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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 12 - Dec 2008
Volume 32, Issue 11 - Nov 2008
Volume 32, Issue 10 - Oct 2008
Volume 32, Issue 9 - Sep 2008
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2008
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2008
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2008
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2008
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2008
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2008
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2008
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2008
Selecting the target year
Visual Sensibility Evaluation of Fancy Yarns for Hand Knitting of using Computer Knitting Simulation -Application of SDS-ONE Paint Function-
Kim, Mi-Jin ; Lee, Yoon-Mi ; Kim, Young-Joo ; Park, Myung-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1333~1342
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1333
This study intended to evaluate the visual sensibility of textiles of knitting simulation through the painting function of SDS-ONE, a computer knitting system, with the use of various fancy yarns for hand knitting. For this study, six kinds of fancy yarns with difference manufacturing style and form were selected: loop yarn, tamtam yarn, fur1 yarn, fur2 yarn, ladder yarn, and tape yarn. In order to create a computer knitting simulation, paint function of SDS-ONE was employed to scan the fancy yarns for hand knitting with a scanner. Then, after the registration of the yarns as data, the yarn was brought in for knitting simulation in plain stitch with 3 gauge. After that a survey was conducted involving 60 female experts in their twenties. Using SPSS 12.0, factor analysis, reliability, Pearson correlation coefficient, ANOVA, Duncan test, and regression analysis were performed to analyze the collected data. First, according to the result of analyzing the visual sense factor, three factors of the `inflexibleness/ruggedness sense`, `lightweight sense`, and `smoothness sense` was extracted. According to the result of analyzing the visual sensibility factor, three factors of the `activity`, `grace`, and `purity` was extracted. Second, With regard to preference and purchase intention, the knitted fabric with tamtam yarn(H2) was preferred than the other samples, indicating that the respondents had intention to purchase it. As for word-of-mouth intention, H2 ranked the first place, implying the respondents had intention to recommend it to other people. Third, the examination of the use of products each knitting simulation knit found that sweater and muffler are the most appropriate knit products. And H2 was the most suitable sample for sweater and muffler products. This study tried to prove that knit textile can be visually evaluated through a computer knitting simulation without the actual knitting and then to provide accurate data to related companies or the academic circle.
Perceived Risks and Benefits to Natural Dyeing Product -The Role of Product Knowledge-
Hong, Hee-Sook ; Hong, Byung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1343~1355
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1343
This study examined the influences of product knowledge(subject knowledge, purchase experience and information search) on perceived risks and benefits to natural dyeing product. Data were collected from a total of 213 Korean females ranging from 20 to 50 years old who know natural dyeing product through online survey. There were significant differences between(or among) groups with different levels of subject knowledge, purchase experience and information search in several types of perceived risks and benefits to natural dyeing product. Consumers with high knowledge of natural dyeing product perceived several types of risks lower than consumers with low knowledge but they perceived several types of benefits higher than consumers with low knowledge.
Unethical Customer Return Behaviors: Retail Employees` Perspectives
Park, Kyung-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1356~1365
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1356
As Korean retailers are expanding their return policies, customer abuse and fraud behaviors are increasing. This study attempts to understand customers` unethical return behaviors in the Korean retailing. As an exploratory approach, the study identifies behavioral patterns of unethical returns from retail employees` perspectives. A total of 168 cases collected from 112 individual interviews with retail employees are qualitatively analyzed. Unethical return behaviors are categorized into five groups: lenting/deshopping, product defects with customer faults, unreasonable compensation demands, selfish behaviors, and problem behaviors in the service encounter. The study indicates that a variety of unethical return behaviors are observed despite a short history of return policy in Korea, and renting/deshopping and product defects with customer faults are the most prevalent return abuse behaviors.
