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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 26, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 26, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 26, Issue 10 - Sep 2002
Volume 26, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 26, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 26, Issue 3_4 - Mar 2002
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Volume 26, Issue 3 - 00 2002
Selecting the target year
Clothing Purchasing Behavior by Conspicuous Consumption and Imported-Brand Preferences
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 3~14
The purpose of this study was to examine conspicuous consuming tendency and imported-brand preferences based on purchasing behavior of clothing. 464 women living in Seoul were collected for this study. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation analysis, ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range teats, and
were used. As the result, five factors in conspicuous consumption are generated from the factor analysis. Consumers with high conspicuous consumption prefer imported-brand clothing. According to the levels of conspicuous consumption, purchasing behaviors of clothing are significantly different in information usages, clothing selection evaluations, patronage store types, purchasing frequencies, and seasonal clothing expenditure. Finally, clothing purchasing behaviors are significantly different by imported-brand clothing preference in information usages, clothing selection standards, and patronage store types.
A Study on Somatotype Classification of the Late Middle-Aged Women
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 15~26
The purpose of this study was to classier the somatotype of late middle-aged women and to analyze the characteristics of each somatotype. The subjects were 337 late middle-aged women and their age range os from 45 to 59 fears old. Data were collected through anthropometry and photometry and analyzed by factor analysis, cluster analysis and discriminant analysis. The results were as follows; 1. The result of factor analysis indicated that 9 factors were extracted through factor analysis and those factors comprised 83.56 percent of total valiance. 2. Using factor scores, cluster analysis was carried out and the subject were classified into 4 cluster. Each cluster was classified as their body front and side view contour. Type 1 is tall, slim, and lower balk is flat on the side. Type 2 is standard and lean-back type on the side. Type 3 is standard height and weight, H type in front, and belly-protruded on the side. Type 4 is short, fat, and the side is hip-protruded. 3. According to the stepwise discriminant analysis, the 9 important items in classifying the somatotype of the late middle-aged women are as follows ; lower back tilt angle, hip depth(back) -back waist depth(back), bust depth(fore) - anterior waist depth(fore), jugular fossa point(fore), upper back tilt angle, burst breadth -waist breadth, right shoulder tilt, height of shoulder - height of anterior waist, abdomen breath. The correct classification rate for these items is as exact as 84.62%.
A Study on Classification of Elderly Women's Body Type
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 27~38
This research was to study somatotype characteristics of elderly women and to classify them based on the results. It also analyzed the age distribution of the classified types, and the frequency among the age groups. The subjects of the study were 331 women of the age of 55 fears or older. They were measured on the performing anthropometric and photographic measurements. The samples were classified into 4 different types, and the photographic measure of each front and side view also clustered 4 different types. The results of the research are as follows : The somatotype of elderly women in Korea is most likely to be H-shaped, which shows a slight refraction when viewed from a front. When viewed from a side, an appearance off straight somatotype is common among the age of 70 or younger. However, the age of 70 or older appears to have swayback somatotype. This means that women are likely to reserve their straight body figure from their middle-age until the age of 70. The major somatotype characteristic of old age, a stooped body shape, is more frequently seen as they get older.
The Effect of Net Generation′s Fashion Value on the Purchase-Decision Important Factors at Internet Shopping Mall and the Preference for Fashion Design
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 39~49
The purpose of this study was to characterize the effect of Net fashion value regarding to the factors of purchase-decision at internet shopping mall and the preference for fashion design. The subjects for this sample survey, were junior high school and university students who had dwelled at pusan and ulsan in south korea. This study had 824 samples of each aged from 13 to 24 who had purchasing ability of fashion apparels at the interned shopping mal1. The sampling data in this survey was analyzed by frequency analysis, factor analysis, T-test, LSD-test, MANOVA and ANOVA of SPSS WIN package. The results of this study was as follows; 1. It was proved that advertising, pursuit of services and products, pursuit of information were considered first from Net generations fashion value. Next things were perception of danger and pursuit of convenience. It was proved that they considered it important A/S, recall, exchange and post management. 2. It was proved that there was difference at the preference for fashion design of according to Net generations fashion value. Color was considered to be the most important one. 3. Men had higher political value than women and 1318 teenagers had higher fashion value than semi-adult. Under high school educational course Net generation had more theoretical value than above university educational course Net generation did. Also, with the factor of average monthly income, political value was considered to be the most important. People whose monthly expenditure on purchase was above 50,000 won had higher social value than people whose expenditure was under 50,000 won but under 50,000 won had higher political value than above 50,000 won did.
