Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Malacology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Malacological Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Dec 2007
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jun 2007
Selecting the target year
A New Species of Arca L., 1758 (Bivalvia: Arcidae) from New Caledonia, with Comments on the Genus
Lutaenko, Konstantin A. ; Maestrati, Philippe ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 23, issue 2, 2007, Pages 155~164
A new species, Arca koumaci Lutaenko et Maestrati n. sp. (Bivalvia: Arcidae), is described from New Caledonia. The species is characterized by the small size, the convex shell with a strong posterior umbonal ridge covered by spikes, the widely curved ventral margin, and presence of cancellate sculpture and convergent marginal teeth. Presence of spikes on the posterior ridge is a unique morphological feature recorded for the first time in the genus. It is proposed that the only subgenus, namely Pliocene A. (Arcoptera) Heilprin, 1887, apart from nominative, can be recognized in the genus. Three morphological types are distinguished within the genus based on shell shape and sculpture. Bathymetric analysis shows that representatives of Arca inhabit water depths down to 175 m, and more than half of Recent species were found below 50 m. Types of A. bouvieri P. Fischer, 1874, Arca boucardi Jousseaume, 1894, Arca avellana Lamarck, 1819, and Arca retusa Lamarck, 1819 are illustrated.
Gonad Development and Reproductive Cycle of the Purplish Washington Clam, Saxidomus purpuratus (Bivalvia: Veneridae) from Gangjin Bay
Shin, Yun-Kyung ; Choi, Nack-Joong ; Oh, Bong-Se ; Jung, Ae-Jin ; Kim, Sung-Yeon ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 23, issue 2, 2007, Pages 165~172
Gonadal development, reproductive cycle and sex ratio of the purplish Washington clam, Saxidomus purpuratus were investigated monthly by histological observations. Samples were collected from May 2006 to April 2007 in the Gangjin Bay of Namhea, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea. The clams are dioecious. The gonads consist of a number of oogenic follicle and acinus. Monthly changes in the gonad index reached a maximum in April and a minimum in July. Monthly changes in the condition index reached a maximum in June and a minimum in November. The reproductive cycle of this species can be divided into five successive stages: the recovery and resting stage (June to December), early active stage (January to April), late active stage (February to July), ripe stage (March to October), spent stage (April to October). The main spawning of the clam occurred in July and September in Gangjin Bay. The sex ratio of female to male was not significantly different from 1:1.
Histopathology of the Japanese Scallop, Mizuhopecten yessoensis, Cultured in the Experimental Marine Farm in Minonosok Bay (Russian Far East)
Syasina, Iraida G. ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 23, issue 2, 2007, Pages 173~180
Health state of the Japanese scallop, Mizuhopecten yessoensis, cultured in the Experimental Marine Farm in Minonosok Bay (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan) was investigated. The wide spectrum of histopathological changes has been identified in the internal organs and tissues of scallops: prokaryotic infection with prevalence 100%, destruction of digestive epithelium and other changes in digestive system, infiltration of organs by hemocytes and granulocytome formation. The most affected by prokaryotic infection organs are labial palps, lips, esophagus, intestine and gills. Several of the observed alterations seem to be related to prokaryotic infection.
A Scanning Electron Microscopic Study on the Glochidial Encystment of a Freshwater Clam, Anodonta arcaeformis on the Host Fish, Carassius auratus
Lee, Yong-Seok ; Min, Byung-Jun ; Kang, Se-Won ; Jo, Yong-Hun ; Kim, Tae-Yun ; Kho, Weon-Gyu ; Han, Yeon-Soo ; Park, Hong-Seog ; Jeong, Kye-Heon ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 23, issue 2, 2007, Pages 181~187
A scanning electron microscopic study on the glochidium and glochidial encystment of Anodonta arcaeformis on the host fish Carassius auratus was conducted. The shape of the glochidium was apparently subtriangular and its average size was
. The glochidial shell valves were of the same size, kept together by a ligament that is 50.4
in length and 5.5
in width. Each of the glochidial shell valve had a long hook studded with many spines on the superior face. A large area of at the apex of the valve surrounding the base of the hook was provided with numerous small spines which became progressively smaller toward the periphery of the area. The glochidial shell valve consisted of two layers. The mantle cells line the glochidial shell valves and some of hair cells were observed. A larval thread was 2.3
in diameter. In the artificial infection of the glochidia to one of the natural hosts, Carassius auratus, it took about three to four hours to encyst the glochidia with epithelial cells of the fish fins. The encystment method was the cell migration from the neighboring epithelial cells.
