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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Nov 1983
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1983
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A Study on the Relationship between Social Values and Clothing Motivations for a Group of Female College Students in Seoul
Kim Kyung Hee ; Lim Sook Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 7, issue 2, 1983, Pages 1~10
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the social values and the clothing motivations for a group of female college students in Seoul, Korea. Through this study, the followings were found : 1. A significant relationship was found between the social values and the five dothing motivations : Decoration, Modesty, Protection, Belongingness, Self-Esteem. 2. A significant relationship was found between the clothing motivations and the environmental factors concerning school : college type (coeducational college or women's college), major. grade. 3. A significant relationship was found between the clothing motivations and the environmental factors concerning family : father's income, father's educational level, order among sisters.
The Effects of Temperature on the Detergency of Nan-Alkylsulfates havign Different Chain Length -the effects of washing temperature-
Jeong Kyung Myung ; Ryu Hyo Seon ; Kim Sung Reon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 7, issue 2, 1983, Pages 11~17
There have been two supposition that the decrement of fatty soil removal at high temperature was caused by surfactants and by the structure of fibers and Fabrics. To study the effect of temperature on the removal of fatty soil, the following variables were selected: Sodium n-alkylsulfates having various chain lengths of alkyl groups as surfactants, cotton and cuprammonium rayon as cellulose fibers having different fiber structure, and two types of soil having different melting points. Experiment was carried out with radiotagged soil and detergency was estimated by liquid scintillation counting. The results were as following: the detergency of tripalmitin on cotton was increased with elevating temperature up to
and decreased above
regardless of alkyl chain length of sodium n-alkylsulfates. In distilled water without surfactant, the detergency of tripalmitin on cotton was also decreased above
, but the detergency of tripalmitin on cuprammonium rayon was not decreased above
. effects seemed to be caused by fiber structure. Though the melting point of mixture of tripalmitin and dodecane was lower than that of tripalmitin, the optimum and decrement temperature of detergency were not altered. Finally the results of this study were shown that the surfactant and characteristics of soil did not affect on the mode of detergency vs temperature, but the fiber structure.
A Study on the Removal of Deposited Calcium on the Cotton Fabric.
Han Hae Won ; Kahng He Won ; Kim Sung Reon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 7, issue 2, 1983, Pages 19~25
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of laundry variables and additives on the removal of deposited calcium on the cotton fabric. Samples of calcium deposited fabric was made by treating fabric with
solution subsequently. The experimental variables were: 1) NaOH concentration (
) 2) Alkaline builders(sodium carbonate, sodium meta silicate) 3) Sequestering agents(STPP and EDTA concentration:
) 4) Temperatures(
) 5) Edge-abrasion to the removal of deposited calcium on the cotton fabric. The fabric was washed for 15 minutes in a washing machine(Model: Gold Star WP-3007) or Launder-0-meter(40
45 r.p.m., Toyo Rika Instrument Inc.) and rinsed 3 times per every rinsing time. The amount of calcium deposits on the fabrics was determined by EDTA-back titration methods and edge-abrasion was evaluated by ASTM D 3886 method. The results of this study were as follows: 1) pH of surfactant solution(NaOH concentration) did not influence on the removal of deposited calcium on the cotton fabric. 2) Added alkaline builders did not influence on the removal of deposited calcium on the cotton fabric. 3) It was shown that STPP and EDTA were effective to remove deposited calcium. The removal of deposited calcium on the cotton fabric was proportionally increased with increasing concentration of STPP and EDTA. At high concentration, however, the rate was rather decreased with increasing concentration. 4) The temperature of washing solution did not influence on the removal of dedosited calcium on the cotton fabric. 5) As the removal of deposited calcium on the cotton fabric was increased, the rate of edge-abrasion of the fabric was gradually increased.
A Study on the Feelings of Clothing Deprivation and Related Variables among Different Age and Socioeconomic groups of Korean Female Students
Kim Mi Young ; Rhee Eun Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 7, issue 2, 1983, Pages 27~35
The main purposes of the study were to explore the relationships among the feelings of clothing deprivation, dressing for self, dressing for others, and self-acceptance, and to deter-mine the differences. of the variables by age and socioeconomic status. The results were as follows: 1. There were significant relationships between feelings of clothing deprivation and dressing for self. Positive significant relationships were found between feelings of clothing deprivation and dressing for others, and between dressing for self and dressing for others. 2. There was a negative significant relationship between self-acceptance and feelings of clothing deprivation, while a positive significant relationship was found between self-acceptance and dressing for self.
The Relationship between Unisex Clothing Behavior and Sex Role of Korean College Students
Weon Mi Sook ; Kahng He Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 7, issue 2, 1983, Pages 37~44
The purpose of this study was to investgate the relationship between two aspects of sex role and two aspects of clothing behavior. For Sex Role: Sex role attitude was measured by Smith, Ferree, and Miller's Feminism Scale, and sex role personality was measured by Bem's Sex Role Inventory. For Clothing Behavior: a unisex clothing behavior questionnaire was developed for this study, and general clothing behavior was assessed with Lee; Kahng; Kim; and Kim's questionnaires dealing with fashion and modesty. The questionnaires were administered to a sample of male and female college students attending universities in Seoul. The data for 349 respondents were analyzed by correlation, analysis of variance and t-tests. The results were: 1) Liberal attitudes toward sex role were positively related to unisex clothing behavior for female college students. 2) The androgynous female group exhibited significantly higher 'interest in unisex clothing behavior' attitude than non-androgynous female students. 3) Feminine personality in men was positively related to a positive attitude toward unisex clothing. Masculinine personality in women was positively related to unisex clothing behavior that is they were more likely to be interested in, to wear, and to agree to others wearing unisex clothing. 4) Liberal attitudes toward sex role were not related to modesty in clothing. 5) Scores of women on positive attiudes toward liberal sex roles, unisex clothing behavior, fashion, and modesty were significantly higher than these of men.
