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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 8 - Nov 1998
Volume 22, Issue 7 - Sep 1998
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Aug 1998
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Jul 1998
Volume 22, Issue 4 - May 1998
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
Dyeing Properties of Silk with Black Tea Colorants
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 557~564
Dyeing properties of silk fabric with black tea colorants were investigated in terms of dye uptakes at various dyeing conditions and the effect of mordants on color change and colorfastness. Black tea colorants showed high affinity to silk and produced brown color. Two types of adsorption isotherm were obtained; Langmuir and Freundlich equilibrium at 360 nm and 460 nm, respectively. Thus, it is considered that both of ionic and hydrogen bondings are involved in silk dyeing with black tea colorants. Dye uptake increased continuously as concentration of colorants increased. Brown color was not changed with mordant type except that Fe mordant produced dark brown color. Mordanting did not influence colorfastness of dyed silk significantly. Therefore, mordanting was not necessary in dyeing silk with black tea colorants.
The effect of air velocity on the thermal resistance of wool ensembles
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 565~574
The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of air velocity on the thermal resistance of wool ensembles. Three suits for men with different weaving structure and density were made with the same design and size for the study. In addition, Y-shirt, underwear, and socks were prepared for constructing the ensembles. Thermal insulation of air layer and 3 ensembles were measured by using thermal manikin in environmental chamber controlled at 2
and 65% RH with various air velocity. The results were as follows: 1. Thermal resistance of air layer was 0.079 m2.
/W with no air velocity(less than 0.2m/sec). 2. Thermal resistance of air layer decreased with increasing the air velocity rapidly. When the air velocity was 0.25 and 2.89 m/sec, the decreasing rate was 15% and 61%, respectively compared with no air velocity. 3. While there was little difference among the effective thermal insulation of 3 ensembles having different weaving structure and density with no air velocity, there was sharp difference among them when the air velocity increased. That is, the decreasing rate of effective thermal insulation of the ensemble which has higher air permeability was higher. 4. The decreasing rates of the effective thermal resistances of plain, twill and satin ensemble were 61, 54, and 49%, respectively when the air velocity was 2.89 m/sec which was a maximum air velocity in this study.
여성 자켓의 2장 소매패턴에 관한 연구(제1보) -기존 소매패턴의 비교 연구-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 575~584
The purpose of this study was to develop the better fitting and more comfortable sleeve pattern for women's jacket, as the first step. Five types of existent sleeve pattern were collected, made and worn compared with the sensory evaluations method. The main results of this study were as follows 1. Sensory evaluation for appearance; According to the result of Duncan's multiple range test among the five sleeve patterns, TOJAIUN method sleeve was most satisfactory, and the next was the JUNGMYUNGJA method sleeve followed by NASAN, MOONWHA, ESMOD method sleeve. 2. Sensory evaluation for comfort; The result of Duncan's multiple range test showed that the ESMOD method sleeve was comfortable, and the next was the Japanese MOONWHA method sleeve followd by JUNGMYUNGJA, TOJAIVN, NASAN method sleeve. The result of 3-way ANOVA, main effect for 3 independent variables and interaction for pattern x part, posturers part showed significant difference.
The Size Specification by Catalogue and Online-order for Apparel(Part I) - the Catalogue and Online-order Market Compared between Korea and the U.S. Through the Surveys Using PC-Network -
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 585~596
This report gathers data on current catalogue and online order market in the apparel products in order to: 1) identify the current status and critical issues in this area, and 2) identify the differences between the department store markets and the domestic markets on catalogue and online order. In addition, it collected the information on consumer shopping behaviors through surveys in both Korea and the U.S., in order to: 1) compare the consumer behaviors between both countries, and 2) identify any correlations with demographic factors such as sex, age, marriage status, income, education. This was discovered by means of the collected data that in Korea there were the problefls related to the apparel products and the apparel size specification, and related to the p.c.-network. Also in Korea the department store companies do not have properly worked out size specifications and are more likely to use 'freesize' categories, while in the U.S. and Europe the reverse was found and the size specification gave more detailed information. Results of the questionnaire suggested that the U.S. was superior in the almost part of questionnaires especially in terms of the user's experience and satisfaction with catalogue & online order in apparel. Additionally, the U.S. had 2.5 times more catalogues and online sites and those were more frequently used compared to those in Korea. The consumer shopping behaviors in Korea showed a correlation with sex, age, job, marriage status and income. And there were significant correlations with education, sex and income in the U.S.
