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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Nov 2011
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Sep 2011
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Jul 2011
Volume 18, Issue 3 - May 2011
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Mar 2011
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
The Application of 1-Dimensional Diffusers in Classroom Acoustics
Choi, Young-Ji ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 5, 2011, Pages 3~11
In this study, the effect of treating 1-dimensional diffusers on the classroom acoustics was investigated to determine if the diffuser are beneficial for performing the preferred acoustical conditions for speech. A 1/10 scale model of a classroom was used to measure the acoustical parameters, T30,
, STI and SNR in that room. The room acoustical conditions were varied by treating diffusers either on the front or side walls of the classroom. When the diffusers were treated on the side walls around the student's areas, a shorter reverberation time at low frequencies was obtained and resulted in performing uniform reverberation times across the frequency bands. The
values at mid- and high-frequencies were increased by treating the diffusers either on front or side wall surfaces. The highest STI and SNR values were obtained when the diffuser was treated on the front wall around the teacher's areas. It is found that diffusers are beneficial to increase the intelligibility of speech for the rear seats of the rooms.
A Study on Sensitivity to Temperature of Electricity Consumption in School Buildings
Kim, Tae-Woo ; Lee, Kang-Guk ; Kim, Ho-Soon ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 5, 2011, Pages 13~21
In case of school buildings, energy consumption has been noticeably on the increase, along with the changes in outdoor temperature triggered by the improvement in national economic development and educational environments. Research on the characteristics of energy consumption in school buildings influenced by the changes in outdoor temperature is considered very significant in social aspects in that it will be fundamental to the suggestion of the alternatives, such as saving energy consumption in construction buildings and control of emitting carbon dioxide. In this regard, this study examined sensitivity to temperature of power consumption in school buildings, based on the changes of outdoor temperature for the past five years in the target buildings of elementary, middle and high schools and the amount of energy consumption. From the results, it has been believed that this study was very significant in terms of figuring out a quantitative, optimum level of energy consumption, maintenance of pleasant environments and functions, and the necessity of effective energy use and management in school buildings.
A Study on the Revisions of the School Facility and Equipment Standards with the Changes in Education Curriculum and Legislations of School Facilities and Equipment
Noh, Ran ; Yoon, Sung-Hoon ; Jung, Jin-Ju ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 5, 2011, Pages 23~33
To ensure the effective operation of a curriculum, facilities and equipments should be properly supported. Therefore, changes are required for educational facilities in accordance with the curriculum, revised 10 times in total from 1945 to 2011, but it's true that the facility and equipment laws, which are the standards of facility and equipment changes, did not adapt to the changes. After 'the Act on Standards of School Facilities' was repealed, 'the Act on Establishment and Operation of the Schools,' the corresponding law for the purpose of spatial configuration for teaching and learning methods, was enacted in Sept. 1997. This law has been active for 14 years and revised 11 times thereafter. It has also been decided to often revise the curriculum, so the 7th National curriculum has undergone 6 times of minor revisions. Among them, the most recently revised 2009 curriculum is to be applied for elementary school 1st and 2nd grade, middle school 1st grade, and high school 1st grade from the beginning of this year of 2011. Hereupon, the purpose of this study is to research on the revisions of the school facility and equipment standards which can support the curriculum revised in 2009 and thereafter by examining classrooms and facilities as the learning space that can respond to the changes of school functions and systems with curriculum transition, of teaching and learning systems, and of subjects.
Systematic Emergency Exit Planning Method in School Design
Lee, Seung-Sun ; Kwun, Joon-Bum ; Jeong, In-Jae ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 5, 2011, Pages 35~42
This study examined emergency exit location with the most representing school floor type with a mathematical model that applied optimized algorithm in the field of engineering. Recent school buildings became much more diverse in floor planning than the old days. Nevertheless, architect's approach to building prevention against fire related emergency planning still relies on an personal experience and knowledge. Therefore, since school buildings are much more likely to be exposed to any fire related events, emergency exit planning has to be seriously evaluated with a scientific method. The algorithm, which acquires the number of persons in each spatial type(node) and the minimum physical distance between spatial types(arc), can propose the most optimized emergency exit locations. Consequently, this study compared an architect's fire exit planning with the scientific outcome of this study and suggested the most reliable emergency exit locations.
