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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 12 - Dec 2005
Volume 29, Issue 11 - Nov 2005
Volume 29, Issue 9_10 - Sep 2005
Volume 29, Issue 8 - Aug 2005
Volume 29, Issue 7 - Jul 2005
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Jun 2005
Volume 29, Issue 5 - May 2005
Volume 29, Issue 3_4 - Mar 2005
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Feb 2005
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Economic Crisis on Korean Households` Clothing Expenditure
Lee, Mi-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 199~209
The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of the 1997 economic crisis on Korean households' clothing expenditures at different incom levels. The raw data sets from the Family Income and Expenditure Survey of 1994, 1996, 198, and 2000 produced by the National Statistical Office were used. Based on their income data, subjects were divided into three groups: upper-income (upper 30%), low-income(lower 30%), and middle-income (the 40% in between). The main results are as follows : 1) the income, consumption expenditures (ConE) and clothing expenditures (CloE) of Korean households increased in 1996, decreased in 1998 and recovered in 2000. Although the proportion of ConE to income increased after the economic crisis, CloE/ConE decreased. Clothing expenditures displayed an asymmetric pattern over the economic crisis : the clothing expenditures decreased severely and quickly during the groups. 2) Compared to other household expenditures, clothing expenditure patterns were unique and of clothing categories, the propottion of expenditures for outwear decreased considerably compared to other categories after the economic crisis.
A Study on the Effect of Hand and Sensibility Image on the Preference to Clothing Material -Focused on Shirts-
Kim, Hee-Sook ; Na, Mi-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 210~219
This research was designed to investigate the effect of hand and sendibility image on the preference to textiles for shirts. 85 subjects majored in fashion design were surveyed and 10 kinds of fabrics used as specimen at each season. Factor analysis, t-test, Pearson correlation, regression were used for statistical analysis by SPSS WIN 11.0. The result of this study were af follows : 1. In Spring
Fall season, 5 factors were extracted as hand factor and 3 factors as sensibility factor of textiles for shirts. 2. 6 factors were extracted as hand factor and 3 factors as sensibility image in Summer. 3. 5 factors were extracted as hand factor and 3 factors as sensibility image in Winter season. 4. There were significant differences according to sex between hand factor and sensibility image at each season. 5. There were significant correlations between hand and sensibility image in Spring
Fall and Summer. 6. Hand and sensibility image were related to the preferene to texitiles for shirts in Spring and Winter.
A Study on Clothing Benefits and Fashion Information Sources according to Family Life Cycle
Kim, Chil-Soon ; Lee, Jin-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 220~230
The purpose of this study was to compare clothing benefits and the types of fashion information sources according to family life cycle. Subjects were selected through stratified sampling technique in Seoul and suburban area. Collection of the research data was made using a self-administered questionnaire survey. Factor analysis, ANOVA, and Duncan test were used to conduct the data analysis on 562 out of 600 questionnaires. Clothing benefit variables were reduced to five factors : fashion/social status, individuality, function/comfort, figure flaws compensation, and economic value. The result showed significant differences on 3 clothing benefits(fashion/social status, individuality, and function/comfort) and 5 fashion information soures (celebrities, street fashion, T.V commercial, Internet/home shopping, fashion catalog) according to family life cycle.
The Effect of Fashion Orientation and Consumer Needs for Uniqueness on Buying Intentions for Luxury Brands
Jeon, Kyung-Sook ; Park, Hye-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 231~241
The purpose of this study was to identify the buying intentions for luxury fashion brands. The data used in this study were gathered through surveying university students living in Seoul metropolitan area. The variables included in this study were demographics, which are gender, age, academic major, area of residence, expenditure for apparel, pocket money, and family income, and fashion orientation and consumer needs for uniqueness were included as personal value variables. All demographic variables except academic major and area of residence were significantly related to the buying intentions. Among the fashion orientation factors, fashion intered was significantly related to the buying intentions while fashion leadership and importance of being well-dressed were not. Consumer needs for uniqueness was indirectly related to the buying intentions for luxury brands through fashion interest. The creative choice counterconformity was positively related to fashion interest, whereas the unpopular choice counterconformity was negatively related to it.
