Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 8 - Nov 2000
Volume 24, Issue 7 - Sep 2000
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Aug 2000
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Jul 2000
Volume 24, Issue 4 - May 2000
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
Dyeing of Han Jee with Loess
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 619~627
Historically, dyed textiles were symbols of status and, because of their expense, reserved only for people of wealth and specalist, Early dye sources probably included plant, animal and mineral extracts. As synthetic dyes have been developed, beginning with synthetic indigo in 1897, reliance on natural dye sources diminished. But renewed interest in natural dyes is fueled by a pro-environment consumer aware of the ecological liabilities of the dye industry. Han Jee was imported from China where it was influenced to period of the three kingdoms(Silla, Baekje, Kokuryo). After that, Han Jee was used for paper in old Korea for long thime before paper was came with civilization. In this paper, dyeing of Han Jee with loess were investigated according to dyeing temperature, dyeing time, loess concentration, and effects of additives. As a reuslts, λmax of Han Jee dyed by loess was 710nm. ΔE values of Han Jee increased by loess concentration, dyeing time, dyeing temperature. Dyeing with additives treatment increased dyeability. Especially, Han Jee treated with aluminium acetate shows the largest dyeability of the Han Jee. The Han Jee dyed loess had very good lightfastness.
Influential Factors on Customers' Proneness Model of Private Brand Apparel
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 628~639
The purpose of this study is to propose a model of private brands proneness form-ation considering the six private brands proneness-related variables simultaneously. Since the theoretical framework is based on previous research in various areas, it serves as an integrative one. Data were collected via intercept surveys conducted at nine regional branches of two major department stores situated in Seoul. Participants(n=1,120), who had previously purchased women's private brand apparel, were asked to complete a questionnaire during two weeks from March 15, 1999 to March 28, 1999. LISREL and SPSS PC+ were used to test the model and analyze its variables. The fitness of the model show the reasonable fit between all indices(RMSR=.036, GFI=.99, AGFI=.92, and NFI=.95). The proposed model supports all the hypothesized relationships. Private brands proneness increases as perceived money value of products, familiarity, positive store image of private brands, and satisfaction of individuals' differentiated needs increase. Furthermore, perceived money value of products increase as perceived risk of private brand purchase and perceived quality variation between private brand products and manufacture's products decrease.
A Study of the Clothing and Ornaments of God through Egyptian Mythology
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 640~651
In this Paper we examined the clothing & ornaments of Egyptian gods greatly related to religion in a mode of every living through illustrated data of relics and investigated their differences and similarities by comparing the clothing & ornaments of gods with one of royal families. First of all, the crown of gods shows various forms in accordance with is roles and symbols. Second, the clothing & ornaments of male gods is significantly different from one of king in that for the most part they wore loin-cloth and girdle on sheath-skirt. Third, goddess was wearing the same sheath-skirt as queen. Fourth, kalasiris which king and queen wore is not almost founded in costume of gods. Fifth, the typical accessories in Egypt, that is, passiums, bracelets and rings are founded in the clothing and ornaments of all gods. Sixth, gods seems not to be dressed in sandals. Seventh, a mustache of king is appeared in a form of large and straight line, but one of god is appeared in a form of small and bended line. Eighth, lion tale ornament and fail are founded in the clothing & ornaments of male god mainly and a stick is founded in one of goddess. Finally, ankh which is representative of eternal life is an ornament only gods are wearing.
An Exploratory Research on Hierachical Causality of Personal Value, Benefits Sought and Clothing Product Attributes
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 652~662
Most of established study about consumer behavior was directly connected abstract value with concrete purchase behavior, nevertheless several recognizable process is intervened between abstract concept and concept behavior. Of course researchers suggest hierarchical causality through means-end chain model. However empirical study is insufficient. And it's not certain whether the consumer's personal value affects actual evaluation about product attributes. Thus the purpose of this paper was to explore hierarchical causality of personal value, benefits sought and clothing product attributes and to suggest an alternative approach method. For the empircial study the data sets were collected through 150 female consumers living in Pusan and SAS and LISREL VIII were used for statistical analysis. As the result, hierarchical causality suggested by means-end chain model was positively substantiated. That is, benefits sought is differentiated according to personal value, and actual product attributes are indirectly influenced by personal value through benefits sought. Benefits sought are found to be key mediating variables.
