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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
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Gold-Silver Mineral Potential Mapping and Verification Using GIS and Artificial Neural Network
Oh, Hyun-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 1~13
The aim of this study is to analyze gold-silver mineral potential in the Taebaeksan mineralized district, Korea using a Geographic Information System(GIS) and an artificial neural network(ANN) model. A spatial database considering Au and Ag deposit, geology, fault structure and geochemical data of As, Cu, Mo, Ni, Pb and Zn was constructed for the study area using the GIS. The 46 Au and Ag mineral deposits were randomly divided into a training set to analyze mineral potential using ANN and a test set to verify mineral potential map. In the ANN model, training sets for areas with mineral deposits and without them were selected randomly from the lower 10% areas of the mineral potential index derived from existing mineral deposits using likelihood ratio. To support the reliability of the Au-Ag mineral potential map, some of rock samples were selected in the upper 5% areas of the mineral potential index without known deposits and analyzed for Au, Ag, As, Cu, Pb and Zn. As the result, No. 4 of sample exhibited more enrichments of all elements than the others.
Hotspot Analysis of Urban Crime Using Space-Time Scan Statistics
Jeong, Kyeong-Seok ; Moon, Tae-Heon ; Jeong, Jae-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 14~28
The aim of this study is to investigate crime hotspot areas using the spatio-temporal cluster analysis which is possible to search simultaneously time range as well as space range as an alternative method of existing hotspot analysis only identifying crime occurrence distribution patterns in urban area. As for research method, first, crime data were collected from criminal registers provided by official police authority in M city, Gyeongnam and crime occurrence patterns were drafted on a map by using Geographic Information Systems(GIS). Second, by utilizing Ripley K-function and Space-Time Scan Statistics analysis, the spatio-temporal distribution of crime was examined. The results showed that the risk of crime was significantly clustered at relatively few places and the spatio-temporal clustered areas of crime were different from those predicted by existing spatial hotspot analysis such as kernel density analysis and k-means clustering analysis. Finally, it is expected that the results of this study can be not only utilized as a valuable reference data for establishing urban planning and crime prevention through environmental design(CPTED), but also made available for the allocation of police resources and the improvement of public security services.
Comparison and Evaluation of Root Mean Square for Parameter Settings of Spatial Interpolation Method
Lee, Hyung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 29~41
In this study, the prediction errors of various spatial interpolation methods used to model values at unmeasured locations was compared and the accuracy of these predictions was evaluated. The root mean square (RMS) was calculated by processing different parameters associated with spatial interpolation by using techniques such as inverse distance weighting, kriging, local polynomial interpolation and radial basis function to known elevation data of the east coastal area under the same condition. As a result, a circular model of simple kriging reached the smallest RMS value. Prediction map using the multiquadric method of a radial basis function was coincident with the spatial distribution obtained by constructing a triangulated irregular network of the study area through the raster mathematics. In addition, better interpolation results can be obtained by setting the optimal power value provided under the selected condition.
DEM Generation of Tidal Flat by the Area Based Matching Method Using Digital Aerial Stereo Images
Lee, Hyo-Seong ; Ahn, Ki-Weon ; Kim, Duk-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 42~52
The purpose of this study is to produce digital elevation model (DEM) in the Jebu tidal flat, one of the west coast of the Korean Peninsula, by means of photogrammetric techniques from aerial digital stereo-images. Produced DEM would be become the fundamental data for change detection of the sediment and erosion. To do so, epipolar line is established by relative orientation. Area-based matching is then carried out based on this line and matching size according to surface property of tidal flat after a classified image is produced from reflectance and texture of the surface. As the results, DEM generated by the proposed method showed subtle changes in height more precisely than DEM using the fixed matching size and DEM by the commercial S/W in the region, such as tidal flats having few level differences.
A Study on the Eco-Environmental Change of Coastal Area by the Sea Level Rise
Kim, Nam-Shin ; Lee, Chang-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 53~63
The global sea level rise has an effect on eco-environmental change by the inundation and erosion in the coastal area. Forecasting model on the change of morpho-ecological environments by the sea level change will give us information for coastal area management by predicting environmental changes of the up-coming future. This research aimed to foresee eco-environmental changes by the sea level rise in coastal area. Prediction model used SLAMM model developed to forecast coastal changes by IPCC scenario. The model predicted centennial environmental changes in the mouth of Han river and Nakdong river, Suncheon and Hampyeung bay as case areas. To sum up the research findings, in the estuary of the Han river, tidal flat was gradually disappeared from the year 2075, scrubmarsh and saltmarsh belts were developed. In the Nakdong River estuary, scrubmarsh was decreased from the year 2025, tidal flat was deposited from the year 2050, and also, the Gimhae plain was partially inundated, and wetlands were formed. In the Hampyeung bay, saltmarsh was deposited in the year 2025, tidal flat expanded until 2050 was partially submerged after that time. Tidal flat of Suncheon bay was disappeared by the inundation after 2025, and saltmarsh was developed in the embayment.
