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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 32, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 32, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 32, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Classification on the Upper Trunk Shapes of the Women in 20-30s by Tight Fitting Technique
Seong, Wha-Kyoung ; Han, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 349~361
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.349
The purpose of this study was to develop bodice basic patterns fitted on different body types of adult women. To meet this purpose, first, human bodies were measured using tight fitting technique and classified based on the shapes of upper trunk. The subjects were 214 women
years of age. For the measurement of female upper trunk, tight fitting technique was utilized. The development of figures of upper trunks were obtained from women. These development of figures were then digitized and analysed using the PAD system. A total of 155 measurements were taken from each of the development of figures. then, 32 measurements were selected for the further analysis. As complimentary data, 22 direct body measurements using an anthropometric method and 23 body measurements using a photographic method from the side view pictures of the participants were also obtained. The results and discussions of this study are as follows: Using the body measurements from the development of figures, a factor analysis and a cluster analysis were conducted. As a result, the body types were classified into 5 different types, which differ in terms of bust volumes, shoulder slopes, shoulder tilts, back silhouettes, body axises. The prominent characteristics of each type are as follows: The first type has a large bust volume. The second type has a right figure. The third type has a rounded back silhouette. The fourth type has a back silhouette of scapular coming backward. Finally the fifth type has a shoulder tilted forward.
The Study of the Inner Energy for following the Fashion Trend -Focusing on Masochism-
Lim, Sung-Min ; Park, Meeg-Nee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 362~372
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.362
The remarkable tendency shown in recent fashion can be the customer's passiveness, not only their feeling desire for product but also needs for product seem to be made by mass media. So this condition can be thought as the currency of energy for being subjected. The public of fashion eagerly want the fashion style to be suggested for following it. The late Freudian, Erich Fromm said that the reason why individuals demand themselves to follow the masses' move could be explained as the hope against the fear of feeling not being from staying isolated and having no direction. Escaping from this fear, individuals ought to believe the necessity of participation in public. The fashion is willing to be defined as the united condition by individuals in the hope being consolidate in masses against being solitude. Nowadays, people can share many informations with internet, the fastest medium, which makes the individuals impatient not to be isolate, thinking other people must contact the information and should feel pressure of taking part in the currency. Even though the style is considered to be awkward for following it, it's frequent exposure on mass media by celebrities wearing the style could soon make a fashion. This is able to show that many customers should incline to consider less about their style or taste, whereas lean to pursue after masses' authority. Recent consumers have propensity to avoid feeling concern about others' criticism, on the other side, they try to chase of the fashion as masses' choice for feeling peaceful. The reason why people recognize not to have clothing to wear in spite of a large wardrobe, it must reflect their needs promoted from outside influence of introducing for new styles.
The Difference of Clothing Shopping Orientation Structure by the Type of Store Preferred
Kim, Sae-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 373~384
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.373
The propose of this study is to explore if the clothing shopping orientation[CSO] of consumers differs between the two types of preferred store when they purchase casual wears. A total of 413 answers from male and female consumers in their twenties were used for the analysis. The types of preferred store were grouped by the brand fame. Department stores, brand agencies/sales branches, and outlets constituted wellknown brand store group, and shopping malls, no brand street stores, and discount stores constituted unknown brand store group. The results are as follows. First, there were no significant differences in CSO dimensions except 'well known brand oriented' dimension between groups. Second, each group showed proper fitness for CSO structure model. Third, the relationships among dimensions within structure model were significantly different between groups. These mean that though it looks there are no differences between groups at the level of each dimension, but there are differences in the view of specific relationships among dimensions. Therefore, store managers must consider the complex CSO structure for marketing strategy development.
Influential Variables of Impulse Buying in Jewelry Market
Park, Eun-Joo ; Ha, Myung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 385~394
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.385
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influential variables of impulse buying for jewelry. A survey questionnaire was developed from previous researches. Data were obtained from female consumers who have purchased jewelry products living in Busan. The results showed that impulse buying of jewelry was influenced by shopping orientation, consumption value, store attributes, store types, and demographic variables. The impulse-buyers of jewelry were more likely to be recreational and fashion-oriented shoppers and to have store/brand loyalty than unimpulse-buyers. Additionally, they perceived importantly the uniqueness, newness or fashionability of jewelry, kindness of salesperson, store atmosphere, various design and assortment, and special sales of the jewelry store. They were more likely to patronize the department store and franchise store to purchase jewelry products. They also tended to spend more for jewelry and more frequently visit the jewelry store. Findings should provide the informations to assist marketers and researchers in their understandings of the jewelry market.
