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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 12 - Dec 2009
Volume 33, Issue 11 - Nov 2009
Volume 33, Issue 10 - Oct 2009
Volume 33, Issue 9 - Sep 2009
Volume 33, Issue 8 - Aug 2009
Volume 33, Issue 7 - Jul 2009
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Jun 2009
Volume 33, Issue 5 - May 2009
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Apr 2009
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Mar 2009
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
A Study of Clothes-Wearing in Winter between Korean and Japanese Female College Students by Comparison
Chung, Myung-Hee ; Jeong, Hwa-Yeon ; Shin, Eun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 679~690
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.679
The purpose of this study was to compare clothes-wearing in winter between Korean and Japanese college students and to provide the fundamental data for apparel manufacturers to produce young woman`s clothing. A total of 332 Korean female students in the capital area and 347 Japanese female students in Tokyo aged between 19 and 25 were used into data analysis from December 2007 to January 2008. Their majors were Fashion Design and Clothing & Textiles. The questionnaires consisted of 36 questions in total. Their details were as follows: 2 questions about the purposes of wearing clothes in winter, 5 questions about whether or not underwear was worn and its types, 9 questions about the types of wearing outer garments, 17 questions about the types of wearing accessories, and 3 questions about demographic characteristics. The results were as follows: It was found that many female students wore clothes for "a protection purpose" or "an ornamental purpose" in winter. There was significant difference between Korea and Japan. As for the question about whether or not underwear was worn in winter, less Korean students answered than Japanese students that they wore both of upper and lower underwear. More upper underwear was worn than lower underwear. As for the question about the types of wearing outer garments, both Korean and Japanese students answered that they wore 3-layered upper garments in winter most. The types of upper garments worn in winter were different between Korea and Japan. The lower garments worn in winter were different between the two countries as well. The Korean students mainly wore pants while the Japanese students wore skirts. As for the types of accessories, there was significant difference between Korea and Japan about most of the questions about hats and gloves. Korean students wore them more than Japanese students. There was no significant difference between the two countries about whether or not scarves or earmuffs were worn. In both countries, more students wore scarves while less students wore earmuffs.
A Study on Lolita Looks Revealed in Modern Mass Media
Ko, Youn-Jung ; Kim, Min-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 691~700
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.691
"Lolita," a novel by a Russian-American novelist, Vladimir Nabokov, has been the center of controversy since its first publication in 1955. As it gained wide fame across culture, it has exercised a great influence, altered or developed to diverse forms. Lolita, the title of the novel as well as the heroine`s name, now takes a significant part in our society through all cultures and is used as various meanings and symbols. The purpose of this study is to reanalyze and reinterpret the current use of Lolita based on the characteristics initially portrayed in Nabokov`s novel. The traits of the heroine were categorized into purity, seductiveness, and dualism and the commercial use of each in the mass media and fashion in Korea was closely examined. First, purity was interpreted as the archetypal image of a 12-year-old girl, while seductiveness was construed to involve temptation and enticement, ultimately leading a man astray. The dualism of an under-aged sexualized nymphet delineated in the novel as a poor little girl as well as a depraved temptress was stated as another trait of Lolita.
Study on Ultra Porous Aerogel/fiber Composite for Shoe Insole
Oh, Kyung-Wha ; Park, Soon-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 701~710
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.701
This study was conducted to develop excellent insole with good thermal insulation using new materials. We investigated that aerogel/fiber composite can be used as padding materials of shoes by comparing surface shape, moisture regain, water vapor permeability, thermal insulation and compression rate of insole materials tried with nonwoven fabric padding materials and insole sold in market. The results are as follows. Surface shapes were shown that the most appropriate material for sealing aerogel/fiber composite was high density fabric as per size of particle of aerogel. Moisture regain of aerogel/fabric composite was better than nonwoven fabric padding samples. However, when compared to insole sold in market, its moisture regain was worse than those of insole merchandises. Water vapor permeability was higher in material padded with nonwoven fabric than materials padded with aerogel/fiber composite in all three kinds of sealing fabrics. Thermal conductivity of aerogel/fabric composite was lower than nonwoven fabric material regardless of sealing fabrics. Thermal insulation of aerogel/fiber composite was higher than padding material of nonwoven fabric regardless of sealing fabrics. Compression rate of nonwoven (SP1) was higher than that of aerogel/fiber composite (SP2). Compressive elastic recovery rate of SP1 was also higher than that of SP2, which its compression rate and compressive elastic recovery rate were both poor. As the above result, ultra porous aerogel/fiber composite were proved to be material of good thermal insulation with lower thermal conductivity and also compression rate was proved to be low. Therefore, we can say that aerogel/fiber composite have high possibility to be used as insole materials for cold winter shoes requiring good thermal insulation protection.
