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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 30, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 30, Issue 9_10 - Oct 2006
Volume 30, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 30, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 30, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Feb 2006
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Consumer Characteristics Relating to Business Jacket Practices -Focus on Working Women in the U.S.-
Yoo, Seul-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1649~1660
IIn the United States, professional dress codes for working women have changed over time since the 1970s. Considering the changes, from conservative and traditional business uniforms in the 1970s, business casual in the late 1980s through 1990s, and the current revival of tailored business suits, this study investigated working women's business jacket practices and their association with personal, psycho-social, and physical characteristics. Working women's job satisfaction and corporate culture were also examined in relation to business jacket practices. Research data were collected by implementing mail surveys to 1,500 randomly selected working women in the United States. Of the 1,500 distributed questionnaires, a total of 312 were returned, of which 265 were deemed usable, yielding a 20.8% response rate. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, such as frequency, percentage distribution, mean scores, standard deviations, and Canonical Correlation were tabulated. The respondents ranged in age from 22 to 65. The mean age of the respondents was 44 years(SD=9.63). Most respondents were married(77.4%), working full-time(81.4%), career-oriented (77.2%), Caucasian(89.8%), had at least one child(78.9%), and had a professional job(75.9%). Working women's age, number of children, self-confidence in dressing, perceived importance of clothing, body frame size, and visibility to superiors and public were positively associated with business jacket practices, while age of first child, family size, dress size, and job satisfaction were negatively associated with business jacket practices.
The Model for the Evolution of Retail Institution Types
Kim, Sook-Hyun ; Kincade Doyis H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1661~1671
Many researchers have studied the process of retail evolution in the United States and in Europe. Although extensively studied(e.g., Agergaard, Olsen & Allpass, 1970; Oren, 1989), used in conceptual work(e.g., Cist, 1968), and applied as foundation in empirical work(e.g., HcNair, 1958), some limitations exist as follows: inability to cover multiple types of retail institutions and limited quantification. The purpose of this study is to build a conceptual framework combining existing retail evolution theories to overcome existing limitations. Data collection and analysis followed a qualitative research design, specifically a grounded theory type of design with a constant comparative analysis method. As a result of the study, a conceptual framework was built by synthesizing aspects of retail evolution theories and showed retail institution types in a change process.
The Study of Ideal Body Images based on the Product Types in Fashion Magazine Advertisement
Kwon, Gi-Young ; Helvenston Sally I. ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1672~1682
Attitudes about the ideal body are influenced by media, including fashion magazine advertisements. The purpose of our study was to analyze the ideal body image for males and females in contemporary society. We analyzed the contemporary ideal gender image through the examination of physical characteristics(body type, age), and fashion styles(hair, make up, supplements, clothing styles, body exposure) in fashion advertisements published in Gentlemen's Quarterly(GQ) and Vogue issued during 2002. The results indicate some blurring in masculinity and femininity resulting in gender neutralization and naturalness pursuing natural appearances. But, some previous beauty norms related to masculinity and femininity remained.
The Appearance-related Properties and the Mechanical Properties of Lyocell-interlining Bonded Fabric
Kim, In-Young ; Song, Wha-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1683~1689
Precedent researches on lyocell are mostly on lyocell structure, characteristics, physical properties by finishing and dyeability, and the like; there are little cases of researches on interlining for lyocell clothes production. To serve as a base information helpful to select fusible interlining and improve the efficiency of sewing process considering the characteristics of lyocell, this study performed t-est, F-test toward to the difference in the appearance-related properties and the mechanical properties of lyocell-interlining bonded fabric in accordance with the characteristics of fusible interlining and lyocell face fabric. This study reached following conclusions. Drapability and Crease recovery of lyocell-interlining bonded fabric are influenced by the structure of fusible interlining; stiffness of lyocell-interlining bonded fabric, by the structure of fusible interlining and the yam number of lyocell face fabric. WT is influenced by the mixture rate and yam number of lyocell face fabric. RT is influenced by the yam number of lyocell face fabric; G, 2HG, 2HG5, by the structure(woven and non-woven) of fusible interlining; B, HB, by the weight, structure(woven and non-woven) of fusible interlining, and yam number of lyocell face fabric; WC, by the weight, structure of fusible interlining; RC, by the structure of fusible interlining; thickness, by the weight of fusible interlining and the yarn number of lyocell face fabric; weight, by mixture rate and yam number of lyocell face fabric.