Reproductive Ecology of the Bladder Moon, Glossaulax didyma (Gastropoda: Naticidae) in Western Korea
Kim, Dae-Gi ; Chung, Ee-Young ; Shin, Moon-Seup ; Hwang, Kyu ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 23, issue 2, 2007, Pages 189~198
The reproductive cycle, egg capsules in the egg-mass, first sexual maturity, and sex ratio of the bladder moon, Glossaulax didyma (
) were investigated. The gastropods collected from the intertidal zone of Biin Bay, Seocheon, Korea were studied by using histological analysis and morphometric data. The gonadosomatic index (GSI) of females and males began to increase in March and reached maximum in May. Then their values sharply decreased from late in May to August due to spawning. The condition index (CI) began to increase in February and reached maximum in May, then gradually declined in the spawning period. The CI calculated for determination of the spawning period was coincided with changes in the GSI and gonadal phases. Spawning occurred between late in May to August in females and early in May to August in males. Spawning peak was observed between July and August when the seawater temperature rose to 19
. Reproductive cycle with the gonadal development phases of this species can be divided into five successive stages in females and four in males: in females, early active stage (December to February), late active stage (February to March), ripe stage (April recovery stage (August to November); in males, active stage (December to March), ripe stage (March to July), copulation stage (early May to August), and recovery stage (August to January). Fully matured oocytes were approximately 250-270
in size. The egg-mass was a hat in shape, and a number of egg capsules were found in an egg-mass. An egg capsule was 0.53-0.57 mm in size. An embryo (veliger larva) hatched from an egg capsule. Percentage of first sexual maturity in females and males were over 50% for individuals that are 40.1-45.0 mm in shell radius, and 100% for those that are over 45.1 mm. The sex ratio of female to male was significantly different from 1:1 $(x^2\;=\;57.22,\;p\;<\;0.05)$.
Reproductive Ecology of the Hard Shelled Mussel, Mytilus coruscus in Western Korea
Lee, Il-Ho ; Chung, Ee-Yung ; Son, Pal-Won ; Shin, Moon-Seup ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 23, issue 2, 2007, Pages 199~208
The gonad index, gonadosomatic index, the condition index, reproductive cycle, first sexual maturity, and sex ratio of the hard shelled mussel, Mytilus coruscus were investigated by using histological analysis and morphometric data. Specimens were collected monthly in Kyeokpo, western Korea from January to December, 2006. The gonad index reached a maximum in February, and minimum in September. Both the monthly variations of the gonad index (GI) and the gonadosomatic index (GSI) reached a maximum in February. After that, their values continually decreased between March and April because of spawning. The monthly variation of the condition index coincides with the GI and the GSI. The spawning period was from February to April, with the main spawning occurring between February and March. The reproductive cycle of this species could be classified into six stages: early active stage (November to January), late active stage (November to February), ripe stage (December to April), partially spawned stage (February to April), degenerative stage (April to October), and resting stage (June to December ). Percentages of sexual maturity was over 50% for the female and male hard shelled mussels that ranges from 40.1 to 50.0 mm in shell length. The percentage was 100% for those that are over 50.1 mm. The sex ratios of females to males over 40.1 mm in shell length were not significantly different from a 1:1 sex ratio $(x^2\;=\;0.63,\;p\;>\;0.05)$. No evidence of hermaphroditism was found in histological sections of any hard shelled mussel examined.
Ovarian Structure and Oogenesis of the Spiny Top Shell, Batillus cornutus (Lightfoot, 1786) (Gastropoda: Turbinidae)
Jung, Gui-Kwon ; Park, Jung-Jun ; Ju, Sun-Mi ; Jin, Young-Guk ; Lee, Jung-Sick ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 23, issue 2, 2007, Pages 209~216
The ovarian structure and ultrastructural changes in germ cells during oogenesis of the spiny top shell, Batillus cornutus, have been investigated by light and electron microscopic observations. Specimens of the spiny top shell were collected from the subtidal zone of Wando, south coast of Korea. Spiny top shell was dioecious. The ovary was located on the surface of the hepatopancreas in the spiral posterior region. The ovary had greenish color in the gonadal mature season. The ovary comprised many ovarian lobules, and the ovarian lobule consisted of connective mesenchymal tissue and epithelial cells. Oogonium had a large nucleus with nucleolus of high electron density. In previtellogenic oocyte, small yolk granules of low electron density were scattered in the cytoplasm. Oocytes in the initial vitellogenic stage were connected with the ovarian lobule by egg stalk. The result of TEM observations showed that initial vitellogenic oocyte contained well-developed Golgi complex, endoplasmic reticula, tubular mitochondria and numerous yolk granules of various electron densities and sizes. The electron density, size and quantity of yolk granules which were distributed in the active vitellogenic oocyte were increased compared to the previous stage. Thickness of egg envelope in the late active vitellogenic oocyte was approximately 4.4
. Cytoplasm of ripe oocyte was filled with proteid yolk globules of high electron density and lipid yolk globules of low electron density. In this stage, the thickness of egg envelope was approximately 6.5
Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Growth-related Traits of Two Korean Abalone Subspecies, Haliotis discus hannai and H. discus discus, by using Multiple Traits of Animal Model in Early Growth Period
Choe, Mi-Kyung ; Han, Seock-Jung ; Yang, Sang-Geun ; Won, Seung-Hwan ; Park, Choul-Ji ; Yeo, In-Kyu ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 23, issue 2, 2007, Pages 217~225
This study was conducted to estimate the general genetic parameters, heritabilities, and genetic and phenotypic correlations on growth-related traits by studying multiple trait animal model in two Korean abalone species, Haliotis discus hannai and H. discus discus. The data was collected from the records of 3,795 individuals produced from 54 sires and 74 dams in Haliotis discus hannai and 399 individuals produced from 7 sires and 7 dams in Haliotis discus discus. The data was evaluated by the Genetics and Breeding Research Center, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute (NFRDI). Genetic parameters were estimated for two abalone species raised in Bukjeju branch, NFRDI, from May 20 to November 1, 2004. The heritability estimates for growth traits of shell length, shell width and body weight obtained from restricted maximum likelihood (REML) were ranging from 0.73 to 0.78 in Haliotis discus hannai, and from 0.87 to 0.89 in H. discus discus. The heritabilities for shell shape and condition factor were ranging from 0.17 to 0.20 in Haliotis discus hannai, and from 0.01 to 0.45 in H. discus discus. Genetic and phenotypic correlations were over than 0.96 between shell parameters and weight in both of abalone subspecies, indicating that breeding for weight gains could successfully be achieved by selecting for shell length.
