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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 32, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 32, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 32, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Development of Welding Clothes in Shipyards
Kang, Hee-Chung ; Choi, Hei-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1169~1178
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1169
In this study, a questionnaire was compiled by conducting interviews and preliminary surveys, and then handed out to a total of 270 welders working in shipyards to investigate their opinions on welding clothes. By which investigation, it was intended to understand their dissatisfactions and issues with conventional welding clothes and then propose of such welding clothes as may offer better fit and suitability. A total of twenty welding suits were collected to find the locations and degrees of wear and tear. Due to too large differences in the locations and degrees of wear and tear among the clothes, the evaluation was focused on ten suits out of the twenty suits collected. The researcher’s subjective judgment was used to select the nineteen most severely damaged parts, which were then photographed in a uniform distance and evaluated by a group of experts in terms of the degree of damage in order to locate most severely damaged parts and select adequate materials for those parts in designing an experimental suit. Based on two above evaluations, the experimental welding suit was produced in consideration of the design, materials and patterns. A lab evaluation and a site evaluation were conducted to compare the experimental suit and other conventional suits, a lab evaluation and a field evaluation were performed.
Investigation on the Purchasing Criteria and Discomfort of School Backpack for Adolescents
Koh, Kyung-Hee ; Na, Young-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1179~1189
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1179
The purpose of this study is to investigate the satisfaction of the adolescents` school backpack bag and the important criteria when purchasing for developing comfort and functional backpack. The questionnaire was composed and surveyed with 245 middle school students and the data were analyzed through SPSS 13.0. Purchasing criteria were grouped into 5: practical, shop environment, comfort, aesthetic and maintenance. Satisfaction factors were function/comfort, fashion/aesthetic and durability/A.S. 50.2% of students recognized the inappropriate wearing backpack might cause the deformation of body shape. And the wrong habit of wearing bag was found to affect the body posture of students. Main symptoms caused by wearing it for long time are ‘sweating around shoulder and back` and ‘feeling stiff in shoulders and waist`. Needs arise to develop the bag which could prevent them and to educate students how to wear bags. According to the result from MDS of purchasing criteria, one axis is product vs. environment, and other is functional vs. psychological aspects. According to the result from MDS of bag satisfaction, one axis is function/durability vs. fashion/appearance, and other is gestalt quality vs. part quality. They wanted the improvement in the aspects of shape/design, material, maintenance, comfort and usability of the bags. Specially it is required that we research the adolescent customer-oriented way and develop the new materials or shapes pursuing both shoulder comfort and characteristics.
A Study on Middle and High School Boys` and Girls` Uniform Wearing Conditions
Hyun, Eun-Kyong ; Kang, Myoung-Hui ; Nam, Yun-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1190~1201
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1190
The objective of this study is to compare and analyze middle and high school boys` and girls` uniform wearing conditions. The survey was conducted online and data were obtained from 907 middle and high school boys and girls. The results of this study are as follows. First, most boys and girls did not know their body sizes other than their height and weight. Second, when purchasing the school uniforms, over 70% of the boys and girls chose to try on the uniforms before their purchase and over 60% of the boys and girls had trouble selecting their sizes just by reading the labels. Third, both boys and girls considered the fit as the most important factor. When purchasing jackets, both middle and high school boys considered the shoulder width as most important. Middle school girls considered the jacket and sleeve length as most important, whereas high school girls considered the shoulder width, waist, and bust as most important. When purchasing skirts or slacks, waist girth was considered as most important. Fourth, boys repurchased more school uniforms than girls. Boys have outgrown their uniforms usually in the length categories, whereas girls have outgrown in the girth categories. Fifth, more girls(72.7%) modified their uniforms than the boys(56.8%). Boys usually bought bigger uniforms, modified them to fit and when they grow out of their uniforms they planned to modify their uniforms again whereas girls modified their uniforms to follow the trend. Sixth, the online shopping mall survey has revealed that both boys and girls liked the idea of 3D model that reflect their own body shapes, but they had low preference to purchase school uniforms online. Online purchase has been more attractive to the boys than to the girls, while the way of fashioning uniforms has been more attractive to the girls than to the boys.
