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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Flood Inundation using WMS and RADARSAT SAR Image
Kim, Kyung-Tak ; Kim, Joo-Hun ; Park, Jung-Sool ; Byun, In-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 1~12
This study was conducted in order to analyze a flooded area by the overflow of a stream using hydrological and hydraulic models and to estimate the utility of the SAR satellite image by comparing a protected lowland inundation area with a past inundation area map. The research area selected for this study is Sapkyocheon, which was flooded in August 1999. The flood stage was analyzed to select an inundation area by applying flood events in August 1999. By importing analyzed flood stage data into TIN data of WMS, the inundation area of a protected lowland was selected and then compared with an flood hazard map of WAMIS. An inundation area is selected by the SAR satellite image in comparing the image of August 4, 1999 (inundation time) with the image of September 8, 2002 (after inundation). The method of selecting an inundation area with the hydraulic model of HEC-RAS can be used to select an inundation area of external overflow, but it has the limit of selecting an inundation area concerning the internal drainage. The method of using the SAR satellite image can complement the limit of an inundation area of an internal drainage but accuracy of inundation area depends on using SAR satellite image acquired at time of maximum depth.
Flood Runoff Analysis using Radar Rainfall and Vflo Model for Namgang Dam Watershed
Park, Jin-Hyeog ; Kang, Boo-Sik ; Lee, Geun-Sang ; Lee, Eul-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 13~21
Recently, very short-term rainfall forecast using radar is required for regional flash flood according to climate change. This research is to evaluate the feasibility of GIS based distributed model using radar rainfall which can express temporal and spatial distribution in actual dam watershed during flood runoff period. Vflo model which was developed Oklahoma university was used as physical based distributed model, and Namgang dam watershed (
) was applied as study site. Distributed rainfall according to grid resolution was generated by using K-RainVieux, preprocess program of radar rainfall, from JIN radar. Also, GIS hydrological parameters were extracted from basic GIS data such as DEM, land cover and soil map, and used as input data of distributed model(Vflo). Results of this research can provide a base for building of real-time short-term rainfall runoff forecast system according to flash flood in near future.
Tree Removal Filtering using Aerial Photographs DTM to Analyze Producing Section of Forest Soil Sediment Disaster
Woo, Choong-Shik ; Youn, Ho-Joong ; Jeong, Yong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 22~30
It is difficult to generate DTM using aerial photographs because trees usually cover disaster occurred areas. So, this study proposed how to filter by moving window using digital aerial photographs and generate accurate DTM. The results were compared with those of adaptive filtering by commercial digital photogrammetry software (Socet set) to find out the effect of tree removal by window size in forest soil sediment disaster. And then they were compared with DTM generated from LiDAR data. As a result, it was showed that the accuracy of moving filtering DTM was lower than that of LiDAR DTM while it was higher by 6m than that of Adaptive filtering.
Hydrosphere Change Detection of the Basin using Multi-temporal Landsat Satellite Imagery
Kang, Joon-Mook ; Park, Joon-Kyu ; Um, Dae-Yong ; Lee, Yong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 31~39
In this study, the hydrosphere change of the Daecheong dam basin was detected qualitatively and quantitatively using Landsat satellite images until recentness since the construction of Daecheong dam. The hydrosphere change of the basin was analyzed by applying supervised classification about Landsat satellite images which were classified according to the hydrosphere, vegetation, road and etc. for four distinct years which are 1981, 1987, 1993, and 2002 year. Landsat satellite images of each year were achieved overlay analysis with extracting only the hydrosphere, and though these results, the hydrosphere change of the Daecheong dam basin was monitored efficiently.
The Characteristics of Phytoplankton Distributions Related to the Oceanographic Conditions in the Southern Waters of the Korean in Summer, 2004
Oh, Hyun-Ju ; Lee, Yong-Hwa ; Yang, Jun-Hyuk ; Kim, Seung-Han ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 40~48
We analyze relation between phytoplankton and marine environment based on data such as water temperature, phytoplankton, zooplankton, nutrient collected from the southern coast of Korea in the summer, 2004. The water temperature range of the study area was
and there was formed a water temperature frontal zone from
in Geojedo southern coast and Geomundo island. Especially, high density of nutrients were shown in the southern coast of Geojedo in which water temperature frontal zone was formed strongly, the concentration of chlorophyll-a which is appeared at the highest rate among the phytoplankton pigments was shown more than
in the inside of frontal zone and zooplankton biomass was than
in that area.