The Relationship between Locus of Control, Body Cathexis and Clothing Behavior of Korean Men
Koh Ae Ran ; Kahng He Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 7, issue 2, 1983, Pages 45~52
The purpose of this study was to investigate between locus of control, body cathexis and four aspects of clothing behavior. Locus of control was measured by Rotter's The Internal-External Scale and body cathexis by Secord and Jourard's Body Cathexis Scale. Two aspects of clothing behavior were assessed with Lee's questionnaires dealing with status symbol and clothing satisfaction. Clothing Acceptance I was determined with questionnaires designed to measure the acceptance of color and casual wear and Clothing Acceptance II by line drawings of clothing representing formal type, informal type, and new mode type designed to measure the acceptance of business suits. The questionnaires in this study were administered to a sample of men (between 20 to more than 60 years of age) in Seoul. The data from 303 respondents were analyzed. The results were: 1) Locus of control was not related to Clothing Acceptance I(acceptance of color and casual wear), but positively related to Clothing Acceptance II(acceptance of business suit), that is, the persons having wider latitudes of acceptance in business suits were internally controlled in locus of control. 2) Locus of control was negatively related to status symbol, that is, the persons having higher concepts in status symbol were externally controlled in locus of control. 3) Body cathexis was positively related to clothing satisfaction, that is, the persons having higher satisfaction toward their clothing were more satisfied with their body.
A Study of Relationship between Clothing Behavior and Needs for Exhibition and Autonomy among High School Girls
Shim So Yeon ; Kahang He Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 7, issue 2, 1983, Pages 53~59
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between five aspects of clothing behavior and needs for exhibition and autonomy among high schoolgirls. Five aspects of clothing behavior were studied: fashion interest, clothing exhibition, attitudes toward the abolition of the school uniform and control of school dress. A questionnaire of 20 items prepared by Kahng, Lee, and Creekmore was used to assess fashion interest and clothing exhibition. Assessment of attitudes toward the abolition of school uniform and control of school dress was made with questions devised for this study and included several modified items from Kim's questionnaire. Preferences for fashion style were determined by line drawings representing current fashion and outdated fashion. The questionnaires were administered to 341 second year senior high school girls from three types of schools. Statistical analysis was performed using the correlation coefficient, chi-square test, ANOVA, The results were: 1) The need for exhibition was positively related to clothing exhibition and fashion interest, that is, students who had a higher need for exhibition were more interested in clothing exhibition and fashion. 2) The need for autonomy was positively related to attitudes toward the abolition of school uniform and control of school dress that is, students who had a higher need for autonomy wanted the abolition of school uniform and less control of school dress. 3) Fashion interest was positively related to preference for fashion style, that is, students who a higher fashion interest prefered fashinable styles in the selection of new clothes. 4) Scores of clothing exhibition and attitudes toward loosening of control of school dress were significantly different among three types of school. The orders from highest to lowest are following: single-sex preparatory, coeducational preparatory, vocational high school.
A Study on the Relationship between Clothing Behaviors and the Personal Variables of the Middle-Aged Women in Seoul
Lee Wha Jee ; Han Myung Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, volume 7, issue 2, 1983, Pages 61~69
This study was undertaken as a useful material not only to understand the clothing behaviors and the personal variables (age, education, occupation, yearly clothing expenses, weight, and persons who influence on one's choice of clothes) of the middle-aged women in Seoul, Korea but to lend itself to other uses concerning attitudes toward clothing. For the measurement of the attitudes toward specified activities related to clothing use, attitude method by Mary F. Pasnak (1968) was reworded and modified for use with the sample for this study. Analysis of the data revealed that the clothing behaviors of 450 women 30 to 59 years of age made a significant difference according to the personal variables. First, women in thirties showed the most positive clothing attitude of the three age groups. The younger age groups were positively related to relief from boredom through clothing, intensity, sureness, and involvement of attitude among eight attitudes related to clothing. Second, the positiveness of relief from boredom through clothing, intensity, sureness, and involvement of attitude increased in proportion to the education level. On the other hand, dressing for self was negatively related to the level of education. Third, a significant relationship was found between the amount of the clothing expenses and dressing for others, tactual pleasure through clothing, intensity, sureness, and involvement of attitude. Among the personal variables of the middle-aged women, age, the educational level, and the clothing expenses have a relationship with the clothing behaviors, while job, weight, and the persons who influence on one's choice of clothes have no relationship. The extensive interpretation on the result of this study will have to be taken with deliberation. For the more practical material researches on the clothing behaviors of the middle-aged women should be continued steadily in every possible way.