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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Malacology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Malacological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
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The Occurrence of Clithon retropictus (von Martens in Kobelt, 1879, Gastropoda: Neritidae) in Jeju Island, Republic of Korea
Noseworthy, Ronald G. ; Mondol, Mostafizur Rahman ; Ju, Se-Jong ; Choi, Kwang-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 81~90
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.081
The neritid species Clithon retropictus inhabits rivers and estuaries along the southern coast of the Korean mainland but has not been previously reported from Jeju Island. In 2007 and 2011 specimens of this species were obtained from two separate localities on the south coast of the island. Comparisons were made with von Martens' original description, specimens from the Korean mainland, and illustrations and descriptions in the literature. Although there were some differences in color and markings, and slight differences in morphology, the specimens from Jeju Island compare well with those from the mainland and in the literature. The shells of this species become more ovate and more eroded with age. In one locality, a small river, specimens of the pleurocerid Semisulcospira libertina (Gould, 1859), were found adjacent to, and coexisting with, a population of C. retropictus, an association that often occurs. The occurrence of Clithon retropictus represents a range extension to Jeju Island.
Estimation of potential fishery yield for Corbicula japonica in the Seomjin River, Korea
Lee, Jae Bong ; Shin, Young Jae ; Lee, Jong Hee ; Choi, Young Min ; Lee, Dong Woo ; Cha, Hyung Kee ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 91~99
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.091
Corbicula japonica, belonging to Other Veneroida Family Corbiculidae, was distributed in the freshwater and brackish rivers, where was a sandy and shallow depth. Catch of C. japonica in the Seomjin River occupied at a large portion of the catch in Kyungnam Province, which was about 30% of total catch in Korea. C. japonica has little studied on biomass, scientific resources assessment and management, because of inaccurate catch report data in the Seojin River. In this study, we conducted scientific and systematic approaches under data limited situation with application of the potential fishery yield system for sustainable fisheries resources management. Estimation system of the potential fishery yield was consisted of 5 tier system. We have used to tier 1 and 2 which were demanded higher level of information than the other tiers. The potential fishery yields were estimated 77.66ton for tier 1 using commercial fishery-dependent data, and 129.82ton for tier 2 with fishery-independent survey data.
A Study on bivalves in Yeongil Bay of Gyeongsangbuk-Do Province, Korea
Cha, Byung-Yul ; Lee, Chae-Sung ; Moon, Tae-Seok ; Park, Mi-Seon ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 101~108
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.101
Bivalves collected by a dredge in Yeongil Bay of Gyeongsangbuk-Do Province, Korea in May, 2010 and August, 2010 were 2 species including Dostinorbis japonicus and Scapharca broughtonii. The total abundance of bivalves were 1,703 inds. and 140.9 kg. Among them, the abundance of D. japonicus were 1,198 inds. and 76.1 kg. And the abundance of S. broughtonii were 505 inds. and 64.8 kg. The shell length by bivalves species were 25.76-67.88 mm (mean, 58.08 mm) in D. japonicus and 46.82-113.74 mm (mean, 76.86 mm) in S. broughtonii consisting mainly of recruitment group. By regional abundance comparison, the bivalves abundance collected in the outside harbor was 1,332 inds. and 105.4 kg, which was much more than that of the inside harbor indicating 371 inds. and 35.5 kg. In terms of size, the bivalves collected in the outside harbor were 49.49-67.88 mm (mean, 58.47 mm) in D. japonicus and 48.21-113.74 mm (mean, 77.48 mm) in S. broughtonii, which were larger than those of the inside harbor. The yearly biomass of the main commercial target species, S. broughtonii by swept area method (SAM) was estimated up to 242.1 tons. However, considering the regional differences of bivalves between the inside harbor and the outside harbor by abundance and size comparison, it might have been overfished to bivalves in the inside harbor.