A Study on Actual Condition of Sizing System of Women′s RTW Apparel Brands in Korea
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 50~61
The manufacturer first identifies a target market before developing a sizing chart. A target market is specific for age or figure type. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the suitability of sizing system of women's apparel brand in Korea. For this purpose, the characteristics of the manufacture's sizing chart for jacket and skirt/pants were analyzed. For each brand, the target age of the brand and the age of consumers who preferred that bland were compared. The size charts collected from 27 women's apparel brands were analyzed and compared with Korean industrial standard sifting chart. The results of this study reviled that the body proportion in many manufacturer's sizing chart does not correspond to the body types in Korean industrial standard sizing chart. This trend was apparent for the short figure sizes made for women 155cm in height. There is a difference between the target age in brand concept and the age of consumer preferring to purchase that brand apparel. The age of fitting models usually does not correspond the customer's age. It was concluded that the age of target customer does not go well with the age of brand concept nor the fitting model age caused fit problem of the women's ready-made clothes.
A Study on the Pattern Making of Men's Formal Jacket
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 62~73
The purpose of this study was to develop men's formal jacket pattern for the Korean males of age 25 to 34 age with an average physique. Through the survey on seven industries of the ready-made men's wear, we investigated size systems and jacket patters presently practiced. From the fitting test of four patterns (three for ready-made jacket patterns, one for educational pattern) the moat favorable and comfortable pattern was selected. New experimented jacket pattern was based on it. The findings were as followed. 1) Survey of the domestic ready-made garment industries showed that each company classified its own manufactured goods according to its own size systems. 2) Anthropometric measurments of forty males for the subjects of lilting test were agreed to the survey of National Anthropometric of Korean(1997). These were also compatible to the standard size (100-88-175) of investigated industries. 3) Experimental jacket pattern was completed through the three times rectification and it gained higher ratings.
Thermophysiological Responses of Wearing Safety Hat for Working at a Hot Environment
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 74~82
The present study is aimed to investigate the effect of the safety hat on the balance of body temperature by observation of the physiological response under hot working environment. The experiment was carried out in a climate chamber of 3
, 50%RH for 70 minutes. To compare the two kinds of safety hat, 5 healthy male subjects worn safety hat without hole (called 'without hole') or safety hat with hole (called 'with hole') according to a randomized cross-over design. The main results of this study are as fellows: Rectal temperature and heart rate were significantly lower level in 'with hole'than in 'without hole'. The mean skin temperature was significantly higher in 'without hole'than in 'with hole'. Blood pressure were significantly low in 'with hole'. Sweat rate which was measured by weight loss before and after experiment was higher in 'without hole'. In subjective ratings, subjects replied more hot, more uncomfortable and more wet, they felt more fatigue in condition of 'without hole'. Work ability which was measured by a grip strength dynamometer was higher in 'with hole'. Safety hat which can be used for safety of the brain in work place is meaningful device of behavioral thermoregulatory response under the hot working environment. The safety hat which is designed for proper ventilation and hygiene can maintain the homeostasis of body temperature by releasing body temperature efficiently.
The Analysis of Fabric Impact and Consumer′s Preference for Fabric on Clothing Purchase
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 83~94
This study was intended to identify fabric impact on decision-making process for clothing purchase, to determine evaluation factors of clothing, and to analyze consumer's preference for fabric on clothing purchase. 396 questionnaires distributed to college students were analyzed by descriptive statistics, oneway ANOVA, correlation, factor analysis and multidimensional scaling. The results are as follows; (1) Fabric impacted on the pre-purchase evaluation and the post-purchase process. (2) 4 factors - physical properties, outer-consciousness, self-satisfaction, and appropriateness- were determined as evaluation factors. Though fabric was included in the physical properties, fabric presented high correlations with other evaluative elements. (3) The most preferred fabric was being composed of natural fiber in fiber contents and having softness in sensation. As a result of multidimensional scaling, 2 dimensions of fabric sensation were developed as 'soft-hard'and 'thin-thick'.
