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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 26, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 26, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 26, Issue 10 - Sep 2002
Volume 26, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 26, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 26, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 26, Issue 3_4 - Mar 2002
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Volume 26, Issue 3 - 00 2002
Selecting the target year
Exploratory Analysis on the Global Sourcing and Implications for Competitiveness of the Korean Apparel Firms
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 751~762
Korean apparel industry is facing critical moment due to shortage of labor, wage increases and intensive competition among domestic manufactures. In addition, international production has been shifting to China and the other low-wage countries from established locations such as Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Global sourcing has been received considerable attention since firms can enhance their competitive advantage as well as comparative advantage by coordinating their sourcing activities global]y. This studs regarded global sourcing as one of the strategic tools to achieve competitive advantage of Korean apparel firms, and explored the current status by literature reviews and series of in-depth interviews with managers of korean apparel firms. The findings of this study were as follows: 1) Due to geographical advantage, China was the most favored nation for outsourcing for domestic markers. However, exporting firms preferred Latin America (including Mexico) to take advantage of duties, quotas and geographical proximity to the US market. 2) In selecting the global sourcing country, productivity, technical ability, local government regulation, and culture were considered important. 3) Most Korean apparel firms sources production globally, and followed by raw materials and trims. 4) Cost and quality were the most important factors in deciding subcontractors, and experience, productivity, equipment and finances were the next concerns. Academic implications and future directions were suggested based on findings.
Skin Temperature Responses of Hanbok When It Worn
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 763~770
The objective of the study was to investigate skin temperature responses of Hanbok when it was worn. Two healthy females(average 21 years, 155cm and 60kg were exposed to a climatic chamber(Room Temp.
, 0.15m/s). During the experiment, rectal temperature, skin temperature of 9 areas, clothing microclimate, subjective sensation were measured. Chima and Jogory to be made of silk nobang(SN) or Ramie were worn for summer. Polyester(P) Chima and Jogori(R) could be wort for spring and autumn. For winter, silk Chima, Jogori(S) and Durumagi(D) were commonly worn. Rectal temperature was high in order of naked(N), R, SN, P, S, D. However Mean skin temperature was reversely high in order of D, S, SN, R, P, naked. In naked, skin temperature was high in order of head, trunk upper extremity and lower extremity. But on wearing of Hanbok, it was the highest at the chest except head regardless of kinds of clothing ensembles. Skin temperature of upper arm was secondly highest on wearing the silk ensemble and the Durumagi ensemble, but skin temperature of buttock was secondly highest on wearing the silk nobang ensemble and the ramie ensemble. Skin temperature on wearing the silk ensemble was generally higher than those on other clothing ensembles. Local and mean skin temperatures on wearing the silk ensemble and the Durumagj ensemble were generally higher than on other clothing ensembles. Heat resistance of the fabric might have affected on the local skin temperature.
Study of Efficient Cooling Part for Cooling Clothes Development
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 771~778
Cooling clothes especially cooling vest are being considered for as an efficient way to reduce heat strain under hot environment. But wearing ice gel or ice-based cooling vest caused discomfort to subjects due to the weight of vest. Therefore, this study was executed to find efficient cooling parts and to reduce vest weight by cooling only these parts. Two male subjects were exposed to heat(40
, 30%RH) with A type(breast+back+abdomen+waist), B type(breast+back+waist), C type(breast+back+abdomen) and D type(breast+back) cooling vest that distinguished with cooling part. The results were as follows; When subjects were C type and D type vest, sweat volume was less and skin temperature was low. Heart rate and rectal temperature were low in B type and D type. These results suggest that excessive cooling of breast and abdomen may exert a bad influence to health and cooling of back is desirable.
A critical review of survey methods in Journal of the Korean Society of clothing and Textiles
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 779~789
The purpose of this study is to examine methodological issues of empirical research using survey methods in Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles. We reviewed 95 articles from Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles in 1996, 1998, and 2000. Methodological issues were categorized into four areas: questionnaire and scale development, sampling and collecting data, variable construction, and external validity(generalization). In each imp, a check list was made and 95 articles were reviewed based on this limit. Major findings were discussed and some suggestions were made for future research.
Brand Relationship Formation Process of Apparel Products(Part I)
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 790~800
Brand relationship, which refers to the bond between brands and consumers, plays an important role in marketing due to its positive or negative effects on consumer behavior. The goals of this research were 1) to identify the types of brand relationships between young female consumers and apparel brands, and 2) to examine the influence of brand relationships over consumers'favorable attitudes and strong attachment (durability) to the brands. For the purpose of this study, ten casual wear brands, which are highly perceived by and popular with high school and university female students, were chosen by a preliminary inquiry. And then focused group interviews were performed to develop a questionnaire. The main examination was performed from August 20 to September 12, 2000, using five types of surveys each of which contained two brands. SPSS 8.0 was used for factor analysis and recession analysis. Four types of brand relationships were categorized based on the results of factor analysis: self-devotion, intimacy, rejection and trust. Each factor showed significant influence on both positive altitude and durability.
