Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Suspended Solid of Andong and Imha Basin According to the Climate Change
Lee, Geun-Sang ; Kim, Jung-Yeol ; Ahn, So-Ra ; Sim, Jeong-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~15
This study analyzed the change of flowout and suspend solid in Andong and Imha basin according to the climate change to develop evaluation index about turbid water occurrence possibility and to support the countermeasures for turbid water management using GIS-based Soil and Water Assessment Tools (SWAT). MIROC3.2 hires model values of A1B climate change scenario that were supplied by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were applied to future climage change data. Precipitation and temperature were corrected by applying the output value of 20th Century Climate Coupled Model (20C3M) based on past climate data during 1977 and 2006 and downscaled with Change Factor (CF) method. And future climate change scenarios were classified as three periods (2020s, 2050s, 2080s) and the change of flowout and suspended solid according to the climate change were estimated by coupling modeled value with SWAT model. Flowout and suspended solid of Andong and Imha basin in 2020s, 2050s, and 2080s were simulated as increasing compared with standard year (2006). Also, as the result of seasonal change, flowout and suspended solid of Andong and Imha basin in spring, autumn, and winter showed as increasing compared with standard year. And them of Andong and Imha basin in summer were analyzed as decreasing compared with standard year.
A Study on the Form-Element of Buildings Affecting in Street Spaces
Choi, Im-Joo ; Jo, Hyun-Duk ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 16~27
A street, as a linear factor constituting the city, is an axis of urban development. The substantial function of the street is the traffic space for the passage but now it plays the important role of the place of community where contains various activities such as meeting between people and people, rest, entertainment etc. A street is basically the 3 dimensional space consisted of the sidewalk, roadway and the roadside structures surrounding the street. In this case, the roadside structures are the physical composition factors for the street space and the facade of the roadside structures acts as important variables to form the image of street space. Thus, this study is to provide the basic data to be applied in the future urban street landscape plan by extracting the superior factors in visual and perceptional aspects which affect the image of street view from the shape composition factors which constitute the facade of the roadside structures, and by searching and analyzing the satisfaction degree and preference of each factors.
Development of an Aerial Precision Forecasting Techniques for the Pine Wilt Disease Damaged Area Based on GIS and GPS
Kim, Joon-Bum ; Kim, Dong-Yun ; Park, Nam-Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 28~34
The spatial distribution characteristics of damaged trees by the pine wilt disease appear scattered spots spreading from single dead trees. That is the reason why it is difficult to early detect damage and to prevent from extensive damage. Thus, it is very important to forecast and analyze the damage occurrences, to establish strategies for prevention, and to supervise them. However, conventional survey which observes around roads or residential areas by naked eyes was impossible to investigate completely, missing target areas and dangerous areas. Therefore, aerial forecasting techniques on the damaged area were developed using GIS, GPS, and helicopters for an accurate observation of systematic and scientific approach in this study. Moreover, advantages of the techniques application were confirmed to survey 972 dead tree samples at 349 position-coordinates in 32 cities (about
), 2005. This study is expected to apply widely to find dead trees and the causes, particularly by pine wilt disease.
A Study on the Educational System Development for Distribution Design Using Web-GIS
Lee, Dong-Yeop ; Kim, Dong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 35~49
KEPCO(Korean Electric Power Corporation) is now operating an incorporated system for designing and maintenance of electric power facilities called NDIS (New Distribution Information System). Given the structure of the nation which exclusively permits establishment of new electric facilities and maintenance, expertise (skilled knowledge) about the related system on the part of electric engineers is very important. But in the view of education and training, it is a reality that current offline ways of education based on application for educational courses at the KEPCO Academy, an education organization under KEPCO, are unsatisfactory in efficiency and availability to related engineers. Therefore, We realize that a simulation design education system which guarantees an easy access is required to make the best of the existing system NDIS. For this purpose the present work is a study on the development of a simulation education system to make local based NDIS real on the web, which enables related engineers to practice designing and get feedback of the result.
Development of GIS Based Wetland Inventory and Its Use
Yi, Gi-Chul ; Lee, Jae-Won ; Kim, Yong-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 50~61
This study was carried out to find out the way to build a comprehensive wetland ecosystem database using the technique of remote sensing and Geographic Information System. A Landsat TM image (taken in Oct. 30, 2002), Kompsat-2 images (Jan. 17, 2008 & Nov. 20, 2008), LiDAR(Mar. 1, 2009) were used for the primary source for the image analysis. Field surveys were conducted March to August of 2009 to help image analysis and examine the results. An actual wetland vegetation map was created based on the field survey. Satellite images were analyzed by unsupervised and supervised classification methods and finally categorized into such classes as Phragmites australis community, mixed community, sand beach, Scirpus planiculmis community and non-vegetation intertidal area. The map of wetland productivity was developed based on the productivity of Phragmites australis and the relationship to the proximity of adjacent water bodies. The developed 3 dimensional wetland map showed such several potential applications as flood inundation, birds flyway viewsheds and benthos distribution. Considering these results, we concluded that it is possible to use the remote sensing and GIS techniques for producing wetland ecosystem spatial database and these techniques are very effective for the development of the national wetland inventory in Korea.
