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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 12 - Dec 2009
Volume 33, Issue 11 - Nov 2009
Volume 33, Issue 10 - Oct 2009
Volume 33, Issue 9 - Sep 2009
Volume 33, Issue 8 - Aug 2009
Volume 33, Issue 7 - Jul 2009
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Jun 2009
Volume 33, Issue 5 - May 2009
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Apr 2009
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Mar 2009
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
Development of a Body Size Measuring Process Utilizing 2D Images
Jeong, Jae-Hoon ; Ryu, Ji-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1853~1861
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1853
Body sizing of has been recognized as an important element affecting the degree of customer satisfaction in the apparel industry. Recent developments in IT technologies have enabled more studies in custom-made apparel systems that comply with the diverse demands from customers in many countries. Diverse methods to obtain personal physical size are being studied. This study estimates the accuracy by developing the system in which the data of length and girth can be calculated through changing a modeling by comparing the data with circular 3-dimensional physical configuration data. This information was computed from the process (such as the conversion to a standardize image) which utilizes the image capture of 2-dimensional three sides (front, side, and rear), contour tracing, and key-node selection and by realizing it in the real world.
A Cross-National Comparison of the Importance of Apparel Store Attributes for Shopping Values between Korean and Chinese College Students
Park, Na-Ri ; Jang, Young-Sil ; Park, Jae-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1862~1872
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1862
This study identifies the apparel shopping value segments of Korean and Chinese college students to examine the differences in the importance of apparel store attributes. Data from 504 questionnaires filled out by college students from Seoul and Beijing were used for statistical analysis. The four segments of apparel shopping values are, hedonic shopping segment, low involvement shopping segment, high involvement shopping segment, and utilitarian shopping segment. In the high involvement shopping segment, Korean respondents considered store atmosphere, convenience, and the services of salespersons to be more important than the other segments. Chinese respondents in both the hedonic shopping segment and high involvement shopping segment considered store atmosphere more important than the other segments. Korean respondents considered store service more important than the Chinese respondents in the hedonic shopping segment, but Chinese respondents were more likely to consider store convenience to be more important than Korean respondents. In the low involvement shopping segment, Korean respondents considered store atmosphere, store services, and the selection of goods more important than Chinese respondents did. In the high involvement shopping segment, Korean respondents considered the services of salespersons to be more important than the Chinese respondents but the Chinese respondents evaluated store convenience as more important than Korean respondents. In the utilitarian shopping segment, Korean respondents were more likely to consider store service, the selection of goods, and services of salespersons more important than Chinese respondents did.
Surface Characteristics and Physical Properties of Cotton Fabric for Patient Clothing Material through a Chitosan/Nanosilver Colloidal Solution
Jeong, Kyoung-Mi ; Bae, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1873~1882
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1873
Hospital patient clothing material was treated with a mixture of chitosan in order to enhance functionality, such as the durability and dimensional stability of the cotton fabric used. Chitosan is a natural polymer with excellent biocompatibility, however there is a deteriorating adherence efficiency. The addition of a nanosilver colloidal solution in accordance with a prescribed ratio can further increase the performance of chitosan. Changes in the structural characteristics and physical properties of the chitosan/nanosilver treated fabric were observed in a comparison with fabric treated only with chitosan. The add-on ratio increased when the mixing ratio of nanosilver colloidal solution was higher; however, the crystalline structure of the treated fabric remains similar. In the case of CH3/NS1 treated fabric (where the mixing ratio of chitosan and nanosilver solution was 3:1) the K/S value, whiteness index, wet tensile strength, and wrinkle recovery angle were superior. The dimension stability, pilling resistance, and abrasion resistance of the fabric treated with a mixed solution increased in comparison to the fabric treated only with chitosan. The chitosan/nanosilver treated cotton fabric used for patient clothing material has excellent physical properties.
Korean Wrapping Cloths as a Decorative Art
Kim, Soon-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1883~1896
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1883
This paper explores the use of Korean wrapping cloths (bojagi) in the late Joseon period and the types of decorations applied to them. Korean wrapping cloths called bojagi are pieces of cloths used by households of all social classes for practical purposes such as wrapping presents and covering food. In addition to the basic purposes, the making of bojagi was also an activity to express the down-to-earth wishes and the satisfaction of creation by the designer. With regard to the decorative feature of Korean wrapping cloths, five types of, patchwork, embroidered, painted, printed, and oiled-paper wrapping cloths, were examined. The patchwork wrapping cloths (jogakbo) show the frugality of Joseon women in addition to the well-developed composition skill of lines and colors. The embroidered wrapping cloths were prepared for special rituals and ceremonies such as weddings. Painted wrapping cloths were decorated with a Chinese-colors technique (called dangchae) or sometimes with black ink painting. For printed wrapping cloths, various sizes of woodblock printings and roller printings were used. Although monotone black ink was the main color applied to the printing, there was also wrapping cloths made from chintz having brilliant fast colors. Oiled-paper wrapping cloths called sikjibo were in use only for covering food. Cut-out work was employed to decorate it.