Characteristics of the Leaf Fiber Plants Cultivated in Korea
Lee, Hye-Ja ; Kim, Nam-Eun ; Yoo, Hye-Ja ; Han, Young-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 711~720
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.711
Leaf fibers have many good properties; they are strong, long, cheap, abundant and bio-degradable. Since they, however, contain a great quantity of non-cellulose components, they have been used for the materials of mats, ropes, bags and nets rather than those of clothing. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of leaf fibers in order to promote the use of leaf fibers for the materials of clothing as well as develop the high value-added textile fibers. Leaf fiber plants including New Zealand Flax, Henequen and Banana plant, which have various nature and shape, were used. New Zealand Flax and Henequen leaves were cut from lower part of plants. Banana leaves and pseudo-stems were peeled and cut from the stem of Banana plants. First, the thin outer skins like film of leaves, veins and stems were removed before retting. The chemical retting had been processed for 1hour, at 100 in 0.4%
aqueous solution(liquid ratio 50:1). Then, the retted leaf fibers had been soaked for 1hour, at room temperature in 0.5% NaClO solution(v/v) to remove the miscellaneous materials. We investigated the physical characteristics of three leaf fibers including the transversal and longitudinal morphology, the contents(%) of pectin, lignin and hemicellulose, the length and diameter of fibers, the tensile strength of the fiber bundles, and the fiber crystallinity and the moisture regain(%). The lengths of fiber from three leaf fibers were similar to their leaf lengths. The fiber bundles were composed of the cellulose paralleled to the fiber axis and the non-cellulose intersecting at right angle with the fiber axis. The diameters of New Zealand Flax, Henequen and Banana fibers were
, respectively and their tensile strengths were 19.40 Mpa, 32.16 Mpa and 8.45 Mpa, respective. The non-cellulose contents of three leaf fibers were relatively as high as 40%. If the non-cellulose contents of leaf fibers might be controlled, leaf fibers could be used for the materials of textile fiber, non-wovens and Korean traditional paper, Hanjee.
The Effects of VMD Consciousness on Importance of VMD Components and Clothing Purchasing Behaviors of University Students
Lee, Mi-Sook ; Song, Kyung-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 721~731
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.721
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of VMD consciousness on importance of VMD components and clothing purchasing behaviors of university students. The research method was survey and subjects were 545 male and female university students in Chungnam province. The questionnaire consisted of 4 measuring instruments; VMD consciousness, importance of VMD components, clothing purchasing behaviors, and demographic attribution. The data were analyzed by factor analysis,
test, t-test, cluster analysis, ANOVA and Duncan`s multiple range test, using SPSS program. The results were as follows. First, university students had high VMD consciousness and attended to fashion trend, brand image, product information, and enjoyment of shopping, and felt appetite to purchase. Second, university students considered store arrangement and show window display as the important VMD components to purchase clothing. Third, university students were categorized into 3 consumer types(shopping/brand pursuit type, utilitarian information pursuit type, and trend/information pursuit type) by VMD consciousness. Forth, the consumer types by VMD consciousness showed many differences in importance of VMD components and clothing purchasing behaviors. Shopping/brand type considered show window display, cleanness and lighting/music/properties/color as more important VMD components, and used more money to purchase clothing and shopped more often than other consumer types.