The Properties and Production of Hand-Made Paper Made from Various Plant Fibers
Lee, Hye-Ja ; Lim, Hee-Jung ; Bae, Hyun-Young ; Mo, Tae-Wha ; Yoo, Hye-Ja ; Han, Young-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1366~1375
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1366
This studies were carried out in order to develope environmentally-friendly fiber materials and substitute resources of Paper mulberry. Various plant fibers such as New Zealand flax, Indian mallow, Kuzu vine and Yucca were used as raw materials of hand-made papers. We rotted these 4 kinds of plant fibers and removed non-cellulose. After rotting, the pulping rate(%) and the length of fibers in pulps were measured. The physical characteristics of papers made of various plants fiber were investigated and the probabilities of practical use were considered. The results were as follow: The non-cellulose contents of plant fibers were
and those contents must be lower down to 8% to be able to manufacture the hand made papers. The lignin in pulps were removed almost and the hemicellulose were partially removed to reach up to appropriate level of the pulp rates and fiber lengths. The more hemicellulose removed, the finer fiber thickness were and rapidly the lower Hanji tensile strength were. But the tear strength of these plants of hand-made papers do not decreased so much as tensile strength. So the property of 4 types of plant fibers might be of great advantages to make hand-made papers. Both tensile and tear strengths of Hanji of New Zealand flax, Indian mallow, Kuzu vine and Yucca were higher than Paper mulberry hand-made paper. When 30% of mulberry paper were mixed, the mixing effect showed maximum. Because of the functions of all plant fiber hand-made papers showed better than those of Paper mulberry hand-made paper, 4 types of plant fibers could be substitute Paper mulberry.
Techniques of Neutralization on Unethical Customer Return Behaviors
Park, Kyung-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1376~1386
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1376
The purposes of this study were to explore the techniques of neutralization on unethical customer return behaviors, examine the differences in the neutralizations by customer characteristics, and examine the relationships of neutralizations with customer ethics, anomie, and impulsive behaviors. A total of 609 questionnaires were analyzed. Four factors including denial of injury/victim, condemning the condemners, denial of responsibility, and appeal to higher loyalties were extracted from the neutralization techniques. The neutralization techniques were not different by customer characteristics, but were negatively related with customer ethics and positively related with anomie and impulsive behaviors. The results indicate that the neutralization techniques are appropriate to understand unethical customer return behaviors in the Korean retail settings.
How do Internet Fashion Shoppers and Non-shoppers Differ? -Emphasis on Their Fashion Shopping Orientation and Shopping Site Attitude-
Jeon, Yang-Jin ; Sung, Hee-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1387~1396
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1387
The objective of this study was to identify differences between internet fashion shoppers and non-shoppers in their fashion shopping orientation and attitude toward internet shopping site service. Also behavior of internet shoppers and non-shoppers was compared by gender. Twelve hundred and ninety two responses were obtained from an online survey. 20 items were used to measure shopping orientation and 13 items to measure attitude toward internet shopping site service, which were modified from previous studies. Some demographics and internet familiarity were asked. Factor analysis, t-test, chi-square test, and regression were conducted. Factor analysis produced five fashion shopping orientation factors such as fashion oriented, shopping oriented, brand oriented, personality oriented, and value oriented. Attitude toward internet shopping site service were classified into three factors, at-site service, after purchasing service, and product information. Internet fashion shoppers and non-shoppers were significantly different in most items of shopping orientation and attitude toward internet site service. Internet shoppers were likely to be fashion oriented, to enjoy shopping, to pursue brandname and personality, and to concern price more than non-shoppers were. Internet shoppers also had more favorable attitude toward product information and at-site service. Also, shoppers were more familiar than non-shoppers to the internet in terms of duration of web-browsing. Ratio of men and women differed significantly for shopper vs. non-shopper groups. Female shoppers were likely to be more fashion, shopping. and value oriented but to have less favorable attitude for after purchasing service than male shoppers.
A Suggestion of Sizing System for Developing Taekwondo Protectors
Yi, Kyong-Hwa ; Kim, Hye-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1397~1406
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1397
This research was to develop Taekwondo trunk protector(Hogu) and head protector`s sizing systems corresponding the regulations by World Taekwondo Association. These sizing systems were established using 2003-2004 Size Korea anthropometric data. The result can be summarized as follows: According to the analysis of correlation, most measurements had high relationship with weight for Hogu and head girth for head protector. Six sizes(47, 54, 59, 64, 70, 76) for Hogu and 4 sizes(52, 54, 56, 60) for head protector were suggested in this study. Hogu sizes indicate body weights and head protector sizes express head girth measurements. By the comparison between current Hogu sizes and new sizes, the smaller sizes of new Hogu were bigger than current sizes in bust girth, back fastening length, shoulder length. On the other hand, the bigger sizes of new Hogu were larger than current sizes in bust girth, back fastening length, shoulder length. In addition, new Hogu`s lengths were shorter than current Hogu in all sizes. The lengths of Neck to collar bone in new Hogu sizes were longer than current Hogu. In case of the head protector, there were no measurements besides outer circumference of helmet in recognized specifications of WTF. Therefore some referable measurements such as head girth, head length, bitragion arc, sagital arc were suggested in new size specification. When helmet sizes were suggested, the thickness of the NBR foam also were considered.