Study on natural short-necked clam, Ruditapes philippinarum, stocks in Yeongheung coast of Wando Island, Korea
Cho, Sang-Man ; Lee, Jong Hwa ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 109~116
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.109
In order to understand the effect of introduction of oyster rack culture on natural short-necked clam, Ruditapes philippinarum, stock, we investigated the status of natural clam stock prior to introduction of oyster rack culture at Yeongheung Coast of Wando Island. The growth equation of the clam was estimated as:
from ring radius composition of shell. Instantaneous coefficient of total mortality and natural mortality were calculated as: 2.4087/year and 0.478/year, respectively. The age at first capture was estimated to be 2.55 year. The total biomass was estimated to 3.23 ton in the bed (0.8 ha). Applied by these parameters, the annual recruit biomass and the current yield per recruit (Y/R) was corresponded to
, respectively. Maximum sustainable yield (MSY) was estimated 0.77 ton/year which was close to annual catches, 0.74 ton/year, in the area.
Effects of Mesh size and Material of Cages on Growth and Survival rate of the Scallop (Chlamys farreri Jones & Preston, 1904) cultured in Hanging culture in the West coast of Korea
Park, Kwang-Jae ; Song, Jae-Hee ; Yoon, Sang-Pil ; An, Kyoung-Ho ; Park, Young-Je ; Song, Hong-In ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 117~123
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.117
We studied that the effects of mesh size and material of cages on the growth of C. farreri (initial shell height 38.6 mm and shell total weight 7.2 g) held in suspension cage from September 2005 to October 2006. The experiment was performed with two mesh sizes (1 cm and 2 cm) and two materials (net and plastic) of cages in same densities. After 13 months from culture beginning, ranges of shell height and total weight were from 69.7 mm to 73.9 mm and from 36.1 g to 47.0 g, respectively. The survival rate was from 93% to 100%, respectively. The growth rates of the scallop were positively correlated with the mesh size. In the growth rate according to culture material, the growth of scallop in the plastic cage was faster than that in the net cage from September 2005 to June 2006, but the growth in the plastic was slower than that in the net cage for obstruction by attaching organisms from June to October 2006.
Growth and Survival on Different Kinds of Sediment Improvements of Early Spats of the Hard Clam, Meretrix petechialis (LAMARCK)
Kim, Byeong Hak ; Cho, Kee Chae ; Byun, Soon Gyu ; Kim, Min Chul ; Jee, Young Ju ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 125~129
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.125
The study describes growth and survival on different kinds of sediment improvements of early spats of the hard clam, Meretrix petechialis. Specimens of the mature hard clam were collected in the intertidal zone of Yeonggwang, Korea, July 2011. After transportation, early spats(shell length
) collected in mature hard clam were used. Experiment period were July 7 to August 6 in 2011 (30 days). Sediment improvements used iodine(10 ppm), hydrogen peroxide(
, 5 ppm), sodium hypochlorite (NaClO, 100 ppm), chlorine dioxide(
, 100 ppm) and potassium permanganate (
, 5 ppm). After cultured during 30 days, shell length growth of hard clam were observed
in sodium hypochlorite 100 ppm,
in chlorine dioxide 100 ppm and
in iodine 10 ppm. Survival rate were 31.4% in chlorine dioxide 100 ppm, 12.1% in sodium hypochlorite 100 ppm, 11.6% in iodine 10 ppm, 1.5% in hydrogen peroxide 5 ppm and 0% in potassium permanganate 5 ppm.