An Analysis of Body Shapes in Aged Abdominal Obese Women for Apparel Pattern Design
Kim, Soo-A ; Choi, Hei-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1690~1696
The purpose of this study is to provide the basic data useful in designing apparel patterns for aged abdominal obese women. The body measurements of 318 women were taken at random, whose ages were over 60 and fields of action were colleges, sports centers, or business sites in Seoul and the neighboring districts. A total of 33 features in the upper body and lower body were used fer the anthropometric measurement and analysis using anthropometry. The collected measurement data were processed statistically using the SPSS 12.0 program for technical statistical analysis, t-test, frequency analysis, correlation analysis. The results of the study are as follows. 1. Subjects were classified into two groups as a result of analysis for measurement data. It was revealed that 251(about 79 percent) women of total subjects(n=318) have a characteristic of abdominal obese body type and elderly women of these group usually had big abdomen rather than hip. The criteria of abdominal obesity based on waist-hip ratio, WHR(=0.85). 2. Aged abdominal obese women have shown much larger size in most body measurements except items of some vertical length, such as bust ponit-bust point, font interscye, back interscye with circumference and depth of armscye, bust, waist, abdomen and hip while showing no difference in height, biacrominal breadth, hip width, neck shoulder point to breast point, crotch length. 3. Vervaeck index(=100.1) and Rohrer index(=1.7) indicated that the abdominal obese women were fat in overall body. And aspect ratio of waist(=0.86), abdomen(=0.92) and hip(=0.75) also appeared high that the shape of cross sections in those regions was similar to a figure of circle 4. In view of the correlation coefficient between hip circumference and the rest measurement items, and between hip circumference inclusively of the abdomen protrusion and the rest measurement items, there were found some differences for each group. In case of Group (abdominal obese group), the former is smaller than the other. 5. In case of Abdominal obese women, hip circumference inclusively of the abdomen protrusion is more mutually related to the rest items related to make apparel pattern as waist circumference, depth of armscye and so on than what hip circumference is. This result indicated which must be considered hip circumference inclusively of the abdomen protrusion to make apparel patterns for abdominal obese women unlike women of common body types.
An Exploratory Study of REID Benefits for Apparel Retailing
Kim, Hae-Jung ; Kim, Eun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1697~1707
Relentless advances in information technology are constantly transforming market dynamics of the retail industry. RFID is an emerging innovative technology that can reduce labor costs, improve inventory control and increase sales by effective business processes. Apparel retailers need to recognize the benefits of RFID and identify critical success factors. By focusing on apparel retailers, this study attempts (1) to identify the reality of RFID associated with benefits; and (2) to prospect the implementation of RFID in apparel retailing. We conducted a focus group interview with selected six panels who were experts of retail industry in the United States to obtain data regarding RFID attributes. Content analysis was used to generate related excerpts and classify 31 attributes of RFID benefits from the meaningful 173 responses. For experience of RFID, retailers were familiar with RFID technology and expressed the belief that RFID basically would support an existing retail system for speed to markets. However, retailers addressed the level of experience with RFID technology that they were still in the early adoption stage among few innovative companies. The content analysis identified five dimensions of RFID benefits for apparel retailing: Visibility and Velocity, Revenue Enhancement, Customer Service, Security, and Employee Productivity. This result lends support to the belief that RFID has a significant potential to streamline supply chain management, store operation and customer service for apparel retailing. This study provides intellectual and managerial implications far practitioners and researchers by postulating the effective use of RFID in the apparel retail industry.