Growth of Batillus cornutus by Capture-Recapture Method
Cha, Byung-Yul ; Kim, Dae-Hyun ; Kim, Byung-Yeob ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 23, issue 2, 2007, Pages 227~233
The amount of Batillus cornutus captured in Jeju Island was about 2,000 tons/year for three years after 2000. The mean size of B. cornutus by shell height was 7.7 cm in 2001, 7.9 cm in 2002, and 8.1 cm in 2003. Local mean size of B. cornutus by shell height was 8.7 cm in eastern waters, 7.4 cm in western waters, 7.8 cm in southern waters, and 7.7 cm in northern waters of Jeju Island. To investigate the effect of the growth pattern, an experiment was conducted: the samples were tagged and released in southern coastal waters of Jeju Island on 2nd April (a release test) and 29th October (a recapture test) in 2003. The release stations were two sites, natural reef and artificial reef, where their environmental conditions were different from each other. In April, the size of B. cornutus released in the natural reef was 6.2 cm in mean shell height, and 58.9 g in mean shell weight. The size of B. cornutus released in the artificial reef was 6.6 cm in mean shell height, and 65.9 g in mean shell weight. During the release period, most of B. cornutus were not moved much (less than 10 m) from the original release sites. When B. cornutus was recaptured in October after 7 months, the size of B. cornutus released in the natural reef became 7.4 cm in mean shell height, and 89.4 g in mean shell weight. The size of B. cornutus released in the artificial reef became 7.2 cm in mean shell height, and 84.9 g in mean shell weight. This indicates that the growth rate of B. cornutus released in the natural reef was higher than that of B. cornutus in the artificial reef. These differences in the growth of B. cornutus between study sites were ascribed to the abundance of marine algae grazed by immobile B. cornutus. Namely, with relatively high growth rate of B. cornutus in the natural reef, the number of species (23 species) and biomass (26,703.4 g) of algae were more diverse and abundant than those (7 species and 17,018.4 g) of algae in the artificial reef. The growth of B. cornutus in the natural reef was also correlated to high water temperature
Species Appearance and Seasonal Variation of Macrobenthic Invertebrate in the Coastal Water of Chagwi-do, Jeju-Island
Yang, Moon-Ho ; Moon, Tae-Seok ; Yu, Jun-Taek ; Ko, Joon-Cheol ; Chang, Dae-Soo ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 23, issue 2, 2007, Pages 235~243
Macrobenthos were collected in each season by SCUBA diving to investigate the benthic faunal assemblages in the coastal water of Chagwido from September 2004 to August 2005. A total of 201 macrobenthos identified, 74 species (37.2%) of Mollusca were found; 43 species of Arthropoda (19.2%); 34 species of Cnidaria (16.7%) and others including 18 species of Porifera (9.8%). Mean density and biomass were estimated to be 455 individual/
, respectively. Whereas annelids was predominant in biomass (1,558.8 g), gastropods were the most dominant faunal group in terms of abundance (5,391 individuals) and the number of species. The dominant species were Trochus sacellus, Batillus cornutus, Pagurus gracilipes, and Cantharus cecillei. The seasonal variation of the number of species and individual Mollusca and Arthropoda was observed. There was a slow increase in spring, the peak in summer, and a slow decrease in autumn and winter. The dominance index was the highest in Gosan and lowest in Yongdang. The biodiversity indice (H') were 1.760-3.497 in each station. Mean biodiversity index was 2.858 (H'). The diversity index, the eveness index (E'), and the dominance index (R) were 3.218-3.743, 0.648-0.720, 17.690-22.826, respectively, in each station.