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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 34, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 34, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 34, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 34, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 34, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 34, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Classification of Middle Aged Women's Breast Shapes Using 3D Body Measurement Data
Lee, Hyun-Young ; Hong, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 385~392
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.385
The breast types of middle-aged women of 80A (formerly 80B) size were classified through a 3D scanned nude body. Thirty seven measurements including the radius of curvature, surface area, volume, surface length, and breast displacements were used as input variables. We extracted five main factors through the factor analysis of the measurements and classified 36 subjects into 3 clusters through the cluster analysis. As a result of the factor analysis, the size of the breast, breast sag, the curvature of the inner and the outer breast curve, the width of the breast, and the nipple direction were found as the main factors. For the results of the classification of breast types, Cluster 1 was characterized by narrow breast width and unsymmetrical under the breast curve, whereas Cluster 2 was a wide and sagged shape. Cluster 3 was classified into big breast volume and symmetrical under-breast curve. The results are useful to the product development of high quality brassieres which reflect the 3D characteristics of breast types of middle-aged women.
Gallnut Mordanting on Silk Fabric Dyed with Onion Shell
Park, Ah-Young ; Song, Wha-Soon ; Kim, In-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 393~400
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.393
This study examines the mordanting effect and multi functional properties of silk fabrics dyed with onion shell extracts that were mordanted with gallnut. The contents of this study are as follows. First, the optimum dyeing conditions were investigated by measuring the K/S value that depended the on dyeing conditions when silk fabrics were dyed with onion shell extracts. Second, the color, brightness, and chroma differences that appear after mordanting with gallnut were investigated by measuring the K/S and Munsell value. Third, the color fastness and antimicrobial activity were measured. When silk fabrics were dyed with onion shell extracts, the optimum dyeing conditions were a dyeing temperature of
, a dyeing concentration of 160%, and a dyeing of time 30min. After mordanting with gallnut extracts, the K/S value increased remarkably and was larger in pre-mordanting than post-mordanting. The H value displayed yellow-red in all cases of pre and post mordanting. However, the H value was more reddish in the order of non-mordanting
Consumer Satisfaction with Medical Services and Hospital Patient Gowns
Chung, Ihn-Hee ; Lee, Yun-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 401~410
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.401
This study identifies consumer satisfaction with medical services and the patient gowns of hospitals. Also analyzed are the elements that influence hospital satisfaction and the general satisfaction with patient gowns. A survey was conducted among Korean male and female ex-patients regardless of their age. A total of 513 responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics, paired t-test, correlations, regression, and factor analysis derived from data collected in April and May, 2009. The results are as follows. The general satisfaction with the hospital recently visited was higher than the general satisfaction with all of the hospitals visited. The satisfaction with medical services were high in good services, trustful medical examinations, easy access to utilities, and clean utilities. Hospital satisfaction was determined by good services, trustful medical examinations, easy access to utilities, patient gowns, and fresh indoor air. The satisfaction factors of general patient gowns were determined as functionality, fabric/design, sewing, and the management system factors. The most important factor explaining patient gown satisfaction was fabric/design, and this was the most unsatisfied factor at the same time.
The Effect of a Salesperson's Affectivity and the Performance Stressor on Emotional Labor at the Department Stores
Choo, Ho-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Jun, Dae-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 411~423
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.411
Retail stores with a primary competitive advantage in satisfying customers with high quality differentiated services depend heavily on a sales force to produce and deliver services in a consistent manner. Salespersons in a high service retail context are required to act to express certain types of emotion in compliance with the emotional rules of the organization that is conceptualized as "emotional labor" in the literature. This study adopts the dyadic model of emotional labor originally proposed by Hochschild. A survey method is implemented to collect data to test the hypotheses among the variables such as positive and negative affectivity, performance stressor, emotional labor, burnout, and job satisfaction. One hundred and twelve responses were analyzed by factor analysis and path analysis with SPSS12.0 and Amos 6.0. The factor analysis confirms that emotional labor is composed of deep acting and surface acting. Eleven hypotheses were tested by path analysis and seven were accepted. The major findings are that deep acting was affected by positive affectivity, negative affectivity, and a performance stressor. The surface acting was affected only by negative affectivity. Surface acting had an indirect negative effect on job satisfaction via emotional burnout while deep directly acting influenced job satisfaction. Furthermore, the interaction effect between positive affectivity and a performance stressor on surface acting was significant. The implications for retail firms are discussed based on the findings with suggestions for future studies.