An Analysis of Landcover Change and Temporal Landscape Structure in the Main Ridge Area of the Baekdu Daegan Mountain System
Oh, Jeong-Hak ; Kim, Young-Kul ; Kwon, Jino ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 49~57
The purpose of this study is to analyze contemporary changes of landcover patterns and landscape structure in order to provide basic data and methods for sustainable management and conservation in Baekdu Daegan region using GIS and landscape indices. According to the results based on the pattern analysis of landcover changes using the change detection matrix between 1975 and 2000, addition on
became urbanized areas. Otherwise,
of forest area shift into agriculture(
) and grass area(
) for the vegetables in highland condition and stock farm. According to the landscape structure analysis using landscape indices, forest areas were unstable forest structures because of fragmentation. Thus, to improve forest ecosystem, significant amount of forest through a new forest management policy considering local environmental conditions are needed. And, the connectivity of forests in local regions should be considered as well.
Proposal of Prediction Technique for Future Vegetation Information by Climate Change using Satellite Image
Ha, Rim ; Shin, Hyung-Jin ; Kim, Seong-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 58~69
The vegetation area that occupies 76% in land surface of the earth can give a considerable impact on water resources, environment and ecological system by future climate change. The purpose of this study is to predict future vegetation cover information from NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) extracted from satellite images. Current vegetation information was prepared from monthly NDVI (March to November) extracted from NOAA AVHRR (1994 - 2004) and Terra MODIS (2000 - 2004) satellite images. The NDVI values of MODIS for 5 years were 20% higher than those of NOAA. The interrelation between NDVIs and monthly averaged climate factors (daily mean, maximum and minimum temperature, rainfall, sunshine hour, wind velocity, and relative humidity) for 5 river basins of South Korea showed that the monthly NDVIs had high relationship with monthly averaged temperature. By linear regression, the future NDVIs were estimated using the future mean temperature of CCCma CGCM2 A2 and B2 climate change scenario. The future vegetation information by NOAA NDVI showed little difference in peak value of NDVI, but the peak time was shifted from July to August and maintained high NDVIs to October while the present NDVI decrease from September. The future MODIS NDVIs showed about 5% increase comparing with the present NDVIs from July to August.
A Conflict Control for Private Participation in Geographic Information System Projects
Yang, Kwang-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 70~79
The current system for private participation in infrastructure can be applied for geographic information system(GIS) projects. But there are some limits to promote the private sector's participation GIS projects. The purpose of the study is to explain the major causes of conflict and conflict control for private participation in geographic information system projects. First, the theoretical perspectives for private participation in geographic information system projects and conflict issues were represented. Second, this paper presents the causes of conflict and conflict control on the basis of case study. In conclusion, the policy is developed for the promotion of private participation in geographic information system projects.
An Quantitative Analysis of Severity Classification and Burn Severity for the Large Forest Fire Areas using Normalized Burn Ratio of Landsat Imagery
Won, Myoung-Soo ; Koo, Kyo-Sang ; Lee, Myung-Bo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 80~92
Forest fire is the dominant large-scale disturbance mechanism in the Korean temperate forest, and it strongly influences forest structure and function. Moreover burn severity incorporates both short- and long-term post-fire effects on the local and regional environment. Burn severity is defined by the degree to which an ecosystem has changed owing to the fire. Vegetation rehabilitation may specifically vary according to burn severity after fire. To understand burn severity and process of vegetation rehabilitation at the damaged area after large-fire is required a lot of man powers and budgets. However the analysis of burn severity in the forest area using satellite imagery can acquire rapidly information and more objective results remotely in the large-fire area. Space and airbone sensors have been used to map area burned, assess characteristics of active fires, and characterize post-fire ecological effects. For classifying fire damaged area and analyzing burn severity of Samcheok fire area occurred in 2000, Cheongyang fire in 2002, and Yangyang fire in 2005 we utilized Normalized Burn Ratio(NBR) technique. The NBR is temporally differenced between pre- and post-fire datasets to determine the extent and degree of change detected from burning. In this paper we use pre- and post-fire imagery from the Landsat TM and ETM+ imagery to compute the NBR and evaluate large-scale patterns of burn severity at 30m spatial resolution. 65% in the Samcheok fire area, 91% in the Cheongyang fire area and 65% in the Yangyang fire area were corresponded to burn severity class above 'High'. Therefore the use of a remotely sensed Differenced Normalized Burn Ratio(
) by RS and GIS allows for the burn severity to be quantified spatially by mapping damaged domain and burn severity across large-fire area.