The Study on Standard Bodytype for Korean Women between the ages of 18 and 24 years old(Part II) -Standard proportion and Standard bodytype-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 801~810
The purpose of this study is to suggest standard bodytype which offers criterion for the sizes and shapes to interpret various bodytypes, to estimate fitting, and to construct ready-made clothing. There were two ways of analyzing bodytypes of subjects from the viewpoint of statistic and beauty. We had carried on the analysis from the viewpoint of statistic in the Part(1) and we carried on the analysis from the viewpoint of beauty in this Part(2). Taken as a sample, the subjects were ninety-seven females who were between the aloes of 18 and 24 rears o1d. They were measured on November 1999. The data of seven hundred and four females,18∼24 year-old, from the National Somatometry Survey of 1997 were used for analysis, too. The first analysis from the viewpoint of beauty was executed to the front and side photographs of the subjects to analyze the general traits of the beautiful bodytype. The second analysis from the viewpoint of beauty was executed to subjects who were in both High-frequency proportion range and Beautiful bodytype group. As the result, four groups in Beautiful and High-frequency proportion range were selected. The standard proportion was analyzed with the size and shape of four groups. Based on the standard proportion, the size, shape and silhouette of the standard bodytype were analyzed. To verify the size, shape and silhouette of the standard bodytype, the location of the standard bodytype in the 1997 National Somatometry Survey group was analyzed. As the result, the standard bodytype was verified as proper criterion to interpret various bodytypes, to estimate fitting, and to construct ready-made clothing.
Thermoregulatory Responses of Differently Designe Cleanroom Garments
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 811~820
The physical responses and subjective sensations of different cleanroom garments were compared in order to discover which cleanroom garment design could minimize pollution of the working environment by dust from the worker, maintain a pleasant microclimate and provide effective thermoregulation.
A. Coverall with non-detachable hood, kimono sleeves (front), raglan sleeves (back), raschell net on the bodice B. Coverall with detachable hood, kimono sleeves (front), raglan sleeves (back), raschell net on the bodice C. Separate top with non-detachable hood, kimono sleeves (front), raglan sleeves (back), raschell net on the bodice D. Coverall with non-detachable hood, set-in sleeves, raschell net on the bodice E. Coverall with non-detachable hood, raglan sleeves (back), l00% cotton inner wear (upper body) The results of the experiment were as follows. Because the hood covered the shoulder and the chest areas, the chests temperature of the worker wearing garment E was quite higher than those wearing other garment designs. For fabric that has been coated in order to prevent dust, layered designs should be avoided in order to prevent skin temperature from rising. Compared with layers of underwear, it would be more effective to attach a see-through raschell net which clings to the body. Thermal sensations were also highest in garment E, reinforcing the finding that layered designs should be avoided. Through the experiment, it was found that a new material coverall with a non-detachable hood was effective in minimizing dust, suppressing skin temperature increases, maintaining a superior microclimate and providing pleasant subjective sensations.