The Effects of Relational Benefits and Commitment on Word-of-mouth Intention and Repurchase Intention for Cosmetic Purchaser in Internet Shopping Mall
Hong, Byung-Sook ; Kwon, Yoo-Jin ; Park, Sung-Hee ; Paik, In-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1202~1212
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1202
As increasing the rates of purchasing cosmetic in internet shopping mall, the relationship marketing between purchaser and shopping mall service providers has become more important. At this point, the purpose of this study was to investigate factors of relational benefits and commitment, and to analyze the effects of relational benefits and commitment on word-of-mouth intention and repurchase intention for cosmetic purchaser in internet shopping mall. With convenience sampling, the research was surveyed to 20’s to 30’s female and male who had purchased cosmetics in internet shopping mall. The 308 responses were analyzed by frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability test, and multi-regression analysis. The results were as follows. First, the factors of relational benefits were divided into psychological benefits, social benefits, and economic benefits. Also the factors of commitment were divided into calculative commitment and affective commitment. Second, only psychological benefits affected to calculative commitment, and all three factors of relational benefits affected to affective commitment. Third, the word-of-mouth intention for cosmetic purchaser in internet shopping mall was affected by psychological benefits, social benefits, economic benefits, calculative commitment and affective commitment. Lastly, the repurchase intention of cosmetic in internet shopping mall was affected by psychological benefits, social benefits, economic benefits, calculative commitment, affective commitment and the word-of-mouth intention.
A Study on the Effect of the Perceived Value and Risk of Internet Shopping on the Purchase Intention of the Fashion Merchandise
Na, Youn-Kue ; Hong, Byung-Sook ; Kang, Sung-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1213~1225
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1213
This study looks at the customer`s perceived value and perceived risk of Fashion merchandise e-commerce and the Shopping-mall trust of the Internet shopping-mall these external variables are applied to the innovative technical use model, the TAM(Technology Acceptance Model), to see the effect on the Shopping-mall attitude toward using the Internet shopping-mall and intention of purchase. Through this, the external variables that play an important role in e-commerce can be studied. The result showed that purchase intention of an individual differs by shopping-mall type and different factors affect purchase intention of the fashion merchandise for each shopping-mall type.
Basic Pattern Development of Haptic Gloves from 3D Data
Kim, So-Young ; Lee, Ye-Jin ; Park, Hye-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1226~1232
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1226
Tight fitting glove pattern is necessary to convey oscillation to the skin from the sensors attached on the hands as found in the haptic device. However, it has been difficult to provide customized glove pattern for haptic device so far. The objective of the paper is to develop a 2D pattern that fit tightly to hands by adopting the recent 3D technology to the clothing science. In this study, the user graphic interface application software(2C-AN) for the semi-automatic garment pattern generation has been utilized to develop the methodology of construct tight-fitting glove pattern for the hand in natural position. A basic pattern was developed directly from the 3D images of hand and the verification of the proposed pattern was also provided.
Return Policies of Retailers in Korea: A Review by Store Format
Park, Kyung-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1233~1243
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1233
This study examined return policies of the Korean retailers and their differences by retail format. Return policies of 363 retailers including dept stores, discount stores, brand consignment stores, small shops, outlet stores, TV home shopping companies, and internet shopping malls were collected. Acceptance of refund or/and exchange, return grace period, and return requirements or restrictions of each retailer were analyzed. The results showed that most retail formats except small shops and internet shopping malls allowed refund. The seven day return grace period was most common though large retail chains allowed more generous time frames and small shops allowed shorter dates. Restrictions for return varied by retailers and retail formats. Generally retailers followed the guidelines of consumer protection laws. The study discussed implications of return policy analysis.
Gender and Age Differences in Attitude toward 3-D Body Scanning
Park, Jae-Kyung ; Choi, Kueng-Mi ; Nam, Yun-Ja ; Lee, Yu-Ri ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1244~1254
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1244
The purpose of this research is to compare the people’s attitude toward 3-D body scanning by their gender and age in order to provide the application of 3-D body scanning data for new services or products. This study collected questionnaire data from 442 Korean females and 258 Korean males who participated in the 3-D body scanning. The result of this study were as follows: 1. Most people had good feelings for 3-D body scanning. Male respondents were more dissatisfied than female, and teenagers had higher dissatisfaction rate than other age groups for the measurement garment. 2. 80.5% of all respondents had the intention for re-measurement of 3-D body scanning. Male respondents and teenagers had low intention for re-measurement. 3. For the use of 3-D body scanning data, 79.6% said "yes" for making avatar, and 88.3% agreed with the custom made clothes. There was no difference between gender and age for this question. The results of the study will demonstrate how clothing retailers and marketers can use the 3-D body scanning data.