A Study on the Clothing Involvement, Fashion Innovativeness, Impulsive Buying, and Brand Loyalty of Male University Students
Jun, Dae-Geun ; Choo, Ho-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 424~436
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.424
This study tests the relation of various fashion-related features of young male consumers. Clothing involvement, fashion involvement, fashion innovativeness, impulsive buying, and brand loyalty have been considered as focal variables in understanding consumer attitudes & behaviors toward fashion. This study proposed hypotheses on the relationships among these variables and tests them with survey data from a convenient sample of male university students. A total 195 complete responses were obtained from young men between 18 and 27 years of age. The results are as follows. First, fashion involvement and clothing involvement significantly (+) affected fashion innovativeness, and fashion innovativeness also significantly (+) affected impulsive buying and brand loyalty. Second, impulsive buying insignificantly affected brand loyalty. Third, the groups of young men divided by the demographical variables partially showed meaningful differences in fashion-related variables of interest. This study investigates the relationships among various fashion variables that have been used as critical explaining variables for fashion attitudes and behaviors, especially for young male consumers.
A Comparison of the Preference by Gender on the Height of Males & Females and the Female Body
Park, Jung-Rang ; Park, Sook-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 437~447
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.437
This study compares by gender the preference about ideal female height and body parts. Data was collected through a survey of 203 males and 236 females. The results are as follows: Males and females prefer 161~165cm as the ideal female height and 176~180cm as the ideal male height. In regards to the ideal height difference between couples, both males and females prefer males to be taller, with the head of the female at the same height as the neck of the male. Males and females prefer the shorter height than the ideal height of a fashion model and Miss Korea who got the prize from the korean beauty contest. In the case of Miss Korea, there has been a demand for tall women to participate in world beauty contests. However, this study shows that young people prefer a shorter height than the society expects. Males and females think the shoulder width is ideal when it is 2 times wider than the width of a face in regards to the preference of the ideal female body parts. There is a difference between males and females in the ideal breast size. Males prefer C-cup size while females prefer B-cup size. The ideal size of waist preferred is between 60~65cm to both males and females. The ideal shape of legs preferred to both males and females is a slightly muscular shape.
Washing Treatment Effects on Cotton and Kenaf Blend Fabrics
Lee, Hye-Ja ; Yoo, Hye-Ja ; Lim, Hee-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 448~458
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.448
Kenaf has a rigid and rough touch that inhibits the use of it as a textile material; therefore, this study developed a novel textile material using kenaf. Kenaf and cotton were blended in the ratio of 3:7 and manufactured as 20' spun yarn that was compared to 20's spun yarn made of 100% cotton. Both kenaf/cotton-blended and 100% cotton spun yarn were constructed as plain woven and knitted fabrics. Four kinds of fabrics were prepared as follows. Plain kenaf/cotton-woven fabrics, plain cotton-woven fabrics, kenaf/cotton jersey, and cotton jersey. A cellulase washing process was carried out to reduce the character of kenaf/cotton-blended fabrics, rigid, and rough touch. All fabrics were pretreated with NaOH. NaOH at the concentrations of 0, 0.25, 1.25, and 2.25mol/L, and cellulase at concentrations of 0, 1, 3 and 5g/L were used since the pretreatment of NaOH has a higher efficiency of weight loss than
and Triton X-100. The ratio of weight loss, tensile strength, stiffness, drape property, and surface appearance were measured in order to evaluate the efficiency of the washing treatment on fabrics. Kenaf/cotton-blended fabrics exhibited more rigid and rough features than cotton fabrics. A cotton jersey showed significant differences in the degree of stiffness and drape properties. When all fabrics were treated with 1.25mol/L of NaOH and 3g/L of cellulase, kenaf/cotton-blended fabrics showed a higher retention ratio of tensile strength than cotton fabrics after washing despite the increased weight l08s of kenaf-blended fabrics compared to cotton fabrics. The ratio of weight loss for all fabrics was well correlated with flexibility. The washing treatment process made woven fabrics more flexible than knitted fabrics, because the stiffness of woven fabrics made the rubbing actions stronger. Kenaf/cotton-blended fabrics showed a significantly higher ratio of weight loss and more reduction in stiffness than cotton fabrics after the washing treatment. This might be due to the lack of cohesiveness and easy elimination from fabrics. The drape property of kenaf-blended fabrics was superior to cotton fabrics.