Studies on the Origin of Punk Hair Style -With Specific Emphases on Cockcomb Hair Style-
Lee, Yon-Hee ; Kim, Ju-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 242~253
The objective of this research is to identify and examine the punk hair styles which, with their various, rather vague names, help to describe the twentieth century subordinate culture or subculture and also their place today as one of the mainstream male hair trends. The scope of this research will stretch to include also: North-east and around that areas native Americans'hair styles which, are thought to have strong links with the Punk hair tend. The focus of this research will remain with the so-called Mohican or Mohawk hair styles(collectively referred to as Punk styles), which have originated mainly from native American warrions residing in North-east and South-east region of the United States. This study clarified a few questions in doubt concerning the origin of cockcomb hairstyle. Firstly, the cockcomb hairstyle known to represent punk hairstyle was influenced the American Indian's Roach style. Secondly, since Roach style is referred as Mohawk tribe's hairstyle in some refernces, the view of seeing cockcomb hairstyle as a Mohawk style is considered more persuasive. Thirdly, although Roach style was a usual hairstyle through North-east and South-east region of the United States, the people in South-east region did Roach hair style because of the North-east's influences. Lastly alike the Punkers had several kinds of cockcomb hairstyle. American Indians'Roach style also differed in shape concerning of their regions and their kindred. In addition, the reason why the most common term to refer punk hairstyle became Mohican is considered as that the film 'Last Mohican' has influenced on it. That film can appeal their history and play a good role of mediator to let the public know better about themselves, 'Mohican' naturally became the name of the specific hair style.
Appropriate Ease of Men's Snowboard Upper Wear
Park, Kil-Soon ; Ryu, Sin-A ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 254~266
The purpose of this study were to develop snow-board upper wear with improved functionality. The study consisted of figure out appropriate ease amount of snow-board upper wear and make products by applying it to pattern design. The results of this study were as follows : First, The results of examined the difference between naked body measurements of and basic wear. According to motion, chest circumference(4.7cm, 5.1%), back width(8.9cm, 20.7%), and waist back length(8.0cm, 18.3%) increased. Around the elbow the length increased by 4.4cm(21.9%) when it was bent 90 degrees, while it increased by 6.0cm(29.8%) when it was bent to the full(145 degree). Second, 3 snow-board upper wear were selected and evaluated their appearance, comforts, and functionality, and that of the biggest margin proved to be the best. Eases necessary for motion proved to be insufficient especially in neck, arm and wrist parts of upper clothing. Third, on the basis of the analysis of snow-board upper wear on market, 2 pieces of experimental snowboard upper wear were designed, produced, and evaluated the patterns of with different ease, and snowboard upper wear B for experiment was proved to be better, Fourth, Snowboard upper wear was produced and evaluated for experiment 2 by giving additional ease to specific parts. Therefore experiment 2 was presented pattern, ease, and size of snowboard upper wear for with snowboard upper wear with improved functionality.
Socio-cultural Meanings in Advertisement of Fashion Luxury Products -Focused on Women`s Images-
Yang, Sook-Hi ; Hahn, Soo-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 267~278
Fashion luxury products, which used to mean high-quality, handcrafted not-so-trendy items, are nowadays regarded as expensive fashion merchandise produced under the name of imported well-known brands. People cunsuming fashion luxury products distinguish themselves from other people according to the luxury fashion brands they are using, and as a result, advertisements of fashion luxury products are taken as a kind of international language. The purpose of this study is to point out the socio-cultural meanings of consuming fashion luxury products, by analyzing images shown in advertisements of fashion luxury products focusing on women's images. To do so, this study is based on general theoretical background on fashion, consumer culture advertising and analysis advertisements of fashion luxury products shown in fashion magazines in recent three years. The result of this study is as follows; The images of the advertisements of fashion luxury products could be categorized as (1) elegance, (2) kitsch and (3) fetish. Elegance is a taste of high society, aesthetically chic and feminine. Fashion luxury products, which are merchandise of extravagance, dignity, refinement, feminity and harmony, exhibit high-quality grace through their advertisements. Kitsch represents the vulgar and popular images of trivial commodities of industrial society. In the advertisement of fashion luxury product, it is shown as inappropriateness, excessiveness, stereotyped pleasantness, exaggeration an playful satisfaction. Finally, fetish images represent erotic or perverted sexuality, based on psychoanalytic fetishism which objects are regarded s substitute of sexual orgasm. The advertisements of fashion luxury product are characterized as (1) popularization of luxury, (2) objectification of sex and body, and (3) re-aestetification of anti-aesthetics. The asvertisements of fashion luxury products are actually targeted to the middle class with successful career women's images. They objectify female bodies through fetishistic images. Also, the deviant subcultural style, represented a new kind of cultural capital, is now reproduced as a new commodity aesthetics.
