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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 32, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 32, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 32, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Surface Flattening criterion of Female`s Upper Front Shell Using Grid Method
Choi, Young-Lim ; Nam, Yun-Ja ; Choi, Kueng-Mi ; Cui, Ming-Hai ; Han, Sul-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1825~1836
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1825
Many applications in computer graphics require complex and highly detailed models. However it is often desirable to use approximations in place of excessively detailed models in order to control the processing time. Thus, we aim to develop a notion of optimal matrix to simplify surface which can rapidly obtain the high quality 2D patterns flattening 3D surface as follows. Firstly, two 3D bodies are modeled based on existing Size Korea data. Secondly, each model is divided by shell and block for its pattern draft. Thirdly, each block is flattened by grid and bridge method. Finally, we selected the optimal matrix and demonstrated the efficiency and quality of the proposed method. This proposed approach accommodates surfaces with darts, which are commonly used in the clothing industry to reduce the deformation of surface forming and flattening. The resulting optimal matrix could be an initiation of standardization for pattern flattening. It is expected that this method could facilitate much better approximation in both efficiency and precision.
Wearable Art-Chameleon Dress
Cho, Kyoung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1837~1847
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1837
The goal of this study is to express the image of chameleons-that change their colors by light, temperature and its mood-into the sexy styles of corresponding coquettish temperamental people in Wearable Art. The method used in this study was experimenting various production mediums, including creating the textured stretch fabric, in the process of expressing the conceptual characteristics of the chameleon in Wearable Art. The concept of the work was a concoction of `tempting`, `splendid`, `brilliant`, `fascinating`, etc. that highlighted the real disposition of the chameleon. The futuristic preference of the researcher was also implicated. "Comfortable" and "enjoyable" concepts via motions were improved with the its completeness. The point of the design and production is to express symbolically the chameleon in real life, analyzing its sleek body lines, conditional colors changing, outer skins and the cubic textures. The coquettish temperamental image, the conceptual image of the chameleon, was also expressed by implication into the whole work. The entire line of this work is body-conscious silhouette. It was symbolically selected to image the outline of the chameleon that has the slim and sleek body. The exposed back is intended to express symbolically the projected back bones of the chameleon. The hood of gentle triangle line expresses the smooth-lined head part. The irregular hemlines represent the elongated chameleon`s tale. The chameleon with its colors of vivid tones is characterized the colors changing by its conditions. This point was importantly treated in the working process by trying the effects that the colors are seen slightly different according to the light and angles. The material was given the effect that its surface colors are seen different in lights and angles because of the wrinkles protruded lumpy-bumpy. The various stones of red and blue tones are very similar to the skin tones of the real chameleon, and their gradation makes the effect that the colors are visibly changed with each move. The textures of the chameleon were produced via the wrinkle effect of smoke-shape, which is the result of using the elastic threads on the basic mediums stitched with 50/50 chiffon and polyester along with velvet dot patterns. The stretching fabric by the impact of the elastic threads is as much suitable for making the body-conscious line. The stones are composed of acrylic cabochon and gemstone. They are symbolically expressed the lumpy and bumpy back skin of the chameleon and produced the effect of the colors visibly different. The primary technique used in this dress is the draping utilizing the biased grains. The front body piece is connected to the hood and joined to the back piece without any seam. For the irregular hemline flares, leaving the several rectangular pieces with bias grains, they were connected by interlocking. What defines the clothes is the person in action. Therefore, what decides the completeness of clothes might be its comfortable and enjoyable feeling by living and acting people. The chameleon dress could also reach its goal of comforting and pleasing Wearable Art in the process of studying the techniques and effects that visibly differentiate the colors. It is considered as a main point of the Wearable Art, which is a comfortable enjoyable clothing tempered with the artistic beauty.
