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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 28, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 28, Issue 910 - Oct 2004
Volume 28, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 28, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 28, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 28, Issue 3_4 - Mar 2004
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Volume 28, Issue 3 - 00 2004
Selecting the target year
Effect of Enzyme Retting on the Fiber Separation of Kenaf Bast - influence of chelator -
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 873~881
This research was aimed to investigate the effect of enzyme and the addition of chelators on rotting of the Kenaf bast. Enzyme rotting was effective only when the chelators were added with the enzyme. EDTA was a more effective chelator than oxalic acid under 1% concentration. There was no difference in the rotting effect under different enzyme concentration levels, and under different treatment time and temperature. Therefore, it was found that enzyme rotting can be carried out with low enzyme concentration(0.125%) at room temperature. Retting time can be shortened when higher enzyme concentration and higher temperature are applied. Cellulose I structure of kenaf fiber did not change after enzyme rotting, and different enzyme concentration did not affect the crytallinity structure. Non-cellulosic matters such as hemicellulose, lignin, and pectin were present in the descending order in the enzyme rotted kenaf fiber, and there were no differences in their amounts due to enzyme concentration levels. There was no difference in the dyeabilities of kenaf fiber rotted with different enzyme concentration levels. Enzyme rotted kenaf fiber showed better cyeability when pectin, lignin, and hemicellulose were removed.
The Characteristics of Persimmon Juice Dyeing using Padding and UV Irradiation Method (PartII) - Color and Properties of Persimmon Juice Dyed Silk Fabrics -
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 882~891
The purpose of this study was to improve dye effect and method in order to facilitate the use of persimmon juice dyeing. Silk fabrics were pad-dyed to 100% pick-up using padding machine after dipping in persimmon juice extracted from unripe persimmons indigenous to Jeju. The color of dyed silk fabrics by padding method was more even and repeatable than that by traditional hand method. Persimmon juice concentrations were 4 types 10, 25, 50 and 100%. The silk fabrics were pad-dyed to 100% pick-up and were repeatedly dyed two times and three times with 100% concentration. The higher the concentration, the more color deepened. UV Irradiation instead of sunlight was applied to color developing. Irradiation times were shortened to 1-8hrs. Color values which reguired 30-50 hrs. in sunlight irradiation. were obtained in 3-5 hrs. with UV irradiation. Tensile strengths of silk fabrics in UV irradiation decreased but not decreased in sunlight irradiation. Elongations of silk fabrics in sunlight irradiation increased but decreased in W irradiation. Drape stiffness increased up to three times.
Make-Up Behavior and Influential Factors - Focusing on Clothing Involvement, Age and Face Satisfaction -
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 892~903
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences in make-up behavior according to clothing involvement, age, and face satisfaction. Subjects of is study were the females in Seoul and Kyonggi, who were 20s and 40
50s. Questionnaire was used as major method of gathering data. The data were collected from Sep. to Oct. in 2003 and analyzed by using SPSS 10.0 with various techniques such as the factor analysis, mean, percentage, cluster analysis, ANOVA, Duncan test, 1-test, Cronbach＇s
-test. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The consumers were classified into four categories by clothing involvement; high clothing involvement group, low fashion involvement group, middle clothing involvement group, low clothing involvement group. 2. The differences in make-up behavior according to the clothing involvement showed that make-up behavior was getting more aggressive as clothing involvement was getting higher. And generally Korean females thought the make-up was important. 3. The differences in make-up behavior according to the age revealed that 20s＇ make-up behavior was fashion oriented more than 40ㆍ50s, and 40ㆍ50s＇ make-up behavior was that they were taking a serious viewer than 20s＇ in interpersonal relationship oriented make-up behavior. 4. The result of differences in make-up behavior according to the face satisfaction was that no noticeable difference was found depending on the face satisfaction. This study revealed that the differences in make-up behavior according to clothing involvement and age were found and suggested that the cosmetic market segmentation could depend on clothing involvement market and two age group market such as younger and elder than 40ㆍ50s.
Fashion and Basic Apparel Goods in Merchandising Process (Part II) Planning, Production, and Presentation
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 904~915
Following the PART I, which explored the concept of ＇Fashion Goods＇ and ＇Basic Goods＇ in terms of design elements and operational differences, this study, PART II, examined the differences in merchandising process of the two different types of goods. Merchandising process was divided into three stages; planning, production, and presentation. The study adopted a qualitative approach by use of eighteen in-depth interviews with merchandisers and designers with a minimum of six years and a maximum of 15 years of career experience in apparel industry. According to the type of goods, different merchandising practices were found. Especially material and production order/reorder practices were noteworthy. Fashion goods had high possibility of using high-quality materials sourced abroad and few of them were reordered. In other words, reorder practices were established for basic goods only; replenishment was actively implemented for higher inventory turn of basic goods; usually materials and production for basic goods were sourced domestically. In conclusion, based on the differences, more refined merchandising strategies of apparel companies and consistent theory building in this field are required for fashion and basic goods respectively.