Dyeing of Silk Fabrics Using Charcoals
Jo, Won-Joo ; Lee, Jeong-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 279~285
In order to activate the characteristics of charcoals in fiber systems, this study was carried out to experiment with the particle size from two micrometers to ten micrometers of charcoal powders on silk fabrics. The results obtained were as follows; The silk fabrics were dyed with gray color by charcoals effectively. The K/S value, that is indicative of the dye affinity, became higher as the increase of dyeing temperature, dyeing time, and dyeing concentration. Te dyeing effects were the highest with 50%(o.w.f.) of charcoals at
for 120 minutes in this experiments, It was observed the surfaces of silk fibers were mainly adcorbed with charcoal powders of the particle size from two micrometers to four micrometers by scanning electron microscope. Dyed silk fabrics showed comparatively low fastness to the fade of launding, the stain of the treatment of perspirations, and the strain of water fastness test, but good fastness to the stran of laundering, te drycleaning, the fade of treatment of perspirations, and the fade of water fastness test. In connection with the functional properties of dyed fabrics, the deodorizations were drastically improved, and the far-infrared emissions improved highly, and also the antibacterials were comparatively good.
Study on Globalization of Korean Fashion Enterprises -Global Configuration, Global Competitive Strategy, and Global Performance of Value Activities-
Son, Mi-Young ; Rhee, Eun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 286~297
Recently, due to the gloalization of the industry environment and the consequent multi-national companies led by industrialized countries, fashion companies of newly industrialized countries are pursuing to globalize their businesses. This study conducted to review the global configuration of activities of the added value chain, the strategies to enhance global competitiveness, and global performance of value activities of Korean fashion companies. The data were collected from the survey by questionnaire on Korean fashion companies. The methods of analysis used in this study were regression, and descriptive statistics of the data. the results werw as follows. First, Korean fashion companies were undergoing diverse value activities through their foreign subsidiaries and overseas out-sourced companies in a wide spectrum of business activities ranging from design/planning o products to marketing/logistics. Second, the global competitive strategies that the Korean fashion companies were most focused on were the cost/productivity aspects. The efforts to differentiate the products from competitors, the efforts for innovation, an the efforts of growth were the next strategies. The strategy that was least emphasized was on seeking alliance with other business partners. Third, the result of the globalization efforts showed an overseas market growth of and average of 9%, and an average overseas market profit of 7.8%. The overall satisfaction on the result of the overseas market activities, and the rate of accomplishment of market targets were generally low.
A Study on the Japanese University Students' Clothing Buying Behavior according to Their Lifestyle
Lee, Ok-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 298~306
The Main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between lifestyle and clothing buying behavior of college female students in Japan. A questionnaire was developed to measure clothing urchasing motives, fashion information sources, evaluation criteria of clothing, store attribute and lifestyle, The questionnaire was administered to 131 female college students in Tokyo of Japan. the data was analyzed using percentage, frequency, mean, factor analysis, Cluster Analysis and ANOVA, Duncan Multiple Range test. The results of the study were as follows : 1. The female college students were classified into fourth subdivisions by the cluster analysis; rational group, economic group, progressive group, fashion-oriented group. 2. The clothing purchasing motives o consumers were significantly different according to lifestyle subdivision in social, personal. 3. In the case of fshion information sources, significant differences were found according to lifestyle subdivision in mass media information, information by marketer, information by consumer. 4. The evaluation criteria of clothing were significantly different depending on lifestyle subdivision in esthetic, quality and management, external criterion. 5. The store attribute were significantly different depending on lifestyle subdivision in convenience, service and atmosphere of store.
