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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Application of Hydro-Cartographic Generalization on Buildings for 2-Dimensional Inundation Analysis
PARK, In-Hyeok ; JIN, Gi-Ho ; JEON, Ka-Young ; HA, Sung-Ryong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 1~15
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.001
Urban flooding threatens human beings and facilities with chemical and physical hazards since the beginning of human civilization. Recent studies have emphasized the integration of data and models for effective urban flood inundation modeling. However, the model set-up process is tend to be time consuming and to require a high level of data processing skill. Furthermore, in spite of the use of high resolution grid data, inundation depth and velocity are varied with building treatment methods in 2-D inundation model, because undesirable grids are generated and resulted in the reliability decline of the simulation results. Thus, it requires building generalization process or enhancing building orthogonality to minimize the distortion of building before converting building footprint into grid data. This study aims to develop building generalization method for 2-dimensional inundation analysis to enhance the model reliability, and to investigate the effect of building generalization method on urban inundation in terms of geographical engineering and hydraulic engineering. As a result to improve the reliability of 2-dimensional inundation analysis, the building generalization method developed in this study should be adapted using Digital Building Model(DBM) before model implementation in urban area. The proposed building generalization sequence was aggregation-simplification, and the threshold of the each method should be determined by considering spatial characteristics, which should not exceed the summation of building gap average and standard deviation.
Calculation of Compensation to Parcels for Land Alternation Considering the Range of Adjoining Zone to Road
LEE, Geun-Sang ; CHOI, Myeong-Hei ; CHOI, Yun-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 16~27
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.016
The parcels of land alteration by existing manual work was very inefficient in terms of time and costs. Especially it caused many difficulty in estimating compensation since the work didn't take into account the range of adjoining zone to road. This study selected Gimje City of Jeollabuk-Do as a study site and could analyze the numbers and areas of parcels of land alteration considering the range of adjoining zone to road based on cadastral maps and wide road layers from new address system. Also this study applied a fuzzy membership function according to occupation ratio to road, and analyzed compensation by the range of adjoining zone to road using individual public land price information of the parcels for land alternation. Especially, the change aspect of public and private parcels could be investigated by the range of adjoining zone to road according to the fuzzy membership function. And this study could provide very efficient data in determining the priority of the parcels for land alternation through calculating compensation of the parcels for land alternation by Eup Myeong Dong according to the range of adjoining zone to road.
Comparison of Thermal Effects of Different School Ground Surface Materials - A Case of Yooljeon Elementary School-
LIM, Joong-Bin ; YU, Jinhang ; LEE, Ju-Yeol ; LEE, Kyoo-Seock ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 28~44
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.028
Granite soil has been used traditionally as a school playground surface. Natural turf has also been used in some schools. Recently artificial turf has come into common use instead of granite soil or natural turf. Artificial turf playgrounds are used at 174 schools in Seoul, Korea. More than 3,500 artificial turf fields are installed in the United States. Because of the increase of artificial turf usage, there are many studies about the estimation of artificial turf effects to environment. Compared with artificial turf material effects such as characterization of substances released from material, and recognition of volatility of heavy metal into the surrounding environment - air or the percolating rainwater -, less studies for thermal effects of artificial turf playground have been done. Especially, the corresponding studies in Korea are few. Thus, the purpose of this research is to compare the thermal effects of artificial turf on school playground between natural turf and granite soil. In this study, air temperature and Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) were compared in three scenarios by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model. Additionally, the results were validated through a field measurement. Air temperature decreasing effects by natural turf are greater than those by artificial turf and granite soil at 14:30 on 20th, July 2011. It shows the same decreasing effects at 23:30. However, the difference is less than that of daytime. PMV differences between natural turf and the other two surface covers are large at daytime while those are much less at nighttime. Consequently, air temperature and PMV of artificial turf are the highest among three school playground surface pavements.
