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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Efficient Maintenance of Geo-Spatial Information
Lee, Bo-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 1~12
This study aims to analyze the existing problem of geo-spatial information maintenance and then, show maintenance strategies suitable for new integrated environments. We look for AS-IS which is provider-centered, top-down, and also drive implications from analyzing oversea best practice. For analyzing of geo-spatial maintenance pattern, we polled about 20 local governments and private enterprise to find out AS-IS of geo-spatial information and result in maintenance pattern and component. From this, we suggest 4 kinds of strategies. This study shows the strategy not only which decide the question about the problem of existing geo-spatial maintenance but which find a way of combining and utilizing all geo-spatial information which is 8 criteria basic geographical information. This is a win-win program of all organization which produce, construct, make full use of national geo-spatial information.
Analytic Techniques for Change Detection using Landsat
Choi, Chul-Uong ; Lee, Chang-Hun ; Suh, Yong-Cheol ; Kim, Ji-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 13~20
Techniques for change detection using satellite images enable efficient detection of natural and artificial changes in use of land through multi-phase images. As for change detection, different results are made based on methods of calibration of satellite images, types of input data, and techniques in change analysis. Thus, an analytic technique that is appropriate to objectives of a study shall be applied as results are different based on diverse conditions even when an identical satellite and an identical image are used for change detection. In this study, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) were conducted after geometric calibration of satellite images which went through absolute and relative radiometric calibrations and change detection analysis was conducted using Image Difference (ID) and Image Rationing (IR). As a result, ID-NDVI showed excellent accuracy in change detection related to vegetation. ID-PCA showed 90% of accuracy in all areas. IR-NDVI had 90% of accuracy while it was 70% and below as for paddies and dry fields
grassland. IR-PCA had excellent change detection over all areas.
The 2D Finite Element Analysis in Nakdong-Kumho River Junction using GIS
Hwang, Jae-Hong ; Han, Kun-Yeun ; Nam, Ki-Young ; Choi, Seung-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 21~34
Usually in flood flow problems, one-dimensional approach does not provide the required details of complex flow phenomena such as the flow in braided rivers and river junction. In this study, two-dimensional finite element mesh is constructed using DEM and GIS tool, and applied to RMA-2model. The purpose of this study is to investigate the applicability of the two dimensional model in natural rivers and to analyze characteristics of river flow due to the change of cross section. For model calibration, the result of unsteady flow analysis was compared with the observed data. Accordingly, the SMS model in this study prove to be very effective and reliable tool for the simulation of hydrodynamic characteristics under the various flow conditions.
Simulation Program for Estimating the Environmentally Acceptable Building Height using the GIS Simulation Technique
Park, Young-Kyu ; Jeon, Jun-Heon ; Roh, Hye-Jung ; Kwon, Soon-Duk ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 35~44
In this study, we intended to develope a simulation program for assessing a building height whether or not acceptable for maintaining the visual quality of a forest landscape. A number of geographical factors were considered within the assessment procedure. As the visual quality of a landscape could vary according to the location of view points, we examined 3 methodologies for setting up the view points. The result for comparison between method of selecting viewpoints was not significantly effecting method of selecting viewpoints. Post hoc test showed a moderately large p-value and no significant differences between groups were observed. The result from a case study indicated that the simulation program is able to estimate an environmentally acceptable building height in an efficient manner. In this study, however, only the geographical factors were considered for the assessment, but forest dynamic information such as stand height was not considered. Thus, in the further study, forest stand height would be necessarily considered to estimate a more reliable and desirable building height.
A Study on Efficient Management of Traffic Flow on Intersection
Hwang, In-Sik ; Kim, Su-Sung ; Oh, Se-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 45~55
This study was intended to increase efficiency of traffic flow management on intersection. The result suggested to establish a left-turn at own risk lane to increase efficiency of traffic flow on intersection. The scope of the research was to investigate the geometric structure of a signal-controlled intersection, traffic volume(density) with respect to directions and traffic signal display, and to select a signalling intersection into which a car waiting for a traffic signal enters by adjusting the display sequence of traffic signal. The delay with respect to directions and for the whole intersection was compared for the current situation and an improvement plan. Using TSIS, a traffic analysis package, the traffic situation on an intersection was investigated. Based on the simulation result for Seok-Jeon intersection in Ma-San selected from the field investigation of intersections to which an improvement plans would be applicable, the waiting time in the direction without a entering traffic signal was decreased to be 78.6 seconds per car and that of the direction expecting the increase of waiting time was increased by 4 seconds per car only. It was confirmed that the waiting time for the whole intersection was improved.
