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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 12 - Dec 2011
Volume 35, Issue 11 - Nov 2011
Volume 35, Issue 10 - Oct 2011
Volume 35, Issue 9 - Sep 2011
Volume 35, Issue 8 - Aug 2011
Volume 35, Issue 7 - Jul 2011
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Jun 2011
Volume 35, Issue 5 - May 2011
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Apr 2011
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Mar 2011
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Feb 2011
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
Merchandising Process Analysis of Outdoor Sportswear Brands
Sung, Hee-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 243~253
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.243
The outdoor sportswear market in Korea has received increased attention due to the interest in health and leisure activities promoted through the well-being trend. This study examines the merchandising process for outdoor sportswear brands and focuses on textile planning in order to identity the opportunities for Korean textile companies. Data were collected through an interview method of nine outdoor leading brands (six national brands and three license brands). The interviewees were merchandisers with two to nine years of career experience in the company. The majority of interviewed brands implemented a merchandising plan twice a year. Basic goods took 80% and reorder or spot goods took 10-20% of the total quantity, which possessed a substantial possibility to substitute imported textiles for Korean ones. After the 2008 global economic crisis, outdoor brands have increased the quantity of Korean textiles up to 70% of the total amount of sales because of low price per quality, lead-time accuracy, convenience for handling, and communication. The most important factors when selecting materials were functionality, quality, design, price, and lead-time for orders. The managerial implications for Korean textile companies were also discussed.
Analysis of the Conditions and Products of Natural Dyeing Shopping Malls in Japan
Lee, Mi-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 254~266
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.254
This study analyzes the state and products of shopping malls that sell naturally dyed products in Japan. In this study, 37 natural dyeing shopping malls were selected. The results of this study are as follows. There are many natural dying internet shopping malls located in the areas of Tokyo, Kyoto, and Okayama. The most frequent dyes were indigo, followed by akane, persimmon, mud, vegetation, and tea. The highest ordered product categories were accessories, followed by adult clothes, and interior decoration products. The most frequent products were adult hats, followed by towels (handkerchiefs), scarves, T-shirts, and bags. For the price of products, 3,000-4,000
was the highest for T-shirts, with 2,000-3,000
for newborn baby and child clothing, 5,000-10,000
for hats and bags, 3,000-4,000
for scarves, and 1,000-2,000
for towels (handkerchief). Concerning product information, most of the shopping malls offer the product size and the product explanations, but over half of them did not show the properties or directions for handling the product.
Fashion Attitude and Bag Purchase Behaviors of Males in their 20s-30s
Kim, Jung-Woo ; Jin, Sun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 267~280
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.267
This study examined bag purchase behaviors for male consumers based on fashion attitudes. Data research were conducted on 304 males in their 20s and 30s located in Seoul & Gyeonggi province. The SPSS 17.0 software program was used to conduct data analyses such descriptive statistics, frequency analysis, factor analysis, cluster analysis,
-test, t-test, ANOVA, and Scheffe`s test as a post-hoc analysis. The results of this study were as follows: Fashion attitude was identified with four factors personality, social recognition, practicality, and dignity. Customers were segmented into three subdivisions: conspicuous, recognition of individual style, and practicality of clothing. The factors derived from the factor analysis of selection criteria included intrinsic attributes and extrinsic attributes. Males in their 30s valued the intrinsic attributes and males in their 20s valued extrinsic attributes. The group of conspicuous of clothing, valued both intrinsic and extrinsic attributes as important. The factors derived from the factor analysis of bag pursuit benefit included pursuit of fashion/economic, famous brand, quality/convenience. Males in their 20s and 30s pursued famous luxury brands and fashion attitudes had a positive relevance to the bag pursuit benefit.
The Influence of Self-Efficacy in Purchasing Clothes on Consumer Satisfaction Formation Process
Ko, Sun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 281~291
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.281
This study investigates the influence of self-efficacy in purchasing clothes in the consumer satisfaction formation process. A survey was conducted on 300 adults living in the Seoul and Gyeonggi area and 231 completed questionnaires were used for analysis. The survey questionnaires measured the respondent`s self-efficacy in purchasing clothes, expectation, perceived performance, expectation confirmation, and satisfaction level. The data were analyzed by moderated regression analysis. The results are as follows. First, for apparel products, perceived performance, and expectation confirmation have a direct effect on consumer satisfaction, while expectation has no direct effect on consumer satisfaction. This finding agrees with the results reported in a previous study on consumer goods with low ambiguity in assessing products and services including sneakers, underwear, cereals, and financial services. Second, the lower the self-efficacy in purchasing clothes, then the increased effect of the expectation confirmation that influences consumer satisfaction. However, the self-efficacy in purchasing clothes did not show any moderating effect on the perceived performance affecting the consumer satisfaction. The self-efficacy in purchasing clothes seems to have a moderating effect on the consumer satisfaction formation process by affecting the ambiguity in pre-purchase product assessment and not in post-purchase product evaluation.
