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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Detection of Red Tide Distribution in the Southern Coast of the Korea Waters using Landsat Image and Euclidian Distance
Sur, Hyung-Soo ; Kim, Seok-Gyu ; Lee, Chil-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 1~13
We make image that accumulate two principal component after change picture to use GLCM(Gray Level Co-Occurrence Matrix)'s texture feature information. And then these images use preprocess to achieved corner detection and area detection. Experiment results, two principle component conversion accumulation images had most informations about six kind textures by Eigen value 94.6%. When compared with red tide area that uses sea color and red tide area of image that have all principle component, displayed the most superior result. Also, we creates Euclidian space using Euclidian distance measurement about red tide area and clear sea. We identify of red tide area by red tide area and clear sea about random sea area through Euclidian distance and spatial distribution.
A Survey of Floating Silt-Clay Thickness using Dual Frequency Echo Sounder
Ha, Hee-Sang ; Park, Hyeong-Keun ; Kim, Yeon-Jun ; Yang, In-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 14~21
In general bathymetric surveying is the method which gets depth. The water depth on chart is generally measured by a 200Khz frequency echo-sounder. In this study the thickness of the floating silt-clay was measured by a duel frequency sounder using 33Khz and 200Khz. This study shows the method of measuring the volume of the floating silt-clay in dredged basins dredged basin. After this surveying RI test was performed for verifying the existence of the silt-clay.
A Landscape Ecological Classification based on Watershed Focusing Landcover Types
Oh, Jeong-Hak ; Jung, Sung-Gwan ; Kwon, Jino ; Park, Kyung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 22~34
The purpose of this study is to evaluate landscape characteristics of watersheds in the Nakdong River Basin for identifying the groups of watershed with similar landcover patterns by using Geographic Information System and statistical technique. According to the results based on the cluster analysis using cluster analysis tool in the ArcGIS 8.3 program, 22 sub-watersheds were classified into three types; "Forest watershed", "Agriculture watershed", and "Urban watershed". In the forest watershed that has the least potential of ecological disturbances by human, a forest management approach based on geographic conditions and coverage types, etc., should be developed to sustain the ecological and environmental functions of forest. For the agriculture watershed, environmental-friendly agricultural techniques should be performed in the particular enhancement of riparian buffer zone to the prevent direct inflow of soils, fertilizers, and other chemicals into the stream network. Finally, in the urban watershed, an environmental-friendly plan that may increase the ratio of pervious surface and amount of green-space to should be reserved.
The Structure and Operations of Geodata Collaboratives in Metropolitan Area: U.S. Cases
Nam, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 35~45
Currently, the necessity of inter-system integration and sharing system increases to additionally construct and efficiently utilize the geographical information data in accordance with the increase in demand for geographical information. The provision of the data within the domestic sharing system is led by the tasks within national geographical information distribution network or intra-local governmental combined system. However, any voluntary geographical information sharing cooperation body is increasingly required with the increase in necessity of administrative cooperation among neighboring metropolitan areas, including space planning and development. Accordingly, this study is aimed at looking into the constitutions and roles of cooperation bodies within metropolitan areas by the composition, distribution, update and management of data with special regard to overseas advanced cases whose sharing systems and their effects are highly evaluated, and at presenting any model of the domestic future voluntary sharing cooperation organization within metropolitan area.
Linking Urban Development Density with Infrastructure Capacity
Yeo, Chang-Hwan ; Kim, Jae-Ik ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 46~59
Urban infrastructure is a core of urban growth management which concerns with location, time and costs of development. Despite an inevitable link between development density and infrastructure capacity in urban areas, little study have been performed. For this reason, development activities are undergone without any clear evidence or analysis. The main purposes of this paper are to build subject maps of urban infrastructure capacity which illustrate the level of education service and road capacity, and to give reference standard for development decision at given location. For these purposes, the case study of the high-rise multi-purpose buildings in Daegu metropolitan city is performed. The main findings are follows. First, road ratio is high in the CBD and its surrounding areas as well as rural area, and low in areas of manufacturing, parks and military use. Second, educational facility, represented by the number of student per classroom of elementary school, is fairly abundant across the city, especially in the CBD and rural areas. Third, the high-rise multi-purpose buildings have been built in population-losing infrastructure-abundant areas, in general. Based on these results, this study concludes that the high-rise multi-purpose buildings may induce population-inflow and have low possibility to bring about overly dense developments.