A Study on Exploring Accumulation Zone and Composition Investigation of Floating Debris in Nakdong River Basin
JANG, Seon-Woong ; KIM, Dae-Hyun ; CHUNG, Yong-Hyun ; YOON, Hong-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 45~58
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.045
The aim of this study is to find out major accumulation zones through field survey and moving route tracking trials on floating debris of Nakdong River. It also identified composition and accumulated amount of the floating debris by sample survey for accumulation zones. As a result, total 5 accumulation zones were selected from the midstream and downstream of the Nakdong River. There was a large amount of floating debris, including vegetation debris, in the accumulation zones. And two accumulation zones located in the downstream region, it is much more likely to flow into the ocean along river. From the sample survey on the major accumulation zones, more than
of floating debris were collected including vegetation and artificial debris. As a result of composition analysis for artificial debris, plastic(49%) and styrofoam(36%) were the majority in number. The present study is expected to help to plan an efficient pre-collecting activity and to reduce floating debris flowing into the ocean from the Nakdong River.
An Analysis of Rational Green Area Ratio by Land Use Types for Mitigating Heat-Island Effects
SONG, Bong-Geun ; PARK, Kyung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 59~74
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.059
The purpose of this study is to analyze reasonable green area ratios for mitigating urban heat island considering various land use types. Land uses of 5 types such as single residential, multi residential, commercial area, public facility, and industrial area were considered. Green areas were extracted from the tree attribution of land cover. Effect of urban heat island was analysed by the surface temperature of ASTER thermal infrared radiance scanned daytime and nighttime. Mitigation effect of green area at daytime was higher than nighttime. Surface temperature of green area was low in single residential at daytime. But the difference of surface temperature by each land use type was small. The effect of surface temperature mitigation of green area was lower in industrial area. The results of reasonable green area ratios for mitigating urban heat island indicate that surface temperature was the lowest with green area ratio of 40~50% in single residential, multi residential, and commercial area at daytime. Surface temperature of nighttime was not changed much by green area ratios. Therefore, the results of this study will be suggested in urban development planning to construct effectively green area for mitigating urban heat island.
An Analysis on the Evolutionary Characteristics of Ubiquitous City through Evolutionary Map of Ubiquitous City
JO, Sung-Soo ; LEE, Sang-Ho ; LEEM, Youn-Taik ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 75~91
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.075
This study aims to analyse the U-City characteristics through the U-City historical mapping. The U-City characteristics were analysed by building the U-City historical map in terms of STIM model which consists of service, technology, infrastructure and management. The data for analysis is the National Informatization White Paper published by the NIA (National Information Society Agency) from 2002 to 2013. As a result, first, the U-City service were evolved from administration informatization, enterprise informatization, administration/living informatization and administration/space/private informatization through the intelligence facilities and space. Second, the U-City technology were changed through wire network, sensor/network, processing/super-highway network, convergence of network/security. Third, the U-City infrastructure have had evolutionary process such as wire computer network, wire/wireless network, intellectualization facility and intelligent facility space. Forth, the U-City management were carried out with making the unit network/infrastructure management, information connection/operating management and information integration/participation management. Therefore, the history of U-City has been making rapid development in government computerization, computer oriented society, information city and ubiquitous city.
Analysis on Inundation Impacts of Sea Level Rise Using System Dynamics-GIS Model
KIM, Ji-Sook ; KIM, Ho-Yong ; LEE, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 92~104
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.092
In order to analyze the impacts of climate change, a time and space integrated model was developed in this study using system dynamics and GIS. The model built was used to carry out a simulation on the inundation impact on A-gu of Busan Metropolitan city resulting from the sea level rise scenario of IPCC and storm surge, which is the worst case. Through this, the flooded area and population until 2100 were predicted. Also, the result and significance of each alternative was reviewed improving the model by establishing alternative scenarios of protection, accommodation and retreat as plans of reaction to sea level rise. The combination of system dynamics and GIS has advantages of how the diverse variables change until the target year can be traced and, accordingly, not only the results but also the processes of spatial change can be examined by calculating the value of change process at each time step. The synergy of this model presumed to be a foothold for solving problems which are becoming difficult to predict due to increase in uncertainty and complexity such as the support for decision making for urban resilience to natural disasters.