The First Perspective on Western-style Court Costumes in the Late 19th Century of Joseon Dynasty -Through the Problems Receiving the New Styled Credential-
Lee, Kyung-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 732~740
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.732
The purpose of this study is to discuss Joseon dynastyis first perspective on the Western-style Court Costume which was newly introduced to Joseon through the problems receiving the credential that Japan had sent in new style. For this study, the records of Joseon and Japan at that period have been analyzed. The followings are the results of this research; First, a critical argument on the Western-style Court Costume occurred just before the Port Opening because whether wearing a western costume was the key factor in Joseon dynastyis receiving the credential that Japan had send in new style. Second, Japan received western costume as its domestic courtesy system by establishing the Court Costume of Civil servants in 1872 and consequently Japan established new ceremony procedure of western-style bow in 1875. Third, Joseon dynasty officially opposed to the Western-style Court Costume when Japan sent the credential, because the western costume selected by Japan had beenregarded as that of western barbarian at that time in Joseon. Accordingly, it seems reasonable that before the introduction of western costume into Joseon dynasty, an open-door policy for the West had been a prior settlement for Joseon dynasty regardless of the details of Western-style Court Costume. And also, the pride of civilization of Joseon dynasty, which has been used to express Joseon dynastyis identity as Joseon-centrism, had to be converted before the open-door policy. Ultimately, it could be inferred that the reception of the Western-style Court Costume had been raised as the political and diplomatic problems in the circumstances when the submissive relationship in the traditional Eastern- Asia had been forced to be converted to modern sovereign international relationship.
A Study on the Classification of the Women`s Pants Silhouettes by Their Pattern Construction
Yoon, Mi-Kyung ; Nam, Yun-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 741~751
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.741
In order to design and develop the various silhouette of pants pattern for standardized pants patterns, this study is to classify the pants style by the silhouette and to characterize each pants pattern which are classified. Recent 37 ready-made pants patterns of various style were collected in order to analyze their silhouette from April to July 2007. Measurement of each region of the pants pattern were compared and analysed. After analyse the standard deviation, coefficient of variance, minimum, maximum, range about the measurement of each region of the pants pattern, major pattern design factors were extracted. Five major factors are the angle of center front line and center back line, the crotch extension, the position of center back line against center front line, the curvature of center back line, and amount of waist dart. As a result, pants style were grouped as the culottes, formal, basic and tight style after considering the extracted design factors, and analysing correlation, degree of dispersion of the measurement by part. As the silhouette of pants classification from culotte to tight, the fits are closer to the figure, crotch depth increases, crotch extensions are shorter, and angle of the center back increases. The shape of the connected front and back center lines is U-shape for culotte and is closer to V-shape as the silhouette becomes tight.
A Study on Consumer Satisfaction with Socks Made of Mulberry Fiber
Ju, Jeong-Ah ; Shim, Jun-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 752~763
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.752
The purpose of this study was to develop an effective marketing strategy for socks made of paper mulberry fiber, a new natural fiber, by understanding consumers` concerns and perception about the product and its quality in several dimensions. The first survey determined their perception of the products` image before using it. The second survey gauged consumer satisfaction with product quality after a two-week home-use test. Factor analysis using Cronbach`s a and ANOVA analysis were performed for statistical analysis. In conclusion, consumer image perceptions of socks of mulberry fiber were classified into four categories -`practicality`, `wellbeing`, `high-quality` and `traditionality`. The survey revealed differences between men`s and women`s perception of the `practicality` and `high-quality` factors. The women recognized a mulberry fiber sock as being more practical but of lower quality than did the men. And the quality satisfaction of the product was classified into four factor `durability`, `suitability, `wearability` and `care-easiness`. In the case of `suitability`, men were more satisfied with the product than the women and in `suitability` and `wearability`, a group of over 40` year-old consumers was more satisfied. The analysis of a relationship between image perception and satisfaction showed that a consumer group that perceived this product to have more `practicality`, `high-quality` and `well-being` was also more satisfied with the product. However, the `traditionality` factor was unrelated to consumer satisfaction.