Exploratory Correlation Analysis among Age Identity, Proximity of Clothing to Self, and Self-Actualization for Older Persons in the United States
Lee, Young-A ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1897~1909
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1897
This large-scale research project contributes to the theory development in the importance of clothing to the self and in the way that older persons might age successfully by fulfilling the need for self-actualization by incorporating a primary resource environment, such as clothing into their self-system. This paper presents one research objective from a lager project that explores the correlations among the Proximity of Clothing to Self (PCS), age identity (subjective or perceived age), and self-actualization (the highest level of human needs). A mail survey design was applied to this study. In November 2004, two questionnaires, Clothing: A Resource for Successful Aging? (to measure PCS, age identity, and demographic variables) and Personal Orientation Inventory (to measure self-actualization), were sent to 1,700 older persons in the U.S. and 195 completed usable questionnaires were returned (12% response rate). This research discovered that the age identity of older persons did not relate with PCS except for those 85 years and over. There were negative correlations among subscales of PCS and self-actualization. This result can be interpreted as that an older person who has not met the highest level of needs yet, can use clothing as a facilitator or need satisfier to meet a higher level of Self-Actualization (SA). Correlation analyses also revealed that older persons in the age category of 75 to 84 years were different from those in the category of 65 to 74 years and 85 years and over. This result implies that older persons in this age category are undergoing more psychological transitions than those in other categories. Further research is necessary to explore the relationship of several SA subscales with various clothing variables such as clothing interest, clothing involvement, or clothing satisfaction.
Core Factors Governing Manufacturing Procedures and Systems
Lee, Duck-Weon ; Lim, Ho-Sun ; Shim, Woo-Sub ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1910~1923
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1910
This paper reviews four factors involved in apparel and textile manufacturing procedures under international economic fluctuation. This work will be helpful to evaluate the efficiency of global manufacturing systems. Production costs including direct costs related to material and labor costs, and indirect costs associated with manufacturing running ones are significantly correlated to diverse visible and invisible elements such as infrastructure and the labor skills of foreign manufacturing areas, which might create an apparent difference in production costs. Manufacturers can consider how to improve the efficiency of manufacturing systems through a review of the co-relationship between manufacturing procedures and four factors such as manufacturing systems, production outsourcing types, manufacturing locations, and production costs in detail. In addition, the four factors are the core parameters of determining or contributing to the efficiency of a production schedule that is ultimately associated with the supply chain management (SCM) to efficiently conduct Quick Response (QR).
A Mixture Phenomena Expressed in Contemporary Knit Fashion - Focus on Woman Collection from 2000 to 2008 -
Park, Moon-Hee ; Lee, Youn-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1924~1934
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1924
Mixture phenomena are present in the overall culture due to internationalization in a modern society. A unique feel is required in materials due to the increasing demand for knit wear and there is a need for a strategic plan to achieve this. This study analyzed the appearance frequency and expressive characteristics of mixture phenomena based on selected data from collections related to the mixture phenomena trends in modern women's fashion from 2000 to 2008. Among the mixture phenomena, the mixture of the high and low class cultures had the highest frequency of occurrence and was expressed most often since the expansion of design areas was due to vague high and low concepts. The mixture of sexes showed the sharing of knit wear trends between the sexes with the pursuit of functionality. The mixture of styles showed a tendency to increase since the traditional form was transformed into a mixture of typical styles. The mixture of spaces showed a mixture of old and traditional knit wear patterns from Northern Europe and modern elements. The mixture of other materials showed the partial preceding mixture and the decorative materials that existed beyond it. The mixture of functions refers to the used characteristics of the two items. Imagination will grow and increase the possibility of expressions with the mixture of the other areas.
