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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 34, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 34, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 34, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 34, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 34, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 34, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Fabrication and Evaluation of Electrospun TiO
Nanocomposite Fibers for the Development of UV-protective Textile Materials
Lee, Kyung ; Lee, Seung-Sin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1767~1778
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1767
This study investigates applying
(titanium dioxide) nanoparticles to polypropylene nonwoven fabrics via electrospinning for the development of UV-protective materials. To fabricate uniform nanocomposite fibers, three types of
nanoparticles were applied: powder, colloid, and
coated polymer pellets.
/polyurethane (PU) and
/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanocomposite fibers were electrospun and the morphology was examined using a field-emission scanning electron microscope and a transmission electron microscope. Layered fabric systems with electrospun
nanocomposite fiber webs were developed at various concentrations of
in a range of the web area density. The effects of
concentration and web area density on UV-protective properties were examined. When
colloid was added into a PVA polymer solution, uniform nanocomposite fiber webs in which
particles were evenly dispersed were produced. Water-soluble PVA nanofiber webs were given a heat treatment to stabilize the electrospun PVA fibrous structure against dissolution in water.
/PVA nanoeomposite fiber webs with 2wt%
web area density exhibited an ultraviolet protection factor of greater than 50, indicating excellent UV protection.
A Change of the Gap in Dressed Blouses with Above-elbow Sleeves and Sleeveless According to Arm Movements
Lee, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1779~1785
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1779
The experiment is designed to create some useful data on the dressed shapes that contribute to simulating the adaptability of clothes. We studied the dressed shapes of blouse with above-elbow sleeves and sleeveless according to five types of arm movement (basic posture, reach forward 45, 90, and reach lateral 45, 90) in the stand-posture. Experiments were conducted to understand the dressed shape through 3-D measurement Vivid 910 and to investigate the width, depth, area distribution and gap of the shape of blouses on the section map with a software program for 3-D shape analysis, Rapid Form 2004. The Data were analyzed by factor analysis. The results of this study are as follows: The ratio of depth per width in the stand-posture was lower than other arm movements and the reach lateral was higher than the reach forward. The gap of the upper body was a briefed 4 factor; front, front-side, back, and back-side. It was higher than the sleeveless with a change of the gap in the dressed blouse with above-elbow sleeves by arm movements per stand-posture. The divisional gap shows the adaptability of clothes according to the types of blouse and arm movements in the change of the ratio.
A Study of the Historical Formation and Characteristics of Modern Korean Consumption Culture -Focused on Consumption Related to Dress-
Kim, Eun-Jeong ; Yun, Tae-Young ; Ko, Su-Jin ; Koh, Ae-Ran ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1786~1797
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1786
This study investigates the historical formation and characteristics of modern Korean consumption culture by reviewing previous literature about consumption spaces and conspicuous consumption in modern Korea. This study examined the historical formation and characteristics of three different periods of time: from 1876 to 1919, from 1920 to 1936, and from 1937 to 1945. In addition, the current study reviews previous literature related to advertising, poems, novels, historical events, and Orientalism. Based on this, the historical characteristics were also analyzed. The overall results were as follows: The first period from 1876 to 1919 was the beginning of modern Korean consumption culture, in which exotic goods such as foreign fabrics were preferred and consumed. In addition, clothing was simplified and westernized through modern reform. The second period of time, 1920 to 1936, was the development stage of modern Korean consumption culture that formed the foundation of modern consuming spaces where the recognition of the human form became more modern, and 'modern girls' styles appeared. The final period, 1937 to 1945, was the regression stage of Korean modern consumption culture, in which consumption decreased during the Sino-Japanese War and World War II. The results of this study' conclude that the leading-consumer items hold symbolic value as well as became signifiers within modern consumption spaces such as modern Korean department stores and that women were recognized as modern leading-consumers as shown by the dramatic increase in the number of products that targeted women.
Changes in Moisture Permeability and Waterproofness of High-density Fabric by Repeated Laundering and Condition
Roh, Eui-Kyung ; Han, Jung-Eun ; Kim, Eun-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1798~1811
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1798
This research evaluates the changes in the comfort-related properties of high-density fabric, such as moisture permeability and waterproofness, in order to assess the relative importance of laundry conditions for clothing properties after repeated laundering and suggest the best laundering conditions for high-density fabric through the identification of the most influential factor. A commercial high-density fabric was washed 25 times in a drum-type washer using nine different laundry conditions based on profiles derived from a fractional factorial design. To evaluate the changes in the comfort-related properties of the fabric, pore size, air permeability, water vapor transport, water repellency, and water resistance were measured. The comfort-related properties of the fabric deteriorated after repeated laundering by the damaged surface finish; in addition, the damaged surface also changed the pore size. As a result, the water repellency and water resistance decreased. The detergent was the most responsible factor to change the properties among the four factors of detergent, hardness, temperature, and RPM. The best laundering conditions for the fabric was a neutral detergent, soft water of 70ppm, a temperature of
, and 30rpm.