A Study on Embroidery Design Patterns of Hwal-ot at the National Palace Museum of Korea
Kwon, Hea-Jin ; Hong, Na-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1255~1263
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1255
Study on Hwal-ot, woman`s wedding robe of the Joseon Dynasty, has been limited to the Princess Bock-on`s Hwal-ot and some folk remains. In this study, I tried to identify formative characteristics of Hwal-ot by studying embroidery design patterns in the royal Hwal-ot. On Mar 26, 2007, I inspected total of 15 pieces of embroidery design patterns for Hwal-ot held at the National Palace Museum of Korea. I classified them into three types of Hwal-ot by considering characteristics in embroidery design patterns as well as composition of embroidery design patterns held by the private. For the Hwal-ot embroidery design pattern type I, there is a calligraphy called "Embroidery Design Pattern of Red Long Robe for leo-dong Palace", which is presumed to be the embroidery design pattern of Princess Deok-on, the third daughter of King Sunjo and a little sister to Princess Bock-on. Its patterns are very similar to that of Princess Bock-on`s, with similar flower patterns and treasure patterns, as well as overall stripy structure. The Hwal-ot embroidery design pattern type II maintains the same flower patterns and butterfly patterns as in the type I, but does not have the striped decorative. The Hwal-ot embroidery design pattern type III has illustrative design with waves and mountain at the background and a pair of water birds flying around lotus. In particular, the type III design has a nine phoenix pattern at the front part of the robe, illustrating nine baby phoenixes (four in the left, five in the right) under a mother phoenix, which is closer to characteristics found in the Hwal-ot embroidery design patterns at the end of the Joseon dynasty.
A Study on the Protection Functionality of Supermodern Fashion
Kim, Wan-Joo ; Lee, Keum-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1264~1273
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1264
The purpose of this study is to analyze protection functionality of supermodern fashion which is shown by responding to supermodern environment, where non-spaces increases in the 21st modern city. The theoretical background is drawn for supermodern environment theory. For the study, he researcher used existing study and specialized book and analyzed photograph materials by selecting them in specialized fashion book, internet site and designer`s collection. The works from 1995 S/S collection to 2008 S/S collection are analyzed. The result of this study is as follow. First, supermodern design is adopting the shape of high-functional element, electronic device, protective device to protect wearer in non-space. Second, in order to mentally protect individual anonymous leadership of interaction is granted by adopting hood, veil or mask. Third, supermodern design is creating independent and user-based space by shape transformation in change of urban environment. Fourth, in order to protect wearer through camouflage or concealment, camouflage pattern or neutral color are used.
Effects of Price Perception and Store Attributes on Fashion-Related Store Choice Behavior;Focused on Department Store, Discount Store, and Internet Shopping Mall
Sung, Hee-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1274~1285
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1274
The purpose of this study is to investigate influences of perceived price dimensions and store attributes on store choice behavior. Three major retail formats, department store, discount store, and internet shopping mall in retail industry were compared with respect to store attributes and intention to purchase fashion products. Data were obtained from 427 consumers aged 25-49 years old. The results were as follows. (1) Multidimensional aspects of the price construct were identified: price-quality schema, prestige sensitivity, price mavenism, value consciousness, price consciousness, and sales proneness. (2) Store attributes included product assortment, quality per price (Q/P), service, and symbolic image in general. However, store attribute factors of three retail formats consisted of slightly different items. Department stores presented the highest level of mean scores on product quality, customer service, and symbolic images, while internet mall exhibited highest on product variety, information comparison, and quality per price. (3) Respondents presented high level of intention to purchase fashion products at internet mall, department store, and discount store in that order. (4) Purchase intention at department store was predicted by Q/P, service, symbolic image, prestige sensitivity, product assortment, clothing consumption, and age in order. Purchase intention at discount store was influenced by assortment & Q/P, symbolic image, clothing consumption, and sales proneness, whereas internet mall was predicted by product assortment, Q/P, service, price mavenism, and price-quality schema.
The Transition of the Indigo Dyeing Method Identified through the Agricultural Archives in the Latter Joseon Dynasty
Kim, Soon-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1286~1298
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1286
This study was attempted to examine the indigo dyeing technique in the latter Joseon Dynasty, and to find diachronic specifics in the indigo dyeing method from 17C to 19C. The results are as follows: First, There were 2 kinds of indigo species-Yoram(Polygonum tinctorium Lour.) and Sungram(Isatis tinctoria L.)-in the latter Joseon Dynasty. Dangram was preferred in particular among Yoram species because of its high dyeing efficiency. Sungram was mainly used for making Jeon(indigo sediment). Second, Yoram cultivation took the following order: Sowing in April
planting out in June
harvesting leaves in August
collecting seeds in September. Sungram had more harvesting times and wider harvesting period than Yoram. Third, all indigo dyeing methods were grouped into two categories, one was temporary dyeing method, the other was permanent dyeing method. Mixture dyeing of the boiled and the raw, raw leaves dyeing, and fermentation dyeing belonged to the temporary dyeing. Jeon dyeing and Gaeogi dyeing belonged to the permanent dyeing. Finally, diachronic specifics from 17C to 19C were as follows: Decline in the mixture dyeing of the boiled and the raw, development in the raw leaves dyeing, continuance of the fermentation dyeing, and naturalization of Jeon dyeing technique.