Seasonal Changes in Physiology of the abalone Haliotis discus hannai reared from Nohwa Island on the South Coast of Korea
Shin, Yun Kyung ; Lee, Won Chan ; Kim, Dong Wook ; Son, Myung Hyun ; Kim, Eung Oh ; Jun, Je Cheon ; Kim, Seong Hee ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 131~136
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.131
Growth, oxygen consumption, ammonia excretion, feeding and assimilation rate were examined from May 2010 to February 2011 in order to assess the physiological changes of Haliotis discus hannai in accordance with changes in season. The water temperature was in the range of
and the salinity in the range of 31.9-34.1psu during the examination period. The length of shell of Haliotis discus hannai grew from 36.3 mm to 66.1 mm in the 1 year old entities and from 60.6 mm to 66.1 mm for the 2 year old entities, while the weight of the meat increased from 3.16 g to 12.04 g and from 15.8 g to 21.5 g, respectively. The oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion rate displayed trend of increase in accordance with the increase in water temperature, while the feeding rate was high during the period from July to October. The assimilation rate was in the range of 68%-71% without significant difference between the age of the entities and seasons. SFG displayed +value throughout the year for the 1 year old entities of Haliotis discus hannai as well as for the 2 year old entities with the exception of the period of July, thereby showing that they are growing throughout the year. Therefore, there was no environmental effect including water temperature and salinity during the examination period.
Development of replacement diets for improved growth and survival rate of scallop juvenile Patinopecten yessoensis
Nam, Myung-Mo ; Park, Jin-Chul ; Park, Mi Seon ; Lee, Chu ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 137~143
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.137
This study was done to examine the effect of several diets (Phytoplankton = PHY, Shellfish Diet 1800 = INS, Oil type = OTE, Powder type = PTE) on growth, survival rate and biochemical composition of scallop juvenile Patinopecten yessoensis. The highest survival rate were observed in PTE + PHY (90%). The highest shell length and shell height was observed in PHY and PTE + PHY diet (P > 0.05). The growth with PTE and OTE diet was the lowest in shell length and shell height (P < 0.05). On the other hand, the shell width and meat weight were highest in PHY and PTE + PHY, while the lowest in PTE and OTE (P < 0.05). The content of fatty acids such as DHA and n-3 PUFA levels was significantly higher in the juvenile fed on PTE + PHY than in those fed on PHY and INS alone. Also, the total protein ranged 55.5 to 65.2% in PHY + INS, while 44.8%, 47.9% in PTE and OTE respectively. The RNA and DNA contents were the highest in PHY and PTE + PHY, while the lowest in PTE and OTE (P < 0.05). RNA/DNA ratio significantly higher in juvenile with PHY + INS than those with PTE and OTE alone (P < 0.05). The combination of PTE + PHY could improve the growth and survival of scallop juvenile. Our results suggested that PTE could partially replace live algae in bivalve laval rearing.
Quantification of Reproductive Effort and Microscopic Observation on the Larval Development of Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams and Reeve, 1850)
Lee, Hee-Jung ; Kang, Hyun-Sil ; Park, Kyung-Il ; Mondol, Mostafisur Rahman ; Choi, Kwang-Sik ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 145~156
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.145
Larval development of the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum reared in an indoor tank system was examined in this study using light microscope and scanning electron microscope. To induce spawning and subsequent larval development, clams were collected from the intertidal zone at Gim-nyeong harbor in Jeju Island in August 2011. After 2 days of rearing in the tank, all Manila clams spawned in the midnight. Non-feeding trochophore larvae appeared 7hrsafter fertilization and the first D-shape larvae could be observed at 19 hrs. Twenty one days after fertilization the pediveliger larvae crawling on the bottom of the tank with well-developed foot were observed. Histology indicated that all the clams used in this study were in the ripe stage prior to spawning and the gonad-somatic index (GSI), a ratio of the egg mass to the tissue weight, of the ripe female measured by ELISA was 28.6%. The GSI of female clam declined to 17.3% after the massive spawning in the tank, suggesting that Manila clam discharged 40% of the total eggs during the first spawning event. In conclusion, spawning and subsequent larval development of Manila clam was successfully carried out in this study using an indoor tank system, and the information obtained in the present study could be useful in future Manila clam hatchery development.