A Study on The Comparison of Housewife′s Clothing Management Behaviors in Rural & Urban Community -The development of measuring scales on clothing management behaviors-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 95~103
The consumption in the clothing's living has been diversified and rich by the increase in pay, the ostentatious propensity to consume and the diversification of distribution on structure in accordance with the advance of clothing industries, etc. The clothing, however, was not used properly due to the thoughtless purchase, the sudden change of fashion and the difficulty in the use and management of clothing. Most rural communities, furthermore, have the poor market, and the unreasonable management could be often observed, e.g., some people don't follow the care label or burn the clothing to waste. This study was conducted to provide the tool measuring the standardized clothing management behaviors so that the systematic and effective instruction could be achieved to improve the living standards 623 rural and urban housewives to develop the tool measuring the standardized clothing management to compare and measure the effect of before and after the education and guide all the way. And then, we developed the standardized measurement tool consisting of 6 parts of 60 questions after analyzing the validation and reliability of the questions. As a result of analyzing the validation and reliability of the developed tool, each Conbach alpha value of clothing living showed the good reliability; the value of the purchase plan was 0.76, the purchase was 0.83, the wear was 0.80, the management was 0.84, the storage was 0.83, and the disposal was 0.74, which indicated that it was able to use as a standardized tool.
Belief, Attitude and Buying Intention for Internet Apparel Shopping: Comparison of Catalog Shoppers and Non-catalog Shoppers
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 104~111
The present study explored differences of catalog and non-catalog shoppers in their beliefs, attitude and buying intention in relation to Internet apparel shopping. Respondents of this study were 352 general consumers (145 non-catalog shoppers; 207 catalog shoppers) residing in the US. The t-test and chi-square analysis were used to study differences between the two groups. Differences between catalog shoppers and non-catalog shoppers were found in beliefs about and attitude toward Internet apparel shopping as well as apparel buying intention through the Internet. Also, catalog shoppers were less satisfied with apparel shopping through local shops than were non-catalog shoppers. However, no difference was found in income and education levels of the two groups.
The Internet Homepage Advertising Strategy of the Fashion Goods
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 112~123
The purpose of this study was to establish the strategy for Internet fashion homepage advertising that attracts consumers attention and discloses clothing brand to consumers continually. In this paper, the following subjects were set up: (a) to classify the structure and evaluation factors of the fashion homepage advertising, (b) to analyze the effect of demographic variables and clothing involvement of consumer on fashion homepage advertising structures and evaluation factors. A random sample of 553 people in the age group 16-34s living in Seoul and Kyungki region during March 2000 was selected from Internet users. SPSS package was used for data analysis. Frequency, Percentage, Factor analysis, ANOVA, Duncan test and regression analysis were applied. The results of this research were as follows: First, in the process of classifying the dimension of the fashion homepage advertising, homepage advertising structure was composed of 5 factors: interactive, amusing factor, professional information, fashion information and useful information. And homepage advertising evaluating factors were interesting, information and irritation. Second, it was found that clothing involvement influenced fashion homepage advertising. High involvement group preferred the fashion information factor of the homepage advertising structure and low involvement group was useful information factor of the homepage advertising structure. Both high and low involvement groups preferred interesting factor of the homepage advertising evaluation. Third, demographic variables also influenced fashion homepage advertising Females manifested greater interests in informative factor of homepage advertising than males. Findings from this study provide an insight into fashion homepage advertising strategy related to consumers clothing behavior.
