Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Malacology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Malacological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Dec 1999
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jun 1999
Selecting the target year
Immunohistochemical Study on the Cerebral Ganglion of African giant Snail, Achatina fulica
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 15, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~11
An immunohisochemical study on the cerebral ganglion of the African giant snail, Achatina fulica. was conducted by applying the AB/AY staining and the avidin-bovine-peroxidase complex staining methods. The followings are the results obtained throughout the study. The cerebral ganglion of Achatina fulica is an ellipsoidal body of 2 x 1 mm in size, which is connected by the cerebral commissure of 1 mm in diameter. The cross-section through the cerebral ganglion, shaped like a butterfly, is divided into the medio-dorsal parts, the latero-dorsal parts, the caudo-dorsal parts, and the lateral lobes. In the medio-dorsal and latero-dorsal parts, the LG cells and the DG cells are found mixed, although the LG cells are dominant. In lateral lobe, however, the Y cells are quite dominant, while the LG cells and the DG cells are seldom found. The LG cells are 20-70
in sizes and circular or ellipsoidal in shapes. They are stained light green with the AB/AY. 1 - 3 nucleoli are found in karyolymph, where granular chromantins are evenly distributed. In cytoplasm, it is found that the secretory granules are evenly developed.
Allozyme Variability in Tree of Genus Semisulcospira(Prosobranchia: Pleuroceridae)
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 15, issue 1, 1999, Pages 13~20
A horizontal starch gel electrophoresis for enzyme proteins extracted from three Korean species and one Chinese species of Semisulcospira was carried out in order to elucidate their genetic relationships. A total of 10 enzymes were employed in three different of buffer systems. Two loci from each enzyme of GAPDH, GOT, ICDH, IDH and PEP(VL); three loci from each of three enzymes, EST, PEP(LGG) and PGDH; and five loci from GPI were observed. Most of the loci in three pleurocerid species employed showed homozygous monomorphic banding patterns and some of them were specific as genetic markers between two different species. However, EST-2, PEP(LGG-3) and PGDH-1 loci in Korean S. libertina and PEP(LGG-3), PGM-1 and PGM-2 loci in Chinese S. libertina showed polymorphic banding patterns. Three Korean Semisulcospira species including S. libertina were more closely clustered in a dendrogram within the range of genetic identity values of 0.818-0.936, and these clusters were lineated with Chinese S. libertina at the value of 0.621
Population of Biology of Short-necked clam (Ruditapes philippinarum: Bivalvia) in Kwangyang Bay, Southern Coast of Korea. I. Growth and Benthic Environments
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 15, issue 1, 1999, Pages 21~30
This study was carried out to describe the growth of Ruditapes philippinarum on Chohwa and Toksan tidal flat in Kwangyang Bay, from June 1994 to July 1995. On the Chohwa tidal flat, the mean gran size, organic content and chlorophyll-a of the surface sediment were the range of 2.50-4.46 , 4.99-5.11%, 14.53-19.90
-3/, and on the Toksan tidal flat, 0.83-1.66 , 2.22-2.34%, 6.20-6.90
-3/, respectively. The shell length of R. philippinarum increased rapidly from spring to summer, and gently from summer to autumn, and ceased during winter. Fresh weight increased during spring and autumn, and decreased during summer and winter. condition factors also showed the same variations of weights. Synthesized annual growth pattern of 4 year classes in shell length fitted the von Bertalnffy growth model well. The annual growth of weight fitted the Gompertz model relatively well. The values of w, initial shell growth rate, and AGR
max/, maximum weight growth rate, on the Chohwa tidal flat were lower than those on the Toksan tidal flat. Comparing the growth patterns in the same tidal flat, growth rate was higher on the lover tidal flat than those on the higher tidal flat. In conclusion, the Chohwa tidal flat maintaining higher density showed lover growth rate, because of relatively insufficient food supply and inhabiting space.
Population of Biology of Short-encked clam (Ruditapes philippinarum: Bivalvia) in Kwangyang Bay, Southern Coast of Korea. II. Population Dynamics and Secondary Production
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 15, issue 1, 1999, Pages 31~39
This study was aimed to describe the population dynamics and secondary production of Tapes philppinarum on Chohwa and Toksan tidal flats in Kwangyang Bay, from June 1994 to July 1995. The size distributions in shell length showed bimodal patterns from June 1994 to April 1995. Thereafter the distribution changed to the passage of time, indicating an increase in shell length. The mean densities decreased gradually with month. Chohwa A sustained highestdensity, followed by Chohwa B, Toksan C, and Toksan D. The recruitment of new year class occurred first on the upper tidal flat, and then moved to the lower tidal flat. The mean biomass in flesh dry weight of each year class increased in spring just before the spawning period, and thereafter decreased progressively. Annual mean biomass wasrecorded as 170.7 g m
-2/ at Chohwa A, 220.7 g m
-2/ at Chohwa B, 21.8 g m
-2/ at Toksan C, and 45.2 g m
-2/ at toksan D. Annual productions of Ruditapes philippinarum were estimated as 259.72 g m
-1/ at Chohwa A, 359.79 g m
-1/ at Chohwa B, 45.02 g m
-1/ at Toksan c, 68.88 g m
-1/ at Toksan D. Annual productions were much higher on Chohwa tidal flat than those on Toksan tidal flat. While P:B ratio were higher on Toksan tidal flat as 1.70 than those on Chohwa tidal flat as 1.58. In conclusion, the Chohwa tidal flat showed higher biomass and producion of Ruditapes philippinarum, whereas the Toksan tidal flat showed higher P:B ratio. The total amount of potential food might influence on the density, biomass nad produciton, whereas the amount of food and space per individual might influence on the growth rate and P:B ratio.