Feasibility Analysis of ICT for Public Educational Environment
Kim, Seung-Je ; Kimm, Woo-Young ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 5, 2011, Pages 43~50
There are emerging issues to update the educational environment for schools in terms of information and communication technology in order to provide customized programs to students as well as all participants relating to learning and teaching. The past year has been turbulent as the education facilities has changed and new procurement processes such as BTL have emerged. In this study, the feasibility analysis of ICT for the public educational environment is to analyse the current primary schools by means of collecting parent's opinion. In the web-site questionnaires, it was designed with 70 items such as teaching method, class organization, aptitude drill and educational community. As results, the statistical analysis is to propose the list of priority and orientation covering social agenda in the issue of ICT for education, the benefits schools can achieve by smart environment is to have the advanced learning services and solutions that represents parental engagement with identical local aims of interactive interface between their students and qualified teachers at a school. Both the national curriculum as well as the after-school program initiatives from the ministry of education, science and technology may reduce negative effects of private education so that the program has to be carefully developed for balanced education society revitalizing mutual communication within regional learning participants such as students, teachers and educational experts.
A Study on the Properties of the DQI as a Participation Tool
Yoon, Hwon ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 5, 2011, Pages 51~59
This research suggests that the Design Quality Indicator for School(DQIfS) could be applied on the education facilities construction process not only as a building design assessment tool, but also as a participation tool. From the analyze of the background, the aims, the implementation processes and the case studies of the DQIfS, the results are: 1. DQI was formulated with the social requirement for the public participation in the public building design processes.; 2. DQI was articulated with the aim to involve the wide range of the stakeholders in the design processes, to hear the various opinions of the stakeholders, and to apply these opinions in the planning or the decision-making processes.; 3. In the implementation stage, it was found that the implementation methods of the DQIfS was devised to involve the wide range of the stakeholders. Moreover, the DQIfS has transformed its representation way to convey the results to the stakeholders and make a base for the discussion. 4. Through the case studies, it was found that the DQIfS was used with various participatory planning methods in the implementation process. Furthermore, the DQIfS was used as a main method to provide the basis of the discussion about the educational facility design. Thus, it could be concluded that DQIfS is a specialized participation tool for making participatory processes in the educational building design processes.
A Study on University Students' Types of Spatial Consumptive Decision Behavior for Development of a Creative Square on Campus
Yang, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Nam-Hyo ;
The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities, volume 18, issue 5, 2011, Pages 61~71
The purpose of this paper is to analyze university students' types of spatial consumptive decision behavior in order to provide a guideline on development of creative squares on campus. In particular, it is investigated how student's general characteristics, such as gender, age and major, awareness of creative squares, and preferred spatial types have influence on types of spatial decision consumptive behavior. In addition, correlations among the factors and types are analyzed. As a specific method for gathering information, a questionnaire composed of 46 questions was drawn up to conduct a survey of 206 students of S University in Seoul. The collected data from the survey were analyzed using SPSS windows v17.0. Based on a few previous works, the spatial consumptive decision behavior is classified into four types with Crombach
: 'Exploration' type, 'Experience' type, 'Showing-off type, and 'Trend-Following' type. The main results of this paper can be summarized as follows. First, all factors that affect spatial consumptive decision behavior are more or less correlated with one another. Second, awareness of creative square is significantly different according to the age and major of students. Third, in general, the 'Exploration' type embraces the largest number of students, followed by 'Experience' type, 'Showing-off type, and 'Trend-Following' type. Fourth, the portion of students belonging to each type is a little different according to the major of students. Finally, each type of spatial consumptive decision behavior is highly correlated with the gender and preferred spatial types of students. It was also found that all types of students prefer three to five specific spatial types. Accordingly, the identified spatial types can be exploited in developing a creative square in campus. The results of this paper are expected to expedite follow-up research on creative squares on campus under various conditions.