The Effect of Country of Origin and Apparel Brand Equity on Consumers' Willingness to Purchase Apparel -Comparison of Korean and U.S. Consumers-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 663~674
The purpose of this study was (1) to examine the preference for apparel brands and country of origin, (2) to evaluate the brand equity for domestic and imported apparels as perceived by Korean and American consumers, and (3) to analyze the effects of country of origin and brand equity on consumers' apparel purchase behavior. The sample included 151 Korean and 114 American consumers. The data were collected from respondents by using the mall-intercept method. In addition, the path analysis based on multiple regression analysis was applied to analyze the data. The major findings in this study were as followings; (1) Both of all Korean and US consumers preferred domestic apparel brands to imported brands but the latter preferred apparels made in home country to the former comparatively, (2) Korean consumers evaluated more favorably the brand equity for imported apparels than that for domestic apparels, but American consumers were quite the reverse, (3) To Korean consumers, the direct variable to influence the purchase intention of apparels was the perceived quality and indirect variables were the brand equity and country of origin. On the other hand, to American consumers, the perceived quality and the brand equity for domestics apparel had directly influence on the purchase intention and the brand equity for imported apparels did indirectly. Finally, implications for managerial and marketing strategies were discussed in regard to building an international apparel brand equity and improving exports with high quality apparels.
The Interrelatinship among Fashion Leadership, use of Fashion Leadership, use of Fashion Information and Apparel Shopping Behavior of Middle-and High-School Male Students(Part I)
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 675~685
The fashion leadership, use of fashion information, and apparel shopping behavior of middle-and high-school male students were examined. The interrelationship of the three variables was also analysed. Subjects were 600 male students in Kang-Bouk and kang-Nam. Major findings indicated that fashion consciousness and confidence were the significant factors in fashion innovativeness and opinion leadership. And the outfit of celebrities(popular signer and film stars) was the most influential factors in the fashion leadership. Among commercial informations, the display and interior was more effective than advertisings. The higher the innovativeness, the more subjects wanted to accompany friends rather than parents and also the more time was spent in their shopping.
Antimicrobial Activity and Physical Properties of Acrylic Acid Grafted Nylon 6
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 686~695
Recently, with a growing interest of health and environment, chitosan which was good in no harmful effect to human body and environment, has been watched as the finish treatment of hygiene and pleasantness. The purpose of this study is to develop multifunctional fabric that was improved antimicrobial activity and deodorization rate, water absorption, static voltage and dye absorption by treatment of nylon 6 grafted with acrylic acid added in chitosan. FT-IR spectra of the grafted with acrylic acid added in chitosan shows peaks of COOH and NH2. Antimicrobial activity and deodorization rate of chitosan and grafted with acrylic acid added in chitosan were increased greatly than the control, durability of laundry of grafted with acrylic acid added in chitosan was good. In case of chitosan was dyed acid dyes and grafted with acrylic acid added in chitosan was dyed basic dyes, dye absorption of them were increased than the control. Moisture regain, absorption time and tensile strength of grafted with acrylic acid added in chitosan was increased greatly than the control.
Effects of Wearing Support Panty Stocking on Thermoregulatory Responses When Exposed to the Cool Environment
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 696~701
Stockings are considered to be excellent in retention of heat in cool weather. This study was to investigate the physiological effects of wearing support panty stocking when exposed to the cool environment from mild environment. Five healthy female college students wearing(ST) or not wearing(NST) support panty stocking, rested at 25
5% R.H. and were exposed to 18
5% R.H. for 90 minutes. The results obtained were as follows: Rectal Temperatures were lower in ST than in NST at both environments. Skin temperatures in ST were revealed higher at
, but lower at 18
than in NST. Heat production and total weight loss didn't show significant difference between ST and NST. Total thermal conductance from the body to the environment was higher in ST than in NST at 18
. It was suggested that wearing support panty stocking would keep the body warm in mild environment, but facilitate heat loss from the body in cool environment.