Inter-Industry Convergence Strategies of Geospatial Information Industry for Overseas Expansion
JEONG, Jin-Do ; SAKONG, Ho-Sang ; LEE, Jae-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 105~119
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.105
The overseas expansion is essential to expand domestic geospatial industries in a state of saturation. But current overseas expansion method has be limited to expand global market. Inter-industry convergence strategies may be the most resonable alternative to expand global market through raising the expansion possibility to developing countries with ODA funds and to developed countries with converging global competitive industries. This research investigates various foreign developed and developing countries to draw each demand. As a result, easiness of convergence, confidentiality of information, complementarity of poor infrastructure, responsiveness of various demands and sustainability of system are needed to successful convergence on multiple industries. This research seeks convergence framework to meet this demands, and suggests each component. This convergence framework is consisted of geospatial convergence common framework, inter-industry convergence model and institutional supporting system for overseas expansion.
Road Networks and Crime Occurrence Multi-Agent Simulation for Smart Safe City
MOON, Tae-Heon ; CHO, Jung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 120~134
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.120
Under the hypothesis that the form of road network could affect crime occurrence, this study demonstrates to prove them using Space Syntax with real crime data. We calculated integration, control, connection index by means of Space Syntax and analyzed the relationship between the three indexes and the number of crime occurrence on the each road. Next, in order to generalize the analysis results we adopted Multi-Agent Model and simulated several scenarios on the computer virtual space. The results revealed that integration index has the strongest relationship with crime occurrence both in the case of real study area and virtual space simulations. Though this study has several limitations on the extent of virtual space and realistic computer programming of agents' behavior, the results are meaningful to verify the relationship between the form of read network and crime occurrence. Moreover the simulation platform that this study developed has promising possibilities to find realistic solutions on the effective police deployment or facility layout to improve smart safe city development.
Land Cover Change Detection in the Nakdong River Basin Using LiDAR Data and Multi-Temporal Landsat Imagery
CHOUNG, Yun-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 135~148
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.135
This research is carried out for the land cover change detection in the Nakdong River basin before and after the 4 major rivers restoration project using the LiDAR DEM(Digital Elevation Model) and the multi-temporal Landsat imagery. Firstly the river basin polygon is generated by using the levee boundaries extracted from the LiDAR DEM, and the four river basin imagery are generated from the multi-temporal Landsat-5 TM(Thematic Mapper) and Landsat-8 OLI(Operational Land Imager) imagery by using the generated river basin polygon. Then the main land covers such as river, grass and bare soil are separately generated from the generated river basin imagery by using the image classification method, and the ratio of each land cover in the entire area is calculated. The calculated land cover changes show that the areas of grass and bare soil in the entire area have been significantly changed because of the seasonal change, while the area of the river has been significantly increased because of the increase of the water storage. This paper contributes to proposing an efficient methodology for the land cover change detection in the Nakdong River basin using the LiDAR DEM and the multi-temporal satellite imagery taken before and after the 4 major rivers restoration project.
Estimation of Forest Volumes in the Ecosystem Region Using Spatial Statistical Techniques
SEO, Hwan-Seok ; PARK, Jeong-Mook ; KIM, Eun-Sook ; LEE, Jung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 149~160
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.149
This study aims to estimate the forest volumes of the upper region of Nam-Han River in ecosystem zoning by forest types and age classes, and to suggest the optimal estimation method through the comparison of the standard errors according to the spatial unit. In the estimation of forest volumes, we used both of direct estimation, which uses sample plots of the target area only, and synthetic estimation, which includes sample plots of the expanded areas as well as those of the target area. As for the spatial expansion, we applied four standards for synthetic estimator: Mountainous zone, Neighbor ecosystem region, Gangwon province, and Buffer zone. The results show that average forest volume per ha, calculated by direct estimation, was
, while that by synthetic estimation with each standard, was estimated at
by Gangwon province,
by Buffer zone,
by Neighbor ecosystem region, and
by Mountainous zone, respectively. The standard errors of direct estimation was
, while those of synthetic estimation showed not a great difference among the errors. Meanwhile, considering the standard errors by forest type, the lowest was
of broad-leaved forest, followed by
of mixed forest, and
of coniferous forest.
