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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Nov 2011
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Sep 2011
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Jul 2011
Volume 18, Issue 3 - May 2011
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Mar 2011
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
A Study on Establishing the School Grouping System of Middle School -Focusing the Middle School in Gwangju Metropolitan City-
Lee, Hwa-Ryoung ; Ha, Bong-Woon ; Dong, Jae-Wook ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 3~11
This study aims at proposing some reform measures for the middle school grouping system in Gwangju Metropolitan City, which is divided 86 middle schools into 10 clusters and 3 school districts. In doing so, it analyzes the present status of educational environment and student walking distance in each school district such as the number of student per teacher, the student density, the school size and the gender ratio in class. And it conducts a survey of 5,363 middle school students, 3,966 parents and 1,007 teachers, also evaluates their satisfaction levels and needs with the student allocation system. As the result of the survey and data analysis, it finds out some problems in some school districts which are gender imbalance in class, the preference for private middle schools and inconvenience in commuting to school. To solve these problems, the study suggests the better alternatives to replace the current system. Firstly, to set up the basic fundamental principles detailed in 3 action plan, which emphasize the adherence to a close-range allocation, the appropriate size of school and class, and the equalization of educational environment. Secondly, to establish the information system for managing the school district in order to be more objective and transparent. Finally, it gives a concrete proposal which divides the 10th school grouping system into the 11th. The result would be expected to ease the gender imbalance and the concentration of private middle schools, to improve the student walking condition to school.
A Study on Korean-chinese Elementary School Facility In China Yanji
Kim, Jong-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 13~21
Yanji city in China is a city most populated with Korean-chinese. This study is to examine architectural planning characteristics for Korean-chinese Elementary schools in Yanji city. Currently, this city includes nine Korean-chinese schools. This research has been processed with regards to three broad aspects. Firstly changing processes of school systems, secondly local distributions and networks of school facilities, and thirdly site plans, floor plans and elevations of school buildings were analyzed and examined for finding their characteristics. For this study, seven Han-chinese Elementary schools were also analyzed. The study result are as following: 1. Korean-chinese schools have followed national education policies and also maintained Korean-chinese native education methods. The schools have undergone merger and separation with Han-chinese Elementary schools. Three Korean-chinese Elementary schools in Japan Colonials, two schools in the period of the Republic of China foundation and its growing, and four schools in 1980s were founded. 2. Yanji city administers the networks of Korean-chinese school districts and Han-chinese districts separately. All school districts apply to lkm standard as attending distance. The networks are adjusted as per population change. 3. The characteristics of buildings' site plans, floor plans and elevations are simple. Layouts of the schools are - type or -type centered playground. Building plans show one side corridor type and 5 stories mostly. Elevations stress central parts. Various forms such as finger types do not appear in mass planning since the school curriculum and extracurricular activities are not seemingly active. Han-chinese Elementary schools have similar conditions.
Evaluation of Concentration and Visual Discrimination according to the Color Temperatures of LED Illumination
Lee, Soon-Duk ; Kim, Chae-Bogk ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 23~33
This study investigates the evaluation on simple comparison and seeking hidden figures works under LED illumination conditions according to three types of color temperatures (7000K, 5000K, 3000K) in the classroom, Since the objective of this study is to develop an electric lighting conditions suitable for students in the classroom, the performance of concentration and visual discrimination by students under three types of LED illumination conditions were analyzed. The 4 kinds of simple tests concerning with concentration and 2 types of tests for visual discrimination were developed, and test results under natural light and LED illumination by 3 types of color temperatures were analyzed. There were differences on concentration as well as visual discrimination performance in most cases by t-test (
). For further analysis among three types of color temperatures and natural light, ANOVA tests were performed. The test results shows that illumination condition plays an important role when students try to concentrate on simple comparison of characters, figures or colors and seek hidden figures. The experimental results of this study might be applied to designing better luminous environment.
Solar Absorption Cooling System applicable to Educational Facilities
Youn, Sung-Min ; Paek, In-Su ; Han, Young-Tae ; Nam, Hyo-Gab ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 35~41
Performance of a small-capacity solar absorption cooling system was investigated experimentally. Ten sets of evacuative-tube solar-heat collectors and a 5 kW single-stage absorption cooler were combined to produce a hybrid cooling system. The performance of the cooling system was measured using a tim-coil unit installed in a small plastic storage. It was found from the test on a sunny day of May that when the temperature of the hot water supplied from the solar collectors to the generator of the absorption cooler reached
, the absorption cooler started cooling and the cold water temperature measured from the fan-coil unit reached
. The COP, which is defined as the ratio of the cooling power to the total electrical power input was higher than 1.0.
An Study on the Characteristic of Common Space In New York City Public School - Focused on Mitchell/Giurgola Architects' Projects -
Kim, Pil-Soo ; Jeon, You-Chang ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 3, 2011, Pages 43~51
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristic of common space of public schools in New York City and how the common space can perform a decisive role in enriching public space not as simply connecting between programs but as common space for a wide range of uses for communities as well as students. This study illustrates with a general design guideline of SCA(School of Construction Authority) and how the rules help the common space as an interactive link between community and site/site and school building/building and outdoor space/outdoor space and lobby in the urban context. Since its founding in New York City, 1958, Mitchell/Giurgola Architects office has dedicated itself to working with institutions and public and private schools for 50 years and has been working with SCA for 10 public schools since 1990. Through five school examples by Mitchell Giurgola architects, the study describes how the office suggests public "place" interweaving inner public space and outer public space through lobbies. A result of this research can be proposed what improvements should be made on common space in domestic schools by analyzing of positive aspects of SCA schools.