Application of Spatial Autocorrelation for the Spatial Distribution Pattern Analysis of Marine Environment - Case of Gwangyang Bay -
Choi, Hyun-Woo ; Kim, Kye-Hyun ; Lee, Chul-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 60~74
For quantitative analysis of spatio-temporal distribution pattern on marine environment, spatial autocorrelation statistics on the both global and local aspects was applied to the observed data obtained from Gwangyang Bay in South Sea of Korea. Global indexes such as Moran's I and General G were used for understanding environmental distribution pattern in the whole study area. LISAs (local indicators of spatial association) such as Moran's I (
were considered to find similarity between a target feature and its neighborhood features and to detect hot spot and/or cold spot. Additionally, the significance test on clustered patterns by Z-scores was carried out. Statistical results showed variations of spatial patterns quantitatively in the whole year. Then all of general water quality, nutrients, chlorophyll-a and phytoplankton had strong clustered pattern in summer. When global indexes showed strong clustered pattern, the front region with a negative
which means a strong spatial variation was observed. Also, when global indexes showed random pattern, hot spot and/or cold spot were/was found in the small local region with a local index
. Therefore, global indexes were useful for observing the strength and time series variations of clustered patterns in the whole study area, and local indexes were useful for tracing the location of hot spot and/or cold spot. Quantification of both spatial distribution pattern and clustering characteristics may play an important role to understand marine environment in depth and to find the reasons for spatial pattern.
The Study on the Downtown Spatial Functional Analysis and Downtown Classification using GIS
Kim, Heung-Kwan ; Shin, Yong-Eun ; Baek, Tae-Kyung ; Kang, Gi-Cheol ; Jeng, Hee-Su ; Oh, Ju-Heon ; Yeo, Sung-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 75~86
The subjects were fifteen dong at downtown of Busan. LQ index and cluster analysis were used to research space functions of downtown in both years, that is to say, 2000 and 2005. At the analysis of LQ index in 2000, the secondary industries were specialized at traditional markets as well as large-scaled commercial districts, while the tertiary industries were done at financial business districts. LQ index in 2005 did not make change mostly comparing with the one in 2000: But, main businesses at downtown that belonged to the tertiary industries rapidly dwindled at old downtown to make appearance at Seomyeon of new downtown. Main businesses at old downtown in the past moved to new downtown to dwindle main functions at old downtown. The cluster analysis was done by using LQ index to classify into three clusters. The first cluster was old downtown that functions of downtown dwindle, and the second cluster was residence area, and the third cluster was the area where space function at downtown was very much active. The findings were as follow: Firstly, various kinds of urban regeneration plans should be made to control dwindling of old downtown and to establish comprehensive and systematic plans on new downtown. Secondly, downtown space functions could be placed depending upon specialization of each industry so that industries being suitable to the area should be introduced to construct development base.
Development of Ridge Distinction Program of The Mountainous Districts using GIS Program
Park, Young-Kyu ; Kwon, Soon-Duk ; Kim, Tae-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 87~96
In this study, a Ridge Distinction Program was developed to improve the elevation standard, which is one of standards for mountainous districts conversion permission regulated by the Management of Mountainous Districts Act. To distinguish mountainous districts from other land types, this program assumed that the lower end of the mountainous districts is the outlet points where catchment size is 30ha. Also the program used the halfway line between the ridge and the lower end of the mountainous districts to recognize the upper slope areas. To prevent potential errors within the classification process, the areas that were classified as non-mountainous districts by the current forest type map were removed. According to the classification results by using the developed program, the 58% of the mountainous districts (
) was classified into the upper slope area, while the only 3% of the mountainous districts (
) were classified by adopting the current standards for the mountainous districts conversion permission. This result shows that the size of the upper slope areas tends to be altered by the standards defining the area. Therefore, for better acceptance of the Ridge Distinction Program in the associated fields, it is necessary to prove the effectiveness of the program and to revise the current standards for the mountainous districts conversion permission.
