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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
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The Construction of GIS-based Flood Risk Area Layer Considering River Bight
Lee, Geun-Sang ; Yu, Byeong-Hyeok ; Park, Jin-Hyeog ; Lee, Eul-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~11
Rapid visualization of flood area of downstream according to the dam effluent in flood season is very important in dam management works. Overlay zone of river bight should be removed to represent flood area efficiently based on flood stage which was modeled in river channels. This study applied drainage enforcement algorithm to visualize flood area considering river bight by coupling Coordinate Operation System for Flood control In Multi-reservoir (COSFIM) and Flood Wave routing model (FLDWAV). The drainage enforcement algorithm is a kind of interpolation which gives to advantage into hydrological process studies by removing spurious sinks of terrain in automatic drainage algorithm. This study presented mapping technique of flood area layer considering river bight in Namgang-Dam downstream, and developed system based on Arcobject component to execute this process automatically. Automatic extraction system of flood area layer could save time-consuming efficiently in flood inundation visualization work which was propelled based on large volume data. Also, flood area layer by coupling with IKONOS satellite image presented real information in flood disaster works.
Analysis of Spatio-temporal Pattern of Urban Crime and Its Influencing Factors
Jeong, Kyeong-Seok ; Moon, Tae-Heon ; Jeong, Jae-Hee ; Heo, Sun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 12~25
The aim of this study is to analyze the periodical and spatial characteristics of urban crime and to find out the factors that affect the crime occurrence. For these, crime data of Masan City was examined and crime occurrence pattern is ploted on a map using crime density and criminal hotspot analysis. The spatial relationship of crime occurrence and factors affecting crime were also investigated using ESDA (Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis) and SAR (Spatial Auto-Regression) model. As a result, it was found that crimes had strong tendency of happening during a certain period of time and with spatial contiguity. Spatial contiguity of crimes was made clear through the spatial autocorrelation analysis on 5 major crimes. Especially, robbery revealed the highest spatial autocorrelation. However as a autocorrelation model, Spatial Error Model(SEM) had statistically the highest goodness of fit. Moreover, the model proved that old age population ratio, property tax, wholesale-retail shop number, and retail & wholesale number were statistically significant that affect crime occurrence of 5 most major crimes and theft crime. However population density affected negatively on assault crime. Lastly, the findings of this study are expected to provide meaningful ideas to make our cities safer with U-City strategies and services.
Implementation of Mobile System based on LBS using Design Pattern
Lee, Hong-Ro ; Baek, Jeong-Ho ; Mun, Young-Chae ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 26~35
This paper will propose the efficient method that should be designed to utilize the design pattern of GoF(Gang of Four) for implementation of LBS(Location Based Service) mobile system. The design method proposed by this paper can design and implement system interface using creational patterns, structural patterns and behavioral patterns of design pattern from the user and mobile system viewpoint. The design method using design pattern can show increasing reusability of module and software, abridging the development time, minimizing the maintenance and decreasing the efficiency of memory of system to software development. Therefore, we used a design pattern in order to change the middleware applying geographic information system from mobile environment. Finally, the mobile system applied to design pattern shall contribute to showing high stability and reliability, improving reusability and scalability of module and software and developing efficient LBS mobile system.
On the Effect of Inter-baseline Covariance in the Network-based GPS Positioning
Yoon, Hasu ; Choi, Yun-Soo ; Hong, Chang-Ki ; Kwon, Jay Hyoun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 36~43
In this study, the impact of the covariance between the baselines on the network-based GPS positioning is analyzed. For the analysis, the multi-baseline solutions with properly modeled covariance between the baselines and the combined solutions from the single-baseline solutions are obtained, respectively. Then, the accuracies of both solutions are evaluated in terms of coordinate residuals, i.e., the differences between the positioning solutions and the published stations' coordinates. The results indicate that the positioning accuracy in static mode depends much on the geometry of GPS satellites rather than the proper modeling of covariance between the baselines. Also, slight but negligible improvement in positioning accuracy is observed in static solutions. Therefore, one may use combined solutions as an alternative to multi-baseline solutions for the network-based GPS positioning. However, multi-baseline solution with properly modeled covariance between the baselines is recommended to use especially for the applications to detect very small displacement, i.e., deformation of the building or bridge.