A Study on the Relation between Apparel Manufacturers' SCM Activities and Their Major Textile Suppliers` and Retailers` Characteristics
Hong, In-Sook ; Chung, Eun-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 307~317
The purpose of this study are to examine the supply chain management (SCM) actiities of apparel manufacturers and then to investigate the relation between apparel manufacturers' SCM activities and their major textile suppliers' and retaileers' characteristics. The data was collected from the apparel manufacturers categorized into the six product areas - woman's formal dress(30%), boy and girl's casual wear (30%), man's formal dress(15%), sports and golf wear(10%), inner wear (10%) and infant & children's wear(5%) - headquartered in Seoul, by quota convenience sampling during August 14-September 4 in 2003. From 150 questionnires of delivery, 125 were collected and 123 from 64 manufacturers were used for analysis. The SPSSWIN 10.0 was used for frequency analysis, descriptive statistics analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis and canonical correlation analysis. the results of the study are as follows : (1) The SCM activities of apparel manufacturers showed that the activity levels of the factors of information systems ans understanding of demand characteristics were ranked on top while the activity level of collaborative partnership factor was lowest. (2) As the level of SCM activities such as communication and exchange of opinion, and commitment and leadership of a top management became higher, the elements of delivery performance, interest in total cost and relationship of the textile suppliers were more improved. (3) The SCM activities such as communication an exchange of opinion, intgrated management organization, management flexibilty, and collaorative partnership contributed for improvement of collaborative relationship with retailers.
Image Perception of Modern Fashion according to Erotic Expressions and Erotic Levels
Kim, Jae-Sook ; Yoon, Ji-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 318~327
The purpose of this study was to analyze the image perception of modern fashion according to erotic expressions ans erotic levels. The research methods werea quasi-experimental research. The experimental materials developed for the study were a set of stimuli and a responsse scale. The stimuli was consisted of 15 photographs according to erotic expressions and erotic levels. The reponse scale consisted of semantic differential scales. The subjects consisted of 254 male and 260 female undergraduate students of Chungnam National University by a convenient sampling method. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test and t-test. Result were as follows ; 1) The fashion image of erotic experessions and levels, were categorized into 3 images factors : sexy-potency, modesty, attractiveness. 2) The erotic expressions significantly affected on three image factors 3) The erotic levels showed significant differences in three image dimensions and stronger erotic levels pressented more sexy-potency, less models and attractive images. 4) The erotic expressions showed interaction effects with the erotic levels in three image dimensions. 5) Subject's gender had a significant difference on fashion image perception : male subjects perceived the fashion photographs more attractive than female subjects did.
The Effects of Perceived Service Quality and Relational Benefits on Relationship Development Process between Fashion Retail Stores and Customers
Ju, Seong-Rae ; Chung, Myung-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 328~339
The purpose of this study were to extract and empirically examine the effect variables on phase performance of relationship development process by identifying relationship development process between apparel store and customer. The questionnaires was asministered to 333 women frequency use of a department store, big shopping mall, discount store in Gwang-ju city during March 4-11, 2003. The data was analyzed by factor analysis, correlation analysis, and Structural Equation Model using LISREL 8.30 program. As the results, the perceived service quality with attractive factor of relationship explration phase direct positively influenced customer satisfaction among relationship expansion phases. However, relational benefit directly influenced customer satisfaction with the primary phase of relationship maintain as well as trust, customer commiment and long-term orientation. Also, customer satisfaction direct positively influenced trust, and customer' trust direct positively influenced customer commitment. Finally, the customer commitment direct positively influenced long-term orientation.
The Drape Behavior of DP Finished Cellulosic Fabrics
Choi, Yeon-Joo ; Ryu, Hyo-Seon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 340~346
Cotton and rayon fabrics were treated with BTCA an DMDHEU which are used as DP finishes, and their effects on physical properties and the drape of BTCA and DMDHEU treated fabrics were compared. The wrinkle recoverablity of cellulosic fabrics treated with DP finishes was improved. The CWRA of DMDHEU treated fabrics was more increased than that of BTCA treated fabrics, but the WWRA of BTCA treated fabrics was more increased than that of DMDHEU treated fabrics. The drape of fabrics treated with BTCA and DMDHEU were reduced, but the drape of DMDHEU treated fabrics was worse than one treated with BTCA. This is because BTCA and DMDHEU have the distinction of crosslink. The bending and shering properties of BTCA and DMDHEU treated cellulosic fabrics were changed.