A Prediction Model and Mapping for Forest-Dwelling Birds Habitat Using GIS
Lee, Seul-Gi ; Jung, Sung-Gwan ; Park, Kyung-Hun ; Kim, Kyung-Tae ; Lee, Woo-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 62~73
A bird is needed efficient conservation through habitat management, as the representative of an organism to evaluate the steady of complex ecosystem. So, this study will offer the useful basic data for preserving habitat from now on, as presenting a estimating model with the GIS program which selected factors effecting the habitat of a forest-dwelling bird in Changwon. As the resort of the survey, the number of forest-dwelling birds living in the 135 survey sites were 5 order, 15 family, 26 species and 922 individual. Also, as the result of making habitat analysis into a predict model, 'NDVI', 'Distance to valley', 'Distance to mixed forest' and 'Area of field' were significant and they had R-squares of 51.3%. Next, as the resort of researching the accuracy of Model, it was a reasonable prediction, as the correlation coefficient is 0.735 and MAPE is 20.7%, and a predict map of habitat was made with the model. This map could predict species diversity of no investigated areas and could be an useful basic data for preserving habitat, as an on-the-spot survey.
2-D Inundation Analysis According to Post-Spacing Density of DEMs from LiDAR Using GIS
Ha, Chang-Yong ; Han, Kun-Yeun ; Cho, Wan-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 74~88
In this study, the points of LiDAR were modified in order to generate various DEM resolutions by applying LiDAR data in Ulsan. Since the LiDAR data have points with 1m intervals, the number of points for each resolution was modified to the size of 1, 5, 10, 30, 50, 100m by uniformly eliminating the points. A runoff analysis was performed on Taehwa river and its tributary, Dongcheon, with 200 year rainfall exceedance probability. 2-dimensional inundation analysis was performed based on the density of LiDAR data using FLUMEN, which was used to establish domestic flood risk map. Once DEM data obtained from LiDAR survey are used, it is expected that the study results can be used as data in determining optimal grid spacing, which is economical, effective and accurate in establishing flood defence plans including the creation of flood risk map.
Comparison of Landcover Map Accuracy Using High Resolution Satellite Imagery
Oh, Che-Young ; Park, So-Young ; Kim, Hyung-Seok ; Lee, Yanng-Won ; Choi, Chul-Uong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 89~100
The aim of this study is to produce land cover maps using satellite imagery with various degrees of high resolution and then compare the accuracy of the image types and categories. For the land cover map produced on a small-scale classification the estuary area around the Nakdong river, including an urban area, farming land and waters, was selected. The images were classified by analyzing the aerial photos taken from KOMPSAT2, Quickbird and IKONOS satellites, which all have a resolution of over 1m to the naked eye. Once all of the land cover maps with different images and land cover categories had been produced they were compared to each other. Results show that image accuracy from the aerial photos and Quickbird was relatively higher than with KOMPSAT2 and IKONOS. The agreement ratio for the large-scale classification across the classification methods ranged between 0.934 and 0.956 for most cases. The Kappa value ranged between 0.905 and 0.937; the agreement ratio for the middle-scale classification was 0.888~0.913 and the Kappa value was 0.872~0.901. The agreement ratio for the small-scale classification was 0.833~0.901 and the Kappa value was 0.813~0.888. In addition, in terms of the degree of confusion occurrence across the images, there was confusion on the urbanized arid areas and empty land in the large-scale classification. For the middle-scale classification, the confusion mainly occurred on the rice paddies, fields, house cultivating area and artificial grassland. For the small-scale classification, confusion mainly occurred on natural green fields, cultivating land with facilities, tideland and the surface of the sea. The findings of this study indicate that the classification of the high resolution images with the naked eye showed an agreement ratio of over 80%, which means that it can be used in practice. The findings also suggest that the use of higher resolution images can lead to increased accuracy in classification, indicating that the time when the images are taken is important in producing land cover maps.
Two-dimensional Inundation Analysis Using Stochastic Rainfall Variation and Geographic Information System
Lee, Jin-Young ; Cho, Wan-Hee ; Han, Kun-Yeun ; Ahn, Ki-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 101~113
Recently actual rainfall pattern is decreasing rainy days and increasing in rainfall intensity and the frequency of flood occurrence is also increased. To consider recent situation, Engineers use deterministic methods like a PMP(Probable Maximum Precipitation). If design storm wouldn't occur, increasing of design criteria is extravagant. In addition, the biggest structure cause trouble with residents and environmental problem. And then it is necessary to study considering probability of rainfall parameter in each sub-basin for design of water structure. In this study, stochastic rainfall patterns are generated by using log-ratio method, Johnson system and multivariate Monte Carlo simulation. Using the stochastic rainfall patterns, hydrological analysis, hydraulic analysis and 2nd flooding analysis were performed based on GIS for their applicability. The results of simulations are similar to the actual damage area so the methodology of this study should be used about making a flood risk map or regidental shunting rout map against the region.