Natural Dyeing of Hair using Juglone
Shin, Youn-Sook ; Lee, Soo-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1708~1713
The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of juglone, which shows hish affinity to wool, for hair dyeing as a natural dye. Before dyeing hair with juglone, virgin hair was bleached by a conventional method using hair shops in the city. In order to study the dyeing properties of juglone on hair, the effects of dyeing conditions on dye uptake, color, tensile strength, and morphology were investigated. And the effect of Fe-mordanting on color change was also investigated. Dye uptake changed marginally as dye concentration increased in the range of 0.02-0.04g. Dye uptake increased progressively is dyeing time increased in the range of 10-20 min. Juglone produced YR colors on hair and the color of dyed hair got duller as juglone concentration increased. The hair was little damaged by bleaching, but cuticles were melted and stripped away by dyeing for longer time. Tensile strength retention decreased up to 65% at 20 min dyeing. Simultaneous mordanting with Fe did not improved dye uptake, but led to darker brown color compared with unmordanted hair.
Body Image Perceptions of Adolescent Daughters and Their Mothers in U.S.
Lee, Seung-Hee ; Ulrich Pamela V. ; Connell Lenda J. ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1714~1722
Women's perceptions of body size and body image are important topics for researchers in multiple fields. The terms body image or body self refer to perceptions and beliefs that an individual holds about his or her body (Rosenbaum, 1979; Schilder, 1953). Few studies have focused on body image perceptions as they relate to parent-child pairs. This study investigated the perceptions that mothers and daughters each had of their own body, the other's body, and their ideals for the same. The purposive sample used in this study consisted of 41 mother-daughter pairs. The sampled focus was girls between ages 9 and 14, and their mothers. Significant differences between how mothers saw their daughters and how daughters saw themselves emerged only for the plus size group. The clearest significant difference between mothers and daughters was in their dissatisfaction with themselves. The mothers were more dissatisfied. flus-size girls were significantly more dissatisfied with their mothers' bodies than normal size girls were with their mothers' bodies. The mothers of plus size girls were significantly more dissatisfied with their daughters' bodies than were the mothers of normal size daughters.
Analysis of Drapability of Men's & Women's Suit Fabrics
Lee, Mee-Sik ; Kim, Eui-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1723~1729
Drapability is an important factor determining the end-use of fabrics. In this research, characteristics of drapability of men's and women's suit fabrics were analyzed. The hand and the preference for suit fabrics were measured by the subjective and objective evaluations. To find out the details of the drapability characteristics of suit fabrics, the drape was measured by using Cusick drape tester and was processed by image analysis software. Seasonal difference was obvious both in men's and women's fabrics. The average drape ratio of women's S/S suit fabrics showed the highest value, 0.724, then decreased in the order of men's F/W> men's S/S> women's FW. Wave amplitude showed the same order to the drape ratio. Men's fabrics were more drapable in spring and summer season rather than in fall and winter season. Women's fabrics showed the opposite trend, in other words, S/S suit fabrics were less drapable than F/W fabrics. There was also a significant difference in drape ratio between men's and women's fabrics regardless of season. For S/S, men's fabrics were more drapable than women's ones, whereas, for F/W, women's fabrics were more drapable.
A Study of the Fashion Accessory Product Development by Use of Korean Traditional Hanji (Part III) -Dyeing of Hanji with Direct Dye-
Kim, Eun-Ah ; Ryu, Hyo-Seon ; Kim, Yong-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1730~1736
To utilize hanji for fashion accessory efficiently, dyeability of Hanji should be improved. Though Hanji mostly consists of cellulose such as cotton and ramie, also has various impurities, and has the different internal and surface structure from textile materials. Because of them, Hanji might show different dyeing behavior. As physical properties of Hanji are reduced in wet condition, dyeing process would damage the physical properties of Hanji Therefore, in this study, dyeing properties of Hanji using direct dye were examined in comparison with cotton and ramie. Effect of dyeing on tensile strength, and bleeding of direct dye by water from Hanji, colorfastness to light were also estimated. While Hanji showed the maximun dye exhaustion at
, cotton and ramie showed those at
. Tensile strength of Hanji reduced after Hanji was dyed. When Hanji was dyed at
, the more bleeding occurred than at higher dyeing temperature. Hanji which had higher K/S values were bled more than those had lower K/S value. Colorfastness to light of Hanji dyed with direct dye was not inferior to those of cotton and ramie.