Suggestion of Functional Smart Jacket Based on Wearable Technology
Lee, Jeong-Ran ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 292~303
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.292
This research suggested a draft proposal for a smart jacket design, which has applied wearable technologies to provide convenience in daily life. The smart jacket combined with a vest was the casual item for autumn and winter. The heating device was composed of the heating element, battery, controller, electric wire, connector, switch, and charger. A stable electronic conductor fiber of good heating effect with a flexible zigzag form has been selected for the heating element. The lighting device has been made in a way that attaches the LED and its power controller in the same mechanical device. As the result of the wearing test, the heating effect turned out to be effective in the order of: back, both the back and abdomen and only the abdomen. When wearing a smart jacket, the back and abdomen have been selected as favorable body parts for heating. Pockets and hems are selected as the adequate place to attach the LED lighting, and the brightness of LED lighting has turned out to be suitable and useful. Based on the test results, the first draft proposal has attached the heating element only in the back and its controller located in the inside pocket of the vest. In addition, the LED has been attached to the front pocket of the jacket. As to the second draft proposal, heating elements have been placed in the back and the abdomen. Each controller for the heating elements has been placed in the front and inside pocket of vest, and the LED lighting has been attached to the hem of the jacket. The smart jacket combined with a wearable device was assessed by functioning categories. The user showed a high satisfaction in the heating and illuminating function of a smart jacket.
A Study on the Design Contents of Fashion Cultural Products with a Camellia Flower Motif
Kim, Sun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 304~311
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.304
This study selects camellia flowers as a material for design development and created patterns by simplifying the image of camellia flowers and combining it with a geometrical motif. It it applied them to various fields to develop design content for fashion cultural products that were Korean, modern, and competitive. For this purpose, this paper used Adobe Illustrator CS2 to turn the camellia flower into a motif and develop it into a pattern. Based on the realistic form of camellia flower, this paper set 3 basic motifs of new formative images, using graphic elements, such as omission of a form, simplification, overlapping, repetition, and reduction, and it also developed two transformed motifs by applying a different color to each motif. This paper repetitively arranged each motif in the background of a diamond shape, a square, and a circle, and it combined each motif with the patterns of marcel, stairs, and stripes, through which it expressed the combination of the geometrical patterns and the flower patterns. Through the application of repetitive and combined patterns of each motif, the enlargement and reduction of motifs, the repetition of motifs, the combined use of motifs, and the change in colors and layout, this paper used the motifs of various fashion cultural products, such as scarves, neckties, and T-shirts.
A Study on the Development of Patterns for Pants for Men in their Early 20s and Evaluation of Subjective Wear Sensation
Jeong, Yeon-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 312~324
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.312
This investigates the type of pants preferred by Korean men in their 20s through a subjective wear test. Six types of men`s pants were developed as experimental garments. The male subjects were university students between the ages of 20 and 24. Subjective wear sensations of the experimental pants were rated using seven Likert scales. A 7-point Likert-type scale was used for the evaluation, with 7 indicating the best fit. As a result, a basic men`s sloper for lower body clothing was developed based on SizeKorea 2004 anthropometric measurements surveyed between 2003 and 2004. A basic pattern (A) was manipulated to tight-fit pants (E) and loose-fit pants (D, L, M, and N) by considering the ease at hip level and the style. Among the six pants, pants D and L (4cm ease at hip level) were found to be superior to others in terms of comfort, fitting, and crotch depth. With regard to ease and comfort of the crotch part, pants E and A (0cm ease at hip level) were found to be the least preferred.
A Study on the Application of Clothing and Textiles Education to Industrial Work
Ju, Jeong-Ah ; Ryu, Hyo-Seon ; Kim, Hyun-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 325~335
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.325
This study analyzes the current educational curricula in the field of Clothing and Textiles in order to develop appropriate educational methods and courses. We reviewed the curricula offered by 58 Clothing and Textiles Departments at four-year universities in Korea. We analyzed the educational content of each curriculum by dividing all of the courses offered into eight categories. The analysis was based on the information posted on the universities` Internet websites, and the analysis was performed by using descriptive statistics. The results of this study are as follows: First, the educational courses of the Clothing and Textiles Departments are composed of, 36.2% design, 20.4% production, and 14.5% textile categories. In comparison with the results of a similar study conducted in 1999, emphases on the design, distribution, and marketing categories have increased, while the emphases on the production, apparel material, basic knowledge, and consumption science categories have decreased. Second, in the case of the apparel material category, basic knowledge of materials constituted 18.5%, the largest part of the category. The average number of units offered in the area of apparel materials by the 58 Departments was 17 units per year. The curricula were found to vary by regions of the country. The universities located in the Chungcheong region offer more textile material courses, but the universities in the Capital region offer fewer textile material courses than other regions. Departments that are affiliated with universities that emphasize Art and Design have more courses on basic knowledge, dyeing and finishing, and fabric design than other universities.