The Effect of Brand Exposure and the Brand Sensitivity of Consumers on the Attitude of the Private Brand Products of Fashion Retailers
Kim, Jeong-Hee ; Lee, Jin-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 459~471
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.459
This study examines the exposure effects of the brand of fashion manufacturers on the brand attitude of consumers towards the private brand of fashion retailers. In addition, it investigates the exposure effects of the brand of fashion manufacturers on the brand attitude of consumers towards the private brand of fashion retailers based on the sensitivity of consumers as related to the brand. Data are analyzed by a reliability analysis, a factor analysis, the correlation analysis, t-test, and one-way ANOVA. The main results are summarized as follows. First, when the private brand of fashion retailers (Perry Jensen) was shown to customers, three groups ('PB without exposing the brands of fashion manufactures', 'PB with exposing Galaxy', and 'PB with exposing Parkland') revealed statistically significant differences in consumer purchase intentions as well as brand preferences to the PB products of fashion retailers. The group of 'PB with exposing high-sensitive Galaxy group' showed an overall higher brand attitude than the other two groups-'PB without exposing the fashion manufactures' brands' and 'PB with exposing low-sensitive Parkland'. Second, in comparison with the effects of the brand sensitivity of each group, the group with the higher brand sensitivity showed statistically significant browsing intension as well as purchase intention on both brands of fashion manufactures (Galaxy and Parkland).
Dyeing Properties and the Antibacterial Activity of Mulberry Fiber/Cotton Blended Fabrics with Inonotus obliquus
Kim, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 472~479
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.472
The dyeing properties of mulberry fiber/cotton blended fabric with Inonotus obliquus are studied through the investigation of the effects of dyeing conditions, such as the concentration of Inonotus obliquus extract colorants, dyeing temperature, time, and pH values on dye uptakes (K/S). In addition, the effects of mordant on the dye uptakes and antibacterial activities are investigated. The results are summarized as follows. The dye uptakes of dyed fabric increased gradually with an increase concentration of Inonotus obliquus extract colorants, the K/S value was the highest when the dyeing temperature was
for a duration of 60 minutes. As the pH value of the dyeing solution changed to more acidic, the dyeability of the, fabric was improved. The K/S value recorded the highest at pH 3. The antibacterial activities of dyed and unmordanted mulberry fiber/cotton blended fabric showed a high Staphylococcus aureus reduction rate.
Body Satisfaction and Fitness Apparel Depending on Age and Silhouette in Women 20~50 Years of Age
Kweon, Soo-Ae ; Choi, Jong-Myoung ; Sohn, Boo-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 480~491
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.480
This study investigates the body satisfaction and fitness apparel depending on age and silhouette. The subjects were 254 females 20~50 years of age living in Chungju South Korea. There are various body types in women over the age of 35, the lower part of the body-development type, regular type, the upper part of the body-development type, and the rectangular body type. In addition, there is a lower satisfaction level in circumferences related with apparel fit, especially in the sleeve length, armhole, and crotch length. Therefore, a size system is needed that considers various body types in ready-to-wear clothing for middle-aged women. Design, color, and pattern are most important in clothing purchases by unmarried women, but the ease of laundry management and price discounts are the most significant for clothing purchases by married women. The upper part of the body-development type is unsatisfactory in the size-fit of sleeve length and shoulder width, but the lower part of the body-development type is unsatisfactory in the circumference of the waist, hip, abdominal, girth of skirt, and crotch length. The rectangular body type and the lower part of the body-development type are unsatisfactory in movement comfort, especially in hip girth and crotch length. The upper part of the body-development type is unsatisfactory in the movement comfort of the chest and elbow girth.
Eco-design Color Trends in Fashion
Song, Jee-Eun ; Choi, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 492~507
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.492
The eco-design in modem fashion is mixed with a well-being trend that combines functionality and ethics with technology to suggest a new fashion style for the
century. This study analyzes the colors of the eco-design in the current fashion trends and identifies the eco-friendly color images that suggest directions for eco-design. The results of this study are as follows. First, the eco-design is an ethical design concept of the ecological value. It can be classified into the functional efficiency in the multi-functionality the sustainability, the recycling capability, the trends for health and craftsmanship, according to various suggestions by eco-design related theorists. Second, the eco-colors shown in the fashion trend follow the order of YR, R, Y, N, and B, with the order of the pale, grayish, light grayish and dull tones. Third, the hue trends of eco-colors each eco-type are focused on R, YR, and Y. With regards to the tones, the functional efficiency, the multi-functional capability, and the sustainability are shown in the neutral tone, while the recycling capability is shown in the grayish tone and the trends pursuing health and craftsmanship are shown in the pale tone.
