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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Malacology
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Journal DOI :
The Malacological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Dec 2006
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Jun 2006
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Oogenesis and Reproductive Cycle in Neptunea (Barbitonia) arthritica cumingii on the West Coast of Korea
Park, Gab-Man ; Kim, Yeon-Ho ; Kim, Eun-Jong ; Choi, Ki-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 22, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~11
The gonadosomatic index (GSI), oogenesis and reproductive cycle in female Neptunea (Barbitonia) afhritica cumingii were investigated by light and electron microscope observations. In the early vitellogenic oocyte, the Golgi complex and mitochondria were involved in the formation of glycogen, lipid droplets and yolk granules. Late in the vitellogenic oocytes, the rough endoplasmic reticulum and multivesicular bodies were involved in the formation of proteid yolk granules in cytoplasm. In particular, compared with the results of other gastropods, it showed a different result that appearances of cortical granules at the cortical layer and microvilli on the vitelline envelope, which is associated with heterosynthetic vitellogenesis, were not observed in vitellogenic oocytes during oogenesis. A mature yolk granule was composed of three components: main body (central core), superficial layer, and the limiting membrane. Monthly changes in the gonadosomatic index in females studied in 2004 and 2005 were closely associated with ovarian developmental phases. Spawning occurred between May and August in 2004 and 2005 and the main spawning occurred between June and July when the seawater temperature rose to approximately
. The female reproductive cycle can be classified into five successive stages: early active stage (September to October), late active stage (November to February), ripe stage (February to June), partially spawned stage (May to August), and recovery stage (June to August).
Oogenesis and Reproductive Cycle of Glossaulax didyma on the West Coast of Korea
Kim, Dae-Gi ; Chung, Ee-Young ; Kim, Eun-Jong ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 22, issue 1, 2006, Pages 13~22
Gonadosomatic index (GSI), oogenesis and reproductive cycle of Glossaulax didyma were investigated by the cytological histological obserbations and morphometric data. Samples were collected monthly from the intertidal zone of Biin Bay, Seocheon, Korea, for one year. Monthly variations in the GSI showed similar patterns with gonadal development. In the early vitellogenic oocyte, the Golgi complex and mitochondria were invovled in the formation of lipid droplet and yolk precursor. In the late vitellogenic oocytes, the rough endoplasmic reticulum and multivesicular bodies were involved in the formation of profeid yolk granules in the cytoplasm. A mature yolk granule was composed of three components: main body (central core), superficial layer, and the limiting membrane. The spawning season was from early June to late August, and the main spawning occurred between July and August when the seawater temperature was above
. The female reproductive cycle can be classified into five successive stages: early active stage (December to February), late active stage (February to March), ripe stage (April to July), spawning stage (June to August), recovery stage (August to November). Fully mature oocytes were approximately
Morphological Analysis among Populations of Purpulish Washington Clam, Saxidomus purpuratus on the Korean Waters
Kim, Yeong-Hye ; Ryu, Dong-Ki ; Lee, Dong-Woo ; Chang, Dae-Soo ; Kim, Jong-Bin ; Kim, Seong-Tae ; Kwon, Dae-Hyeon ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 22, issue 1, 2006, Pages 23~26
Morphological differences were studied using the analysis of variance between various partial length and shell length of three populations of Saxidomus purpuratus on the Korean waters. The Relative growth equations, that is, SH-SL, SW-SL, TW-SL of S. purpuratus by sex were estimated. The analysis of variance of four morphological characters proved that each population has no sexual differences (p>0.01). But the three populations are significantly different in morphological characters (p<0.01).
Changes in Biochemical Components of Several Tissues in Solen grandis, in Relation to Gonad Developmental Phases
Chung, Ee-Yung ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Kim, Jong-Bae ; Lee, Chang-Hoon ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 22, issue 1, 2006, Pages 27~38
We investigated the reproductive cycle with gonad developmental phases of Solen grandis by histological observations. Seasonal changes in biochemical components of the adductor muscle, visceral mass, foot muscle and mantle were studied by biochemical analysis, from January to December, 2005. The reproductive cycle of this species can be classified into five successive stages: early active stage (December to January), late active stage (January to March), ripe stage (March to July), partially spawned stage (June to July) and spent/inactive stage (July to December). Total protein content was the highest in the foot muscle, the content was high in January (early active stage), the lowest in April (ripe stage), and was the highest in August (partially spawned stage). In the visceral mass, total protein content began to increase in February (late active stage) and reached a maximum in March (ripe stage). Thereafter, it gradually decreased between June and July (partially spawned stage). There was a strong negative correlation in total protein contents between visceral mass and mantle (r = -0.594, p = 0.042). Meanwhile there was a positive correlation between the adductor muscle and foot muscle, the correlation was not statistically significant (r = 0.507, p = 0.093). Total lipid content was the highest in the visceral mass; it was more than 2 to 5-fold higher than that in the adductor muscle, foot muscle, and mantle. Monthly changes in total lipid content were also most dynamic in the visceral mass. It was relatively higher between January and February, showed a maximum in March (the ripe stage), decreased rapidly from April to July (ripe and partially spawned stage), and gradually decreased from September to December (spent/inactive stage). There was a strong positive correlation in total lipid content between foot muscle and adductor muscle (r = 0.639, p = 0.025). Tthough a negative correlation was found between visceral mass and mantle (r = -0.392), the correlation was not statistically significant (p = 0.208). Glycogen contents changed within relatively narrow range and were similar among different tissues. There was no statistically significant correlation in glycogen contents among tissues.