Deriving the Declining Areas and Analysing Their Spatial Characteristics Using the Spatial Autocorrelation Measure
Yun, Jeong-Mi ; Seo, Kyung-Chon ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 64~73
This study aims to analyse the spatial characteristics and to draw the declining areas from the whole area of Chung-Cheong Province. For this purpose, the temporal and spatial conditions by the urban decline diagnosis indexes are utilized. Additionally, the spatial autocorrelation method was applied for extraction of those areas. The spatial autocorrelation method is one of the methods on exploring spatial characteristics and considering the spatial factors. We also adopted the concepts of economics and then discovered the characteristics of deprivation areas. In applying this method, the positively valued areas were classified as the complementary areas, and the negatively valued areas as the substitutional areas. The findings show the declining areas and the growing areas caused by the growth of periphery. This study supports the regeneration plan of Chung-Cheong Province in extracting depressed or activated areas and explaining the characteristics of those areas.
Identifying Potential Industrial Symbiosis through GIS Based Resource Circulation Information
Chung, Hyun-Wook ; Park, Sun-Hyung ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Lee, Sang-Yoon ; Park, Hung-Suck ; Kwon, Chang-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 74~90
The objectives of this paper are to introduce the GIS based resource circulation information, and to identify additional(or potential) industrial symbiosis based on existing industrial symbiosis and linkage-pair of industry by material. The resource circulation information contains information of the reuse of materials, water, and energy for all manufacturing companies in Ulsan Metropolitan City. The information can further be classified into the three steps -- input information(raw materials), flow information (products), and output information (by-products). The survey data from 3,768 industries and institutions in Ulsan Metropolitan area were collected and built into the GIS to analyze the mechanism of the industrial symbiosis. The results of this study strongly suggest that there are some additional industrial symbioses using by-products(materials, steam, waste water) and further efforts should be given to make them more effective. We expect that the methodology of building the resource circulation information of this study can be helpful to other local governments that try to build similar system.
Construction of Multi-purpose Hazard Information Map Based on Digital Image Using Geospatial Information
Yun, Hee-Cheon ; Min, Kwan-Sik ; Kim, Min-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 91~101
As global warming has caused the number of abnormal changes in climate to increase throughout the world, much damage has occurred recently in Korean Peninsula which results from unexpected heavy rains, landslides, and floods from typhoons. To prevent and cope with these annually repeated natural hazards, the overall improvements are needed, including systematic management of the existing natural hazard information and improvement of hazard information. In this study, multi-purpose hazard information map based on digital image was constructed as an effective way to enhance hazard management considering regional characteristics and hazard response capabilities in the field. Multi-purpose hazard information map with a new concept by fusion of geospatial information and hazard attribute information is able to support quick decision for hazard management making and development of hazard information system.
Analysis of Changes in Land Use of Hills Using Time Series Data
Park, Jong-Chul ; Kim, Man-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 102~118
Since hills are transitional area between plains and mountains, they are always under pressure to be developed. In the past, hills were recognized as areas that can be developed easily, but in the present they should be considered and preserved as forest resources. So far, little research has been done regarding cultivation status and transitional procedure. This study attempts to quantify changes in land use using time series data. To do so, this study has created a land use map for 1915, 1972, 2002 and 2006, and conducted a spatial analysis based on GIS. The research areas(the total size of the hills are 3,034 ha) are located in Chungcheongnam-do of South Korea. The size of the forest area of the hills in the research zone has decreased by 50% during the period of 1915 to 2006. The size of the reduced forest area after 2002 is similar to size of the reduced area that had taken place for the last 30 years before 2002. The reduction in forest area in the research area has led to increases in paddy field, upland field, artificial structures, and bare land. From 1915 to the late 1980s, hill development had been related to the primary industry and after the late 1980s, it has associated with the development of the secondary industry including industrial complex.
An Application of the Genetic Algorithm on Population Estimation Using Urban Environmental Factors
Choei, Nae-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 13, issue 3, 2010, Pages 119~130
The Genetic Algorithm has been frequently applied by many researchers as one of the population surface modelling tool in estimating the regional population based on the gridded spatial system. Taking the East-Hwasung area as the case, this study first builds a gridded population data based on the KLIS and eAIS databases as well as municipal population survey data, and then constructs the attribute values of the explanatory variables by way of GIS tools. The GA model is run to maximize its fitness function measuring the correlation coefficient between the observed and predicted values of the 70 population cells. It is shown that the GA output predicted reasonably consistent and meaningful coefficient estimates for the explanatory variables of the model.