Pearl luster by chemical composition and internal structure of Akoya cultured pearl
Sung, Min-Jun ; Park, Jimin ; Jang, Yun-Deuk ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 157~164
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.157
The patterns in X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy provide useful clue at
to discriminate two types of Akoya cultured pearl which occurs difference of surface luster. Using the optical microscope, we could be confirmed that the nareous layer of each sample consist of different crystal form. In Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy analysis, the nareous layer of Akoya cultured pearls with poor luster shows some peaks at 712, 699, 1435,
region and these peaks depend on the Calcite. But the nareous layer of pearls with excellent luster could not observed those peaks related with Calcite, we could observed Aragonite band at 699,
region. Though this result, we know that the nareous layer of Akoya cultured pearls with excellent luster is mainly composed by Aragonite. Raman bands are also clearly demonstrated to occur difference of band intensity by difference of Aragonite content. In the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis, we found that the Akoya cultured pearl luster and surface condition is associated with internal structure.
Morphology and Taxonomic Values of the Sperm in Male Chlamys (Swiftopecten) swiftii (Pteriomorphia: Pectinidae) in Western Korea
Jun, Je-Cheon ; Kim, Jin Hee ; Park, Young Jae ; Kang, Hee Woong ; Chung, Jae Seung ; Chung, Ee-Yung ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 165~174
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.165
The morphology and taxonomic values of the sperm in male Chlamys (Swiftopecten) swiftii were investigated by transmission electron microscope observations. The morphologies and ultrastructures of the sperm nucleus and the acrosome of this species are the vase type and long cone shape, respectively. Spermatozoa are approximately
long including a sperm nucleus (approximately
long), an acrosome (about
long), and a tail flagellum (approximately
in long). The axoneme of the sperm tail shows a 9+2 structure. In this study, the right and left basal rings in the acrosomal vesicle of this species show electron opaque part (region), and also the anterior apex part of the acrosomal vesicle shows electron opaque part (region). These characteristics of the acrosomal vesicle were found in Pectinidae and other several families in subclass Pteriomorphia. The number of mitochondria in the midpiece of the sperm of this species are four, as one of common characteristics appear in most species in Pectinidae in subclass Pteriomorphia. In addition, the satellite fibres are found near the distal centriole of this species, as have been reported in other species of Pectinidae in subclass Pteriomorphia. Accordingly, structutral characteristics which are found in the acrosomal vesicle, four mitochondria in the sperm midpiece and the appearance of the satellite fibers near the distal centriole of C. (S.) swiftii in Pectinidae (subclass Pteriomorphia), can be employed for phylogenetic and taxonomic analyses as taxonomic key or a significant tool.
Reproductive Ecology of the Freshwater Melania Snail, Semisulcospira coreana (v. Martens) in Bukhan River
Kim, Dae-Hee ; Bang, In-Chul ; Lee, Wan-Ok ; Baek, Jae-Min ;
The Korean Journal of Malacology, volume 28, issue 2, 2012, Pages 175~185
DOI : 10.9710/kjm.2012.28.2.175
To clarify reproductive ecology of the melania snail Semisulcospira coreana (v. Martens, 1886) in Bukhan River, gonad development, fatness, gonad index, sex ratio, first sexual maturity of population, monthly change of larvae number and developmental stages in brood pouches were investigated by six identification methods. As maturation progrsses, the sex of the snali can be distinguishable easily by color:: the ovary being blue-green and testis light yellow. The sex ratio of female to male individuals over 13.95 mm shell height was significantly different from 1:1 (
= 38.45, p < 0.05). The sex ratio of female to male individuals changed drastically according to the season, Based on the monthly variations of fatness, gonad index and histological analysis, spawning occurred twice a year (spring and autumn) and the mean size of matured eggs was
in diameter. The monthly change of larval number in brood pouch showed also two distinct peaks in March and September during the year. The average number of larvae in brood pouches was 286 - 862 individuals. In this study, the number of larvae in the brood pouches were a minimum in December and a maximum in March (975 larvae). The biological minimum size (the size at 50% of group sexual maturity) of the melania snail was 13.95 mm in shell height in females and males. All females over 15 mm in shell height possesed brood pouches.