Development and Evaluation of Smart Jacket with Embedded Wearable Device
Lee, Jeong-Ran ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 395~407
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.395
As global interest in clothing spreads over the smart clothing which arouses high added-value in the apparel industry, this study is to develop a smart jacket with an electrically-vibrating device maintaining excellent appearance and comfort. The vibrating device has a massage function that could relieve muscle pain near shoulders and neck. The purposes of this research are to develop jacket pattern for men in their thirties considering body shapes and fashion trend, to develop a wearable device that is composed of motor and controller and integrate it into a jacket, and to assess the external appearance and functional satisfaction of the smart jacket through the wearing test. The results are as follows: 1. In order to develope an appropriate jacket pattern for men in their thirties, several patterns were assessed for their fitting comfort. The final pattern was completed after making alterations some parts, and showed high satisfaction as 3.6(on a five-point scale) in all categories. 2. A vibrating device was developed by connecting motor, controller, battery and switch. Developing this device, focus was maximizing the strength of motor and minimizing the heat generated from motor and controller. Snaps were placed between inner and outer cloth of jacket so that the vibrating device could be easily attachable and detachable. The motor was located around Trapezius where muscles often get stiff. A switch was designed to be used in selecting the modes of Strong, Weak, and Cross Tapping. 3. The wearing test was conducted to examine outer appearance, comfort for motion, and functionality of the smart jacket. The results of assessing outer appearance showed that the location for attaching the vibrating device was not noticeable but looked natural, and there is almost no change in outer appearance when the vibrating device operates. The result of assessing comfort of action revealed that wearer's satisfaction was high in all categories about activity, wearer's comfort, etc. The result also showed that wear's satisfaction for effects of vibrating massage, easiness in using the device, heat generation was not less than 3.5 in all categories except a category about noise.
The Effects of Market Orientation on Business Performance and Job Satisfaction in the Textile Firms -Focused on Textile Firms Located in Daegu and Kyungbuk Province-
Park, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Mun-Young ; Yoh, Eun-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 408~417
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.408
The purposes of this study were to investigate the degree of market orientation of textile firms and to explore the effect of market orientation on business performance and job satisfaction. The data were collected from 167 subjects who work at textile firms located in the Daegu and Kyungbuk province through survey. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlation, regression, and structural equation modeling using AMOS 6.0. Market orientation has a significant and positive impact on the business performance as well as job satisfaction of employees in textile firms. In other words, the greater the market intelligence creation, the market intelligence dissemination and responsiveness of the organization, the greater the business performance. The greater these three factors of textile firms, the greater job satisfaction of employees. In addition, the relationships between company characteristics and market orientation were investigated.
A Study on Lifestyle and Sportswear Benefits Sought according to Consuming Desire of Sports
Cho, Sun-Myoung ; Koh, Ae-Ran ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 418~430
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.418
The purpose of this study were 1) to subdivide sportswear consumers according to consuming desire of sports 2) to identify the differences in lifestyle and sportswear benefits sought. The data were collected via a questionnaire from 312 consumer who have been purchased sportswear and living in Seoul. The results of this study were as follows: 1) Sportswear consumers were divided into four segments: sports mania, attractive body pursuers, passive followers, mind purifiers. 2) Six realms of lifestyle such as clothing, food, home & interior, leisure life, consumption and sense of values were factor-analysed separately, and lifestyle factors which showed significant differences among segments are I) fashion ostentation in the realm of clothing ii) western style, health-oriented in the realm of food, iii) sports life enjoyment, sociable life, hoped-for foreign travel in the realm of leisure life, iv) brand oriented, price comparison, sale goods preference in the realm of consumption, and v) realist, interpersonal skills, strong personality, individualism in the realm of values 3) Five factors of sportswear benefits sought which showed significant differences among segments are comfortability/practicality, ideal body/good-looking, individual character, fashion! ostentation, and brand oriented.
Characteristocs of the Somatotypes of Korean Farmer
Baek, Yoon-Jeong ; Lee, Kyung-Suk ; Hwang, Kyoung-Sook ; Kim, Kyung-Ran ; Kim, Hyo-Cher ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 431~442
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.431
This study was to research the characteristics of the somatotype of Korean farmers. 836 Korean farmers(Male: 361 persons, Female: 475 persons) volunteered for this study. They volunteered from 9 different area such as Kumi, Damyang, Iksan, Injae, Chungju, Choongju, Haman, Whasung, and Whasoon. The reusults were as follows: 1. The subcutaneous body fat thickness were decreased as they aged(p<.05). 2. The thicker the subcutaneous body fat thickness of Korean farmer, the wider the circumference size by the Korean famer's physical parts(p<.05-p<.001). 3. There were no significant differences in the circumference size such as upper arm, chest, bust, waist, umbilical waist, hip, and calf between Korean farmers and Korean standard size. 4. Korean women farmer showed significantly differences in the upper arm circumference(p<.01), the chest circumference(p<.01), the bust circumference(p<.01), the waist circumference(p<.01), the umbilical waist circumference(p<.01), and the calf circumference(p<.05) from Korean women standard by ages. Especially, Korean women farmer had thicker the umbilical waist circumference(the 40's: 103.2mm, the 50's 52.3mm, the 60's 22.3mm, over 70's 22.1mm) than Korean women standard. 5. The 40's women farmer had thicker the upper arm circumference, the chest circumference, the bust circumference, the waist circumference, the umbilical waist circumference, and the calf circumference than Korean women standard. The 70's women farmer had skinner circumferences except the umbilical waist circumference than Korean women standard. 6. Korean farmers showed the crooked back shape, the broad-knee length and also front-bending knee shape as they aged.
