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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Nov 1981
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jul 1981
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A Study of the Relationship between Hand-me-down Clothing and Clothing Behaviors of Elementary School Children.
Chung Sham Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 5, issue 1, 1981, Pages 1~7
The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of handed-me-down clothing in the Che-ju elementary school children. Measures of attitudes toward handed-me-down clothing consisted of: 1) attitudes of receiver's 2) feeling of receive.'s 3) behaviors 4) possession 5) frequency of wearing handed-me-down clothing. Two aspects of clothing behaviors were slightly modified to assess conformity?individuality, satisfaction in clothing. The sample consisted of 565 students in Che-ju elementary school children, Korea. The data, collected by means of a self-administered questionaire, were analysed by Chi-Square (
) and Correlation(R). The results indicated that: 1. Handed-me-down clothing was not significantly different between elder brothers (sisters) and child. 2. Most of the children wanted to wear comfort, good style, fit and neat in handed-me-down clothing. 3. Most of the children were satisfied with their handed-me-down clothing and tended not to be aware of the source in clothing. 4. Most of the children had higher interest of individuality and satisfaction in clothing behaviors.
The Effects of Laundering Conditions on Calcium Deposition on the Fabric
Moon Young Ae ; Kahng He Won ; Kim Sung Reon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 5, issue 1, 1981, Pages 9~14
The influence of laundering conditions on calcium deposition on the fabric was studied by repeated laundering the cotton fabric with soap in the hard water of 200 P.P.M.
. The experimental variables were: 1) soap concentrations (
), 2) water contents in the fabric after hydroextraction. (
), 3) builders (Na-EDTA, sodium carbonate, sodium metasilicate), 4) washing cycle (5, 10, 15, 20 cycles). The fabric was washed for 15 minutes at
in a washing machine (Model; Gold Star Wp-2005) under the similar conditions with those of home laundering, and rinsed 5 times for 5 minutes. The amount of calcium deposits on the fabric was determined by the EDTA-Back titration method described by Wasserman and Basch. Results of this study were follows: 1) The amount of calcium deposits on the fabric increased with increasing wash cycles. 2) During the rinsing process, residual calcium content on the fabric increased with water content in the fabric after hydroextraction. 3) The amount of calcium deposits on the fabric decreased with the increasing soap concentration above the equivalent amount of calcium ion content in the water. 4) Sequestering agents and alkaline builders influenced the amount of calcium deposits on the fabric. The amount of calcium deposits on the fabric was in the order of sodium metasilicate, sodium carbonate, nonbuilder, and EDTA.
Some Factors Effect on the Detergency of Triglyceride
Lee Mee Sik ; Kim Sung Reon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 5, issue 1, 1981, Pages 15~21
The effect of fatty acid content in oily soil and conditions of washing on the removal of triglyceride have been studied. Cotton lawn was soiled with the four-component soil-tripalmitin, palmitic acid, dodecyl alcohol and dodecane-and washed in constant temperature waterbath shaker. The detergency was estimated by analysis of triglyceride labelled carbon-14 on fabrics before and after washing by means of liquid scintillation counting. It was shown that the detergency of triglyceride washed with the nonionic, nonylphenol poly (10)-ethylene oxide and soap was increased steadily with increasing temperature, whereas with the anionics Na-DBS and SLS, the detergency was rather decreased when the temperature was elevated above
. To investigate the effects of free fatty acid content in soil on the removal of triglyceride, the fabrics were soiled altering palmitic acid content, and then washed. From the results, the detergency of triglyceride was developed with increasing free fatty acid content. With soils containing less than
of free fatty acid, of the three detergents tested, the nonionic was by far the most effective soil removal. Soap was intermediate and the synthetic anionic was the poorest. With soil containing
of free fatty acid, soap was the most effective soil removal. When NaOH was added to detergent solution. the detergency of triglyceride was improved without regard to detergents. The optimum alkalinity was obtained according to free fatty acid content. And the alkalinity changed to low NaOH concentration with increasing free fatty acid content. From the results mentioned above, it could be concluded that the major removal mechanisms of triglyceride containing oily soil were mesomorphic phase formation, solubilization and soap forma-tion when alkali was added in detergent solution.
A Study on Free-formaldehyde in the Resin Finished cotton Fabric (III) -Extraction of Free-formaldehyde in the Urea-formaldehyde Resin-finished cotton fabric-
Cho Soon Chae ; Rhie Jeon Sook ; Rhee Jong Mun ; Shin Sang Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 5, issue 1, 1981, Pages 23~26
In this paper, the extraction mechanism of free formaldehyde in the urea formaldehyde resin finished cotton fabric is discussed. An empirical equation for formaldehyde release has been formulated.
in which, F: the amount of free formaldehyde extracted (
g/g) H: extraction time (min) T: extraction temperature (
A Study on making polyester silk-like
Cha Ok Seon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 5, issue 1, 1981, Pages 27~30
The change of physical properties of polyester yarn treated with sodium hydroxide solution for making polyester silk like was investigated. The tenacity of polyester yarn was reduced by increasing alkali concentration and temperature. Degree of polymerization of polyester was decreased slightly but the heat of fusion was not changed appreciably.
A Study on the Ceremonial Flags in the Yi Dynasty
Baek Young Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 5, issue 1, 1981, Pages 31~40
It is of great significance to perform a ceremony with the utmost honor in every society and the fact is that ancient Koreans executed sacrificial rites to natural scenery with primitive reilgious things from the beginning of Korean history. Minute records on the various ceremonies to the Koryeo Dynasty are found in Koryeodogyeong and it might be said that there were no standing rules and the many ceremonies were resorted to an expedient, because in the Yi Dynasty the first codified ceremonial lawbook, Kukjooryeeui was formalized and after then all the ceremonies and formalities were carried out by the referential rules of the above-mentioned Kukjooryeeui. After the imperial enthronement of Kojong, all the ceremonial goods and flags symbolizing the heaven and auspicious animals-authority and fortune-were made by Daemyeongjibyei, which are found at Changdeokgung now. There are no remarkable differences in the Yi Dynasty between the records at the beginning and the remaines at the last stage, which shows once-fixed standing rules were kept faithfully to the end. The main patterns used on flags were of imaginary animals such as dragon, indicating the wish that countless authority and fortune should be realized. This is the former part of the study on the ceremonial flags in the Yi Dynasty and I hope the detailed idea and symbolic meaning concerning the flags will be discussed later.