Suspended Time Dependent Meat Weight Increase of Oysters, Crassostrea gigas, in Pukman Bay, Korea
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 15, issue 1, 1999, Pages 41~47
From September 1994 to April 1996, we observed the suspending time dependant meat increase (dry weight) for oysters at Pukman Bay in Korea. The oysters which suspended in September increased to 5 g in meat weight (dry weight) by January. Ones in June increased rapidly but lessened during summer and this stagnation of meat increase extended to autumn. It took long time to compensate for the loss of meat weight owing to spawning. Oysters suspended in July or August showed low growth or stagnation due to the high water temperature and spawning activities after suspending. However, meat weight showed sudden increasement after December and achieved 5 g at the late farm period. The meat increase of oysters suspended in October or November was very slow during entire growing period. Most of them did not achieved 5 g during farm period. The negative correlation was observed between meat growth and water temperature in September. Also, there was a high correlation between meat growth and chlorophyll-a. It was believed that deficiency of food organisms in the water column lead slow growth in terms of meat growth, particularly right after transplanting seed oysters to the farm. Our study suggests that proper time for transplanting oysters is between August and mid-September. However, the data indicate that good growth of oysters is depending upon amount of food available in the water column.
Mortality of the Horned Turban Shell, Batillus cornutus Caused by Vibrio spp
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 15, issue 1, 1999, Pages 49~55
Mass mortality of the horned turban shell, Batillus cornutus was investigated using histological and bacteriological methods. Some pathogenic bacteria were isolated from mortal or inactive individuals. The pathogenic agents causing mortality of the horned turban shells were as Vibrio alginolyticus and V. anguillarum. Laboratory experiment indicated that optimal growth temperature of two bacteria was 25 to 30
and 3% of NaCl. Histological examination of the horned turban shells showed that gill necrosis is one of the major symptom of infected individuals. It was believed that sudden increase of those two bacterial agents due to environmental change cause mortality of horned turban shells.
Evaluation of Methods Used in the Calculation of Condition Index Using the Mussel, Mytilus coruscus (Gould, 1861) Collected from Chuja Island, Cheju, Korea
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 15, issue 1, 1999, Pages 57~62
Condition indices (Cl) are considered to be useful measurements of the nutritive and health status of bivalves although studies on Cl of bivalves are limited due to the lack of a standard formula for calculating Cl. This study attempts to generate Cl of the mussel, Mytilus coruscus inhabiting along the coastal area of Chuja Island in Cheju using three primary formulas. the formulas used in this study: (1) Cl-vol= [tissue dry weight (g) 1000] /shell cavity volume (ml). (2) Cl-wt= [tissue dry weight (g) 1000] / internal shell cavity capacity (g). (3) Cl-size= tissue wet weight (g)/[shell length (mm)]
3/. Monthly condition indices calculated with the three formulas are compared using ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test and Pearson correlation coefficient. In Chuja Island M. coruscus collected ranged from 50 to 180 mm in shell length. Monthly ranges of Cl-values were 67.48 to 140.61 (Cl-vol), 74.67 to 118.02 (Cl-wt) and 1.4 10
-5) to 1.6 10
-5/ (Cl-size). Cl-vol values in August were higher than two Cl-values in the other months. Monthly Cl-vol was significantly different from Cl-wt and Cl-size. (p<0.05). The results of this study suggest that volumetric condition index (Cl-vol) used in this study is acceptable as a standard measure to evaluate conditions of M. coruscus.
Systemetic Study on the Family Pectinidae (Bivalvia) in Korea. Allozyme Variability
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 15, issue 1, 1999, Pages 63~69
Electrophoretic analysis was carried out to elucidate genetic relationships of four Korean scallops, Patinopecten yessoensis, chlamys ferreri ferreri, Chlamys swifti and Amusium japonicum japonicum, and of a Chinese population of C. ferreri ferreri purchased form a market. Glucose phosphate isomerase banding pattern was highly varied among eight loci. Three populations of C. ferreri ferreri were more closely clustered in a dendrogram within the range of Nei＇s genetic similarity values of 0.730-0.830. P. yessoenensis and Chlamys swifti were clustered with genetic similarity value of 0.647. These two clusters were lineated at the value of 0.598. A. japonicum japonicum was clustered with other three species at value of 0.541.