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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Malacology
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Journal DOI :
The Malacological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Dec 2002
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jun 2002
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Seasonal Changes of Biochemical Composition in Cultured Bivalves
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~8
Seasonal changes in biochemical composition of Crassostrea giggas and Scapharca broughtonii in the Kosong bay and Kangjin bay, southern Korea were studied over 12 months in relation to their habitat. In Crassostrea giggas, protein was high during summer in all experimental station, but lipid and carbohydrate were high during winter, and no clear difference was between experimental station. Glycogen content was sharply decreased during summer, and energy content was low but carbohydrate was high during summer. In Scapharca broughtonii, protein was low, but carbohydrate was high during summer. Lipid was high from February to March, glycogen content was low from June to September. Energy content was low during winter and no clear difference biochemical composition was between experimental station of Scapharca broughtonii.
A Genetic Analysis of the Common Squid, Todarodes pacificus in the Korean Waters
Kim, Yeong-Hye ; Kang, Yong-Joo ; Park, Jung-Youn ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 9~14
In order to estimate the genetic variability and differentiation in common squid, eleven isozymic loci, coded for nine enzymes detected by starch gel electrophoresis, were scored from nine spawning cohorts in four localities. The expected average heterozygosity ranged from 0.00019 (between II-S
and Na-W) to 0.00814 (Between Bu-S and Na-W) in nine different spawning cohorts in four localities. A dendrogram, based on genetic distance mentioned, illustrated that nine different spawning cohorts were divided into three groups, similar to the result estimated by their ecological characterizations. From these results, we estimate that the common squid distributed throughout Korean waters will maintain this gene exchange. It is postulated that either the summer or the autumn spawning cohort has developed a local population that is isolated by hydrographic factors.
An Immunohistochemical and Ultrastructural Study of the Heavy Metals accumulated in the Kidney of an Antarctic Clam, Laternula elliptica
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 15~21
The kidney of bivalve mollusks often contains remarkably high concentrations of both essential and non-essential metals and perform regulating and detoxicating activities. The kidney has also been proposed as a biological indicator for radioactive as well as for stable metals in the sea. The present study of the Antarctic clam, Laternula elliptica, concerns the functional morphology of the kidney epithelium, which contains highly accumulated heavy metals. The immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study was undertaken in order to find out the localization of metallothionein and heavy metals accumulated in the kidney of Laternula elliptica. In the immunohistochemical investigation, an intense metallothionein immunostaining reaction was found in the epithelial cells of the kidney of Laternula elliptica. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the epithelial cells contained numerous electron-dense inclusion bodies which were considered to be accumulated heavy metals.
Chromosomal Studies of Two Species of Diplommatina (Mesogastropoda: Diplommatinidae) in Korea
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 23~26
Comparative karyological analyses of the Korean land snail, Diplommatina (Sinica) paxillus and Diplommatina (Sinica) changensis, were peformed by the Giemsa-staining and air-drying method. The karyotypes of both species were the same (2n = 26). However, the chromosome lengths and arm ratios, and relative chromosome lengths of the two species were distinctly different.
Report on Bivalve Mollusks from Beach Death Assemblages in Gangwon and Gyeongsangbuk Provinces, Korea (East Sea)
Konstantin A. Lutaen ; Je, Jong-Geel ; Shin, Sang-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 27~40
Beach death assemblages of bivalve mollusks were studied with respect to their species composition in six localities along the eastern coast of Korea (Gangneung, Jumunjin, Daejin, Gallam, Jukbyeon, Hupo and Chooksan). In all, thirty-nine species belonging to 30 genera and 19 families were recorded, and species diversity between the sampling sites varied from 5 to 21. Biogeographical analysis showed that studied fauna has warm-water character with the predominance of subtropical and subtropical-lowboreal species and the presence of tropical-subtropical species (in total, 77 %), and only 23 % of mollusks found are cold-water and temperate species. The most abundant species were Septifer virgatus (Wiegmann, 1837), Mytilus galloprovinciallis Lamarck, 1819, Gomphina melanaegis Romer, 1861, Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams et Reeve, 1850), Mactra chinensis Philippi, 1847 and Spisula sachalinensis (Schrenck, 1862).
Species Diversity and Community Structure of Macrobenthic Invertebrate Inhabiting the Intertidal Zone near Songacksan Area, Jeju Island
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 41~52
This study was performed to know the vertical distribution pattern and community structure of intertidal invertebrates at 9 sampling stations near Songacksan area located in Jeju Island from June 2000 to May, 2001. A total of 104 benthic invertebrate species was recorded during the survey period and it was composed of 50 families, 25 orders, 12 classes and 6 phyla. Among them, the most highest species richness was observed in the mollusks comprising 66.3% (69 species) and the next one in the arthropods showing 16.3% (17 species). Species diversity was largely different depending on their vertical distribution, revealing much higher in the lower intertidal zone than in the middle or upper zone, while there were no distinct differences between sampling stations. The dominant species were Nodilittorina exigua, Littorina brevicula, Pollicipes mitella mitella and Nerita japonica in the upper zone, Monodonta neritoides, Lunella coronata coreensis and Nerita japonica in the middle zone and Notoacmea schrenckii, Omphalius nigerimus, Purpura clavigera and Chlorostoma argyrostoma lishckei in the lower zone. The macrobenthic fauna surveyed could be divided into two groups based on their species similarities between sampling stations but their differences were not distinctive.
Biological Resources of Pen Shell, Atrina (Servatrina) pectinata japonica in the Coastal Waters of Chungchung-namdo, Korea. 1. Effects of Environmental Factors on Distribution Pattern
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 53~59
The distribution and density of the pen shell, Atrina (Servatrina) pectinata japonica, were investigated to estimate population ecological parameters and biomass. Samples were collected during cruises from April to June 1999 in the coastal waters of Chungchung-namdo, Korea. The oceanographic conditions such as depth, temperature, transparency and suspended solids were measured from sampling stations. Seawater depth ranged from 3.9 m to 75.9 m and the mean was 28.5 m (SE = 0.97). The mean density of the pen shell was higher in the depth of 18.0-30.8 m. The water temperature of the bottom ranged from 7.0-21.5
and the mean was 14.
. The transparency ranged from 1.2-13.5 m and the mean was 4.8 m. The suspended solids ranged from 6.0-93.5 mg/l and the mean was 48.0 mg/l. The sand proportion of the sediment was > 50%. The mean densities of the pen shell by sediment type were 7.3 individuals/40 m
(SE = 2.16) in the sand, 5.6 individuals/40 m
(SE = 1.48) in the muddy sand, 3.0 individuals/40 m
(SE = 1.89) in the sandy mud, and none in the mud. The sandy bottom, accounting for 29.8% of the overall habitat area, had a maximum density of 7.3 individuals/40 m
Chromosome Study of Two Similar Lymnaeid Snail Species, Korean Austropeplea ollula and an Exotic Species in Australia (Pulmonata: Lymnaeidae)
Younghun Jung ; Park, Gab-Man ; Chung, Pyung-Rim ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 61~65
The chromosomes of two similar lymnaeid snail species, Austropeplea ollula from Korea and "Lymnaea"sp. introduced to Australia, were karyologically investigated by using an air-dry method. The diploid chromosome number found in A. ollula was 32, and that of "Lymnaea" sp. was 30. The mitotic chromosome complements of A. ollula were 5 metacentric, 9 submetacentric, and 2 subtelocentric pairs. "Lymnaea" sp. had 5 metacentric, 8 submetacentric, and 2 subtelocentric pairs. Austropeplea ollula is distinguishable from "Lymnaea" sp. by their chromosome numbers.