Application of Ubiquitous Sensor Network for Growing Environmental Monitoring System of a Fruit Tree - A Case of Apple Tree -
Jeon, Mun-Jang ; Sim, Kyu-Won ; Kim, Min ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 56~65
This study was carried out to embody monitoring system of growing environments of fruit tree with Ubiquitous Sensor Network and to analyze various fruit qualities by the tree's vigor in the apple orchard located in Poonggi-eup, Yeongju-shi, Gyeongsangbukdo, Korea. The tree's vigor of apple trees was influenced to insolation, temperature, and humidity and it had influence on the weights, sugar contents and the quality(especially in mineral contents) of apples. The use of Ubiquitous Sensor Network will not only contribute to improve the quality of fruit by the offer of scientific fruit-cultivation method, but also to expand its application more and more.
Design and Implementation of Invisible Depth Analysis
Lee, Sang-Bok ; Lee, Seung-Yeob ; Ha, Jae-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 66~75
The purpose of this paper is design and implement the invisible depth analysis tools. The developed algorithm was basically used reference plan method and to remove first step errors we mix-used point-to-point method. and we consider error due to curvature and refraction for large scale analysis. The final algorithm was developed as ArcToolBox tools, which can be considered convenient and public use as well; as result it reduced experimental errors as compared with conventional method and makes possible high resolution analysis for large scale site.
Development of Distributed Rainfall-Runoff Modelling System Integrated with GIS
Choi, Yun-Seok ; Kim, Kyung-Tak ; Shim, Myung-Pil ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 76~87
Most distributed models have been developed for data interchange between model for hydrological analysis and GIS(Geographic Information System). And some interface systems between them have been developed to operate the model conveniently. This study is about developing integrated system between model and GIS not coupled system based on file interchange or interface system. In this study, HyGIS-GRM which is integrated system between GRM(Grid based Rainfall-runoff Model) which is physically based distributed rainfall-runoff model and HyGIS(Hydro Geographic Information System) have been developed. HyGIS-GRM can carry out all the processes from preparing input data to appling them to model in the same system, and this operation environment can improve the efficiency of running the model and analyzing modeling results. HyGIS-GRM can provide objective modeling environment through establishing the process of integrated operation of GIS and distributed model, and we can obtain fundamental technologies for developing integrated system between GIS and water resources model.
Study on Application of Diffusion Wave Inundation Analysis Model Linked with GIS
Cho, Wan-Hee ; Han, Kun-Yeon ; Choi, Seung-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 88~100
An inundation analysis was performed on Hwapocheon, one of the tributaries of Nakdong River, which was inundated by heavy rain in August, 2002 with overtopping and levee break. The results of the developed model, 2D diffusion wave inundation analysis model, was compared with inundation trace map as well as inundation depth in terms of time and maximum inundated area calculated from FLUMEN model for the assessment of model applicability. The results from the developed model showed high fitness of 88.61% in comparison with observed data. Also maximum inundated area and spatial distribution of inundation zone were also found to be consistent with the results of FLUMEN model. Therefore, inundation zone and maximum inundation area calculated over a period of time by adopting 2D diffusion wave inundation analysis model can be used as a database for identifying high risk areas of inundation and establishing flood damage reduction measures.
Multi-Agent Model and Simulation for the Dynamics of Housing Market
Moon, Tae-Heon ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 101~115
The prompt recovery of housing market in Korea became the national task, for which tools that can analyze the influence that changing situation of housing market and new policy may have on the housing market needs to be developed. Thus, this research intends to develop Multi-Agent Housing Market Model and simulation system in Jinju City as a study area. Analyzing the local housing market of Jinju City, then multi-agent model of housing market that consolidates 3 sub-models, house choice model, hedonic model of house price and location choice model is developed. Moreover in order to develop simulation system the model is programmed in the virtual space of which the size is
cell including physical shape of city such as road, urban facilities, land use, etc. With the system, simulations are performed to confirm the impact of urban development on the pattern of residential location. As a result, it is found that the residential location can not be easily induced when only road, commercial and convenient facilities are supplied. However, it is also found that since supplying green results in very many residences, arrangement of infrastructure and environmental factor should be considered at the same time for urban development. As conclusion, it is confirmed that the model and simulation system developed in this research smoothly works to be utilized for the analysis of diverse policy experiment and housing market.