A Study on the Preferred Body Shape and the Perception between Real and Ideal Body Shapes of College Students
Choi, Mee-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 443~453
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.443
The purpose of this study was to identify the perception between real and ideal body shapes of college students and to investigate the preferred body shape of college students. The research subjects numbered one hundred forty five male and female students, aged 20 to 29, who lived in Gwangju and Chonnam province. The anthropometric data was collected including both direct and indirect measurements. The data was analyzed by mean and standard deviation, t-test, and factor analysis. The results of t-test showed the significant difference(
) between real body size and ideal body size. The result showed that male students want to have bigger chest circumference and a taller height than their real body, the research also showed that the female students want to have a narrow bust and hip width along with a taller height than real body. Regarding ideal body shape, male students pursued bigger height and want an inverted-triangle body shape. On the other hand, female students pursued bigger height and slim body shape. This study established the factors(dimension of torso, height, the side shape of torso, and shoulder shape) as the perception between real and ideal body shapes. In terms of real body, the factor analysis shows two contrasting results in which the height is the most important factor for female students, while the torso dimension is the most important factor for male students. In terms of ideal body, the height factor is the most important for both the male and female students.
Attitudes and Design Preferences toward the School Uniforms with Hanbok Image
Lee, Ji-Young ; Jeon, Eun-Kyung ; Yoo, Hwa-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 454~461
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.454
The object of this study was to investigate the attitudes toward the school uniforms with Hanbok image and design preferences for the improvement of the uniforms. Subjects were high school students wearing the westernstyle school uniforms. Questionnaires were distributed to 480 students and 400 responses among them were used for data analysis. Students replied to the questions about the attitudes toward the school uniforms with Hanbok image and the wearing of the uniforms, preferred design, and subjects' characteristics. Using the SPSS program, frequency and percent ratio of data were determined and t-test and
test were performed. As the results, students' attitude toward the uniforms with Hanbok image showed to be positive, and girl students were more positive than boy students but they didn't want to wear the uniforms. It revealed that students wanted to be expressed Hanbok image in the uniforms partially and to be conceived their image warm, peaceful and smooth. It is concluded that the school uniforms with Hanbok image should be designed to display Korean traditional beauty and Hanbok image partially at the neckline or the end of the sleeve, keeping the shape of the westernstyle uniforms.
Export to the USA and Sourcing of Korean Apparel Industry
Baek, Young-Ha ; Park, Jae-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 462~473
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.462
In recent years, Korea's apparel exports to the USA have faced a great threat, as the trade environment around the world has changed continually. The purpose of this study is to analyze the competitive position of Korean apparel exports to the USA, and to enhance export competitiveness by applying to offshore sourcing. The trade data of the Office of Textiles and Apparel(OTEXA) in the U.S. Department of Commerce were selected for inquiry about export competitiveness of apparel products made in Korea. In addition, we targeted members of the Korea Apparel Industry Association among the 500 exporters of clothing items in "The Import and Export Textile Product 2003." A total 70 sheets were analyzed. The results of this study were as follows: 1) Korean apparel exports to USA have decreased by 20-35 percent per year since 2005 under the Free Trade Area, showing that Korean apparel industries have not adapted to the new trade environment. Although Korean apparel exports to USA have indicated a trade surplus from now on, Korean apparel industries should find new ways to overcome this situation, diminishing exports and increasing imports. 2) Korean apparel companies selected more offshore sourcing than domestic sourcing. Also, as Korean apparel companies manufactured apparel products offshore, foreign subcontracting outranked manufacturing in their own foreign plants. When they chose foreign countries to source, they turned mainly to China and Vietnam. Also, they considered the target country's manufacturing price, labor stability, apparel products, quality, lead time, and so on. In order to increase apparel exports, Korean apparel industries should focus more on developing competitively new apparel products, improving the ability of sourcing management, and establishing on-the-spot agencies.