Improvement of Hygienic Characteristics of Material for Patients Clothing through Treatment with Chitosan/Nanosilver Mixed Solution
Bae, Hyun-Sook ; Park, Hye-Won ; Ryou, Eun-Jeong ; Jeong, Kyoung-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1848~1856
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1848
In order to enhance the functionality of a cotton fabric actually used as the clothing material for patients, the fabrics are treated with chitosan/nanosilver mixed solution. The nanosilver has excellent biocompatibility, not causing an environmental pollution as a natural polymer, provides expectation of an additional performance, does not harm human beings, and shows a strong antibacterial activity even in a small amount, and supplements chitosan, which is disadvantaged if used alone for fabric treatment. This study evaluates functional improvement of the clothing material for patients and observes through hygienic characteristics which are the most important function. In antibacterial activity of the fabrics treated with chitosan/nanosilver mixed solution against Staphylococcus aureus, higher ratio of chitosan was observed to achieve better antibacterial activity. In antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumoniae, higher ratio of nanosilver was observed to achieve better activity. Regarding laundry durability of antibacterial activity after repeated laundering, activity against Staphylococcus aureus was little reduced, but was greatly lowered against Klebsiella pneumoniae. Deodorization activity was excellent as the mixed ratio of chitosan was increased, and air permeability, moisture permeability and moisture regain were reduced as the mixed ratio of nanosilver was increased.
Materialism, Fashion Clothing Involvement, Proximity of Clothing to Self, and US Sorority Member Selection Based On Clothing and Appearance
Miller, Jennifer Rebecca ; Kim, So-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1857~1865
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1857
The purpose of this study was to examine the importance of personal attributes as they related to developing first impressions and managing group acceptance in the context of sorority recruitment process. Specifically, we examined how certain personal characteristics of a sorority member were related to her use of a potential member`s clothing and appearance as non-verbal cues during the member selection process. The characteristics identified through the literature review were materialism, fashion clothing involvement, and proximity of clothing to self. A questionnaire was distributed to members of two sorority houses at a southeastern university in the United States. A total of 140 US sorority members participated in the study. The results showed that a member`s satisfaction with her chapter, her level of participation, and her length of membership in the chapter had no relation with her tendency to base her member selection on clothing and appearance. However, members` use of clothing and appearance as guiding their member selection decisions was related to other individual characteristics selected for the study(materialism, fashion clothing involvement, and proximity of clothing to self). Fashion clothing involvement and proximity of clothing to self(clothing for acceptance) were most significantly related to clothing-based member selection. Partial correlations were also produced to examine the mediating role of clothing-based impression formation.
A Study on Customer Dissatisfaction, Complaining Behavior, and Long-Term Orientation of Internet Fashion Shopping Mall
Ju, Seong-Rae ; Chung, Myung-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1866~1877
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1866
The purposes of this study were to identify the dimensions of perceived dissatisfaction, complaining behavior, and long-term orientation of customers about the Internet fashion shopping mall, and to empirically examine the effects of each dimension of perceived dissatisfaction and complaining behavior on long-term orientation. For this study, questionnaires were administered to 275 Internet shopping mall customer. To analyze collected data, descriptive analysis, factor analysis, Cronbach`s
, correlation analysis, and regression analysis were used. Major findings were as follows. First, college students were found to mainly complain of dissatisfaction at product quality, refunding/changing/maintenance repair, price, contract, delivery, and payment after transaction with the Internet shopping mall. Second, customer dissatisfaction was found to have high correlation with complaining behavior and partly with customer neglect or exit. Third, higher customer dissatisfaction was found to increase customer complaining behavior in general. Finally, higher complaining behavior was found to have connection with lower customer loyalty and higher customer neglect and exit.
Changes in Chinese Consumers` Perception toward Korean Apparel Products: A Longitudinal Study
Yu, Hae-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1878~1890
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1878
The main objective of this study was to examine how Chinese consumers` perceptions toward Korean apparel products have changed over the years. Specifically, motives for purchasing Korean apparel products, information sources, purchase criteria and evaluation on Korean apparel products were investigated. Data were collected in 2002, 2003, 2005, and 2007 from young female Chinese in Beijing, China during the months of June and July. A total of 603 questionnaires were collected and 578 were used in the final analysis. The results of two-way analysis of variance by year and purchase experience indicated that in overall, purchase motives and importance of various information sources changed greatly over the years, while evaluation on Korean apparel products have remained relatively stable. In comparison to the longitudinal changes in Chinese perception toward Korean apparel products, Chinese consumers` perception toward Korean apparel products did not differ significantly in most of variables according to purchase experience.