Natural Indigo Dyeing of Wool by the One Step Reduction/Dyeing Method
Son, Kyung-Hee ; Shin, Youn-Sook ; Yoo, Dong-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 508~517
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.508
One-step reduction/dyeing method was optimized for wool dyeing with natural indigo dye in this study. The effects of reduction/dyeing conditions including dye temperature and time, the pH of bath, concentration of dye, and reducing agent on dye uptake and color were investigated. The dye uptake was higher with no addition of alkali. Dyeing was carried out through the use of only sodium hydrosulfite in the bath. The maximum dye uptake was obtained at
for 30min and the dyed fabrics appeared in the PB Munsell color range. Dye uptake improved with the increase of a natural indigo dye concentration with the same sodium hydrosulfite concentration. At a higher dye uptake, the fabric color became more purplish and the maximum absorption shifted from 660nm to 620nm. Color reproducibility was reliable with a color difference in the range of 0.41~1.43. Regardless of color strength, washing and dry cleaning fastnesses were good with a 4/5 rating, and fastnesses to rubbing and light were acceptable with a 3/4~4 rating.
The Analysis on the Work Environment and Working Clothes Wearing Conditions of Shipyard Painters
Bae, Hyun-Sook ; Park, Hye-Won ; Park, Gin-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 518~528
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.518
This study analyzes the work environment and the work clothes wearing conditions of shipyard painters. In addition to this, three types of experimental painting work clothes were evaluated by painters in terms of the material performance and wearing functions. The findings on the harmful painting work environmental factors were organic solvents, noise, heavy dust, high temperatures, and noxious fumes. The body parts damaged during painting operations were the skin, arms, whole body, and face. In general, the satisfaction with the wearing performance of work clothes for painting was low especially in regards to sweat absorbency, sweat permeability, body protection, covering, and the work motion suitability. The satisfaction with the wearing sense of painting working clothes (regardless of the type of material) was high in the order of movement comfort> sensual comfort> physiological comfort. The satisfaction in overall comfort according to the types of material was high in the order of nylon> SMS nonwoven fabric> SF nonwoven fabric.
Green Marketing in the Fashion Industry
Sung, Hee-Won ; Kim, Eun-Kyeung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 529~539
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.529
The environment and green are critical issues for businesses in the
century. This study examines product assortments of eco-friendly products, green marketing strategies, and the marketability of Trashion products among fashion brands. Data were collected through an interview method from eight fashion brands that were actively conducting green marketing. The general activities of green marketing were to produce eco-friendly products and/or an economical support for environmental groups or green conservation campaigns. Eco-friendly products included organic cotton products, well-being products made of bamboo or beans, goods made of recycled plastic bottles, and Trashion items. The first reason was to improve the brand image, then take social responsibility, and last participate in the environmental movement. However, the price of green products and supplies of eco-friendly fabrics were the most challenging issues for fashion businesses. The marketability of Trashion products was directly opposed and managerial implications for green marketers were discussed.
Case Study Color Analysis of Work Clothes and Industrial Factories for Coordinating Environment Planning -Focus on Shipbuilding Companies-
Park, Hye-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 34, issue 3, 2010, Pages 540~552
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2010.34.3.540
This research forms preliminary data for the coordination of environmental color planning in industry through a color analysis of work clothes and the work environment. A digital camera was used to study the work environment of two major shipbuilding companies located in Geoje city and Goseong county. The picture data was analyzed as G (ground: environment) and F (figure: clothes), and analyzed hue, value, and the chroma value through a Muncell conversion 9.0.6 from the color cluster, number of pixel, and RGB value. The results are as follows: First, GY, Y color were mostly used in the shipbuilding environment and work clothes. The color value was used in a relatively wide range but very low chroma (0-3), dark grayish, grayish tone dominated both fields. Second, the use of limited colors cannot be secured for safety in attention of the shipbuilding field. Third, unclear and vogue colors lessened the optical tiredness of workers that helped in the prevention of industrial accidents. Color combination and color selection should be considered for a secure safety color coordination between work clothes and the work environment when it comes to complicated color principles.