Analysis of the Aesthetics of the Human Body Portrayed in Front Cover of Women's Magazines Prior to 1945
Lee, Soon-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1737~1746
The purpose of this study is to present a concrete image of the ideal beauty as shown in era preceding 1945 that effects the shaping of our aesthetic values; by analyzing its characteristics through the covers of women's magazines of that period, this research aims to promote the understanding of beauty of the human body. The scope of my research extends throughout the collection of women's magazines stored in the National Library and the Korea Magazine Information Center. The gathered research materials are: 5 kinds of Shin-Yeo-Sung (신여성), 51 kinds Yeo-Sung(여성) and 30 kinds of Ga-Jung-Ji-Woo(가정지우). The result of the research could be summarized as the followings. Before the 1920's in response to the violent opening, there was a trend of sticking to the traditional standard. In the 1920's, the prevalent images of women were meek and fragile. Japanese standard of beauty was explicitly indicated. In the 1930s, as Western movies started to be shown to the general public, western features were idealized and furthermore intelligence was required as a further condition. In the 1940s, preparation of the war led to encouragement of images of motherhood and natural beauty, and resistant to this trend led to pseudoclassicism.
Criteria of Evaluating Clothing and Web Service on Internet Shopping Mall Related to Consumer Involvement
Lee, Kyung-Hoon ; Park, Jae-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1747~1758
Rapid development of the information technology has influenced on the changes in every sector of human environments. One prominent change in retail market is an increase of electronic stores, which has prompted practical and research interest in the product and store attributes that include consumer to purchase products from the electronic shopping. Therefore many marketers are paying much attention to the criteria of evaluating clothing and web service on internet shopping malls. The purpose of this study is to examine differences of clothing and web service criteria of consumer groups (High-Involvement & High-Ability, Low-Involvement & High-Ability, High-Involvement & Low-Ability, and Low-Involvement & Low-Ability) who are classified into consumer involvement and internet use ability. The subjects of this study were 305 people aged between 19 and 39s, living in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do area, and having experiences in buying products on the internet shopping. Statistical analyses used for this study were the frequency, percentage, factor analysis, ANOVA and Duncan test. The results of this study were as follows: Regarded on the criteria of evaluating clothing, the low different groups had significant differences in the esthetic, the quality performance and the extrinsic criterion. Both HIHA group and HILA group showed the similar results. They considered every criterion of evaluating clothing more important, compared with other groups. Regarded on the criteria of evaluating web service related to the low different groups, there were significant differences in the factors related to the shopping mall reliance, the product, the satisfaction after purchase, and the promotion and policy criterion. Both HIHA group and HILA group showed the similar results as well. They considered every criterion of evaluating web service more important, compared with other groups. In conclusion, HI groups perceive relatively more dangerous factors which can be occurred during internet shopping. Therefore, internet shopping malls need to provide clothing that can satisfy the HI groups as well as make efforts to remove the dangerous factors on the internet.
Gift Giving: The Interaction between Gender, Gift Recipient, and Group Identity Importance by Product Category
Jackson Vanessa P. ; Kwon, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1759~1767
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between gender, gift recipient, and group identity by product category of Korean consumers. 672 usable questionnaires from South Korea completed a self- administered survey with a five-point Likert scale. This questionnaire evaluated the perceived importance of group identity when buying apparel and electronics as a gift for kin, nonkin, and co-workers. The interaction between gender, gift recipient, and group identity were statistically significant. The results suggest that the importance of group identity may vary when gender and gift recipient differ by product category. Recommendations for future research are discussed.