A Study on the Development of Basic Brassiere Pattern for Adult Women(Part II)-Focusing on Pattern Grading-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 821~832
The purpose of this study was to develop grading method of the basic brassiere patterns therewith, provide for 12 size's brassiere patterns and prove fitness of their's and shape. The collected data were statistically processed using the SAS 6.12 for Means, Standard Deviation, etc. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; 1. The basic sizes adopted at the first design stage (see fig.1-2) were 75AA, 75A and 75B each of which was designed as upper foundation basic pattern in reference to the cup size. At the second stage, each of the upper body foundation basic pattern was used to design lower cup, upper up, front panel and wing in their order(see fig.3-6). At the third stage, the other sizes were graded in reference to the three brassiere patterns (75AA, 75A and 75B) to produce 12 brassiere sizes(see Tab. 7-8). In order to develop the basic patterns of adult women's brassieres, 33 women were selected per 11 size combination(3 women per size combination), and then, their brassiere fitting was teated. As a result, the fronts of the basic patterns were found to have such problems as undone front center, poor levelling of upper cup's bottom line or lower cup's top line, poor shape of upper cup's outside top line and shoulder strip position. On the other hand, on the rear side of the basic patterns, the central part of the wing was slightly lifted, while the wing width and straps'interval did not befit the ful1-cup brassiere. The result of this first brassiere fitting test showed that the functionality and aesthetics of the basic pattern brassieres were more or less satisfactory, and thus, the problems were addressed for the second teat. In the second test, the aesthetics, breast-shaping effect and functionality of the basic pattern brassieres were much improved. 2. We were to present the final brassiere sizing system
to extend the interior length of breast and the exterior length of breast on the basis of fitting test. Thereby, 75B
85B's the interior lengths of breast were enlarged to 0.7cm, the rest size was enlarged to 0.5cm and the exterior length of breast was enlarged to 0.5cm regardless of sizes. 3. The upper foundation basic patterns of 75AA and 75B were presented
and the basic brassiere pattern and grading pattern were presented through
A Study on the Visual Sensibility of color Combination for Clothing (Part II)
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 833~842
The purpose of this study was to investigate the visual sensibility of color combination far clothing. The survey had been done for the 42 color combination for clothing with 27 semantic differential bi-polar scales. The major findings of this research were as follows. 1. There were significant differences in the visual sensibility of color combination, especially in the difference according to the area(in Seoul and in Pusan). 2. As a result of the regression analysis, preference was related to buying desirable, gorgeous, fun, cheerful, attractive, harmonious and refined and the purchasing desire was related to favorite, comfortable, harmonious, sweet, and fun. Rich impression was related to refined, harmonious, elegance and attractive and pleasant feeling was related to sort, cheerful, attractive, clean and refined. 3. According to sensibility positioning, The color combination for clothing was classified by hard-soft, simple-gorgeous.
A Study on the Pattern Grading for Men's Formal Wear
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 843~852
The purpose of this study was to propose a computer-based grading method for men's formal wear according to the sizing systems based on the size and dimension whereby manufactured men's formal wear can be classified. The following procedures were as follows : 1) We surveyed the sizing systems and the computer-grading methods that have been used and presently practiced by the domestic garment industry of the ready-made men's wear. 2) Using the survey data of the domestic men's ready-made clothing industry and that of the National Anthropometric Survey of Korea in 1997, we proposed the new sizing and grading systems of men's formal wear within the framework of the Korean Garment Industry's directions and the data of the domestic men's ready-made clothing industry. 3) The suitability of the new grading systems to the domestic garment industry were put to a wearing teat. The findings were as follows : 1) Survey of the domestic ready-made garment industry showed that each company classified its own manufactured goods according to its own sizing and grading systems. 2) The superiority of the grading system was been demonstrated by a high approval rate of the subjects who participated in the testing.
Relating Consumption Values to Pre-purchase Decision Making of Apparels
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 853~864
The purpose of this study was to measure consumption values and to investigate the differences in the process of decision making when purchasing apparel products among groups divided by consumption values. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 550 subjects in their 20's and 30's from Sepember 29th to October 25th in 2001; 463 were used for the data analysis. The results of this study were as follows; Consumption values were classified into five factors: Practical/functional value, Social/conformitive value, Subjective/aesthetic value, Epistemic value and Conspicuous value. Subjects were classified into 4 groups based on consumption values: the Conspicuous, the Epistemic, the Social/conformitive and the Indifferent. There were significant differences among the four groups in selected motives in the problem recognition process. Significant differences were found among the groups in own taste & personality in the information search process. Significant difference were also found in the importance of design, color, price, coordination, fashion and self-image in the alternative evaluation process.
Yellow Image and Formative Properties in Modern Fashion
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 865~876
The purpose of the study is to clarify yellow image and formative properties in modern fashion. For the study of formative properties 230 kinds of costume samples being visual power in yellow have been selected from photographs in fashion magazines and divided into tones: vivid(S, B, Dp), vague(L, Lgr, D), bright(Vp, P, B). For the study of image 30 kinds of costume samples is used. The Study was measured by using Semantic Differential method. The subjects were 50 students majoring in clothing and textile. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, ANOVA, MDS and regression analysis. The results of analysis are as follow: 1. Factor analysis has extracted 4 factors of yellow image in the fashion. These factor are Attractiveness, Cheerfulness, Hardness and Softness, Gorgeousness. 2. There were significant difference in visual evaluation of yellow tones. 3. Evaluative dimensions of yellow was classified as Soft-Hard, Gorgeous-Unpretentious. 4. The mage effect on Preference, Buying needs, Pleasant and Riches was consist of complicated sensibility.