Analysis of characteristics and Dyeing Properties of Gromwell Colorants(Part II) - Dyeing Properties of Silk on Gromwell Colorants -
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 124~132
Dyeing properties of silk fabric on gromwell roof colorants were studied for the effect of dyeing conditions, such as methanol ratio, colorants concentration, pH, temperature and time etc. on the dye uptake and effect of mordants and mordanting methods on color change and dye uptake. And various colorfastnesses of dyed fabrics were evaluated far practical use. Gromwell colorants showed high affinity to silk and its isotherm adsorption curve was Freundlich type close to Nernst type. Therefore, it is considered that hydrogen bonding and Van der Waals force were involved in the adsorption of cromwell colorants to silk fabric. Post-mordanting method gave higher K/S value than other methods, but it was not significantly different color values from unmordanted one. Gromwell colorants produced mainly R and RP color depending on mordants and mordanting method. Dyed fabrics showed high colorfastness irrespective of mordanting treatment. Light colorfastness was increased for repeatedly dyed and Fe mordanted dyed fabrics.
Classifications of the Skin Colors on Korean women and their Preference Colors of Apparel
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 133~143
The textile industry is petting increased effort to manufacture the value-added products that gives the differentiated characters at every level of fiber and fabric production. The color is an important element to be used strategically in order to push up the value-added design. The colors of apparel products have a close relationship with the skin colors of consumers and their preference colors. This study was carried out to cluster the skin colors of the Korean women into several similar skin colors and to analyze their preference colors by the classified groups. We measured the skin colors of 354 Korean women. With color spectrometer, JX-777, we measured 4 points of the body; cheek with removing cosmetics off, forehead, rear neck and arm on the interior part near elbow. All subjects had been shown with 40 color chips and answered the preference colors and preference colors of apparel. Data were analysed to classify skin colors using K-means Cluster Analysis and Duncan test, Frequency and Chi square test on the preference colors about the clustered 3 groups. In doing so, we used in SPSS Win 10 statistical package. Findings were as fellows: 1) The skin colors of the Korean women were clustered into YR, R, and Y skin colors. The majority of the subjects, 324 observations had YR skin colors and the subjects were classified into 3 kinds of skin color groups who had YR skin colors. 2) The average skin colors of total 324 subjects was 5.23YR 6.49/4.09 in Munsell Color System(MCS), 66.56 in L value, 10.53 in a value, and 20.67 in b value. 3) The average skin color of Type 1 was 7.98YR 6.24/4.14 in MCS, 64.10 in L value, 15.05 in a value, and 24.0 in b value. For Type 2 was 7.30 YR 6.56/3.28 in MCS, 67.24 in L value, 6.89 in a value, and 18.4 in b value, and Type 3 was 7.01 YR 7.20/4.38 in MCS, 73.53 in L value, L 16.04 in a value, and 24.87 in b value. 4) The average face color of total 324 subjects was 7.31YR 6.65/3.56 in MCS, 68.13 in L value, 9.53 in a value, and 20.18 in b value. 5) The average face color of Type 1 was 4.19 YR 6.92/5.05 in MCS, 70.78 in L value, 13.2 in a value, and 25.32 in b value. For Type 2 was 5.24YR 6.33/3.79 in MCS, 64.94 in L value, 9.84 in a value, and 19.08 in b value. Type 3 was 5.4YR 6.85/4.68 in MCS, 70.1 in L value, 11.73 in a value, and 23.92 in b value. 6) The difference of mean values between the clustered 3 skin color groups showed significantly different except the a value of neck and H value of cheeks and H value of foreheads. 7) All 3 groups showed that the most preference colors and the most preference colors of apparel was 5R 4/14. and their preference colors were much more than the preference colors of apparel.
The Assessment of Hand for Enzyme Hydrolyzed Denim Fabrics(Part IV) -Effect of Fiber Content -
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 144~151
The assessment of hand of the denim fabrics finished by enzymatic hydrolysis will be discussed in this study. The subjective hand and the preference of the denim fabrics finished by enzymatic hydrolysis were evaluated using the developed scale(Part I). The factors affecting consumer's taste for denim fabrics were analyzed by statistics using SAS program. Also, the enzymatic of hydrolysis on the properties of denim fabrics were evaluated by subjective hand measurements. The results are as follows; Regarding the surface properties and the weight, Tencel was evaluated to be the finest, the smoothest, the most flexible, the warmest, the most refined, the sleekest, the flossiest, the lightest the softest, and the thinnest among the four kinds of fabrics. The other fabrics in the order of cotton/Tencel, cotton, cotton/PP were evaluated to qualify the listed touches. Tencel was evaluated to be the loosest and the weakest among the four kinds of denim. Cotton was evaluated to have the driest touch. In addition, the fabrics were evaluated to be more elastic and less wrinkly in the order of Tencel > cotton > cotton/Tencel > cotton/ PP. For the hand preference, the fabrics were ranked in the order of Tencel, cotton, cotton/Tencel, cotton/PP, where tencel is the moat preferred. Cotton/Tencel and cotton/PP showed negative values in the hand and the color preference, meaning that the evaluators disliked their touches. Hand preference of enzyme hydrolyzed cotton/Tencel and cotton/PP denims do not seem to appeal to Korean people.