Ultrastructure of Germ Cell during Spermatogenesis and the Reproductive Cycle of the Hanging Cultured Male Scallop Patinopecten yessoensis (Pelecypoda:Pectinidae) on the East Coast of Korea
Park, Young-Je ; Chung, Ee-Yung ; Lee, Jeong-Yong ; Park, Kwang-Jae ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 22, issue 1, 2006, Pages 39~49
Ultrastructure of germ cell differentiation during supermatogenesis and the reproductive cycle in male Patinopecten yessoensis was studied by histological and cytological observations. The gonadosomatic index (GSI) in males rapidly increased and reached a maximum in April when seawater temperature gradually increased. Then the GSI gradually decreased from May through July when spawning occurred. Accordingly, monthly changes in the GSI in males coincided with testicular maturation and spawning periods. The sperm morphology of P. yessoensis belongs to the primitive type and showed general characteristics of external fertilization species. The head of the spermatozoon is approximately
in length: the sperm nucleus and acrosome are approximately
in length, respectively. The nuclear type of the spermatozoon is vase in shape, and the acrosome is cone type. The axoneme of the tail flagellum consists of nine pairs of microtubules at the periphery and a pair of central microtubules in the center The satellite body (which is formed by the centriole) and four mitochondria appear in the middle piece of the spermatozoon. The spawning period was from April through July and the main spawning occurred from May to June when seawater temperatures gradually increased. The reproductive cycle of this species can be classified into five successive stages; early active stage (September to November), late active stage (October to March), ripe stage (February to August), spawning stage (April to July), and spent/inactive stage (July to November).
Oogenesis and Reproductive Cycle in Ruditapes philippinarum on the West Coast of Korea
Son, Pal-Won ; Kim, Eun-Jong ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 22, issue 1, 2006, Pages 51~61
Oogenesis and the reproductive cycle in female Ruditapes philippinarum were investigated by cytological and histological observations. R. philippinarum is dioecious and oviparous. During vitellogenesis, the Golgi complex, glycogen particles and mitochondria were involved in the formation of lipid droplets and lipid granules in the cytoplasm of the early vitellogenic oocyte. In the late vitellogenic oocyte, cortical granules, the endoplasmic reticulum, and mitochondria were involved in the formation of proteid yolk granules in the cytoplasm. At this time, exogenous lipid granular substance and glycogen particles in the germinal epithelium passed into the oocyte through the microvilli of the vitelline envelope. The spawning period was once a year between early June and early October, and the main spawning occurred between July and August when seawater temperature was approximately
. The reproductive cycle of this species can be categorized into five successive stages: early active stage (January to March), late active stage (February to May), ripe stage (April to August), partially spawned stage (May to October), and spent/inactive stage (August to February). Percentages of female clams at frst sexual maturity of 15.1-20.0 mm in shell length were 52.6% (50% of the rate of group maturity was 17.83 mm in length), and 100% for the clams > 25.1 mm.
Bivalve Mollusks in Yeongil Bay, Korea. 2. Faunal Analysis
Lutaenko Konstantin A. ; Je, Jong-Geel ; Shin, Sang-Ho ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 22, issue 1, 2006, Pages 63~86
A list of species of bivalve mollusks, their local distributions and relative abundance in Yeongil Bay were analysed. Species richness ranging from 1 to 37 species was low (less than 10) in some stations at the entrance and in the central part of the bay. Fifteen species (Acila insignis, Nucula tenuis, Yoldia notabilis, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Arca boucardi, Axinopsida subquadrata, Felaniella usta, Mactra chinensis, Raeta pulchella, Nitidotellina hokkaidoensis, Theora fragilis, Alvenius ojianus, Callithaca adamsi, Ruditapes philippinarum and Laternula anatina) were most frequently encountered, and seven of them were most abundant numerically (per sample): Th. fragilis in the inner bay, A. insignis, N. tenuis, and A. ojianus in the outer bay, and C. adamsi, A. subquadrata, R. puichella in both parts. Local distributions of common species were described and presented in plotted data, and three distribution patterns were recognized. Biogeographical analysis shows that a majority of species (55%) belongs to the subtropical group, tropical-subtropical species (16%) play a relatively significant role, and the percentage of boreal (temperate) and boreal-arctic species is 18% which characterizes the whole fauna as subtropical. Zonal-biogeographical composition and number of species in families in Yeongil Bay are compared with those of some Japanese (Wakasa and Mutsu) and Russian (Peter the Great, Possjet and Amursky) bays of the East Sea. The absence of a number of typical warm-water embaymental mollusks in Yeongil Bay found in the north further East Sea and Japan, and the similar zonal-biogeographical structure of the inner and outer bay faunas are explained by active water exchange due to the openness of the bay, relatively low summer temperatures, and presence of upwelled cold waters.
Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals in Intestine of Nacella concinna
Lee, Yong-Seok ; Jo, Yong-Hun ; Han, Yeon-Soo ; Kho, Weon-Gyu ; Ahn, In-Young ; Jeong, Kye-Heon ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 22, issue 1, 2006, Pages 87~95
Immunohistochemical and ultrastuructural experiments were conducted to find out heavy metal accumulation in the intestine of an Antarctic gastropod Nacella concinna. According to the immune-histochemical experiment the apical cytoplasm of the intestinal epithelium showed positive reactions to anti-MT (rnotallothionein), indicating the presence of MT, a metal-binding protein involved in metal detoxifying process. In the transmission electron microscopic observations, the epithelial cells of the intestine exposed to Cd for over three hours showed irregular nuclear membranes, secretory granules, and probable metal granules. According to the SEM-EDS experiments on the intestine, concentration of Pb in the apical epithelium was in inverse proportion to that in the intestinal lumen. After exposing to Cd for over three days, S was rapidly reduced. Ca and Zn were rapidly increased after exposure to Cd. These elements are supposed to be concerned with the MT-reaction in the intestine. laken together, these data suggest that N. concinna could be used as a potential biomarker species.