An Analysis of Cold Air Generation Area Considering Climate-Ecological Function -A Case Study of Changwon, South Korea-
Song, Bong-Geun ; Park, Kyung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 114~127
The purpose of this study is to find out cold and fresh air producing areas using climate-ecological functions in Changwon city, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea. The evaluation of climate-ecological functions were composed of the six factors: patch size with cold air generation and inflow functions, farmland and grassland ratio, mean slope degree, cross section types, mean slope length and roughness of bottom in valley. The analysis results of each evaluation factor in the study area were divided into 5 grades according to the capacity of cold air generation. The first-grade area with the highest factor values for cold air generation was take up 3.51% of the total study area, second grade was 13.48%, third grade was 31.65%, fourth grade was 27.28%, and fifth grade was 24.09%. According to the spatial distribution of cold air producing areas, the valleys around Mt. Bongnim, Changwon tunnel, and Anmin tunnel had higher evaluation grade. It will require the future research to establish the climate-ecological conservation areas and to construct the wind corridor based on the long-term microclimatic monitoring.
Estimation of Drought Index Using CART Algorithm and Satellite Data
Kim, Gwang-Seob ; Park, Han-Gyun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 128~141
Drought indices such as SPI(Standard Precipitation Index) and PDSI(Palmer Drought Severity Index) estimated using ground observations are not enough to describe detail spatial distribution of drought condition. In this study, the drought index with improved spatial resolution was estimated by using the CART algorithm and ancillary data such as MODIS NDVI, MODIS LST, land cover, rainfall, average air temperature, SPI, and PDSI data. Estimated drought index using the proposed approach for the year 2008 demonstrates better spatial information than that of traditional approaches. Results show that the availability of satellite imageries and various associated data allows us to get improved spatial drought information using a data mining technique and ancillary data and get better understanding of drought condition and prediction.
Analysis of Urban Thermal Environment for Environment-Friendly Spatial Plan
Lee, Woo-Sung ; Jung, Sung-Gwan ; Park, Kyung-Hun ; Kim, Kyung-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 142~154
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of various spatial characteristics on the land surface temperature and to grasp the characteristics of thermal environment by types of urban area in Changwon, Gyeongsangnam-do. The spatial data were consisted LST, normalized difference built-up index(NDBI) and normalized difference vegetation index(NDVI) obtained from Landsat 5 TM and land use and land cover map classified from high resolution digital aerial photograph(
). The unit space for spatial analysis was built by
Vector GRID. According to the results of estimation of relationship between thermal environment and spatial characteristics, LST had the highest positive correlation with NDBI by 0.929 and had high positive correlation with impervious area ratio by 0.857. In order to analysis of thermal environment on land use, types of urban area were classified by 4 of residential focus area, industrial focus area, green focus area and mixed area. According to the results of analysis, mean LST of industrial focus area was showed the highest by
. But mean LST of green focus area was analyzed the lowest by
. In conclusion, the results of this study investigated the effects of spatial characteristics on urban thermal environment and can provide methods and basic informations about land use planning and development density restriction for reduction of urban heat.
Generation of DEM by Correcting Blockage Areas on ASTER Stereo Images
Lee, Jin-Duk ; Park, Jin-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 155~163
The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on-board the NASA's Terra spacecraft provides along-track digital stereo image data at 15m resolution with a base-height ratio 0.6. Automated stereocorrelation procedure was implemented using the ENVI 4.1 software to derive DEMs with
in 43km long and 50km wide area using the ASTER stereo images. The accuracy of DEMs was analyzed in comparison with those which were obtained from digital topographic maps of 1:25,000 scale. Results indicate that RMSE in elevation between
could be achieved. Excluding cloud, water and building areas as the factors which make RMSE value exceeding 10m, the accuracy of DEMs showed RMSE of
. Therefore for the purpose of elevating accuracy of topographic information, we intended to detect the cloud areas and shadow areas by a landcover classification method, remove those areas on the ASTER DEM and then replace with those areas detached from the cartographic DEM by band math.
A Study on Park Service Provision Assessment in Busan Metropolitan City
Lee, Dong-Hyun ; Lee, Gyoung-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 1, 2010, Pages 164~172
The objective of this research is to assess the level of urban park service provision in comparison to demand population size by region (e.g., dong) in Busan metropolitan areas. To this end, a park service provision assessment index is utilized. The index is built upon the difference between planned and actual levels of park service provision. For each region, planned level is obtained by multiplying the per capita service amount by the number of residents in that region. Actual level is estimated based on Huff model, where distance between parks and residential locations are explicitly accounted for in model building. Empirical analysis was carried out for Busan Metropolitan Area. The result shows that Gumsung-dong, Chunga-dong and Dongdaesin3-dong are well supplied with park service, while Hadan1-dong, Goejung2-dong and Joorae3-dong are under-provided when per capita service provision amount and the extent of service area are set to
and 1km, respectively. It is argued that those regions that suffer from under-provision need to be highlighted such that a priority is given to those areas for establishing new urban parks when renewing urban management plan.