The Differences in Clothing Shopping Orientation and Shopping Behaviors by the Multi-store Selection of Internet and Offline Stores
Kim, Sae-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 764~774
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.764
The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences in consumer clothing shopping orientation and shopping behaviors by the multi-selection of internet and offline stores. The data were collected from 201 men and women in their twenties and the respondents were grouped into three as internet-store users, multi-store users, and offline-store users. The data were analyzed using factor analysis, ANOVA, post-hoc analysis, frequency analysis, and chi-square analysis. The results are as following. First, the clothing shopping orientation was partly different among the groups. Regarding the offline shopping orientation, the groups showed difference in the impulsive orientation, and regarding the online shopping orientation, the groups showed differences in the goal oriented and enjoying orientation. In all the three cases, the internet users showed strongest orientation, and the next were multi-store users and offline-store users. The cause of these results were explained as the familiarity and experience with the channel. Second, the clothing shopping behaviors were also partly different among the groups. The groups showed no differences in the preferred store type and benefits sought, but showed significant difference in the attitude toward the internet shopping. The internet-store users showed most positive attitude, and the next were multi-store users and offline-store users.
Distribution of the Garment Pressure by Postures
Kim, Yang-Weon ; Baek, Yoon-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 775~781
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.775
This study was to investigate the distribution of the garment pressure in daily wearing and in ordinary posture. Ninety-nine college women students majoring the fashion were participated for this study. IBP questionnaire, garment pressure, personal preferring pressure sensations(questionnaire), and subjective garment pressure sensations were measured. There were no significant differences between the data of 2003 and those of 2005. Participants preferred T-shirts and jeans and also preferred slightly fitted style to the loose style. They were classified with the high garment pressure group and the low garment pressure group. Garment pressure from lower garments were usually higher in the high garment pressure group than in the low garment pressure group. There was no significant differences in the upper garments weights between two groups. The lower garments weight of the high garment pressure group showed
and that of the low garment pressure group was
. There was a significant difference in the lower garments weight between two groups(p<.01). In a standing posture, there were no significant differences among the distribution of garment pressure. There was a significant garment pressure differences between sitting on a chair and sitting on the floor(p<.001). Participants included in the low garment pressure group felt a higher garment pressure than participants included in the high garment pressure group.
A Study on Relationship between Customer Equity and Customer Satisfaction of Sports Fashion Brands
Ko, Eun-Ju ; Lee, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 782~792
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.782
The purpose of this research were 1) to identify the distribution of customer equity about sports fashion brands, 2) to identify the dimensions of fashion brand attributes influencing customer satisfaction and customer equity, and 3) to investigate relationships among sports fashion attributes, customer satisfaction and customer equity. Survey questionnaire was used to collect data and 900 responses were used for the data analysis. Descriptive statistics(i.e., frequency, percentage), factor analysis and multiple regression analysis were used for the data analysis. The results of this study were as following. First, 67.4%(i.e., outdoor sports brands) of customer equity distributes under 1 million won while 61.3%(i.e., general sports brand) and 54.3%(i.e., golf brands) distributes. Second, the sportswear brand dimensions consist of 6 factors, product quality value, convenience value, perceived value, unique brand image, trust relationship, and personalized relationship. Third, the higher the product quality value, perceived value, unique brand image, and trust relationship were, the higher customer satisfaction was. Fourth, the higher customer satisfaction was, the higher customer equity was.
Effects of Perceived Relational Benefits on Customer Satisfaction of CRM at Department Store
Park, Sun-Hee ; Park, Hye-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 793~803
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.793
The purposes of this study were to investigate the factors CRM at department store and customer`s perceived relational benefits and to analyze the effects of CRM on relational benefits and satisfaction. The data were collected from 760 people aged from 20 to 69 who were shopping in department stores. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, factorial analysis, multiple regression analysis, and Cronbach`
, using the SPSS 12.0. The results were as follows. 1) CRM activities were classified into 5 factors: `discount-related information`, `communication`, `management after purchase`, `service`, and `differentiate management`. 2) Perceived relational benefits were classified into 4 factors: `informational benefit`, `psychological benefit`, `convenience benefit`, and `economic benefit`. 3) Perceived relational benefits were affected by `communication`, `management after purchase`, `service`, and `discount-related information`. And 4) customer satisfaction was affected directly by `psychological benefit`, `convenience benefit`, `service`, and `discount-related information`.