Analysis of Workers' Attitudes toward Textile Industry
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 916~926
The purpose of this study was to examine the workers＇ attitudes toward textile industry. Also the attitude was investigated how to be correlated to job stress symptoms and job performance. The data were obtained from questionnaire completed by 529 workers employed in textile or clothing companies. The SPSS package was used for data analysis which included t-test, ANOVA, mean, correlation, and factor analysis. The results showed that workers＇ attitudes toward textile industry were neither positive nor negative. The attitudes revealed to be divided into two components-cognition, affect/behavioral intention. Cognitive attitude was observed to be more positive than affective/behavioral intention attitude. The attitude differed according to personal characteristics such as sex, educational status, position, period of one＇s service, types of industry and job specifications. The attitude were correlated with job stress symptoms and job performance. The more positive the workers＇ attitudes were, the lesser job stress symptoms and the higher job performance were. As the two components of the attitudes are in the same way, the attitude toward textile industry exhibited to have higher correlation with job stress symptoms and job performance.
Clothing Life-Style and Clothing Buying Behavior on Personality Types
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 927~938
The purposes of this study were to find the difference of clothing life-style and to examine clothing buying behaviors on personality types. Personality types were identified using Myers-Briggs Type indicator(MBTI). The data were collected from 360 female adults using a questionnaire to clothing lifestyle and clothing buying behavior. The data were analysed with factor analysis, one- way ANOVA and Duncan＇s multiple range test. Results are summarized as follows: First, ＇Fashion-oriented＇, ＇self-regulate-oriented＇, ＇activity-oriented＇, ＇economic-oriented＇, ＇social-oriented＇, ＇leisure-oriented＇ and ＇conservationoriented＇ clothing life-style had a significant difference of psychological types. Second, Extroverted(E) or Sensation(S) or Feeling(F) types regarded significantly higher in ＇VMD＇, ＇store atmosphere＇, ＇famous brand name and store name＇ as criteria for store selection than combination types(IN, IT, NT) of Introverted(Ⅰ), iNtuition(N), Thinking(T). Third, Sensation Judgement types(SJs) of a patron temperament preferred a ＇plan-oriented＇ life-style and considered ＇famous brand name and store name＇ important. Sensation Perceiving types(SPs) of an artist temperament had an ＇unplanned＇ clothing life-style and a significantly higher impulsive buying orientation than SJs.
An Analysis of the Clothing Expenditure Patterns of Urban and Rural Households
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 939~949
The purpose of this study was to analyze clothing expenditure patterns of urban, rural/farm, and rural/non-farm households. A sample of 23,994 households was selected from the 1996 National Survey of Household Income and Expenditure, and 1996 Farm Household Economy Survey. Frequency and regression analyses were used. Major findings were: 1) clothing expenditure of rural/farm households were significantly lower than that of urban and rural/non-farm households; 2) in terms of clothing expenditure by categories, urban and rural-non-farm households have similar expenditure pattern; 3) clothing expenditures relative to income were lower than 1 for all three groups; 4) clothing expenditures relative to total income for urban and rural/non-farm households were higher than 1, while that for rural/farm households was lower than 1; 5) a major factor explaining clothing expenditure differences between urban and rural consumers was the household head＇s occupation.
A Study on Pursuing Benefits and Satisfaction at Fashion Outlet Store
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 950~961
This study was attempted to examine consumers＇ pursuing benefits and satisfaction at outlet store, to analyze the differences of pursuing benefits and satisfaction at outlet store among the consumer groups segmented by the pursuing benefits, and to provide useful information for establishment of marketing strategies. The subjects were 500 female consumers experienced in purchasing clothes at outlet non. For analysis of questionnaires,
-test, ANOVA, cluster analysis, factor analysis, and Duncan＇s multiple range test were performed. The results were as follows: 1. Pursuing benefits at outlet store were composed of 6 factors: store＇s atmosphere, variety of products and brands, service and reputation of store, product quality, location＇s convenience, and price. Consumers were segmented into three groups by above 6 factors: product pursuing group, store convenience pursuing group, and price pursuing group. 2. Satisfaction at outlet store was composed of 5 factors: product, atmosphere, service and reputation of store, location convenience, and price. Satisfaction at outlet store such as service and reputation of store, location＇s convenience, and price were significantly different among the segmented groups. Product pursuing group was most satisfied with service and reputation of store, store convenience pursuing group was most satisfied with location＇s convenience and price, and price pursuing group was most satisfied with price. 3. The demographic variables such as an age, marriage, occupation, academic background, and total income were significantly different among the segmented groups.