The Modifiable Design Expressed in Contemporary Knit Fashion
Yoon, Jung-A ; Lee, Youn-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1812~1823
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1812
The modifiable design of clothes is significant in that a single garment can be presented in various ways and can be modified by user adjustments as well different kinds of figurative beauty can be expressed through the garment. This study departmentalized the case of knitwear in the modifiable design of clothes to propose a possibility of a variable knit fashion that makes the most of the knit characteristics. This study investigated precedent research, arranged general terms, created fundamental notions, found the background of the advent, and located specific characters in the modifiable design as well as arranged a concept, type, structure, and traits for the knit. The following results were obtained through this study. First, the modifiable design of the clothes can express the change of the silhouette and the change of the item itself or a change in the item according to the change in the mode of wearing, manipulation, and technology. Second, the results show that modifiable knit designs by open & close are mostly used according to manipulation and have no existence in this study according to the technology. Third, there was a noticeable appearance of a modifiable knit design from 2002 to 2004. However, it was increased again in 2009 after a steady decrease in 2005 and 2008. Finally, it can create effects in several dresses in the visual aspect and functional aspect.
3D Measurement of Skin Deformation for the Design of a Tight-fitting Torso Pattern
Park, Hye-Jun ; Wu, Yanjun ; Hong, Kyung-Hi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1824~1835
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1824
This study develops tight-fitting torso patterns for performance garments by taking into account the skin deformation generated directly from a 3D scan during arm movements. The skin deformation caused during the arm movements was scanned after scanning the skin surface stamped with a circle. To create a torso pattern in response to skin deformation, the ratio and direction of the skin deformation were first measured and analyzed so that the 3D human body could be segmented. After translating, the 3D skin surface was segmented into 2D flat patterns, designing nude patterns and reducing them as well as tight-fitting shirts: the skin deformation segment shirts were made in response to the skin deformation. The features of the fabric deformation and the garment pressure were analyzed and evaluated. In comparison with a clothing construction segment shirt, the diameter of the skin deformation segment shirt was smaller as well the ratios of extension and reduction was less. The garment pressure of the skin deformation segment shirt was higher. The skin deformation segment shirt fitted more tightly compared to a clothing construction segment shirt as it covered the body more thoroughly and was as comfortable as the other shirts with less fabric deformation made as the body moved.
Basic Research for 3D Virtual Clothing Simulation of Traditional Korean Dang'ui Costumes -A Focus on Issues Occurring in the Course of a 3D Virtual Presentation that Uses the Qualoth for Maya Program-
Kim, Min-Kyoung ; Choi, Young-Lim ; Nam, Yun-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1836~1843
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1836
This research examines the possibilities of a traditional costume revival and digital exhibition as well as the application of 3D virtual clothing modeling data in order to preserve and record a disappearing costume heritage to realize it as a social education tool through the newly emerging technology of 3D virtual clothing. A 3D revival of costumes worn by royal families and aristocrats was accomplished through the 3D animation and simulation technology of Maya 2011 (Autodesk, Inc.) and Qualoth (FX Gear, Inc.). The simulation shows the possibility of a 3D revival and digital exhibition of costume heritage. However, further technology support to analyze and realize the composition and design is still necessary to develop the digital contents of traditional garment culture that includes skirt pleats, petticoat silhouettes, that exaggerates the skirts and knots of traditional upper garments (Jeogori). Further studies on design attributes of historic costumes and the upgrading of 3D simulation software are required to realize 3D virtual clothing. Korean traditional costumes will be revived as a cultural content in the digital era as a result of outstanding issues detected by this study.
Study on Ethnic's Major Characteristics Expressed in Modern Fashion -Focus on 2005 S/S - 2010 F/W Paris, Milan Collection-
Kim, Young-Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1844~1858
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1844
Ethnical tendency follows the current political, economical, and cultural influence eastwards, highlighting films, architecture and interiors as well as fashion. With this tendency, the ethnic outfits are expressed by various styles. This study analyzes the features of current ethnic styles with 1,535 ethnic image pieces from 2005 S/S to 2010 F/W of Pr
-Porte in Paris and Milan. First, 'ethnic' is to refer to the distinct features of an ethnic group or a country. 'Ethnic look' refers to the adaptation or re-arrangement of various ethnic group's traditional costumes, dying, textile, patterns, color, silhouettes, and accessories. Second, the most popular ethnics in the modern fashion is the African style, followed by India, Japan, China, and Latin America in both collections. Third, the proportion of ethnics decreased, 2005 (14.9%), 2006 (12.8%) and 2007 (8.2%). In 2008 the proportion increased again. 2010 (27.3%) and compared 2010 to 2007, it increased by 20%. By season, S/S had 1.4 times more ethnic styles than F/W with the prevalence of African and Indian styles. Fourth, as of 2005, the ethnic style became colorful and went through changes to combine various images. This is from the polycentric tendency of co-existing various styles with a prevalence of low tone and various colors. It also shows warm colors in front to show a sense of nature.