Biodegradation of Cotton/Polyester Blends
Lee, Seung-Hyun ; Park, Chung-Hee ; Im, Seung-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 347~355
Biodegradability of cotton/polyester blend fabric was investigated employing activated sluge test, soil burial test and enzyme hydrolysis. Surface changes of the degraded sample were observed through a microscopy. Changes in X-ray diffraction patterns and crystallinity were examined using X-ray diffractometer. Experimental results revealed that biodegradability of cotton/polyester blend fabric was proportional to the blending ratio of cotton, not showing any synergy effect. Polyester 100% hardly degraded in this study. Through the comparison of the experimental method it was shown that the biodegradabilities determined from activated sludge test and enzymatic hydrolysis except soil burial test were linearly related to the blending ratio of cotton in the blent fabrics. It is probably because the biodegradability determined from the retention of tensile strength of fabrics buried in soil was affected by the stress distribution of polyesters throughout the fabric. From the microscopic observations it was revealed that fungi were grown on the fabric surface and the colors turned yellow, brown and black. X-ray diffraction patterns showed that the heights of crystalline peak coming from cotton part in blend fabrics decreased whereas those coming from polyester part increased comperatively as time passed by. Crystallinities of cotton 100% fabric increased slightly at the begining and then decreased continuously.
A Path Analysis of Store Perception Variables on Consumers` Store Loyalty in Apparel Product Purchasing
Kim, Soo-Jin ; Chung, Myung-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 356~366
The purpose of this study was to examine a path analysis of perceived service quality, store image, alternative store attraction, consumer satisfaction and switching barrier perception on store loyalty in apparel product purchasing. The questionnaire was administered to 450 women shopped in a department store in Gwang-ju during September, 12-26, 2002. Data collected from 384 women were analyzed by using frequency, multiple regression analysis, path analysis by SPSS for WIN program. The results were as follows ; First, the switching barrier perception, consumer satisfaction, perceived service quality, store image significantly influenced store loyalty. Second, the consumer satisfaction, perceived service quality, store image, alternative store's attraction significantly influenced switching barrier perception. Third, the perceived service quality, store image, alternative store's attraction significantly influenced consumer satisfaction. Fourth, the perceived service quality, store image, alternative store's attraction had indirect effects on store loyalty mediated by consumer satisfaction and switching barrier perception. The consumer satisfaction had indirect effects on store loyalty mediated by switching barrier perception. In short, perceived service quality, store image, alternative store's attraction influenced on store loyalty mediated by consumer satisfaction and switching perception.
An Anthropometric Study on the Korean Female Adults Heads for the Development of 3D Craniofacial Shape
Kim, Hye-Soo ; Yi , Kyong-Hwa ; Park, Se-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 367~378
The purpose of this study was to analyse craniofacial shape by 3D scanner for female adults with age groups. In this study, heads of 452 female adults were measured by 3D scanner. The obtained 25 measurements were analyzed by statistical methods. The results can be summarized as follows; 1. From the basic statistical data analysis, vertex-tragion and the length between the pupils were the longest in their twenties, and grew shorter in elderly groups. The length of nasion-subnasale and the width of mouth increased with an increased in age. 2. According to the analysis of the craniofacial proportions, the head type of female aduls was short-headed. The size of lower face increased with an increase in age. 3. The statistically noticeable differences were found in the measurement of the left and the right sides of face in the age groups of 20, 30, and 40. 4. High correlations were found in two perpendicular lengths, two horizontal lengths and two widths. 5. The order of factor analysis was as follows; the horizontal length, the perpendicular length and the width from highest.
A Study on the Aesthetic Values related to the Morality Expressed in Recent Korean Street Fashion
Ha, Ji-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 29, issue 2, 2005, Pages 379~390
Every Society has it's own ideology and lifestyle and these form its unique aesthetic experience or values. In the paper observing recent, especially in 1980s and 1990s. Korean street fashion that is one way of expressing their values and lifestyle, the aesthetic values related to the morality have been studied. Through the studies using the cafes of Korean street fashion style we can understand the change of morality and fashion style according to the change of socio-cultural environments more deeply. For study methods documentary study and case study were executed. Morality related clothing were defined in detail through documentary studies and for analysis of street fashion from 1980s and 1990s the cases from 'Mut' and 'Ceci' magazines as well as the articles from Chosunilbo, Dongailbo and Maeilkyungje were looked over one by one. By understanding the intrinsic meanings and formal features of resent Korean street fashion, the direction for future fashion designing could be guided, which could satisfy consumers' needs in the rapidly changing world situation. Followings are the results of the study. First, morality of clothing could be defined in detail regarding modesty and extravagance. Modesty could be directly related to exposure of body and norms for appearances and extravagance to fashion oriented, luxury goods or brand name oriented and spending. Second, the exposing body has been accepted and permitted by public even with criticism more easily but they were less generous to values about norms regarding clothing. Third, the change of morality related to modest has happened earlier than the change of morality related to extravagance, which has begun very recently in 2000s.