Using Neural Networks to Predict the Sense of Touch of Polyurethane Coated Fabrics
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 152~159
Neural networks are used to predict the sense of touch of polyurethane coated fabrics. In this study, we used the multi layer perceptron (MLP) neural networks in Neural Connection. The learning algorithm for neural networks is back-propagation algorithm. We used 29 polyurethane coated fabrics to train the neural networks and 4 samples to test the neural networks. Input variables are 17 mechanical properties measured with KES-FB system, and output variable is the sense of touch of polyurethane coated fabrics. The influence of MLF function, the number of hidden layers, and the number of hidden nodes on the prediction accuracy is investigated. The results were as follows: MLP function, the number of hidden layer and the number of hidden nodes have some influence on the prediction accuracy. In this work, tangent function, the architecture of the double hidden layers and the 24-12-hidden nodes has the best prediction accuracy with the lowest RMS error. Using the neural networks to predict the sense of touch of polyurethane coated fabrics has hotter prediction accuracy than regression approach used in our previous study.
The Variation of Mechanical Properties with Directions of PET High Stretch Fabrics
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 160~167
Stretch fabrics are wide-spread for high performance clothing use with requirements of fitness and adaptability to human's movement. A newly developed 100% PET high stretch fabric has excellent properties with respect to stretch, softness, bulkiness, and apparent volume compared to PET filament fabrics. The 100% PET high stretch fabric shows advantages of a dimensional stability, dye and agent adaptability in dying and finishing process, a property of stretch recovery after washing and lower production cost than that of spandex fabric. KES-FB was used to measure mechanical properties to various directions of the fabric. This study centered on whether the 100% PET high stretch fabric is suitable to quality and shape retention of fabric by testing several properties including tensile, compression, shear, bending and surface characteristic to various measuring directions. Tensile linearity showed maximum value at
in plain and
in twill. Shear Stiffness of plain and twill showed maximum value equally at
. Bending rigidity showed maximum value at
in plain and
twill. Mean deviation of MIU showed maximum value at
in plain and
A Comparative Study on the Uniform of Nurses According to the Regional and Hospital Size Differences
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 1, 2002, Pages 168~178
This study is aimed at investigating and comparing the differences in the uniform of nurses according to regions and hospital size in Korea. This study takes two large regions as its survey area; one is Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi Province, and the other is Daejon and Chungcheong Province. The hospital size is divided into general hospitals and neighborhood hospitals. The survey was conducted among the nurses working in 12 randomly-selected hospitals and its statistical results are analysed firm 818 respondents'questionnaires. The results are divided into 3 categories as follows; 1) Results of analysis of survey on the uniform of nurses : Nurses usually wear two-piece suits and more than half of the hospitals choose a white-color pattern. And the nurse's uniform with color varying according to their position and ward is considered to be desirable; 2) Analysis on regional differences : In the case of Daejon and Chungcheong Province, there is a relatively high ratio of respondents who answered questions with 'high percentage of young nurses', 'position differentiation by means of different design and fabric according to ward'. In case of Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi Province, questions with 'use of a patterned textile in nurses'uniform', 'ready-made size system'are higher; 3) Analysis of the differences in accordance with hospital size : In the case of general hospitals, there is relatively a high ratio of respondents who answered questions with 'use of different design and fabric according to a nurse's position', 'use of patterns in nurses'uniform'. In the case of neighborhood hospitals, there is a high ratio of respondents with'use of classical one-piece or two-piece type wear', 'ready-made type size system', 'obligatory use off nurse's cap'.