Spatial Designation of Impact Fee Zone based on the Parcel Development Permit Information
Choei, Nae-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 116~127
One of the criteria provided by the law to spatially determine the zones to levy the so-called development impact fee requires that the increase rate of the development permit should exceed that of the entire locality by more than 20 percent. Since the permits are issued to scattered parcels, however, it renders significant difficulties in accurately figuring out the finite local areas that exceed such legal criteria. This study, in this context, tries to join the development permit time-series data with the Korea Land Information System (KLIS) so that, with the aid of the landform layer and existing infrastructure layer, it could pinpoint the local area where the development activities are concentrating. Taking a sector in Yangpyong County as the case, the study demonstrates the methods to designate the zone by processing the permit information data.
Application of 2D Numerical Model for Natural Rivers using GIS
Kim, Byung-Hyun ; Han, Geon-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 128~142
A lot of efforts have been made to resolve balancing problems between flux and source term and most finite volume models under development have been applied to simple channels such as imaginary and experimental channels. However, a number of numerical problems which can not be found in simple channels occur in the application to natural rivers and the problems should be resolved to apply finite volume models to natural rivers. In this study, 2D finite volume model which is applicable to natural rivers was developed and the accuracy of the developed model was validated through the application of partial dam break In addition, a simple and efficient 2D mesh generation method was suggested and the method can be accurately reflected to 2D mesh converted from surveyed cross sections in Han-river using GIS. The accuracy and applicability of the developed model on natural rivers were verified by performing simulation on Han-river using the generated mesh and comparing computed water elevation with measured water elevation.
Study on the Standard for 1:25,000 Scale Digital Forest Type Map Production in Korea
Kim, Kyoung-Min ; Kim, Cheol-Min ; Jun, Eun-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 143~151
Forest type map is a main forest thematic map which shows forest type, age class, diameter class and density. This map has been used as a base data in various fields such as forest policy decision-making, land suitability assessment and eco map production etc. But the existing map had many kinds of errors and no metadata because there was no standard for digital map production. On this study, we developed standard for digital forest type map production consisting of 33 unit processes including DB schema design, mapping process, quality control and metadata input process. Based on this standard, country-wide digital forest type map can be produced with consistent quality and standard metadata.
Classification and Characteristics of Households in the Seo·Geumsa Newtown Project
Choi, Jae-Young ; Nam, Kwang-Woo ; Lee, Seok-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 152~163
This study identified characteristics of households in Seo Geumsa based on factors related to how well each household understood and agreed or disagreed with the Newtown project and the resettlement process that is required to establish the renewal promotion plan. To this end, the authors applied the unit of spatial analysis developed by Tong, segmented the land intended for large-scale development, and then developed a method for analyzing and comparing the segmented lands by certain characteristics. The results of the survey were analyzed in three stages: the characteristics of districts; the relationships between agreement and disagreement factors and differences among segmented districts. And, to assess districts with features that differed from the overall features of households in renewal districts, the authors developed a two-way stage division plan and conducted a cluster analysis. The authors analyzed districts with individual characteristics based on the household features developed by Tong, and then analyzed the features of household distribution in these districts along with spatial location.
GIS Mapping of Coastal Pollution Induced by Hebei Spirit Oil Spill
Park, Jae-Moon ; Choi, Hyun-Woo ; Yoon, Hong-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 12, issue 3, 2009, Pages 164~178
This study was aimed to make GIS oiling thematic maps and analyze temporal oiling variation patterns for two months after 'Hebei Spirit' oil spill accident in December 7, 2007 using GIS and oiling status surveyed data. As a basic work for making of oiling thematic maps, geometric corrections were performed with IKONOS images using ground control points data. These corrected images were used to make detailed coastline from digital charts, and then spatial unit of coastline were defined using classified coastline types. And to know the representative parameters which reflect oiling situation, relationship between oiling status parameters extracted from four times oiling assessment reports and total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) data (December 2007 and January 2008) monitored by Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (KORDI). Using these representative oiling status parameters pollution value were calculated, and they were keyed into spatial unit of coastline as attributive value. GIS oiling status thematic maps made with coastline containing pollution value showed the initial two month's situations somewhat well. Also, to analyze temporal variation pattern of coastline types, about 13.4km length coastline around Malripo beach was defined as detailed study area where is the common spatial zone surveyed oiling status by each organizations. Based on this study results, it could be possible to provide oiling status maps quickly and to support decision making for oiling control action and scientific pollution monitoring.