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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 32, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 32, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 32, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Ergonomic Design of Working Uniform for the Aircraft Mechanics
Lim, Hyun-Ju ; Choi, Hei-Sun ; Lee, Kyung-Mi ; Kim, Soo-A ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 681~691
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.681
Taking into consideration both the inconveniences reported with current working uniform for the aircraft mechanics and the subjects' requirements mentioned in preceded survey, the researchers designed an ergonomic sample garments with improved motional flexibility and comfort. To improve motional flexibility, extra folds were added to the back of the garments to allow for ease of motion of limbs, so that the material would not be drawn up by the motion of the arms. Darts were added to the elbow, hip, the knee. Furthermore, by increasing the length of the waist centerline, the hip region would not be drawn up. For improved comfort,
was used as lining material for the armpit and back region to discharge swear promptly. Subjects and panels were asked to evaluate the sample garment that followed an ergonomic design and pattern. According to the results, the sample garment was evaluated more highly than the existing working uniform in appearance and motional flexibility. The field tests by three aircraft mechanics working in the Office of Forestry were also demonstrated that the sample garment was advanced in terms of motional flexibility and comfort.
The Effect of Collaboration Motive Types on Collaboration Areas, Trust/devotion, and Performance/satisfaction in Fashion Business
Hong, Won-Pyo ; Hwang, Jin-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 692~703
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.692
In the fashion enterprises of today, there are many kinds of inter-enterprises' collaborations which are related to the strategic management for reinforcing their competitiveness in various fields. These inter-enterprises' collaborations, which began to increase in the year 2000, will increase even more in the near future. The study investigated the differences of collaboration motive types in collaboration areas, trust/devotion, performance and satisfactions of collaborations, and characteristics of collaborated companies and their partners. A questionnaire was administered to 194 key employees of the fashion enterprises in Korea and the analysis was performed by factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA, and
test. The results showed that the collaboration motive had four factors: economic efficiency, business expansion, product planning improvement, and brand competitiveness increase. The cluster analysis showed that there were four collaboration motive types: brand competitiveness type, economic efficiency type, product planning type, and passive collaboration type. There were significant differences among the collaboration motive types in regard to collaboration areas, trust/devotion, and the performance/satisfactions of collaboration, and characteristics of companies. The brand competitiveness motive type tended to choose the marketing and brand collaboration areas, had a higher trust, and had higher scores on the performance and satisfactions of collaboration than did the other types.
A Study on Oriental Images of Modern Fashion in the New Paradigm
Ko, Myung-Sin ; Chae, Keum-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 704~716
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.704
This study aims to explore the creation of fashion design that embraces the diversity of human culture by examining oriental images that appear in the modern fashion with a focus on new paradigms that significantly affect human life as the latest trends, and by reflecting the trends of the times. The results of this study are as follows: First, this study examined that with regard to paradigm, a theoretical frame to view universe, the dichotomous, determinist, mechanism, linear paradigm collapsed to convert to undetermined, exoteric, pluralistic, indeterministic, organic, and holistic paradigm. The new paradigm is identified to have emerged before and after 1950s, and through the new paradigm, the characteristics of postmodernism such as historicality, popularity, locality, folkways and the characteristics of deconstructionism, internally mutual text, post phenomenon, undeterminability and externally exposure, destruction, poverty, decomposition and analysis, were identified. Second, the Orient is defined as the generic term referring to the entire Asian areas east of Turkey. Through the developmental process of oriental images, it was converted from the Oriental image, which mysteriously and romantically represents oriental elements, into the ethnic image that represents long time oriental traditions and indigenous culture together with the characteristics of the new paradigm. Third, the artistic characteristics of the Oriental costumes presented by Korea, China and Japan are expressed in developmental types, T-type plane structure, layered style, asymmetrical adjustment and easy silhouette, and they show indigenous characteristics of each country, for example, Chinese styles in dragon pattern, red and yellow, Japanese styles in flower design and achromatic color. Fourth, the Oriental Image, combined with the postmodernism and deconstructionism through the new paradigm, has two: one Oriental image highlights traditional elements by creating new Oriental image such as natural image, folk image, hybrid image and deconstruction image; and another is undetermined and vague by combining or decomposing Oriental or Western elements. It is expected that fashion designs that reflect these contexts of the times will contribute to the strengthening of international competitiveness.