A Case Study on the Environmental Improvement of Low-Rise and High-Density Housing
Lee, Dong-Hyun ; Baek, Tae-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 44~53
The Purpose of this study is to find out necessity and possibility of low-rise high density housing improving an old residential district of hillside areas. Housing of hillside areas should be maintained and it is necessary to make topographical adaptation plan. For this purpose, we calculate the floor area ratio to break even on case study area by GIS date. As a result, we found out that floor area ratio as minimum qualifications for the feasibility of urban redevelopment is 180%, and carried out a landscape simulation to a low-rise high density housing by AutoCAD 2004 and ArcView 3.2a. In results of simulations, it reveals that a rule to low-rise high density housing effective for topographical adaptation development.
Data Acquisition using Terrestrial Laser Scanner and RTK-GPS for Implementation of Beach Model
Lee, Hyung-Seok ; Kim, In-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 54~63
Various methods have been employed for acquiring beach surface data, which are used to monitor shoreline changes due to beach erosion. This study explores the possibility of constructing and implementing a surface model of beach using data acquired with a terrestrial laser scanner and RTK-GPS. Digital images and three-dimensional data of beach areas acquired at 20 cm intervals using a laser scanner were used to create a digital surface model covered with digital image. Seven months later, the beach area was surveyed using an RTK-GPS, and another beach model was constructed using the data collected with an accuracy of 1.9 cm. The use of a terrestrial laser scanner is expected to ensure acquisition of good quality results and help deal with seasonal changes in beach areas. Because readings obtained with the RTK-GPS are dependent on the number of sampling points in beach model, difficulties are encountered when fixing the survey points. However, RTK-GPS could be used to implement a three-dimensional model by correcting the hidden parts in images obtained using a terrestrial laser scanner. Therefore, an RTK-GPS and a terrestrial laser scanner can be used in combination to obtain more precise data for the construction of beach model data.
Updating DEM for Improving Geomorphic Details
Kim, Nam-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 64~72
The method to generate a digital elevation model(DEM) from contour lines causes a problem in which the low relief landform cannot be clearly presented due to the fact that it is significantly influenced by the expression of micro landform elements according to the interval of contours. Thus, this study attempts to develop a landcover burning method that recovers the micro relief landform of the DEM, which applies buffering and map algebra methods by inputting the elevation information to the landcover. In the recovering process of the micro landform, the DEM was recovered using the buffering method and elevation information through the map algebra for the landcover element for the micro landform among the primary DEM generation, making landcover map, and landcover elements. The recovering of the micro landform was applied based on stream landforms. The recovering of landforms using the buffering method was performed for the bar, which is a polygonal element, and wetland according to the properties of concave/convex through generating contours with a uniform interval in which the elevation information applied to the recovered landform. In the case of the linear elements, such as bank, road, waterway, and tributary, the landform can be recovered by using the elevation information through applying a map algebra function. Because the polygonal elements, such as stream channel, river terrace, and artificial objects (farmlands) are determined as a flat property, these are recovered by inputting constant elevation values. The results of this study were compared and analyzed for the degree of landform expression between the original DEM and the recovered DEM. In the results of the analysis, the DEM produced by using the conventional method showed few expressions in micro landform elements. The method developed in this study well described wetland, bar, landform around rivers, farmland, bank, river terrace, and artificial objects. It can be expected that the results of this study contribute to the classification and analysis of micro landforms, plain and the ecology and environment study that requires the recovering of micro landforms around streams and rivers.