A Study on the Determinant Factors on Return in Internet Clothing Purchase
Ji, Hye-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1891~1902
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1891
With concerns for consumers` return behaviors affecting internet shopping malls` profits and product management in the internet clothing market, this study is designed to investigate determinants affecting return and path models for return behaviors. For an empirical study, questionnaires are prepared and respondents in their 20s and 30s with internet clothing purchase experience are selected using the convenience sampling. A total of 517 questionnaires are used for the final analysis. Data are analyzed by using SPSS 12.0 software and descriptive statistics,
-test, discriminant analysis, regression analysis, and path analysis is conducted. The results are as follows. First, ones who have returned after purchasing clothing items in internet shopping reached 63.4% of the total consumers. Respondents returned items with price at 50 thousand won or less stood at 67.2%, and the most frequent return shopping malls are open markets with their return rate at 51.1%. Second, variables such as risk perception, information search, impulse buying, buying experience, and age have a positive effect on return experience. Impulse buying and buying experience turn out to have a significant effect on the degree of return, but risk perception, information search, age, and gender to have an insignificant effect. Return intention is significantly affected by risk perception, gender, and age. Third, the analysis of path model for return experience shows that perceived risk has a positively effect, and information search has a direct effect as well as an indirect effect through buying experience or impulse buying. The analysis of path model for the degree of return shows that risk perception does not have effect, but information search has indirect effect through buying experience or impulse buying. This study is thought to find consumers` return behavior characteristics in online shopping, and help businesses operating online shopping malls to efficiently manage returns and set up strategies against returns.
A Proposal for a Global Market Entry Strategy into the Korean Apparel Industry based on the Italian Fashion Industry - Use of Foreign Exhibitions and Showrooms -
Kim, Yong-Ju ; Lee, Jin-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1903~1914
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1903
The purpose of this study was to propose an efficient and feasible global market entry strategy for the Korean apparel industry by analyzing the Italian fashion industry. In particular, the study investigated the role of foreign exhibitions and showrooms supported and organized by Italian fashion organizations. The methodology for this study was to analyze industrial reports, review previous studies and conduct in-depth interviews with 23 industry experts in Italy, Korea and LA. The results indicated that the most prominent factor in the Italian fashion industry was the fashion cluster, which is a strong and organic network of diverse fashion related areas No matter the size of the enterprise, firms can get practical, prompt and efficient support from diverse associations. The network operated by the associations provides strong support to each firm by organizing collections and exhibitions, and providing promotional activities. Showrooms and agents are another supportive "gate keeper", directly related to an enterprise`s sales. However, Korean fashion firms did not have enough information or knowledge for foreign exhibitions, nor did they make aggressive promotional efforts in the global market. Despite the many fashion-related associations exist in Korea, their programs are too focused on visible accomplishments and are too oriented on "big company" and "big voice", rather than many "small firms". In conclusion, the Korean fashion industry-particularly the fashion industry in Seoul-has strong potential to become the center of the global fashion market in the future. However, the fashion support system that can act as the channel to promote firms and to meet global buyers needs to be supplemented. To feasibly create this system, government or industry associations should develop a strong and generous support system and network, and they must recognize the need for small firms to exist.