A Study on the Relevant Factors in Tool and Fashion of Make-up
Choi, Su-Koung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 717~728
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.717
The purpose of this study to examine the relevant factors in tool and fashion of make up. For the study, a questionnaire survey was conducted of 436 women in between their twenties to fifties residing in the Kyeongnam region. Obtained data were analyzed pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows.; The influence on tool and fashion of make up can be described into 4 factors that are included in the decision making process of tool and fashion, in other words, the demographical characteristic, the body cathexis, the need and the clothing value. Among these factors, the beauty need and the political value were proved to be more important. The demographic characteristics, the media contact had a direct influence on tool, and the occupation status had a direct influence on fashion. The body cathexis did not have a direct influence on any subordinate factors of tool and fashion, but had indirect influence having the need as a parameter or had no influence having the clothing value as a parameter.
Service Quality Characteristics based on Two Dimensional Recognition in Apparel Store
Park, Jae-Ok ; Ahn, Min-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 729~740
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.729
The purposes of this study are to identify service quality elements using Kano's theory, and to examine differences in service quality characteristics among apparel store types. Women over 20 years-old from metropolitan areas in South Korea participated in the study and a quota sampling method was used. The questionnaire was composed of three sections; importance of quality, degree of satisfaction, and demographic factors. Data from 525 questionnaires were used for the statistical analysis. The results were as follows: First, four factors of service quality(sales person, variety of goods, policy, and facilities) were identified. According to Kano's quality elements, sales person was categorized into both one-dimensional quality and must-be quality, and variety of goods, policy, and facilities categorized into attractive quality. Second, sales person, in all store types, was included in one-dimension quality elements and sales person and variety of goods, in local store, were included in attractive quality element. Service policy, in chain store and local store, was included in attractive quality element. Findings of this study provide both industry and academic researchers with a guide to increase customer satisfaction in the store service strategies.
Intertextuality of Materials in the Contemporary Fashion
Kim, Sun-Young ; Shim, Joon-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 741~752
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.741
The purposes of this study are to review the status of dress material in the contemporary fashion design by examining the intertextuality of many materials other than textiles used in the contemporary fashion and to show that the development of new fashion materials is a factor for designing competitiveness. The results of this study are summarized as follows: First, foods and natural objects are used as fashion materials to reveal natural beauty, and at the same time new formative elements are expressed in combinations of life and fashion. Second, common paper and luxurious jewelry are presented as a formative element symbolic of an aspect of the contemporary society or embodied in elaborate handicraft techniques. Those materials boost the luxuriousness of costume and create a strong futuristic image according to how they are expressed. Third, plastics available for a variety of objects in different shapes and colors offer such formative features that could be shaped with textiles, as high-end technology is introduced to fashion. Fourth, metallic materials have added freedom to design formality due to their qualities of convergence and displacement and by the introduction of brand-new technology, suggesting a new future for the fashion industry. Fifth, using a variety of anti-fashion materials including semiconductor chips, mirrors, vinyl, wires, and rubber makes a change in the existing points of view regarding the formality of things and helps create a special aesthetic effect in a visual respect to develop a strong intertextuality of materials.
A Study on the Body Types of Korean Female Adults in Japan
Chung, Myung-Hee ; Im, Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 753~765
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.753
In this study, the characteristics of body types of female adults Korean living in Japan were reviewed by analyzing factors and groups in order to provide basic data required to research body types. The subjects were 304 women in their 20's, 40's and 60's born in Japan and living in Osaka at present. The major results of this study are as follows. As a result of factor analysis, there were eight factors for the body types of women in their 20' and 40'. In case of the women in their 60', nine factors were extracted. The results of cluster analysis were as follows: Type one from the women in their 20' was tallest and has long legs. Type two was short and had a small frame with lowest weight. Type three had a thick frame and weighed heavy. It was categorized into a fat body type. Type one from the women in their 40' had medium height but a fat frame. Type two was tallest and had average weight and long legs. Type three was short and had a small frame with lowest weight. Type one from the women in their 60'was tallest and had long legs. Type one was categorized into a slim body type, Type two was categorized into a fat body type, and Type three was categorized into a short and small body type with shortest height and lowest weight.