The Application of ASTER TIR Satellite Imagery Data for Surface Temperature Change Analysis -A Case Study of Cheonggye Stream Restoration Project-
Jo, Myung-Hee ; Jo, Yun-Won ; Kim, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 73~80
Recently in order to mange better life quality much effort was spent for environmental-friendly urban development project and environmental restoration project. During these projects, there should be deep understanding about atmospheric environment change analysis and long term monitoring so that it would be helpful for better environment promotion such as heat island mitigation effect and wind way construction. In this study, the surface temperature environment change between before and after Cheonggye Stream Restoration Project was mapped and analyzed by using ASTER(Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission Reflection Radiometer) TIR(Thermal Infrared) satellite imagery and finally the fact, that the heat island effect was mitigated, was clarified. For this study, the correlation analysis was conducted through comparing the difference between atmosphere temperature of AWS(Automatic Weather System) and surface temperature of ASTER. Furthermore, this study will be the infrastructure of urban meteorology model development by understanding surface temperature pattern change and executing quantitative analysis of heat island.
Spatial Database Modeling based on Constraint
Woo, Sung-Koo ; Ryu, Keun-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 81~95
The CDB(Constraint Database) model is a new paradigm for massive spatial data processing such as GIS(Geographic Information System). This paper will identify the limitation of the schema structure and query processing through prior spatial database research and suggest more efficient processing mechanism of constraint data model. We presented constraint model concept, presentation method, and the examples of query processing. Especially, we represented TIN (Triangulated Irregular Network) as a constraint data model which displays the height on a plane data and compared it with prior spatial data model. Finally, we identified that we were able to formalize spatial data in a simple and refined way through constraint data modeling.
The Survey of Disappeared Villages in The Demilitarized Zone
Kim, Chang-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 96~105
The purpose of this study is to analyze the spatial distribution and characteristics of villages before modern public works in the Demilitarized Zone(DMZ) by using Geographical Information System(GIS). There were total 427 villages within the DMZ according to a survey. By the administrative region, whereas there were 183 villages in Gangwon Province which had a share of 43% of the total, there were 244 villages in Gyeonggi Province which had that of 57%. Subsequently, Gyeonggi Province had a higher share than Gangwon Province, even though its area was smaller than Gangwon Province's one. In terms of the pattern of villages, there was a pattern of the dispersed settlement focused upon the area of the Taebaek mountains. In addition, there were a pattern of the dike settlement by a traffic route and river as well as that of agglomerated settlement in other area. There was a pattern of compact settlement in a plain. This research can be contributed (1) to be used a basic information in order to solve a conflict between development and conservation which may occur in the future, and (2) to be applied to develop contents for the DMZ's competitiveness.
Development of the Accuracy Improvement Algorithm of Geopositioning of High Resolution Satellite Imagery based on RF Models
Lee, Jin-Duk ; So, Jae-Kyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 1, 2009, Pages 106~118
Satellite imagery with high resolution of about one meter is used widely in commerce and government applications ranging from earth observation and monitoring to national digital mapping. Due to the expensiveness of IKONOS Pro and Precision products, it is attractive to use the low-cost IKONOS Geo product with vendor-provided rational polynomial coefficients (RPCs), to produce highly accurate mapping products. The imaging geometry of IKONOS high-resolution imagery is described by RFs instead of rigorous sensor models. This paper presents four different polynomial models, that are the offset model, the scale and offset model, the Affine model, and the 2nd-order polynomial model, defined respectively in object space and image space to improve the accuracies of the RF-derived ground coordinates. Not only the algorithm for RF-based ground coordinates but also the algorithm for accuracy improvement of RF-based ground coordinates are developed which is based on the four models, The experiment also evaluates the effect of different cartographic parameters such as the number, configuration, and accuracy of ground control points on the accuracy of geopositioning. As the result of a experimental application, the root mean square errors of three dimensional ground coordinates which are first derived by vendor-provided Rational Function models were averagely 8.035m in X, 10.020m in Y and 13.318m in Z direction. After applying polynomial correction algorithm, those errors were dramatically decreased to averagely 2.791m in X, 2.520m in Y and 1.441m in Z. That is, accuracy was greatly improved by 65% in planmetry and 89% in vertical direction.