Development of Alignment Information Extraction System on Highway by Terrestrial Laser Scanning Technique
Kim, Jin-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 97~110
A laser scanning technique has been attracting much attention as a new technology to acquire location information. This technique might be applicable to a wide range of areas, most notably in geomatics, due to its high accuracy of location and automation of high-density data acquisition. A alignment information extraction system on highway has been developed in this study by utilizing the advantages of the laser scanning technique. The system can accurately interpret the alignment information of highway and can be applied to actual works. To develop the alignment information extraction system on highway, an algorithm that can automatically separate a horizontal alignment into a straight line, a transition curve, and a circular curve was developed. It can increase its efficiency compared to the conventional methods. In addition, an algorithm that can automatically extract design elements of horizontal and vertical alignments of highway was developed and applied to an object highway. This yielded higher practicality with more accurate values compared to those from previous studies on the extraction of design elements of highway alignment. Furthermore, the extracted design elements were used to perform a virtual driving simulation on the object highway. Through this, data were provided for a visual judgment for judging visually whether the topography and structures were harmonized in a three-dimensional manner or not. The study also presents data that can serve as a basis to determine highway surface freezing sections and to analyze three-dimensional sight distance models. Through the establishment of a systematic database for diverse data on highway and the development of web-based operating programs, an efficient highway maintenance can be ensured and also they can provide important information to be used when estimating a highway safety in the future.
The Change of Industrial Distribution Pattern by Worker Status Classification : Busan, 1994~2004
Kang, In-Joo ; Nam, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 111~121
Diagnosis and Prediction of urban industrial structure is a key subject for establishment of sustainable urban development plan. By this time, studies of industry-related urban spatial structure have been concentrated on measurement of space distribution by industry type mainly using data about urban industries or total worker numbers. Now, status of workers become an important issue so this study analyzed qualitative change of urban industrial structure in the view of space using work status classification system. For that, data for work status in 1994 and 2004 were collected in towns and villages, and space analysis units were coincided based on change data between 1994 and 2004. Then, it analyzed spatial distribution pattern of employment through qualitative standard called work status using GIS. The analysis results by work status type of Busan industrial structure in GIS circumstance were as below. First, traditional labor intensive industries met a limit and service and wholesale/retail sale industries went to be poor livelihood. Therefore, Busan's employment rate should be decreased and worker numbers were statistically increased, however, irregular and non-wage workers were suddenly increased. So, it was determined that the quality of employment in Busan area came down. Second, a traditional downtown area has dwindled; on the other hand, employment has been increased in new town or new industrial complex and in the area developed services rather than the manufacturing industry. It is expected that the result of this study may be meaningful as data to prepare for longterm industrial development plan through qualitative evaluation called work status as well as to make behavior pattern of industrial structure which is basis of urban development.
The Soil Loss Analysis using Landcover of WAMIS - for Musimcheon Watershed -
Kim, Joo-Hun ; Lee, Chung-Dae ; Kim, Kyung-Tak ; Choi, Yun-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 122~131
This study estimates how soil loss in a basin has been occurred according to the change of land cover, and analyzes which type of land cover has the largest soil loss by classifying the land-cover type into each area and a whole basin. Musimcheon, the second branch stream of GeumGang, is chosen as a research area. The result of analysis shows that the average soil loss occurs most largely in a crop land and a paddy field. The yearly soil loss of watershed estimates approximately 14,000 ton/yr in case of using 100-year-frequency rainfall data. A forest area, which takes the largest area in watershed, shows the soil loss occurs approximately 1,000ton/yr. A crop field shows that soil loss increased most largely 4,900 ton/yr (34.6%) in 1985 to 8,100 ton/yr (56.1%) in 2000. The change of land cover in a crop land increased 8% to 14%, and this change influences on the increase of soil loss. As a result of analyzing the area over
, the soil loss in a crop field accounts for 74% to 96%.
Management Guidelines for the Height of Buildings using Urban Landscape Simulation
Lee, Dong-Hyun ; Baek, Tae-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 132~141
The rebuilding or redevelopment of buildings in the Readjustment Project District is generally built high-rise buildings. It sometimes makes our residential area to be uniform in height and disharmony with surrounding houses and infrastructure. Then this research examines the landscape effects of the height of buildings built using landscape simulation on hillside and level ground. We suggested that it was desirable for a land readjustment project district to be managed by District Plan and Development Density Controlled Area. In addition, a consideration for the introduction of Average Floors is needed to mitigate the uniform and disharmony with surroundings.