Research on the Wearing Condition of Functional Mountaineering Garments
Lee, Ah-Lam ; Jeong, Jeong-Rim ; Kim, Hee-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1935~1940
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1935
This study investigates the actual wearing conditions of functional mountaineering garments in Korea and provides suggestions on the development of more effective functional mountaineering garments through the examination of consumer data. This survey was based on 107 respondents who enjoy mountaineering and was composed of 5 sections consisting of personal information, purchasing habits, essential features for mountaineering garments, satisfaction levels based on features and functions, and additional comments on the improvement of mountaineering garments. Respondents said that essential features for mountaineering garments are quick absorbing/drying, insulation, water and wind proof, and elasticity. These properties become more effective when users wear mountaineering garments in layers. They want lower prices and easy to wash garments. Therefore, it is necessary to consider not only the main functions, but also the needs of consumers for easy washing and price.
Comparing Women's Street Fashion in Korea and Japan
Yu, Hae-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1941~1955
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1941
This study compares street fashions in Korea and Japan to investigate possible interactive influences. Women's street fashion data were obtained from two magazines in each country from the 2003 spring/summer season to the 2007/08 fall/winter season. A total of 2211 pictures were used in the final analysis. The longitudinal changes in street fashion showed a similar trend toward full coordination, the increased use of colors and prints, and the influences of global fashion trends in both countries. The results showed a time lag between the two countries in the adoption of some clothing items that suggest the influence of Japanese street fashion in Korea. The time lag has diminished and since 2006, street fashion has simultaneously progressed under the mutual and common influences of global trends. There are more fashion similarities in the spring/summer than in fall/winter. The adoption of fashion accessories did not show any sign of a time lag and many accessories became popular during the same season.
Ethical Fashion Consumer Behavior in Korea - Factors Influencing Ethical Fashion Consumption -
Koh, Ae-Ran ; Noh, Ji-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1956~1964
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1956
Understanding ethical fashion consumers in Korea is essential for the expansion of the ethical fashion market. This study analyzed ethical consumers in Korea in an examination of the factors that influence ethical purchase behavior and attitudes. The differences between ethical fashion consumers and non-ethical fashion consumers were investigated using eight variables (perceived consumer effectiveness (PCE), self-direction, benevolence, universalism, social responsibility, perceived behavioral control, face saving, and group conformity). Data were collected by means of a questionnaire through both on-line and off-line surveys from April 20 to June 7, 2009. Only the respondents knowledgeable of ethical products or ethical consumption were asked to complete the questionnaire. A total of 494 samples were used for analyses. Using independent samples t-test, the differences in each variable between two groups were examined. There were significant differences between ethical fashion consumers and non-ethical fashion consumers in attitudes toward ethical consumption behavior, behavioral intention, PCE, self-direction, universalism, social responsibility, and face saving variables. The factors influencing attitude and behavior intention were investigated by step-wise regression analyses. For ethical fashion consumers, the attitudes to ethical consumption behavior were largely influenced by PCE and benevolence. Social responsibility was the most predictable variable in guiding behavioral intention. Behavioral intention was also influenced by benevolence and attitude. Group conformity was found to be negatively correlated with behavioral intention. The findings of this study provide significant guidance for marketers of ethical fashion products. This study is the start of ethical fashion consumer research in Korea and can develop into variable subfields in the future.
Effects of Surfactants on Pectinase Treatment of Cotton/Chitosan Blends
Song, Yu-Sun ; Kim, Hye-Rim ; Song, Wha-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1965~1970
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1965
This study examined the effect of surfactant pretreatment on the pectinase-treated cotton/chitosan blends by weight loss and properties such as water absorbency, dyeability, tensile strength, pilling property, and surface morphology. The weight loss of cotton/chitosan blends was 1.5% by the surfactant pretreatment/pectinase treatment. The water absorbency and dyeability of samples showed a significant improvement by the surfactant pretreatment/pectinase treatment. The tensile strength and pilling property of treated fabrics showed no change. The water absorbency and dyeability of pectinase treated samples improved with the pretreatment of the surfactant without damaging the fibers.
Optimization of Wool Dyeing with Yellow Dye from Carthamus Tinctorius L.
Shin, Youn-Sook ; Son, Kyung-Hee ; Yoo, Dong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1971~1978
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1971
This study investigated the adsorption of safflower yellow dye on wool protein fiber and the optimum dyeing conditions to test color reproducibility. In addition, the effects of mordants on dye adsorption, color, fastness, and photofading rate were also studied. The prepared dye in powder form was characterized with UV-vis spectroscopy and FT-IR spectrometric analysis. The color of dyed fabrics was characterized by CIE
coordinates, H V/C, and K/S values. The color reproducibility of the dyed wool fabrics was examined. The amount of dye adsorption increased and also, the shade of the dyed wool fabrics became deeper and more saturated with increasing temperature, time, and dye concentration. The maximum color strength was obtained at pH 3.0. The shade of dyed wool fabrics ranged from light yellow to dark mustard yellow as the pH of the dye bath shifted from alkaline to acidic. Color reproducibility was reliable with color differences in the range of 0.53~1.75. Fastness to dry cleaning was relatively good at 4/5 rating irrespective of mordanting. Fe and Cu mordants showed the least color change of the dyed wool fabrics after exposure to light. Mordants did not contribute to improve dye uptake and color fastness, although they made variations in color tone. Safflower yellow dye can be used satisfactorily without mordants and will not cause damage to the environment.