Influential Factors of Foreign Market Entry of Korean Fashion Firms
Cho, Yun-Jin ; Lee, Yu-Ri ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1768~1777
As the fashion industry comes under the influence of globalization throughout all fields of industry, the globalization and the market entry strategies are required for Korean fashion firms. This study attempted to analyze the factors influencing foreign entry mode of Korean fashion business based on Eclectic Theory. Data collection has been carried out from November 25 until December 25, 2005. The questionnaires were sent through e-mail or fax to 622 trading companies. 67 questionnaires were returned for a response rate of 10.7%. Of these returns, 61 usable questionnaires were employed for data analyses. Descriptive analysis, factor analysis, discriminant analysis, and t-test were used for data analysis. First, the most important venture motivation was price competitiveness and many firms were engaged in both production and sales in their target countries, which were mainly in Southeast Asia. Second, the firm's ability and experience were found out as ownership advantage factor, investment stability and market potential as location advantage factor, and contract stability as internalization advantage factor. Third, the result of discriminant analysis showed that location advantage factor was a significant factor in predicting the entry of fashion firms into foreign countries.
The Effect of Well-being Disposition and Appearance Concern on Cosmetic Purchase Intention and Brand Loyalty for Elderly Women
Hong, Byung-Sook ; Cho, You-Hyun ; Baik, In-Sun ; Lee, Eun-Jin ; Park, Sung-Hee ; Kwon, Yoo-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1778~1787
Appearance concern of elderly women has been rapidly increasing with the expansion in aesthetic desire for growing old gracefully and pursuing a healthy and qualitative life. In this regard, the cosmetic industry has great possibilities and it is necessary to develop actively elderly women-oriented silver marketing. The purpose of this study was to review well-being disposition and appearance concern of elderly women. Furthermore, this study investigated the influence of well-being disposition and appearance concern on cosmetic purchase intention and brand loyalty. The sample of this research consisted of 209 elderly women over 55, which was selected from Seoul and the metropolitan area. Frequency analysis, factor analysis, the analysis of confidence level and regression analysis were used for the data analysis using SPSS. The study results showed that the factor of well-being disposition for elderly woman can be classified into an environment-oriented factor, an life satisfication factor and a physical health factor. In addition, the factor of appearance concern can be classified into 3 factors: serious consideration of appearance, appearance care and skin care. Among these factors, the physical health factor of well-being disposition and the factor for serious consideration of appearance related to appearance concern had effects on cosmetic purchase intention, which fumed out to be a potent influence on brand loyalty.
A Study of Student Perspectives on Web-Based Learning Technology in Merchandising Courses
Lee, Kyu-Hye ; Stoel, Leslie ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1788~1799
Assessment of the implementation of a web-based courseware technology application across a merchandising program over a two-year period provides empirical evidence that students believe the technology was easy to use and useful. Results also show that the use of the application was not a hard-ship for the students in terms of time or access, that students in lower class ranks who had not had technology enhanced courses previously were more satisfied with the technology than upper class students, and that perceptions of the technology and satisfaction with it increase with experience using the technology.
Wearable Technology with Future Fabrics
Park, Hye-Sook ; Lee, Jae-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 30, issue 12, 2006, Pages 1800~1809
The wearable technology takes the concept of clothing over its limits -integrating software, communication devices, and sensors into the garments to enable them to 'think' for the wearer. A dress is no longer just a dress, but a dress as well as a wearable computer interface. This wearable computer network transports the data power and control signals within the wearer's personal space. The purpose of this thesis is to explore the wearable technology from a commercial perspective. On this theme I made a survey and interviewed 20 men and 20 women in London to find out if many people are familiar with the concept of the wearable technology. The main results of this study include: Firstly, according to the survey, people are not familiar with the concept of the wearable technology, and further people thought negatively about the wearable computer rather than positively they worried about hish prices, inappropriate technology and side effects. Secondly, people are especially interested in items related to health and security, so in this area there are huge potential opportunities for the wearable technology, Finally, wearable technology needs to be a simplified set of interactive devices, which are in a user friendly format for marketability because convenience was one of the biggest concern for consumers. Therefore, development of the wearable computer should be promoted not only through computer engineering but also through the connection with human lift.