Improvement of Wrinkle Recovery and Functional Properties in Linen Fabrics
Kang, Mi-Jung ; Kwon, Young-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1859~1869
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1859
This study provides improved wrinkle recovery and UV protection capabilities as well as an antibacterial and deodorizing function to linen fabrics for summer shirts. The results obtained from this study are as follows. By setting catalyst concentration to 1.2% and DMDHEU concentration to 6% respectively and applying a heat treatment to them at
for 5 minutes, the decrease of fabric strength could be minimized and the crease resistance of linen fabrics improved. Compared to the treatment with DMDHEU only, the crease resistance of linen fabrics could be maintained and degradation of their properties could be more effectively prevented by applying the mixture of the UV absorber and the nano silver to the DMDHEU resin. The UV protection of fabrics could be improved by adding the UV absorber. Although the separate treatment of resin or the nano silver had no effect on the improvement of the UV protection properties for treated fabrics, they could increase the UV protection capability when they were combined with the UV absorber. Linen fabrics could possess an antibiosis and deodorizing capability by applying the mixture of the UV absorber, the nano silver, and the resin. The UV protection, crease resistance and flexibility of finished fabrics were maintained even after laundering. Washed treated fabrics maintained excellent antibiosis and odor free capabilities compared to untreated fabrics.
Career Decision Level of Clothing and Textile Major College Students in Seoul Area
Lee, Min-Sun ; Lee, Yoon-Jung ; Moon, Hee-Kang ; Lee, Yhe-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1870~1879
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1870
This study aimed at examining the career decision level of Clothing and Textile major college students in Seoul area. With the increasing rates of youth unemployment, preparing college students for their future career and guiding them in making career decision is imperative. Students' satisfaction with their major and motivation orientation were considered as influencing factors, as well as their demographic characteristics. A survey was conducted to 282 students majoring Clothing and Textiles at seven universities and 277 completed questionnaires were used for analysis. The questionnaire measured respondents' major satisfaction, motivational orientation, career decision level, and demographics (gender, age, school and department names, class standing, expected graduation date, subjective social status, and GPA). Descriptive statistics, K-means cluster analysis, one-way analysis of variance followed by Duncan multiple comparisons were conducted. The results indicated that Clothing and Textiles majors were overall satisfied with their major, but the satisfaction level was higher for female than male students. Those who were satisfied with their major were less likely to feel anxious about career decision-making. The High-Motivation group and the Intrinsic-Motivation group showed lower anxiety over career decision-making compared to Low-Motivation and Extrinsic-Motivation groups. This study has implications for college advisors in that it provides basic information on students' career decision level and the influencing factors.
The Surface Morphology and Characteristics of Poly (ethylene Terephthalate) Film
Kang, In-Sook ; Mun, Mi-Hwa ; Rha, Jong-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1880~1888
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1880
This study was a preliminary investigation of the influence of surface characteristics of substrates on the detergency of particulate soil. A PET film was surface modified with NaOH and DMF for different times. The surface morphology of the film was scanned by AFM and the surface energies were calculated from the measured contact angles between several solutions and film based on a geometric mean and the Lewis acid base method. The surface morphology of the PET film treated with NaOH and DMF became more etched and swelled with an increased treatment time, respectively. The surface roughness and surface area of film treated with NaOH enlarged with increased treatment time. However, the coefficient of friction of film treated with NaOH and coefficient of friction, surface roughness, and surface area of film treated with DMF increased and then decreased with increased treatment time. The contact angle of film treated with DMF decreased with increased treatment time in water and surfactant solution; however, the effect of treatment time on the contact angle was different in both solutions for film treated with NaOH. By the treatment of PET film with NaOH and DMF, the polar group of the surface energy increased and the nonpolar group decreased; however, the change of total surface energy was not significant.