A Study in the Perception of the Harmony of Coloration in Traditional Korean Dress of Korean and American Students (Part III) - On the Chromatic and Achromatic colors -
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 962~973
The purpose of this research is to understand the harmony of chromatic and achromatic colors of the traditional Korean dress. The subjects were women＇s college students in Korea and America. Chromatic colon, red, yellow, and green color, were chosen for the color of the Korean jacket, and achromatic colors were chosen for the color of the skirt, and then the colors＇ chroma were controlled and value of color was changed. In addition, the three colors of the jacket were combined with four kinds of the colors＇ tone. Then, the students of both countries assessed about the harmony for 48 colorations which were variously incorporated with the tones of skirt and jacket. The results of research can be summarized as follows. When red jackets were combined with skirts of achromatic colors, students of both counties showed the different views in the range of harmony and disharmony for colorations of white(N9) skin and vivid jacket, and white(N9) skirt and dark jacket, and black(N2) skirt and light jacket, and black(N2) skirt and dull jacket. In the tone of yellow jackets and achromatic skirts, students of both counties showed similar responses in that a light yellow jacket was well matched with dark grey(N4) and black(N2) skirt. While Korean students generally evaluated that coloration was well harmonized when low value color was arranged below, American students thought, that the tones of a harmonized skirt were different, according to the jacket＇s tones. When green jackets were combined with stills of achromatic colors, colorations that showed their different views of both countries were a white(N9) skirt combined with vivid, light, dull jackets, and a light grey(N7) skirt and dull jacket, and a dark grey(N4) skirt and dark jacket. Among 48 stimuli of coloration on the chromatic and achromatic colors, Korean students evaluated 16sets and American students judged 28 sets as harmonized colors. Therefore, it came to the conclusion that Korean students had the sense of harmonious coloration of more narrow range than American students.
The Influence of Belief in Body Control on Appearance Satisfaction of U.S. Female College Students
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 974~982
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of belief in body control on appearance satisfaction using structural equation modeling. In the structural equation model, self-esteem was included as a common predictor variable of belief in body control and appearance satisfaction, and the ideal body type and perceived body type were included as mediator variables. The data was collected from 96 female college students in the State of Washington, United States, Using AMOS 4, confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to fit the measurement models, and then the fit of the structural model was examined. The results of this study are as follows: The indirect effect of belief in body control on appearance satisfaction through its negative effect on ideal body type was significant. Yet, the direct path of belief in body control to appearance satisfaction and the indirect path through their common relationships with self-esteem were found not significant. These results indicate that higher body control belief may lead to lower appearance satisfaction due to the decreased size of ideal body type.
Upper Body Somatotype Classification and Discrimination of Elderly Women according to Index
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 983~994
The aim of this study is to provide fundamental data on the development of ready-to-wear clothes appropriate for the body types of elderly women. The study was conducted targeting 318 elderly women over 60 years of age whose fields of action were colleges for the elderly, sports centers, or business sites in Seoul and the neighboring districts. A total of 44 features in the upper body were used for the anthropometric measurement and analysis using anthropometry and photometry. The results of the study are as follows: 1. Somatotypes were classified into three types according to a cluster analysis using height and weight indices. Type 1 is the group with long and undersized upper body and straight body type since the face of the upper body is long relative to height and width, girth and depth are the smallest relative to weight, the breasts are somewhat fat, with a small extent of drooping and a straight back. Type 2 is the group that is considered fat relative to the body, has broad shoulders, drooping breasts with a wide space between them, and a back-bent upper body. Type 3 is the group that has a bent shape, the shortest upper body relative to height, and showing average obesity factors. 2. Indices of height and weight were used for factor analysis, cluster analysis, and discriminant analysis in order to classify upper body somatotype according to shape while excluding size factors of elderly women＇s upper body somatotype. The same method was used to compare and verify the result according to the absolute measurement and height index. Classification based on height and weight indices demonstrate that such somatotype classification minimizes the personal equation of body shape and it induces better classification based on shape as the results showed the highest cumulative sum of square(CUSUM) at 78.38% while six factors showed the smallest result and the hit rate for the classified three groups showed the highest result at 95.30%.