A Visual Image Perception of Clothing Colors, Color Combinations of Borean Traditional Dress for Woman(Part I)
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 597~606
The purposes of the study were 1) to evaluate the visual image of colored Korean traditional dress for woman 2) to analyze the colors and, color combinations effect on the image perception using gestalt theory. The research method was a quasi-experimental with a between subjects design. The experimental materials developed for the study were a set of stimuli and a response scale. The stimuli was consisted of 17 drawings of females wearing Korean tradinational dress, by using CAD simulation. A response scale consisted of semantic differential scales. The subjects were 1138 undergraduate students of Taejon city, Chungnam province and Chungbuk province. Their responses to the semantic differential scales were analyzed using factor analysis, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, 1-test. Results were as follows; 1) The image of the stimulus was consisted of the 4 different dimensions.(sociability, evaluation, visibility, attractiveness) 2) Clothing colors had significant effects on image perception of the evaluation dimension, visibility dimension and attractiveness dimension in the mono-color set. The blue showed the most positive image on the evaluation dimension, and the yellow and the gray showed negative image on the same dimension. The yellow showed the most salient image and the gray showed the least salient image on the visibility dimension. The red showed the most attractive image and the green showed the least attractive image on the attractiveness dimension. 3) In hi-color set stimulus, the perceived image was influenced by color combinations. The yellow blouse-the red skirt set showed the most sociable image on the sociability dimension. The blue blouse-the green skirt set showed the most positive image on the evaluation dimension. The yellow blouse-the red skirt set showed the most salient image and the blue blouse-the green skirt set showed the least salient image on the visibility dimension. And the red blouse-the yellow skirt set showed the most attractive image on the attractiveness dimension. On conclusion the visual image of Korean traditional dress wearer was affected by dress colors and color combinations.
Development of Color Range for the Fashion Industry in Korea
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 607~616
The purpose of this study was to develope a practical color range for the fashion industry in Korea. 3623 color sample used by 109 brands from'93 spring/summer to'96 spring/summer were collected. Also, the application frequency and consumer responses of each collected colorwere analyzed in this study. To clarify the characterstics of color range used in the fashion industry, density of color was etermined by color clustering based on A: and consumer responses. The resultsof this study were as follow; 1. The result analyzed based on the Munsell System revealed that the distributions of hue were concentrated in R, YR, Y, and PB. The chroma was concenturated mostly in the low range and the value, on the contrary, showed relatively even distribution. 2. 458 representative colors were selected by color clustering based on the toEless than 1. 0. In addition, the frequency of color applications and consumer responses were also considered when selecting the colors frequently used in the fashion industry and finals, 1163 colors wereobtained. The color range of the representative colors showed similar color characteristics with the 3623 colors supplied by the fashion industry. As a results, this approach was proven to appropriate to develope a color range for a practical use. 3. In conclusion, around 1200 colors were suggested to organize the color range to reflect the characteristics of the fashion industry with an acceptable color differance for color planning and management.
The Relationship between purchase intention and purchase behavior of apparel products
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 617~627
In marketing reserach, the ultimate goal is to increase predictability of consumer's purchse behavior. However, most of the marketing researchers measure purchase intention rather than behavior assuming that the consumer's purchase behaviors will coincide with their intentions. Lately, there have been many arguments whether purchase intention is meaningful as a determinant or a predictor for purchase behavior. Additionally, many studies reported substantial variations among the 'product categories. The purpose of this study was to find out the relationship between consumer's purchase intention and purchase behavior of apparel products. Two research questions were set up. One was to find out the relationship between the intention and behavior, and the other was to find out the factors affecting the relationship. It was found out that mere intention could neither explain nor predict behavior, and that the factors affecting intenting intention- behavior inconsistency had to be submitted for explanation and prediction. These factors could explain inconsistency between the intention and the behavior. Regression equations in the past researches explained aggregate results, but coludn't explain each consumer's intention-behavior inconsistency. The integration of the specific intention and the affecting factors can increase predictability of each consumer's purchase behavior.
Consumers' Perception of Clothing Price(Part ll) - The Effect of Product Involvement and Consumer Knowledge on the Perceptions of Each Dimension of Clothing Price
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 628~638
This study, the second in two part series, focuses on effect of product involvement and consumer knowledge on consumers' perceptions of six dimensions of clothing price: price -quality schema, prestige sensitivity: sale proneness, price mavenism, value consciousness, and price consciousness. Additionally, correlation between product involvement and consumer knowledge was examined. Multi-item measures of six dimensions of price, product involvement, and consumer knowledge were included in the questionnaires. The subjects were 264 college students living in Seoul, Korea. The data were collected by self-administered questionnaires and analyzed by factor analysis, regression analysis, and correlation analysis using SPSS PC. In addition, two focus group interviews were conducted to obtain qualitative data for the result interpretation. Results of this study showed that the degree of consumers' product involvement significantly affects consumers' perceptions of each price dimension except price consciousness dimension. Consumers' knowledge about clothing has a significant effect on consumers' perceptions of all price dimensions. Dimensions of product involvement and consumer knowledge were partially correlated. Marketing implications based on these results were suggested.
