of Design (1)
Nam, Yun-Ja ; Kim, Gyeong-In ; Lee, Yun-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 455~470
The importance of uniform is getting increased in the present society because it is one of symbols which represent a company and give customers the image of it. Uniform shows the kind of companies, one's position, and sometimes the actual job which one does. And workers who put on the same kind of uniform feel companionship among them, the security of their position and responsibility for their job, all of which elevate the efficiency of their job and the company. To enhance the functions of uniforms such as representativeness, esthetics, convenience and economization, the followings were studied. 1) Through survey on the present condition of seven different types of company uniforms, we analyzed preference of workers, staffs and consumers and did the factor analysis of uniform constitution. 2) It presented the relative importance among the uniform constitution. 3) The reflective condition of the uniform constitution was estimated. 4) It investigated the working condition and working movement.
The Washing Finish of Blue Jeans(I) - the comparison of neutral cellulase, acid cellulase, stone, and stone-neutral cellulase washings -
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 471~481
Denims were treated with neutral cellulase, acid cellulase, stone, and stone-neutral cellulase respectively at different cellulase concentrations varying treatment times in rotary washer. The effect of washing on denim was estimated by the changes in weight, color, back staining, tear strength, flex stiffness, and surface characteristics. Also the comparison of neutral cellulase, acid cellulase, stone, and stone-neutral cellulase washings was studied. Washing removes surface fibers and provides weight loss, color difference, back staining, and a decrease in tear strength and in flex stiffness. Stone-neutral cellulase washing and acid cellulase washing have a larger washing effect than neutral cellulase washing and stone washing.