The Effects of Clothing Benefits on Delay of Decision Making and Shopping Information in Internet Shopping
Kim, Han-Na ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 766~776
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.766
The purpose of this study was 1) to identify the reasons for delay of decision making and the shopping information in internet shopping, 2) to classify consumers based on the clothing benefits, 3) and to examine the differences among consumer groups in the reasons for delay of decision making and the shopping information. The data were collected from a sample of 500 internet shopper aged from 20 to 40. This study used factor analysis, multiple regression analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis, cluster analysis and ANOVA. The results showed that the reasons for delay of decision making consisted of eight factors: Performance risk, Comparison shopping, Economic shopping, Social risk, Uncertainty, Expecting of market change, Product unsatisfaction, Passive shopping. The shopping information consisted of three factors: Product variety, Product information, Additional information. Five factors of clothing benefits were Economy, Figure compensation, Social position, Individuality, and Comfort. The respondents were classified into four groups by five factors of clothing benefits; Individuality seeking group, Low-benefits seeking group, Economy seeking group, Figure compensation/comfort seeking group. There were significant differences among groups in the reasons for delay of decision making and the shopping information among groups. Therefore, marketers need to provide different shopping information for delay closure by target groups.
The Buying Behavior for School Uniforms according to Adolescents' Assertiveness and Appearance Concerns
Jung, Hye-Jung ; Kim, Ha-Yeon ; Lee, Yu-Ri ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 777~787
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.777
The purpose of this study is to identify impacts of adolescent consumers' assertiveness and appearance concerns on their buying behaviors when they buy school uniforms. This research examined information sources and purchase evaluative criteria as related variables of clothing buying behaviors. The Internet survey was carried out to middle and high school students in Seoul. A total of 907 data were analyzed by factor analysis, frequency analysis and step-wise multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows: From a result of factor analysis on adolescent consumers' assertiveness, appearance concerns and information sources and purchase evaluative criteria for buying school uniforms, each four variances showed factorial structures clearly. School uniform consumers' assertiveness and appearance concerns had significant influences on information sources and purchase evaluative criteria. Especially, an impact of conformity appearance concern was inclined to be high on information sources and purchase evaluative criteria.
Modular System Expressed in Structural System of Fashion Since the Late of 20C -Focusing on the Fashion of Yeohlee Teng, John Ribbe, and Galya Rosenfeld-
Yang, Hee-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 788~799
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.788
Since the late 20C, a lot of fashion designers have considered about new construction system in fashion. Many arguments about architectural form and construction system have being supported on enlargement of range of functionalism fashion through the consideration about new shape and combination among various any other spheres. Modular concept, which is able to divide complex construction of integration into separated basic unit and use various and liberal arrangements, is regarded alternative idea of economic construction that creates new shape and constructive beauty through the simple operation and changing combination continuously. Specially, fashion designs of Yoehlee Teng, John Ribber, and Galya Rosenfeld are estimated that they are effectively utilized architectural modular system pursuing multi-function and multi-change in fashion. Modular system utilized in fashion construction will be classified as follows: 1) layering system of Yoehlee Teng, 2) combine system of john Ribber, and 3) lego system of Galya Rosenfeld. This thesis will presents beneficial guide for simple and practical functionalism fashion design development in 21C.
The Comparison of Subjective Textures of Knit Fabric by Presentation Methods of Visual Images
Ju, Jeong-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 800~807
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.800
The purpose of this study is to compare the subjective texture of actual objects and their picture images on the Internet to find out a method to present visual images in order to supply information similar real objects. For this study, seven knit fabrics and four presentation methods of visual images including twice magnifications and two dimensions of 2D and 3D. The results of this study were as follows: There are significant differences among subjective textures evaluated by touching seven fabrics actually and we can verify the effects of fiber contents and loop length of knit on textures. We can find out differences of texture depending on presentation methods. In case of 2D evaluation of knits fabrics, visual images of real size present a little exact information on roughness and heaviness whereas those of twice magnification do roughness, wetness, softness and luster. And 3D images give us more exact information of textures on softness, heaviness and warmness, but rather twice enlarged 3D image can't supply an information of heaviness texture.
A Study on the Beauty of the Islamic Folk Costume, Affected by Islamism -Focusing on the Islam Culture Area in Southwest Asia-
Seo, Bong-ha ; Kim, Min-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 808~820
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.808
The costume of Islam cultural area has been affected by the strict social structure, formed by religion, and traditional costume of Islam has been maintained up to these days under the influence of religion. Islam Traditional Costume, which is the succession of the traditional costume of southwest Asia region, became armed with the form of closed costume due to the chastity and oppression. There are figurative features of Islam Folk Costume; first, the dimensional form due to the ampleness, covering the body, second, the reinforcement of closed form such as chador and burqa, third, the symbolism such as the adornment or incantational ornament, which has been inherited from the former times of Islam era, fourth, the color, simplified with black and white. The aesthetic values of Islam folk costume are represented with 'The beauty of abstinency', suppressing the ornamentation and color, caused by the strict social atmosphere under the influence of the form of traditional costume and religion, 'The beauty of concealment' due to the closeness, with affluent costume forms, covering the body and even concealing the face, and 'The beauty of symbol' which is demonstrated with incantational ornamentation of face and interior decoration. In some nations amongst Islam nations, the wearing of hijab is strictly regulated but black chador and burqa are regarded as negative symbols, representing the closeness and oppression of Islam. It is the product of Orientalism from the western perspective. The Islam Hijab culture is the symbol of oppression towards women, but, on the other hand, it is the device to protect women and the traditional culture, symbolizing the identity.