How the Korean Fashion Industry is Viewed by WWD USA
Lee, Yu-Ri ; Medvedev, Katalin ; Hunt-Hurst, Patricia ; Choi, Yun-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1915~1926
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1915
Although we know that images of a country or an industry are influential factors in product evaluation, there has been little discussion about the channels through which consumers form a country or an industry image. Guided by the assumption that the image of the Korean fashion industry conveyed through U.S. media will likely affect the evaluation of Korean fashion products, we decided to examine articles published between January 1998 and June 2008 in Woman`s Wear Daily(WWD), a prestigious U.S. daily trade newspaper covering all aspects of the national and international fashion business. By using the "Korean", we found 329 relevant articles. Through content analysis, we identified the aspects of the Korean fashion industry that have been considered salient to U.S. fashion media professionals. We set up categories based on the contents of the articles that discussed segments of the supply chain of the fashion industry. We found more comments on the Korean fashion industry as fiber and fabrics supplier or apparel manufacturer than in any other categories, which reflects that South Korea has been traditionally one of the most attractive sourcing countries for the U.S. fashion business. We identified significantly less coverage on the designing, branding, marketing, and retailing aspects of the Korean fashion industry. Due to economic boom in Korea, the country`s fashion industry is recognized as having a highly fashion-conscious market that can afford the world`s premium brands. However, the industry is viewed as being rather vulnerable to changes in the macro economic environment.
The Influence of Perceived Relational Benefits on Relational Commitment and Customer Loyalty in Internet Clothing Purchase
Ji, Hye-Kyung ; Kim, Yong-Ju ; Son, Mi-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1927~1938
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1927
Companies can build a close relationship by providing benefits that consumers want. As long relationships between consumer and company are stressed these days, it is very important for the growth and development of companies to assess what benefits consumers perceive and how they reflect them to their buying behaviors. Thus, this study aims to examine the relational benefits that consumers perceive in internet clothing purchase and how these perceived relational benefits affects relational commitment and customer loyalty. This study surveyed 343 male and female in their 20s and 30s for empirical analysis who have ever purchased clothing through internet shopping malls. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis, ANOVA analysis, Duncan test, and
-test are carried out using SPSS for Windows 12.0 for statistical analysis. The results are as follows. First, the dimensions of relational benefits perceived by consumers in internet clothing purchase are found 6 including customization, economic, psychological, social, shopping convenience, and informational. Second, consumers` perception of relational benefits significantly affect on relational commitment and loyalty, thus consumers with greater recognition of relational benefits have higher relational commitment and loyalty. Third, based on the dimensions of consumer`s perceived relational benefit, consumers are categorized into 6 types: group perceiving social benefit, group perceiving economic/shopping convenience benefit, group perceiving shopping convenience benefit, group perceiving customization benefit, group perceiving informational benefit, and group perceiving psychological benefit. The group perceiving customization benefits have higher relational commitment and loyalty than the others. It is expected that this study will help internet companies establish customer relationship management strategies, which are needed to promote relationships with customers and to enhance customers` loyalty to internet shopping malls.
Cross-cultural Observation of Street Fashion of 2006 F/W in London/paris, New York, and Seoul
Kim, Chil-Soon ; Cassill, Nancy ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1939~1949
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1939
The purpose of this study was to identify differences or similarities across the ensembles of 2006 F/W fashion trends in the big fashion centers such as Paris, London, New York, and Seoul, by street fashion research. The study focuses on understanding of localized fashion trend in the marketplace. We used photograph observation and analyzed data by SPSS program. We found there is a significant difference in winter outfits at these different global fashion mega cities. Most Korean women were wearing light colored outer jackets and blue jeans were dominant style for pants. The majority of Paris/London, New York and Seoul people on the street were wearing wool/wool like coat. Padded coats were worn more by New Yorkers than by people in Seoul. For the bottom, there is a similarity between Paris/London, and New York City, in that skinny pants were popular. Koreans were wearing skinny pants mostly, but the percentage of mini skirts/shorts was also higher than any other cities. We found that the cross-cultural fashion mega trend is similar in clusters, but there is a slight difference of trend in clothing color, style and design details, and accessories by localized fashion cities. Not only direct observation but also identification of cultural characteristics and consumer behavior through the years will bring much more contributions to apparel industries.