A Study of Apparel Sizing System for Korean Obese Women
Yi, Kyong-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1979~1990
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1979
This study suggests apparel sizing systems for obese women in their twenties to fifties. Size Korea body measurement data were used for sampling the obese subjects by obesity judgment indices. A total of 7 obesity judgment indices frequently used in the clothing field were inspected and the measurement data of 499 females defined as "obese" by over 5 obesity judgment indices were analyzed. The results of the study were as follows: A total of 2,212 female body measurement data for the Size Korea Project were collected. These were compared with the 499 data of the obese women in the study. Except for all heights and some lengths correlating with heights, the measurements of obese women were larger than the entire group of females. Bust girth, hip girth, and height were selected as control dimensions of the outerwear covering the upper body; waist girth and hip girth were selected as control dimensions of the outerwear covering the lower body. In each crosstabulation table, 3cm pitches and 5cm pitches by bust girth, waist girth, and hip girth were compared in the aspects of coverage and coverage efficiency. Finally, sizing charts for outerwear covering the upper body and the lower body of obese women were established in the study through the comparison of the coverage and the coverage efficiency. These Size charts were given by 5cm pitches as final sizing systems. Size number of outerwear covering the upper body was 10 and size number of outerwear covering the lower body was 9. In addition, the body measurements of control dimensions and referable dimensions for making garments are given.
Consumer Motivation for Brand-Switching According to Types of Fashion Products
Lim, Eun-Jin ; Hwang, Choon-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 1991~2001
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.1991
This study provides basic information that is needed to build marketing strategies related to consumer brand-switching, through the investigation of consumer motivations for brand-switching, as determined by the types of fashion products. The study was implemented by a descriptive survey method using a questionnaire. The survey was conducted during the period of May
2008. A total of 184 completed responses were analyzed. All respondents were from the Seoul area and between the ages of 20 and 31. Factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha coefficients, one-way ANOVA and Duncan test were employed for the analysis of data. Significant differences were found in brand-switching motives according to the types of fashion products. For clothing, shift behavior occurred more often in conjunction with the attributes of the products itself, such as design, color, price, size, and fiber content. In general, clothes more than shoes, were likely subject to brand-switching most often on the basis of situational factors. On the other hand, for shoes, more brand-switching activities occurred because of non-product attributes, such as discounts, coupons, desire for a change, and wearing of friends. In light of the results, there is a need to differentiate brand related marketing strategies with respect to clothing and shoes. For clothing, efforts focusing on the improvement of the product attributes will be more effective in minimizing brand-switching. There is also a need to improve instructions for increasing the product understanding of salespersons as well as the ability to give advice in accordance with personal consumer characteristics. With regard to shoes, greater efforts should be given to promotional activities, and the desire of consumers for a change in order to prevent brand-switching of customers.
Examination of Berberine Dye using GC-MS after Selective Degradation Treatments
Ahn, Cheun-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 12, 2009, Pages 2002~2010
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.12.2002
The degradation behavior of berberine is examined using GC-MS to select the fingerprint products that can be used to identify berberine dye in badly faded archaeological textiles. A total of
degradation systems were used to degrade berberine chloride 0.1% solution up to 408 hours. The samples were analyzed using the GC-MS. Dihydroberberine, 2-pteridinamine, 6,7-dimethyl-N-[(trimethylsilyl) oxy]-, and 8-methoxy-11-[3-methylbutyl]-11H-indolo[3,2-c]-quinoline, 5-oxide were detected as the major products of thermal degradation and identified as the fingerprint products for berberine dye at the early stage of degradation. Isobenzofuran-1,3-dione,4,5-dimethoxy-, 9H-fluorene,3,6-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-,1,3-dioxolo[4,5-g]isoquinolin-5(6H)-one,7,8-dihydro-, and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole were detected as the major products generated by the
degradation and identified as the fingerprint products for berberine dye under severe degradation conditions.