Development of a Web-based Geospatial Information System for Analyzing and Assessing Geotechnical Information
Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Jang, Yong-Gu ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 142~152
Geotechnical information database, foundation of underground geographic information system in 2nd NGIS plan, had been developing by Ministry of Construction and Transportation since 2000. This database contains not only soil condition, such as depth, type and color of layer, and ground water level, but also engineering properties used for foundation design and construction, for instance, standard penetration test, compression test. But, it is difficult to apply this database for analyzing and designing geotechnical works, because report document is only offered. In this paper, we have developed web-based geospatial information system for the effective uses. First, underground cross-section model is generated by location, layer, and engineering properties of geotechnical information database at the realtime process. Second, earth volume, bearing capacity, and settlement is calculated and potentials of soft ground, liquefaction are evaluated through pre-defined empirical formula. This process is operated by web-based client. We wish to strengthen the application capacity through this system in construction planning and design works.
Building GIS Data Model for Integrated Management of The Marine Data of Dokdo
Kim, Hyun-Wook ; Choi, Hyun-Woo ; Oh, Jung-Hee ; Park, Chan-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 153~167
Dokdo research has been worked in various fields. However, the continuous accumulation and systematic management of Dokdo research data on marine science haven't been made. In particular, a systematic database system hasn't been established for the research data on marine environment and ecosystem in Dokdo and its surrounding sea. Therefore, GIS database construction on a spatial basis is required for the systematic management and efficient use of Dokdo marine research data, and a marine data model on a GIS basis is needed on the design stage to build the database. In this study, we collected previous observed marine data, and classified them as three groups, such as a framework data group on a GIS basis, a research data group and a thematic data group, according to the data types and characteristics. Moreover, the attributes of each research data were designed to be connected to GIS framework data. The result of the study to build an integrated GIS data model may be useful for developing a management system for marine research data observed in other sea as well as Dokdo.
Current Issues and Policy Strategies for the Realization of U-City
Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Cho, Chun-Man ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 168~178
As the title signifies, the current study aims at the realization of u-City, which is short for the Ubiquitous City. For this purpose, firstly, the meaning of u-City realization is sought in the study based on future urban changes. Along with this, current issues in the course of u-City realization are gathered based on in-depth interviews with relevant experts. Thirdly, necessary for the comprehensive planning and management of u-City, several strategies are presented by classifying it into u-Infra and u-Service, and considering relevant laws and regulations. And the study divided the execution process into project, development and management levels, and then suggests some realization strategies that are level-dependent.
Utilizing LiDAR Data to Vehicle Recognition on the Road
Choi, Yun-Woong ; Lee, Geun-Sang ; Cho, Gi-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 179~188
Vehicle recognition is very important preprocess to get vehicle information for traffic management. This is a basic study to apply LiDAR data for extracting traffic information. Hence, this study presents two algorithms, one of them is for extracting road points from LiDAR data and then extracting vehicle points on the road, the other is for estimating the size of extracted vehicle. As a result, in the wide area, the number of vehicles on the road and the size of the vehicles were recognized from the LiDAR data.
A Review on GIS Research Trends in North Korea
Kim, Chang-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 10, issue 4, 2007, Pages 189~197
GIS is the tool widely used for the practical solution of spatial problems in every region regardless of the language and ideology. In this paper research trends and tendencies of GIS in North Korea are reviewed compared with those in South Korea. For this purpose, academic publications on GIS in North Korea are surveyed and classified according to main subjects in GIS. Such classification by main subjects of GIS in North Korea are conducted on the basis of the classification of research trends and tendencies of GIS in South Korea. As a result, researches in North Korea are mainly focused upon such fields as geodetic surveying and measurement, map manufacture, atmospheric phenomena, agriculture and disasters, while there are few studies related to such fields as national GIS policy and circulation, GIS education, internet-based GIS, and traffic, to name but a few. Most parts of applied data are based on low and medium resolution image such as meteorological satellite images, Landsat images, and so on. This reflects the low level of the development of GIS DB infrastructure in North Korea.