The Determinants of International Competitiveness for the Korean Apparel Industry
Baek, Young-Ha ; Park, Jae-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 474~485
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.474
The purpose of this study is to examine the determinants and elements to enhance Korean international competitiveness, employing Porter's(1998) Diamond Model. Half of the 500 leading apparel exporters that were members of the Korea Apparel Industry Association in 2003 were selected as the target of this research. From May to June of 2003, survey questionnaires were sent to executives of these 250 companies in person or by telephone, e-mail, or fax. Seventy questionnaires were used for the final data anlysis. The items used were Reliability, Categorical Regression, and Frequency, using SPSS 11.5. The results were as follows: First, as a result of analyzing the influence of international competitiveness in Korean apparel industry, the firm's strategy, structure, and rivalry was the most influential factor. Others were related and supporting industries, government, chance, demand conditions, and factor conditions. Also, the elements that affect Korean international competitiveness were listed as the level of price competition in foreign markets, the level of labor cost, export marketing capacity, and exchange fluctuation. The most important element to improve the international competitiveness of the Korean apparel industry was a demand growth rate of the overseas markets(Demand Conditions), followed by the level of the labor costs(Factor Conditions), the capability of internationalization(Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry), the change of currency(Chance), the quality and management of products(Demand Conditions), the capability of planning products(Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry), free trade from 2005(Chance), and global sourcing strategy(Firm Strategy, Structure, and Rivalry). Korea's main rival country in apparel related and supporting industry factors is China. However, Korea has a higher level of technology development, quality, and price level than China.
Effect of Extraction Solvents on Color of the Dyed Fabrics with Safflower Red Colorants
Son, Kyung-Hee ; Shin, Youn-Sook ; Yoo, Dong-Il ; Choi, Hee ; Cho, A-Rang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 486~493
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.486
Safflower red colorants extracted by two solvents including the traditional ash solution and
solution was used for dyeing cotton, ramie, viscose rayon, silk, wool, and nylon fabrics. The effects of extraction solvents on the reflectance, K/S value, and color properties of the dyed fabrics were investigated. Wash/dry cleaning and light colorfastness were evaluated. Reflectance curves of cotton, ramie, viscose rayon, and silk fabrics dyed with red colorants extracted by
solution were similar, showing the maximum absorption at 520nm, to that of the dyed fabrics with red colorants extracted by ash solution. The reflectance curves of wool and nylon fabrics were different, showing the maximum absorption at 400nm. K/S values of dyed fabrics with red colorants extracted by
solution were higher than that by ash solution with the exception of nylon.
of the dyed fabrics with red colorants extracted by
solution were higher than that by ash solution except for
of nylon and
of viscose rayon. Color difference(
) of the dyed fabrics between ash solution and
solution increased in the order named as cotton, silk, ramie, viscose rayon, wool, and nylon. Regardless of extraction solvents, safflower red colorants produced RP color on cotton, ramie, and nylon, R color on viscose rayon and silk, and YR color on wool. Wash/dry cleaning fastness of the dyed fabrics was high above 3/4 rating but light fastness was very poor. It is considered that the use of
solution instead of the traditional ash solution would be more effective in terms of color reproducibility and extraction process.
Romantic Image Classification by Clothing Design Elements
Lee, Kyung-Lim ; Park, Sook-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 494~504
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.494
The purpose of this study was to classify the romantic image by clothing design elements. This research was done by survey method with 20 kinds of romantic image photos selected in fashion magazines. The data was analyzed by Reliability Analysis, Factor Analysis, ANOVA, Duncan's test and MDS. The results of this study are as follows: 1. Romantic image was classified by 4 factors. Those were sexy-romantic, retro-romantic, natural-romantic and cute-romantic images. 2. Sexy-romantic image was well-expressed by fitted silhouette, achromatic and achromatic color coordinations and see-through texture. Retro-romantic image was well-expressed by X silhouette, achromatic and achromatic color coordinations and see-through or combination texture. Natural-romantic image was well-expressed by A silhouette and chromatic and achromatic color coordinations. Cute-romantic image was well-expressed by A silhouette and soft or combination(silky and soft) texture. 3. Romantic image was positioned into mostly traditional or artificial on image scale.
A Study on the Image-Virtualization in Fashion Illustration
Kim, Soon-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 3, 2008, Pages 505~516
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.3.505
Image which appears in fashion illustration on the late twentieth century is not the representative image as an equivalence to the real fashion styles but the virtual image which bears no relation to any reality. The purpose of this study is review the concept of virtuality and analyze in which way virtual image is expressed in fashion illustrations on the background of Jean Baudrillard's simulacre theory. In post-modem paintings the expression methods of image-virtualization were image mixing through photo-image appropriation, image overlapping, and the icons inserted unreasonably, the focus-out effect through scrubbing and the over-painting on the photograph. Image-virtualization in fashion illustration was expressed through image mixing and expression of image uncertainty. Image mixing was made by photo-image appropriation, image overlapping, connection of heterogeneous images and using interface image, and uncertain image was expressed through the expression of visual ambiguity and virtual movement.