A Study on Body Proportion Characteristics of Middle Aged Women with Their Body Cathexis and Fit Satisfaction
Moon, Nam-Won ; Wee, Eun-Hah ; Park, Woo-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 821~833
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.821
The purpose of this study is to provide basic information about body proportion characteristics, and the level of body cathexis and fit satisfaction related to those characteristics. It is hoped that this will help to improve ready-to-wear satisfaction in middle-aged women. In order to achieve this purpose, the body proportion characteristics of middle-aged women were measured and were compared with that of standard and ideal body types. Then, the body cathexis and fit satisfaction according to these characteristics was analyzed. Finally, the following results were obtained. First, the average height of middle-aged women was 6.87 head, waist length was 58.9% of height, and knee length was 25.6% of height. In frontal appearance, the hip width, shoulder width, and chest width were wider than waist width(24%, 20%, and 11% respectively). Chest and hip depths was thicker than waist depth(19% and 17% respectively). Second, in lengths proportion, their lower body was shorter than the standard body shape for women in their 20s'. Also the difference between the width of frontal appearance and depth proportion of side appearance was small, suggesting a more slender silhouette among the middle aged women. Finally, middle-aged women who were not wide or big in the chest had higher satisfaction with their bodies. As shoulder width and chest depth became small, the fit satisfaction of upper clothes increased. While longer lower body had higher fit satisfaction with pants crotch, shorter lower body had higher fit satisfaction with waist and abdominal parts.
The Effect of the Perceived Risk, Trust of Internet Shopping on the Perceived Usefulness, Attitude, and Purchase Intention of the Fashion Merchandise
Na, Youn-Kue ; Hong, Byung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 834~845
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.834
The purpose of this study is to find out the important factors and efficient strategies concerning Internet marketing. The areas of study interest are, the perceived risk, trust, usefulness, Shopping-mall attitude, and purchase intention. To fulfill this objectives, First, a survey was performed targeting customers with first-hand experience with fashion merchandise in Internet shopping-mall. Second, the improbability sampling method was used on aged from 20s to 40s, and the survey was performed over a one month period. A total of 806 questionnaires. The empirical studies were summarized as follows. First, the exchange/return/delivery risk and social/psychological risk had an effect on the perceived trust in Internet fashion shopping mall. Second, the perceived trust had an effect on the perceived usefulness, the attitude toward using and intention of repurchase in Internet fashion shopping mall. Third, the perceived usefulness had an effect on the attitude toward using and intention of repurchase in Internet fashion shopping mall. Forth, the attitude toward using had an effect on intention of repurchase in Internet fashion shopping mall.
Drafting Method of Upper Bodice Pattern using 3-D Anthropometric Data for Elderly Women
Suh, Chu-Yeon ; Park, Soon-Jee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 5, 2008, Pages 846~858
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.5.846
This study was designed to propose a method to draft bodice block pattern from 3D body scan data. Subjects were ten elderly women in their 60's, who wear basic size(B: 94cm, W: 82cm) garment. Scanning was done using 3D whole body scanner(WB4, Cyberware). Measurements for 3D data and cross section were attained using Auto CAD, by which a upper bodice pattern for elderly women was drawn on the basis of short measured method. The results are as following: As for most items, no significant differences were shown between measurements from Martin's anthropometry and those from 3D scan data, suggesting measurement from 3D scan data could be used to draft a pattern. The drafting equations acquired were as follows; width of pattern=B/2+5.5, width of waist=W/2+3.5cm, dart amount=8cm. Dart distributions were 23%(B.P.) : 20%(front armpit) : 17%(side seam) : 18%(back armpit) : 15%(back protruded point) : 7% (center back line). Through wearing test using 5-point Likert scale, resultant pattern was evaluated as appropriate for elderly women's pattern to get over 4 point. As a result, it might be said that 3D scanning application is effective for elderly women in that it doesn't take time so much as Martin's anthropometry and that their body shape vary compared with those of young women.