A Study on the Color Image of Baby`s Wear Brands
Choi, Hae-Joo ; Kim, Bock-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1950~1962
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1950
Today the importance of color image is increasing for the brands as well as the products. This study was performed to classily the color image of baby`s wear brands and to suggest how the color is effectively planned for the image. In order to classify the color image of 7 baby`s wear brands, color palettes of 7 brands were also made by 6 subgroups, each season(summer, fall) by gender(boy, girl, new-born) and based on manufactured garments which were collected by on-line shops. Questionaries were organized with 40 pieces of the color palettes prints for 6 subgroups by 7 brands and 20 baby`s wear image adjectives. The total 320 copies were used in the survey to students majored in fashion design. Questionaries were analyzed by factor analysis from SPSS 12.0 package program. There are 4 main factors for the color images of baby`s wear brands, `liveliness`, `loveliness`, `chic`, `neatness`. Not hue, but tone is more important to express the characteristics of color images of baby`s wear brands. Also white and black are importantly used for baby`s wear. The consistency of the brand color image across gender and season is very important to identify and strengthen the color image of brand.
Tencel Dyeing by Natural Indigo Prepared from Dyer`s Knotweed
Shin, Youn-Sook ; Son, Kyung-Hee ; Yoo, Dong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1963~1970
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1963
Natural indigo dye in powder form was prepared by modifying traditional Niram method, using
instead of baked oyster powder for precipitating indigo dye. The prepared dye was applied to dyeing Tencel fabrics to investigate the effect of experimental conditions for the optimization of dyeing process. The indigo dye powder contained 15.2%(w/w) of indigo content and 0.757%(w/w) of indirubin content on the basis of HPLC analysis. Maximum dye uptake was obtained at
for 20min. Almost saturated dye uptake was obtained at 2g/L of sodium hydrosulfite concentration up to 4g/L of indigo dye and then slowly increased for further increase of sodium hydrosulfite. Whereas at higher indigo dye concentration(8g/L) more than 3g/L of reducing agent concentration was required for obtaining the maximum dye uptake. At the same indigo dye and reducing agent concentration, K/S value of the sample dyed without sodium hydroxide(pH 5.75) was 15.19, much higher than one dyed in alkaline condition(K/S 5.76). There was no difference in colorfastness ratings among samples with different color strength. However, more fading was occurred for the sample with low color strength.
Designing Knitwear with Aran Motives - In Search of Spatial Continuity Theory with Its Application -
Lee, Yoon-Mee ; JeKal, Mee ; Jang, Jung-Im ; Lee, Youn-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1971~1980
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1971
The purpose of this study is to explore the meaning and depth of traditional knitwears, and to develop knitwear designs by using Aran motif, one of major motifs of traditional knitwears and on the basis of the `continuance` theory of Henri Bergson and Jill Deleuze. Connectivity, the sense of space and deconstructive fluidity-basic concepts of the continuance theory-are felt in such forms as pleats, origami, and air pumping systems, blob and twisting used in the modem fashion. The motif of Aran knitwear which has a long historical tradition can be reinterpreted in terms of those concepts of the continuance theory. In this study, we designed five pieces of knitwear while applying cable motif, an important motif of Aran knitwear, and the concepts of the continuance theory to them. This study will make a contribution to the designing of knit wears through reinterpretation of a traditional motif in terms of a modem philosophical thought.
Consumer Segmentation according to the Constituent Characteristics of Knit Fabrics - Using Conjoint Analysis -
Roh, Eui-Kyung ; Kim, Seong-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 12, 2008, Pages 1981~1989
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.12.1981
Different people buy the same or similar products for different reasons. Benefit segmentation attempts to understand these differences by grouping together people who assign a similar level of importance to the same attributes. We focused on identifying market segments for knit fabrics by comparing the relative attribute preference for knit fabrics according to segmented clusters, and testing to establish if there were significant differences between the preferences of clusters. Three consumer segments emerged, and there were three clusters with different ideal knit profiles: a preferred wool group, a preferred acrylic group, and a preferred long stitch length group. The preferred wool group and the preferred acrylic group rated the mixture ratio as the main attribute that determined their preference, followed by the stitch length. The preferred long stitch length group considered stitch length as being the most important attribute, followed by the mixture ratio. The difference in the preferences for the mixture ratio and stitch length of knit fabrics was the highest between the three clusters, The preferred wool group preferred a knit fabric that has a greater wool mixture ratio and a short stitch length, and the preferred acrylic group and long stitch length group preferred a knit fabric that had a higher acrylic mixture ratio and a short stitch length.