Effects of Apparel Product Attributes on Customer Satisfaction, Trust, and Loyalty in Online Stores
Park, Eun-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1299~1308
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1299
Customers’ loyalty to an online store may be worth up to ten times as much as its average customer. To develop a loyal customer base, most online stores try their best to continually satisfy their customers and to generate long-run relationships with them. This study investigates the effects of product attributes on customer satisfaction, trust, and loyalty in the context of online shopping for apparels. A self-administered questionnaire with multi-item scale was developed based on literatures. A total of 356 usable questionnaires were obtained from respondents and were analyzed using by LISREL 8.54 Program. The results showed that attributes of apparel products (e.g., products variety, price, and information) have indirectly influenced customer loyalty, which are moderated by customers’ satisfaction and trust. Additionally, customer satisfaction plays an important role to develop customer loyalty of online apparel stores. The findings suggest that, to satisfy their customers, online apparel stores should focus on product variety, and reasonable/economic prices of their apparel products, while they should provide the information about contents/care of apparels in building trusting relationships with their customers. In light of the major findings, this study sets forth strategic implications for customer loyalty in online settings of apparel store.
A Study on the Image Communication of Military Style in 20th Century
Cho, Jung-Mee ; Yoo, Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1309~1321
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1309
Military style is not limited to a single period but represents various image communications related to items, synthetic images and different periodical culture backgrounds. The purpose of this study is to define the communicational function of the military style beginning from the 1st world war up to the modern days, and furthermore explain the characteristics and contents of military styles in different periods by studying the nowadays various symbols of the military style in denotative and connotative aspects. The research method is documentary studies through the literature and academic paper, and examined masters` and doctors` thesis, domestic and overseas books and fashion magazines, photographs and materials collected from the internet. As a result, first, the military style is a significant fashion code in understanding modern fashion by serving as a strong communication function representing people’s ritual through various image items called the `military look`. Second, the meaning of the image communication through military look changed throughout the different periods. During the 1st and 2nd World war the military look supported Fascism by serving as a media representing extreme patriotism and at the same time social images like functionalism, women liberation, regulation and saving. During the cold war period it was used by young progressives like hippies and punks to send an opposing message towards war and commercialism. Since then up to the 80s it was a medium representing the ‘new role of women’, who possess same social rights and power as the men. However in the 90s the military style had to go through a paradigm transition period. Since this period it got affected by the post modernism and designers, consumers alike adopted military style to create unique beauty It can also be said that it began to be used as a pure fashion code representing intertextuality. It was rather expressed as a metonymy than a metaphor and combined with elegance and feminine factor, which contrasts to the original military concept, it now represents totally new hybrids such as difference, dissemination and varieties.
A Study on the Design of Official Costume of 16th Century Gineyo in Scholar`s Banquet;Focusing on the Image Design for Cultural Contents
Choi, Hae-Yool ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 8, 2008, Pages 1322~1331
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.8.1322
The purpose of this study is to design an official costume of Joseon Ginyeo in the scholar’s banquet in 16th century, thereby making correct historical animation, drama costumes, and various costume contents. Every Ginyeo in
wore a long yellow coat with short front edge. `Dan-ei`, Ginyeo’s court costume, had very similar shape except color and collar, therefore the size of Dan-ei was adapted to design a yellow coat for drama actress. Ginyeo’s Jogori in these paintings was wide and long enough to cover undervelly under the edge of yellow coat, but It was designed more slim and long for better appearence and comfortable movement in my work. A skirt of Ginyeo was designed with circumference of about 360cm and length of about 105cm according as a skirt style of Joseon ladies in 16th century. Ginyeo`s Jam(hairpin) was consist of a vase, a plum blossom, and a lotus pattern. And, a wide underpants with a single suspender, portable pouch, Un-hae(women’s shoes) with low heel are needed for drama actress in the role of Ginyeo. In this design, it is very important to save an estimate and time, select suitable mordern fabrics, reform discomportable points, express a charater’s role, and make a trendy appearence.