Urban Change Analysis using the 1:50,000 Topographical Map which is Produced at 1910's
Bae, Sun-Hak ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 93~103
In order to plunder the Korean Peninsula in earnest, 'Modern Age Korea Topographical Map' of reduced 1:50,000 scale was manufactured within the period of 5 years from 1914 to 1918 through Japanese government-general of Joseson. This map includes all the data representing the life model of Korean Peninsula in the period of the End of Korean Empire, before the modern public construction works had started to seriously develop. This study analyzes the land use change after embedding the coordinates to the image of Modern Age Korea Topographical Map, which includes the scenery of 1910, and then overlaying it with the contemporary map in GIS environment. The results of presented research showed that before modern civil construction works started, the farmlands had lost their competitiveness because of difficult for development hilly areas and frequent floods, the river sites being abandoned and industrial structure change, and were developed into modern city area.
A Review on GIS Research Trends using Content Analysis Method - Focus on the GIS Journals Published from 1993 to 2006 -
SaKong, Ho-Sang ; Seo, Ki-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 104~112
This paper aims to analyze academic and technological progresses of GIS as reviewing research trends of GIS journals for which four major GIS journals, KAGIS(The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies), KSISS(Korea Spatial Information System Society), KOGSIS(The Korean Society for Geospatial Information System), GISAK(Geographic Information System Association of Korea) have been selected. As the authors suppose that subjects of academic articles reflect academic and social demands, total 1,222 articles that have been published by the four journals from 1993 to 2006 were reviewed and analyzed by content analysis method. Because of large volumes and variety of research scopes, all topics in the papers were classified into several categories with title and keywords referenced in each paper and the categories were analyzed into 5 years period. Thus, from the analysis results, this paper asserts that research trends and academic progresses are well-structured to review recent GIS areas in Korea and the outcomes of the analysis can be an adequate guidelines to establish NGIS policies and strategies.
Development of an Automatic Generation Methodology for Digital Elevation Models using a Two-Dimensional Digital Map
Park, Chan-Soo ; Lee, Seong-Kyu ; Suh, Yong-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 113~122
The rapid growth of aerial survey and remote sensing technology has enabled the rapid acquisition of very large amounts of geographic data, which should be analyzed using real-time visualization technology. The level of detail(LOD) algorithm is one of the most important elements for realizing real-time visualization. We chose the triangulated irregular network (TIN) method to generate normalized digital elevation model(DEM) data. First, we generated TIN data using contour lines obtained from a two-dimensional(2D) digital map and created a 2D grid array fitting the size of the area. Then, we generated normalized DEM data by calculating the intersection points between the TIN data and the points on the 2D grid array. We used constrained Delaunay triangulation(CDT) and ray-triangle intersection algorithms to calculate the intersection points between the TIN data and the points on the 2D grid array in each step. In addition, we simulated a three-dimensional(3D) terrain model based on normalized DEM data with real-time visualization using a Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 program in the DirectX API library and a quad-tree LOD algorithm.
Thermal Spatial Representativity of Meteorological Stations using MODIS Land Surface Temperature
Lee, Chang-Suk ; Han, Kyung-Soo ; Yeom, Jong-Min ; Song, Bong-Geun ; Kim, Young-Seup ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 123~133
Thermal spatial representativities of meteorological stations over Korea have been investigated using land surface temperature (LST) based on MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite observation. The linear regression method was used to estimate air temperatures from MODIS LST product. To compare MODIS LST with observed air temperatures at six meteorological stations, the mean values of MODIS LST with nine given window sizes were calculated. In this case, the position of centered pixel in each given window size is correspond to that of each meteorological station. We also applied
threshold for RMSE comparison, which is based on a analogous study on daily maximum air temperature model using satellite data. In this study, the results showed that each station has a different representativity; Deajeon
, and Busan
An Application of Ubiquitous Information Technology for Integrated Management of National Park
Bae, Min-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 3, 2007, Pages 134~148
There is not enough knowledge on how to use, build, and apply ubiquitous technologies such as the ubiquitous sensor network, GIS, statistic analysis system, mobile GPS system etc. Also there are other questions such as, how should the knowledge information resources be managed and web decision making system developed for national park management. The purpose of this study is to propose a framework for the national park integrated management system based on ubiquitous information technology. This study will include followings: 1) this study explores what ubiquitous information technologies are needed for national park management, 2) this study proposes building strategies about the spatial and attribute database using ubiquitous information technologies, and links methods among geographic information system, analysis program, sensor network, etc. The results of this study will contribute towards deciding a direction for national park policy in preparation for the ubiquitous computing oriented society.