Toward a Conceptualization of Clothing Price Perception: A Taxonomy of shopping Behavior
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 877~888
Price is a product attribute, which is determined by the function of the producing cost and profit. It is also identified as one of the most important components of the marketing mix. For consumers, price is an always-existing cue, definite evaluation criteria, and easily accessible information in the purchasing process. Considering the concept of the clothing-price in a comprehensive perspective encompassing economic, psychological and marketing perspectives, a theoretical model was developed. The model includes souses and dimensions of price perception and related behaviors. Souses of price perception were: the actual retail price at selling point, the internal reference price and external reference price. The dimensions of price perception included sacrifice perception, economic value perception, inference, savings perception and price as information perception. Clothing price related behaviors that flowed these dimensions were: low price consciousness, value for money consciousness, price-quality inference, price-prestige inference, sale proneness and price mavenism. An empirical study was conducted to validate the theoretical model. A questionnaire was developed and data were collected from 680 adult women living in Seoul, Korea. Confirmatory factor analysis as well as exploratory factor analysis results showed that theorized price related behaviors were successful classifications.
Trade Area Selection Criteria for Apparel Products -The cases of Bundang and Ilsan-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 889~900
The purpose of this study was; to investigate consumers'selection criteria for their trade area when purchasing apparel products; to study whether there is a difference on the importance of the selection criteria; to examine consumers'willingness to visit specific trade area according to the types of apparel products. Four hundred sixty-nine female consumers who lived in the two new towns, Bundang and Ilsan participated in the study by completing questionnaires. Data were analyzed using factor analyses, t-tests, paired t-teats and chi-square analyses. The results indicated that consumer selected trade area based on shop variety within trade areas and range of products, customer services, environment of trade area, price level, entertaining features of the trade area, and the convenience of location and shopping time. In addition, the importance of these criteria varied according to the types of apparel products(i.e. formal wears and casual wears). The types of apparel products had influence on consumers'willingness to visit specific trade area. Consumers preferred the trade areas in the new towns for purchasing formal wears, whereas they frequented the trade areas in Seoul for purchasing casual wears.
A Study on the Basic Bodice Pattern of the Upper Class Boys in Elementary School Based on the Somatotype Analysis(Part I)
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 901~910
This study is to classify somatotypes of the upper class boys in elementary school. The study is conducted through anthoropometric measurements and photometric measurements. The subjects are 320 boys in the age group of 10 to 11 years old. The following conclusions are drawn from this study. 1. The height items are increased along with age increase. The increases in the factors, which specify vertical sizes such as height and length, are a little larger than those of breadth, depth, and girth, which specify ; horizontal sizes. 2. The factor analysis on anthropometric measurements and photometric measurements reveals five somatic composition factors and those factors comprised 79.60% of total variance. 3. The torso shapes of the upper class boys in elementary school are classified into three categories. The first type is taller and heavier than the average elementary school upper class boys and has the highest rising shoulders. The shape of the back is about average and the chest is developed above average. The curvature of the lower back is gentle and lower abdomen protrudes the most of the three types. The second type is tall and slightly heavier than average and shoulders are raised a little. The shoulder blades protrude about average and the curvature of lower back is the most developed of all. The cheat is developed about average and the abdomen is a little protruding. The third type is the most common with the smallest height of the three and skinny with dropped shoulders. The chest is somewhat flat and the shoulder blades protrude about average.
Comparative Study on the Aesthetic Characteristics of the Technology Art and Technology Fashion Images -Focused on the 20th Century-
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 911~922
This research aims to study comparatively on the aesthetic characteristics of the Technology Art and Technology Fashion Images in the 20th century. For this purpose, literature survey and demonstrative study were undertaken. The results were as follows ; As the concept of the art in the 20th century has been broadened by the development of technology and the creative application of it in the art, the relationship of the art and fashion has been much closer. The Technology Art and Technology Fashion Images in the 20th century have been developed by using technology itself and its artifacts directly or indirectly to express their attitude on the advancement of technology of the time. The plasticity of the Technology Art and Technology Fashion Images in the 20th century was identified as geometrical forms, high-tech materials, futuristic colors and lights and dynamic expression. The internal meanings of the Technology Art and Technology Fashion Images in the 20th century were identified as functionality, arrant-garde, utopian future orientation to improve human's life.
A Study of Sizing System for Children′s Wear for the Use of E-Business
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 26, issue 6, 2002, Pages 923~934
The aim of this study is to suggest a Sizing System which has following points:- 1. In order to satisfy children of diverse figure shapes, we developed sizing system for three different figure type. Figure types are categorized into slim, normal, fat type based on the Rohrer Index. 2. For each figure types, we developed size chart using height bust circumference and hip circumference as basic measurements. The size codes are presented as the height-bust circumference or height-hip circumference. The size interval of height is 5cm for all figure types, such as 120,125,130 ‥‥ we developed a size allocation program, which is helpful when a customer doesn't know exact measurement of some body dimension. If a customer input measurements as much as he/she hows, the program allocates the nearest. At the end of the study, the sizing interaction sites were developed to present the results of the study clear.