The Analysis of the Transitional Aspect of Gender expressed in the Later 20th Century Fashion
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 702~713
The purpose of this paper is to deeply understand the transitional concept of gender expressed in the later 20th century fashion through analyzing of various literature. Gender is constructed in the context of social and culture different than sex which is inherent difference between man and women. Thus the concept of gender can be changed according to change of social and culture. There are imposing changes in gender since 60's owing to various factors; namely, feminism, subculture, deconstruction, development of technology, market economy, changing sex roles, etc. Especially in the 60's to 70's, as radical changes were took place, gender became vague more and more. Finally these days there is no fixed gender. In terms of meaning, there may be a number of genders-since there are as many meanings of sex as there are people who have thought about it. That is, sex is, gender means. Sex exists in itself, and is sublimely indifferent to what humans think of it, However gender is all the meanings we assign to sex. In accordance with this phenomena, people don't mind their sexes with appearance. There is only different disposition and taste.
Development of Sensible Brassiere for Middle Aged Women -Investigation of consumer's Needs and Evaluation of Commercial Brassiere for the Development of Subjective Measurement Scale and Screening of Design Parameters-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 714~723
The purpose of this study is to develop functional and sensible brassiere for middle-aged women. As a methodology, engineering design process, especially, QFD(Quality Function Deployment) was adopted to translate consumer's needs into product design parameters. Wearing tests of commercial brassiere were performed for the development o subjective measurement scale. The environmental condition was controlled at 28
3%RH. As results, subjective measurement scale and dimension for the evaluation of sensible brassiere were extracted from factor analysis. Four factors were fitting, aesthetic property, pressure sensation, displacement of brassiere due to movement. Regression equations with the subjective evaluation descriptors were developed for the prediction of wearing comfort of brassiere. (R2=.82) The most critical design parameter was wire-related property and second one was stretchability of main material of brassiere. Also, wearing comfort of brassiere was affected by the interaction of initial stretchability of wing and support of strap.
A Study on Impression Formation According to Design Elements of Wedding Dresses and Perceiver's Gender(Part I) -Emphasis on Silhouettes and Necklines of Wedding Dresses-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 724~735
The objectives of this study were to identify the dimensional structure of female impression formation based on silhouettes and necklines of wedding dresses, and to analyze the effect of silhouettes, necklines, and perceiver's gender on impression formation. The experimental design was 3
gender) factorial design by 3 independent variables. Samples were 432 males and females. Four factors derived to account for the dimensions of impression formation. These were attractiveness, neatness, feminity, and prettiness. Dome silhouette had a positive effect on impression of attractiveness. Bell silhouette increased the impression of femininity and prettiness. Tubular silhouette had a negative effect on the impressions of attractiveness, femininity, and prettiness. Neckline had a significant effect on impression of attractiveness and negative on prettiness. Sweet-heart neckline has a positive effect on impression of attractiveness and negative on prettiness. Off-shoulder neckline increased the impression of prettiness. Round neckline decreased the impression of attractiveness. On the interaction effect according to the neckline and perceiver's gender, the men perceived high-necklines to be more feminine than did women, while the women perceived off-shoulder necklines to be more feminine than did men. There was interaction effect between silhouette and neckline on prettiness. In dome silhouette, heart-shape neckline was perceived to be prettier than the others, while in bell silhouette, off-shoulder neckline was perceived as prettier than the others.