Suitability of Nonwoven Fusible Interlinings to the Thin Worsted Fabrics
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 639~645
UVB Photosynthesis of Vit, D3 and Fabrics (Part ll) - The animal study -
Kim, Jeong-Hyeon ; An, Ryeong-Mi ; Song, Myeong-Gyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 646~653
Because there is a great concern' today about the damaging effect of chronic exposure to sunlight the use of sunscreen providing the photoprotection effect against ultraviolet (UV) was widely increased. As a result of common use of level of photosynthetic Vit. D3 in human skin decreased these days. In our experiment the animals covered with fabrics with 50% (fabric B) and 100% (fabric A) protection rate against ultraviolet B (UVB) were used to measure serum 25(OH)D3, ALP, total clacium and phosphorus. Vitamin D deficiency diet group had no effect on concentration of serum phosphorus. But the concentrations of serum 25(OH)D9 and total calcium were more decreased in vitamin D deficiency diet rats than in normal diet rats. Alkaline phosphatase activity in sunlight irradiated groups covered with 50% (fabric B) and 100% (fabric A) WB protection fabrics was more significantly decreased than vitamin D deficiency diet group. In conclusion, sunlight irradiateted groups were compared to effective to protect born disease due to the Vit. D deficeincy group.
A Study on the Pattern Making of Men's Classic Jackets - For ages of the early in the twenties -
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 654~663
The purpose of this study is to improve the classic jacket pattern for Korean young men whose chest circumference is 91~94cm, status is 170~175 cm, and drop value between chest and waist circumference is 15. The study was carried out by the following procedures. 1. Through the comparative investigation on the conventional classic jacket patterns of Hyung-sook Lee's, 문화's in Japan, and SMA's and the clothing experiment, the characteristics of every three patterns were found. 2. According to correct the unsuitable point in Hyung-sook Lee's pattern which was found more suitable than other two patterns and to refer to the product size of the ready-made classic jackets for men, the new suitable classic jacket pattern was achieved. 3. The sensory evaluation for appearance and comfort and one to one comparison was applied to evaluate the new classic jacket pattern by comparing with the Hyung-sook Lee' s jacket pattern. From the result of the sensory evaluation and one to one comparison, it was found that the new classic jacket pattern was more suitable for appearance and comfort. 4. From the result of this study, the suitable surplus of men's classic jacket at present is about 23~24cm on the chest circumference, 31~32 cm on the waist circumference, 14~15 cm on the hip circumference, 13~14 cm on the upper arm circumference, and 14 cm on the wrist circumference and the ease is about 3.5 cm on the armhole circumference. This size is not the absolute size but it helps to make the surplus in any other clothes for Korean young men.
Body Shape Measurement Using Stereo Photo
Choe, Hyeok-Ju ; Seong, Gyeong-Hwa ; Lee, Hyeon-Jik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 22, issue 5, 1998, Pages 664~675
The purpose of this study was to isolate the observational error included in plane photogrammetric data and suggest more accurate and suitable method for body shape measurement. Three experiments were carried out in this study. First of all, the variables which can be obtained from photogrammetric method were selected among the data which can be measured improperly by direct measurement or showing large deviations between the samples. Secondly, the height, the width and the depth of 50 subjects were measured by plane photogrammetry. The result showed that plane photogrammetric data contain significant observational error even for the same variables, as the angle of which photos had been taken changes. Therefore, in order to reduce the observational error and to measure the human body accurately, three-dimensional measurement, stereo photogrammetry was employed in the last experiment. As it is important to isolateonly the observational error by plane photogrammetry and to exclude the accidental error caused by movement of human body subject, body shape model(manikin) was used as subject. The result showed that the average observational error by plane photogrammetry was more than 4 cm in the height, 0.85-1.29cm in the width and 0.49cm in the depth. In conclusion, it is not adequate to use the height obtained from plane photogrammetric data as human body measurement data. And the width and the depth should be used cautiously, even though they are relatively less significant, the error still can make some difference on clothing construction.