Dyeability and Functionality of Bamboo Extracts (Part II) -Dyeing Properties of Protein Fiber-
Jung, Go-Eun ; Lee, Jung-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 336~346
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.336
Dyeing properties of protein fiber with bamboo colorants were studied by investigating the effect of dyeing conditions such as dye concentration, dyeing temperatures, times on dye uptakes, effect of mordants, and color change. The various colorfastness of dyed fabrics were evaluated for practical use. In addition, the antimicrobial ability, ultraviolet-cut ability, and deodorant ability were estimated. The dye uptake increased as the dyeing concentration increased. Bamboo colorants showed relatively good affinity to protein fiber and produced a yellow color. Dye uptake increased as the dyeing time and temperature increased. Post-mordanting was more effective than pre-mordanting. Mordants, Fe and N.Fe, were effective for increasing dye uptake. The color of fabric mordanted with Cu and N.Cu changed to GY. Colorfastness of dyed fabrics showed a relatively good rating, and mordanting had no significant effect on colorfastness. Dyed silk fabric showed very good antimicrobial abilities of 99.9%. Also, ultraviolet-cut ability and deodorant ability were improved in silk fabric dyed with bamboo extracts.
The Effects of Vanity and Marital Satisfaction on Clothing Behavior
Chung, Mi-Sil ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 347~358
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.347
This study investigates the effects of vanity and marital satisfaction on four aspects of clothing behavior. The data were collected from 258 housewives in Suwon and Seoul, and analyzed using factor analysis, cluster analysis, one-way ANOVA, t-test, multiple regression analysis, and a reliability test. The results of this study were as follows. 1) Three factors of vanity were identified (concern for physical appearance, concern for achievement, and positive view of physical appearance/achievement). Based on these three factors, the respondents were classified into three clusters. 2) Three factors of marital satisfaction were identified (relationship with husband, satisfactory life, and unsatisfactory life). Based on these three factors, the respondents were classified into two clusters. 3) There were significant differences in four aspects of clothing behavior according to the vanity clusters. 4) There was only significant difference in the sex appeal of clothing according to the marital satisfaction clusters. In conclusion, vanity was an important variable to influence fashion, exhibitionism, body improvement, and sex appeal of clothing behavior. The marital satisfaction significantly affected exhibitionism and body improvement for clothing behavior.
Analysis of the Textiles Design of Natural Indigo Dyed Products in Korea and Japan -Focusing on the Natural Indigo Dyed Products of Internet Shopping Malls-
Lee, Mi-Suk ; Chung, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 359~370
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.359
This study analyzes the textiles design of natural indigo dyed products in Korea and Japan. In this study, a total of 556 Korean natural indigo dyed products, and 2,730 Japanese natural indigo dyed products were used for analysis. The subjects of this study were 556 natural indigo dyed products and 2,730 Japanese natural indigo dyed products selling natural indigo dyed products which were found using search engine keywords of natural indigo dyeing and natural dyeing. Research and analysis was treated regarding the products, items, patterns, and the representation techniques of the patterns. The results of this study are as follows. In the pattern used for natural indigo dyed products, 71.4% of Korean products have no pattern, but 77.1% of Japanese products have patterns. On the representation techniques of the patterns, Korean products used tie-dyeing and a dip patterned fabric. While in the Japanese products, the most frequent patterning techniques were paraffin dye, followed by tie-dyeing, yarn-dyed and weaving, screen printing, and yarn-dyed and knitting. Regarding the kinds of patterns for natural indigo dyed products, only 8 kinds of patterns were used in Korean products; however, over 50 kinds of various patterns were used in Japanese products. Most patterns in the Korean products were ion patterns made by tie-dyeing. While in the Japanese products, the most frequent patterns were stripe patterns, followed by flower, dot, and ion patterns. Based on these research results, the problems of the textile design of Korean natural indigo dyed products were that most of the products have no pattern, and even though there were patterns, they lacked variations between the products. While in the case of Japan, they used the traditional and modem patterns of various textile representation techniques.
A Study on the Travel Fashion Bag Design Using the Op-Art Textile Patterns -Applying the Artwork of Victor Vasarely-
Kim, Min-Hye ; Park, Hye-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 35, issue 3, 2011, Pages 371~384
DOI : 10.5850/JKSCT.2011.35.3.371
This study with `trip` as a theme, aims to develop textile designs and fashion bags for travel which is widely applicable fitting traveler`s T P O, applying Victor Vasarely`s artwork. During the planning process of design, `Whenever & Wherever`s concept was set by analyzing fashion trend information in 2010-11 F/W proposed by Interfashion Planning and FCK; in addition, `Bobos` were selected as research targets. It organized 4 images of `Modern`, `Romantic`, `Classic` and `Fantastic`. The motives are proposed textile design with `
`, `Falling Z`, `Cir-Classicism` and `Skinny-holic` per each theme. The designs developed were printed out and into polyester canvas with a Polaris V6 DTP from dgen, Corp. Textile designs developed were applied for `two-way` formed fashion bags for traveling with high practicality. Fashion bags for traveling consisted of big bags, tote bags, and hip sacks; a total of 12 works (4 sets per theme) were produced. This study sought practical plans for artworks by producing fashion goods through a DTP system. The results of this study can be used as guidelines for further studies and as a significant contribution to the creation of high values for exciting fashion products.