A Comparison Study on the Effects of Fashion Emotional and Relationship Experience on Long-Term Relationship Orientation of Middle and Old Aged Women
Seo, Eun-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1407~1417
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1407
This study intended to compare the effects of fashion emotional and relationship experience of middle and old aged women on their long-term relationship orientation. The survey was conducted in September and October in 2006 on 579 middle old aged women whose age varied from 40 to 70 years old, who lived in Seoul and the metropolitan area and had experienced fashion shopping. The SPSS 12.0 was used to do an analysis of frequency, an exploratory factor analysis, and a multi-regression analysis and Lisrel 8.14 was applied to make a path analysis. The result of this study was as follows: Comparing the two age groups, the most important fact was that fashion related experience had more affective on long-term relationship orientation for old aged than middle aged women. Secondly, the effects of fashion emotional experience of middle and old aged women affected the long-term relationship orientation were the same. This analysis suggested that intensive marketing strategy effort of emotional experience for middle aged women and relational experience for old aged women should be more effective in fashion market.
A Design Development of Hospitalized Patients` Pants for Bed-ridden Patients
Park, Hye-Won ; Ryou, Eun-Jeoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1418~1426
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1418
This study aims to develop the functional pants for the hospitalized bed-ridden patient. The procedure of this study consisted of three parts. First, the interview survey of nursing care givers was conducted to inquire into the conditions of bed-ridden patients` clothing. Second, the bed-ridden patients` pants design and sample making were accompanied. Then, the wearing tests and design development were completed. The results are as follows; The conditions of bed-ridden patients` clothing were the convenience of clothing change, the partial opening for diaper change and medical treatment and the ventilation for bedsore prevention. The design development of the bed ridden patients` pants was accomplished which had the side seams with two way opening zippers, the wraparound pattern of abdomen and the opening under crotch applied the advantage of korean traditional underwear sokkot. The samples` wearing tests were performed three times and those subjects were the hospitalized bed-ridden patients. Consequently, we suggested the appropriate hospitalized patients` pants for bed-ridden patient.
The Effect of Perceived Justice on Postcomplaint Behavior in the Internet Open Market -Focused on the Moderating Effect of Fashion Involvement-
Lee, Jin-Hwa ; Im, Jung-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1427~1437
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1427
The purposes of this study were (1) to identify the effects of perceived justice on trust, commitment, repurchasing, and negative word-of-mouth intention in the Open Market by recovering the customer`s dissatisfaction, and (2) to compare the effects of perceived justice between two consumer groups divided by the level of fashion involvement(High/Low). In this survey, the respondents were 369 consumers who experienced dissatisfaction in the Open Market in a year. The data were analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis, path analysis, and multiple group analysis using Amos 7.0 program. The results were as follows. It tested main effect of perceived justice on trust and commitment with dissatisfaction handling. 1) As expected, all of the perceived justice had the positive effects on trust. 2) However, only interactional justice positively influenced on commitment. 3) The customers` trust had the positive effect on the customers` commitment after the perception of justice. 4) The trust and commitment had the positive effects on repurchasing intention. 5) However, trust negatively influenced on negative word-of-mouth intention and commitment positively influenced on negative word-of-mouth intention. 6) The consumer groups classified by the level of fashion involvement showed significantly different effects of perceived justice on postcomplaint behavior.
Customers` Voluntary Participation in Fashion Stores
Lee, Soo-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1438~1449
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1438
The current research investigates customers` voluntary participation, using a sample of 446 consumers who visit fashion retail stores. The main focus of this study is to test a social exchange CVP model, including three antecedents of customers` perceived justice through mediators of service satisfaction and brand commitment. In support of the proposed model, I identify fully mediated relationships from interactional justice to the three CVP via service satisfaction and brand commitment and partially mediated relationship from distributive justice to the three CVP through brand commitment. No mediated relationship found for procedural justice neither through service satisfaction nor brand commitment to the CVP behaviors. The results generally support that the significantly indirect effects of perceived justice to the three CVP and satisfaction and commitment are the important mediators in between. The concept of justice can be interpreted in light of the normative value of social exchange relationship.