Comparative Study on the Satisfaction with and Perception about Their Bodies by Korean and American Female Students
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 736~747
This study focused on the comparison of satisfaction with and perception about their bodies by Korean and American women. The respondents included 242 Korean and 145 American female student volunteers, aged 18 to 27, who were enrolled at Kwangju and Catholic University and Cornell University in the United States. The questionnaire was composed of three sections; a body cathexis, perceived body shape-self, perceived body shape-ideal. Twenty items of 30 items showed a significant difference between Korean and American women. Korean student females were more dissatisfied with 20 items than American women. Even though Korean women were smaller in body build than the American women, the Korean women were more negative about their large type, shoulder, hands, arms, hips, neck, face, and skin color than the American women. There were many significant differences between perceived body shape-self and perceived body shape-ideal responses for Korean and American respondents. The exceptions were that a fuller bosom, and longer legs than perceived body shape were desired in both cultures, longer arms were desired by Korean women and darker skin color was desired by American women.
A study on the Self-Image and Clothing Preference Image of Male Adolescents
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 748~759
The purposes of this study were 1) to classify wearing situation of male adolescents and 2) to classify self-image and CPI(Clothing Preference Image) of male adolescents and 3) to segment consumer group by self-image and to find the differences in self-image and CPI by situation among groups. For the data collection a questionnaire was distributed to male adolescents who were residents in Seoul and Taejeon. The statistics used for the data analysis were factor analysis, multiple dimensional scale, mean, percentage, peason-correlation, cluster analysis, one-way ANOVA, Duncan-test by the SPSSWIN program. The results of this study are as follows: 1) The self-image of male adolecents is categorized by seven factors; sophisticate and fashion conscious, active, practical and realistic, flank and pure, young-looking, feminine, and slender. Based on seven factors, the consumer group is categorized to five groups; practical and realistic Group1, young-looking and feminine Group2, characterless Group3, active Group4, sophisticate and flank Group5. 2) Wearing situations are divided into three categories; in downtown, in urban, at festival. In downtown, CPI are divided into six elements; ornamental, simplex, sexy, feminine, neat, young, and sophisticate. In urban, CPI are divided into five elements; ornamental, simple, sexy, feminine, young-looking, and sophisticate. At festival, CPI are divided into four elements; unique, simple, feminine, and formal. To conclude, the male adolescent consumers are categorized by self-image, and the different CPIs are sought by different wearing situations.
Service Quality and Store Satisfaction according to Apparel Store Types
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 760~771
The main objective of this study were to develop the scale for measuring service quality and to identify the differences of service quality among apparel store types(department store, fashion specialty store and national brand independent store). Data were collected from 463 subjects who finished their shopping with a self-administered questionnaire. The results were as follows; 1. As a result of factor analysis, seven dimensions were identified for service quality: VMD, store atmosphere, pleasant enviornment, product assortment, store policy, salesperson's assurance, and salesperson's responsiveness dimensions. The first five dimensions and the last two dimensions were corresponded to store service and sales service respectively. Those dimensions explained 56.56% of service quality. Especially the salesperson's assurance had the most explaining power. 2. The fashion specially store was evaluated as the highest in five dimensions of store service, whereas the department store was evaluated as the lowest in the pleasant environment dimension. 3. Store policy, salesperson's assurance, store atmosphere, and VMD dimensions explained 38% of store satisfaction.
Product Evaluation on Consumers' Buying Behavior of Domestic & Imported Golf Wear Brands
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 24, issue 5, 2000, Pages 772~783
The purpose of this study was to investigate product evaluation on consumer's buying behavior of domestic & imported golf wear brands. The questionnaires were sent to 200 consumers who play golf. The 119 data were analyzed by mean, t-test, ANOVA and chi-square. The results of the study were as follows: There were significant differences on consumers' evaluation of apparel quality on fabric and style between groups. Consumers evaluated that the imported golf wears made of more soft, light and unique fabric than domestic, and had a unique and characteristic style. The evaluation of apparel quality according to demographic information has significant difference. Consumers(46-55 ages, business managers and professional) evaluated imported brands were made of soft and light fabric. Consumers(business managers) buying imported brand evaluated dry-cleaning was inconvenient. Consumers who engaged in service industry evaluated domestic brands were easy to coordinate with other items.