A Study on the Low-Floor Bus Route Selection Considering a Residential Distribution and Traffic Characteristics of the Transportation Vulnerable - A Case of Busan -
PARK, Ji-Ho ; NAM, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 161~173
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.161
The guarantee of transportation for elderly and handicapped people is increasingly necessary owing to their growing social and economic activity. In March of 2013, a partial amendment to the law for transportation of the vulnerable was made by the government, to make more convenient transport a legal requirement. The amendment describes standards for the installation of transport facilities, and its support available. However, the adjustment of low-floor bus routes is not included. Therefore, low-floor buses are operating without consideration for the handicapped. This study evaluates the current low-floor bus system user experience by considering the residential distribution of vulnerable customers and analyzing their reasons for using public transport. As a result of this work, adjustments to current bus routes are proposed. The residential distribution of vulnerable people has been assessed using the supporting materials of the urban renewal project in Busan City, and their reasons for using public transport have been collected by a survey of the target user groups. The results show that group A, which has good accessibility, was in high demand, but provided the most limited service. Whereas group C, which also has good accessibility but was in low demand, provided its service most frequently. The data show the supply and demand inconsistencies of low-floor buses, and the inefficiency of bus route allocation. Therefore, this study proposes improvements to current methods for the effective operation of low-floor buses.
Health Assessment of the Nakdong River Basin Aquatic Ecosystems Utilizing GIS and Spatial Statistics
JO, Myung-Hee ; SIM, Jun-Seok ; LEE, Jae-An ; JANG, Sung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 18, issue 2, 2015, Pages 174~189
DOI : 10.11108/kagis.2015.18.2.174
The objective of this study was to reconstruct spatial information using the results of the investigation and evaluation of the health of the living organisms, habitat, and water quality at the investigation points for the aquatic ecosystem health of the Nakdong River basin, to support the rational decision making of the aquatic ecosystem preservation and restoration policies of the Nakdong River basin using spatial analysis techniques, and to present efficient management methods. To analyze the aquatic ecosystem health of the Nakdong River basin, punctiform data were constructed based on the position information of each point with the aquatic ecosystem health investigation and evaluation results of 250 investigation sections. To apply the spatial analysis technique, the data need to be reconstructed into areal data. For this purpose, spatial influence and trends were analyzed using the Kriging interpolation(ArcGIS 10.1, Geostatistical Analysis), and were reconstructed into areal data. To analyze the spatial distribution characteristics of the Nakdong River basin health based on these analytical results, hotspot(Getis-Ord Gi,
), LISA(Local Indicator of Spatial Association), and standard deviational ellipse analyses were used. The hotspot analysis results showed that the hotspot basins of the biotic indices(TDI, BMI, FAI) were the Andong Dam upstream, Wangpicheon, and the Imha Dam basin, and that the health grades of their biotic indices were good. The coldspot basins were Nakdong River Namhae, the Nakdong River mouth, and the Suyeong River basin. The LISA analysis results showed that the exceptional areas were Gahwacheon, the Hapcheon Dam, and the Yeong River upstream basin. These areas had high bio-health indices, but their surrounding basins were low and required management for aquatic ecosystem health. The hotspot basins of the physicochemical factor(BOD) were the Nakdong River downstream basin, Suyeong River, Hoeya River, and the Nakdong River Namhae basin, whereas the coldspot basins were the upstream basins of the Nakdong River tributaries, including Andong Dam, Imha Dam, and Yeong River. The hotspots of the habitat and riverside environment factor(HRI) were different from the hotspots and coldspots of each factor in the LISA analysis results. In general, the habitat and riverside environment of the Nakdong River mainstream and tributaries, including the Nakdong river upstream, Andong Dam, Imha Dam, and the Hapcheon Dam basin, had good health. The coldspot basins of the habitat and riverside environment also showed low health indices of the biotic indices and physicochemical factors, thus requiring management of the habitat and riverside environment. As a result of the time-series analysis with a standard deviation ellipsoid, the areas with good aquatic ecosystem health of the organisms, habitat, and riverside environment showed a tendency to move northward, and the BOD results showed different directions and concentrations by the year of investigation. These aquatic ecosystem health analysis results can provide not only the health management information for each investigation spot but also information for managing the aquatic ecosystem in the catchment unit for the working research staff as well as for the water environment researchers in the future, based on spatial information.