An Empirical Study of the Service Quality, Customer Satisfaction, and Switching Barrier on Store Loyalty
Lee, Ok-Hee ; Kim, Ji-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1450~1460
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1450
The goal of this study was to investigate the impacts of service quality, customer satisfaction, and switching burier on store loyalty of the clothes shops at large-scale discount stores. The subjects were 357 female adults living in Suncheon City, Jeollanam Province. The questionnaires were conveniently sampled from June 1 to 30, 2006. The collected data were factor and reliability analyzed using the SPSS program. And Regression was used to verify the relationships between the variables. Among the six hypotheses set in the research model, total three were accepted through empirical analysis and the rest three were accepted partially. The empirical results showed the following managerial implications. First, consumer` perceived service quality has relationship with customer satisfaction and store loyalty. Second, service quality has a positive relationship with switch barrier. Third, customer satisfaction has significantly related with switch barrier. Fourth, switch barrier has positively related with store loyalty. Finally, `sales people`, `VMD/atmosphere`, and `assortment` of the service quality factors have positive relationships with store loyalty, but `policy` has a negative relationship with store loyalty.
Effects of Mixed Activators on Enzymatic Activation for Wool.polyester Blend Fabrics
Song, Hyun-Joo ; Song, Wha-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1461~1466
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1461
This study provides effects of mixed activators on enzymatic activation and determines optimum mixture ratio for enzymatic treatment. Wool 80% and polyester 20% blend fabric and papain from carica papaya are used in this experiment. L-cysteine and sodium sulfite are used as activators for papain treatment process. The treatment condition is pH 7.5,
, papain concentration 10%(o.w.f), 60 minutes. L-cysteine and sodium sulfite are added in enzyme solution with various concentrations(
). The optimum treatment condition is determined by measuring weight loss, tensile strength, whiteness, water contact angle(WCA), dyeability and surface micrographs. The results are as follow; The optimum mixture ratio of activators is L-cysteine 2mM and sodium sulfite 10mM. Mixed activators assists in improving the activation of papain. WCA of papain treated fabrics is decreased since papain treatment with activator mixture makes wool polyester blend fabrics more hydrophilic. Dyeing property of papain-treated fabrics more improves by the treatment with mixed activators than with single activator. It means that this method can save time and lower cost. After papain treatment in the presence of mixed activator, the surface of fabrics is modified. The surface of wool fiber shows to be descaled and hydrolyzed, and that of polyester fiber shows to be cracked.
Fashion Brand Collaboration, with Whom and What to Collaborate? -Proposing a Strategic Collaboration Model, according to the Level of Clothing Involvement-
Lee, Hye-Rim ; Lee, Soo-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1467~1477
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1467
This research examined how customers evaluate fashion brand collaborations in speculating the collaboration factors, product, model, and designer. Respondents evaluated 8 different collaborate case cards from 1 to 8, presenting a certain fashion brand, who had recently teamed up with various kinds of product companies for collaboration. Product was found as the most important factor in evaluating the collaboration case cards, analyzed through Conjoint Analysis. Respondents segmented additionally by clothing involvement valued different collaboration factors; products for the high clothing involvement group and messenger and designer for the low clothing involvement group. All the segments and respondents chose the best the card presenting blue jeans, Mr. Chang, and B.S. Choi, as similarity for products, fame for mdoel, and similarity for designer, respectively.
Pattern Development using the Curvature Plot of 3D Human Scan Data
Jeong, Yeon-Hee ; Hong, Kyung-Hi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 32, issue 9, 2008, Pages 1478~1486
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2008.32.9.1478
The human body composed of concave and convex curvatures, and the current 3D scanning technology which involves inherent measurement errors make it difficult to extract distinct curvature plot directly. In this study, a method of extracting the clear curvature plot and its application to the cycling pants design were proposed. We have developed the ergonomic pattern from the 3D human body reflecting cycling posture. For the ergonomic design line on the 3D human body, the 3D information on the lower part of four male bodies with flexed posture was analyzed. The 3D scan data of four subjects were obtained using Cyberware. As results, the iteration of the tessellated shell was executed 100 times to obtain optimized curvature plots of the muscles on the body surface, and the boundaries of the curvature plots were applied to the design lines. Maximum(Max-pattern) and mean curvature plots(Mean-pattern) were adopted in the design line of the cycling pants, and performance of those lines was compared with that of conventional princess line(Con-pattern). The average error of total area and length in the 2D pattern developed from the 3D flexed body surface in this study were very minimal(
(0.19%) and 0.15mm(0.46%)), which was within the range of tolerable limits in clothing production. The pattern obtained from the flexed body reflecting cycling posture already included the contraction and extension of the cycling skin, so that the extra ease for movement and good fit was not need to be considered.