Analysis of Color Library for Silk Fabrics Using Commercial Natural Dye Powders -Focusing on Hue/Tone Characteristics-
Yang, Young-Ae ; Sarmandakh, Badmaanyambuu ; Cho, Ju-Yeon ; Yi, Eun-Jou ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 804~816
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.804
This study was aimed to analyze color characteristics of silk fabrics dyed with a variety of commercial natural dyes focusing on hue/tone system. Using eleven different natural dyes, single and sequential dyeing were performed under a variety of conditions of dye bath concentration, mordanting, and dyeing sequences. Color characteristics of dyed silk fabrics were investigated by Munsell`s color notation of H V/C and PCCS (Practical Color Coordination System) tones. As results, most of yellowish natural dyes as principal shades in natural dyeing showed Y or YR for hue families while d, ltg, and g for tone, which agrees with colors frequently used in comtemporary apparel industries. As for single dyeing, some hues like R, RP, G, GY, and BG were found to have their own tones owing to the used natural dyes. For varying hues in natural dyeing, sequential dyeing is useful in that GY, G, and BG rarely appeared in single dyeing were frequently shown in sequential dyeing by combination of some dyes. In the other hands, mordanting may be employed for tone variation in that aluminum seemed to contribute to light and dull tones, copper to dull, and ferrum to garyish and dark ones. These results can be helpful to design colors for fashion fields by natural dyeing.
Developing Human-friendly UV Protective Cellulose Fabrics Using Chitosan and Green Tea Extract -Focusing on the Repetition Effect of Chitosan Mordanting and Green Tea Extract Dyeing-
Jung, Hye-Kyung ; Kim, Sin-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 817~826
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.817
As UV radiation to the earth increased over recent years, many adverse effects of UV radiation have been reported. There are needs to develop UV-protective apparel and accessaries to protect skin from these harmful effects. Cellulose is one of the most frequently worn fiber during summer time. However, celllulose shows very low UV-protective property especially in case of thin and low fabric content. In this study, UV-protective cellulose textiles were developed using chiotsan mordanting and green tea dyeing. The repetition effect of chitosan and green tea treatment were focused. Three different cellulose fibers, cotton, linen, and ramie, were used for this study. All chitosan mordanted and green tea dyed fabrics showed increases in UV-protective property. The color of fabrics tended to darker as the numbers of mordanting process and green tea dyeing increased. UV-protective property did not increase significantly upon the repetition of mordanting and green tea dyeing treatment except ramie fabric. UV protective property was persisted upon washfastness test in all three cellulose fiber types.
Sizing System Development of Korean Structural Firefighting Protective Clothing
Han, Sul-Ah ; Nam, Yun-Ja ; Choi, Young-Lim ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 827~839
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.5.827
Sizing system of Korean structural firefighting protective clothing that is national approved should be met for specification of structural firefighting protective clothing that is identified by Ministry of Public Administration and Security(MOPAS). However if you look over the specification of sizing system, the standard is based on only `height` and the others are indicated as the size of completed product. KS K ISO 13688 and EN 340 which is met on ISO 13688 which indicates sizing system about protective clothing has the standards of height, chest and waist circumference. Also NFPA 1971 that has standards of sizing system is based on chest circumference, cervical to wrist length, waist circumference and inseam. That is different from Korean standards. Therefore, fire fighting protective clothing standards which is based on only height should be compensated and not be relied on foreign standards like ISO. It is indispensable for developing our own sizing system of structural fire fighting protective clothing. In this studying, Korean new sizing system of structural fire fighting protective clothing was developed for providing basic information of ergonomic structural fire fighting protective clothing. The analyzed target age was between 20 and 59 years old fire fighter who extinguish the fire. And it was analyzed by 3D measurement among data of the
Size Korea. On conclusion, in case of structural fire fighting protective clothing coat, physical dimension was to be chest circumference, cervical to wrist length. Three dimensions as 5cm space of circumference and four dimensions as 2.5cm space of cervical to wrist length were derived, which means that totally 12 dimensions were defined. Dimension standards of pants was based on the analysis of waist circumference and crotch height. Six dimensions as 5cm space of waist circumference and three dimensions as 5cm space of crotch height were derived, which means that totally 14 dimensions were defined.