The Order Effect on Impressions Formed by the Function of Clothing Style
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 995~1006
This study examines the effects of clothing style and the order effect on impression formation. The instrument of this study consisted of response scales and stimuli. Fifty-one items of 7-point semantic differential scales, 9 items of demographic traits, and 4 items of subjective evaluation scales were developed. Stimuli were color pictures of a model wearing each of two clothing styles(mannish style, feminine style). The sample include 56 male and female subjects in their twenties and thirties. The experimental design was within-subject design and the half of the sample responded to the mannish style first and the other half responded to the feminine style first. Responses to the semantic differential scales were factor analyzed, and seven factors were identified: intellectuality, sensibility, activity, modesty, competence, display, keenness. There were significant differences between mannish style and feminine style in impression of wearer＇s age, job, and physical attractiveness as well as wearer＇s intellectuality and sensibility. It was revealed that the first impression and second impression of wearer＇s intellectuality, sensibility, modesty, competence, display were differed by the function of the order of stimuli shown to the subjects. Both primacy effect and recency effect of order effect were confirmed, and especially negativity effect was influenced prominently on impression formation.
Dimensions of Brand Equity of Luxury Fashion Brands (Part I)
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 1007~1018
Luxury fashion brand business is one of the most successful global businesses in these days. The luxury fashion brands with strong brand power permeates through various regions of the world with high added value and buying power. This study was conducted to determine the dimensions of the luxury fashion brand equity so that the fashion marketers can develop strategies to increase their brand power. ID find out the dimensions of the luxury fashion brand equity, qualitative as well as quantitative research methods were employed. Qualitative research was conducted by interviewing 12 consumers who were loyal to the luxury fashion brands. A total of ten dimensions(uniqueness, sophistication, display, economical and utility value, overall pleasure, satisfaction, reputation, trust respect, social acceptance) were identified as a result of the literature review and the qualitative analysis, and a questionnaire was developed based on them. The questionnaire was administered to 250 subjects and the responses were analyzed by factor analysis to confirm the dimensions empirically. As a result of factor analysis, 7 dimensions of fashion luxury brand equity are ＇chic and pleasure＇, ＇trust＇, ＇distinction＇, ＇reputation＇, ＇economical and utility value＇, ＇social acceptance＇, and ＇status＇. First, ＇reputation＇, ＇economical and utility value＇ and ＇social acceptance＇ are similar to the result of the literature review and the qualitative analysis. Next, ＇Chic and pleasure＇ included ＇overall pleasure＇,＇display＇and＇sophistication＇that were identified previously. We knew that People would expect emotional responses such as display through luxury fashion brand. ＇Trust＇ included ＇trust＇ and ＇satisfaction＇ that were identifed previously. ＇Distinction＇ included ＇uniqueness＇ and ＇respect＇ that were identifed previously. Finally, ＇status＇ included ＇sophistication＇ and ＇reputation＇ It seemed that the concept of ＇sophistication＇ was near symbolic rather than descriptive.
Investigation on the Korean Cyclists＇ Body Type Through Anthropometric Measurements
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 1019~1028
The purpose of this study was to compare the body measurements of cyclists and non-cyclists and to classify cyclists＇ body types to offer basic information for the bicycle apparel manufacturer in Korea. The anthropometric data was collected including both direct and indirect measurements of 81 cyclists (40 female, 41 male) aged from 19 to 24. Anthropometric measurements were analyzed using percentiles, T-test, factor and cluster analysis. The results were as follows; Comparison of anthropomeoic data between cyclist and non-cyclist was to clarify that cyclists have bigger size than non-cyclists; especially the thigh circumference shows big differences. As the result of factor analysis, 5 factors, which explain 74% of variance, were extracted from all items for male and female cyclists. The results of cluster analysis classified body types into 3 groups. Cluster 1 among three female cyclist groups has biggest torso and had an erect back. Cluster 2 has small size among three female group and drooping shoulders. Cluster 3 has the bended forward shoulders and shows the protrusion back. In case of male cyclists, cluster 1 has thin body type owing to big height measurements and small girth measurements. Cluster 2 among three male groups has the biggest torso and thigh circumference. Cluster 3 has big forward angle of shoulders and shows the protrusion of the back as female cyclist.
Effect of Binder's Concentration and Fiber Type on Mechanical Properties of Fragrant Fabrics
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 28, issue 7, 2004, Pages 1029~1036
The fragrant fabrics were prepared by treatment with eucalyptus microcapsules. 100% cotton fabric, 100% polyester fabric and 100% wool fabric were used as test specimens. Using pad-dry-cure method, microcapsules were attached on each specimen by acrylic binder under conditions of varying concentration. Surface property, stiffness, and air permeability of fragrant fabrics were evaluated. As increasing concentration of binder, add-on yield was increased. Add-on yield was decreased with increasing laundering cycle, especially in polyester fabric. As the concentration of binder was increased, the properties of stiffness and air permeability were decreased. Also it fumed out that pad-dry-cure method was not suitable to polyester fabric.