Preparation and Physical Properties of Bio-Composites Using Kenaf Cultivated in Korea
Kim, Dae-Sung ; Song, Kyung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1889~1899
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1889
This study examines the preparation and characterization of Kenaf/Starch bio-composites used as filler and a matrix. Kenaf was cultivated in Chung-ju in Korea, and the Kenaf/Starch bio-composites were prepared under various conditions of kenaf fiber length (1-5 centimeters); the content of Kenaf fiber was 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40%, and the number of composite layers (one-four). Depending on the formation conditions of Kenaf/Starch composites, the physical properties such as tensile strength, elongation, and the young modulus of the Kenaf/Starch composites were measured. In addition, we measured the SEM cross-section images in order to investigate the interfacial adhesion properties of fractured surfaces. As a result, the tensile strength and elongation of the Kenaf/Starch composites were highest in the molding conditions of a hot press at
, 3000PSI of pressure, and for 30 minute periods. The result of measuring the physical properties of the composites manufactured by varying the content of Kenaf fiber when the content of Kenaf fiber was 30% as well the physical properties of the Kenaf/Starch composite was found desirable. It was found that the physical properties improved with more overlapped layers in the composites manufactured by varying the number of overlapped layers. Through the measuring of the SEM cross-section images, we found that the interfacial adhesion state between the filler and matrix of Kenaf/Starch composite greatly affects the physical properties.
Clothing Wearing and Influencing Factors According to Weather and Temperature
Ji, Hye-Kyung ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1900~1911
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1900
This study focuses on clothing as one of the most seasonal products and investigates consumer behavior related to climate change adaptation. This study addressed four objectives: (1) to identify the clothing behavior of consumers for the adaptation to climate change; (2) to identify the effects of fashion involvement and climate sensitivity on clothing attitude for the adaptation to climate change; (3) to identify the effect of clothing purchase time on climate sensitivity and clothing attitude for the adaptation to climate change; and (4) to identify the effect of consumer demographics on climate sensitivity and clothing attitude for the adaptation to climate change. A survey questionnaire was developed and implemented to collect data for measuring clothing involvement, fashion involvement, and climate sensitivity. In addition, clothing involvement, clothing assortment needs, and clothing worn for the adaptation to climate change were measured. A total of 349 responses were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA and path analysis with SPSS18.0. The results of the analysis are as follows. Changes in temperature were considered more important than changes in weather for the functional needs of clothing, purchase needs, and assortment items needs. The assortment items wearing for the adaptation to climate change varied depending on the temperature and weather. Fashion involvement directly influenced clothing assortment needs and indirectly influenced the clothing worn for the adaptation to climate change. In terms of clothing purchase time, those purchasing clothing before the season begins, tended to have a high fashion involvement and clothing attitude for the adaptation to climate change. Those in their twenties and single, tended to be more sensitive to climate change. This study also discusses the implications for merchandising strategies.
Expression Types and Characteristics of Cartoon and Animation Characters in Contemporary Fashion
Kim, Sun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1912~1922
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1912
This paper examines the types and characteristics of cartoon and animation characters in contemporary fashion in order to provide the basic data necessary for the development and use of fashion character designs that develop creative designs and culturally high values. This study examined the relevant literature, reviewed local publications, foreign fashion magazines, and Internet data from 2000 to 2009. In this way, it analyzed various visual images that reflect cartoon and animation characters in case studies. This paper found some expression types, which are the direct expression of characters through print or collage, the borrowing of character images, the use of cartoon expression techniques, and the use of characters for the composition of clothing forms. Those expression types had some similar characteristics. The first is the expression of a kidult-like entertainment that reflected the inner psychology of adults trying to escape from a complicated modem society and returning to their childhood. The second is the expression of satire. Cartoon and animation characters were used as a medium for pointing out social irregularities and evil deeds that taught the lesson of good triumphing over the evil in fashion; they expressed the satire of the modem society and delivered a message of purity and hope. The third is the use of a decorative factor. Each character was printed in primary colors or expressed in colorful beads, and serial cartoon scenes were printed on clothes and used to make a decorative effect of fashion designs.
The Effects of Sociocultural Attitudes Toward Appearance, Self-Esteem, and Physical Attractiveness Perceptiveness on Weight and Clothing Management Behaviors
Hwang, Yun-Jung ; Yoo, Tai-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 11, 2010, Pages 1923~1932
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.11.1923
This study researches appearance management behaviors through their interests in appearance and the degree of their management among undergraduates to study the effects of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, self-esteem, and perceptive physical attractiveness on face and hair management behavior. A questionnaire was distributed to 825 female/male undergraduates in Daegu city and Gyeongbuk province. SPSS 12.0 package was used for data analysis; in addition, frequency analysis, factor analysis, and Cronbach's
multiple regression analysis were utilized. The results were as follows: 1) In negative weight management behaviors, internalization among sociocultural attitudes and personal physical attractiveness among the physical attractiveness perceptive showed positive effects, while self-esteem showed negative effects. 2) Internalization of sociocultural attitudes and social physical attractiveness of physical attractiveness perception seemed to have positive effects with regard to positive weight management behavior. 3) Internalization among sociocultural attitudes and social physical attractiveness among physical attractiveness was influenced positively in terms of clothing management behavior.