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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 3 - Dec 1999
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Oct 1999
Volume 2, Issue 1 - May 1999
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A Study of the Development of Wetland Database for the Nakdong River Estuary using GIS and RS
Yi, Gi-Chul ; Yoon, Hae-Soon ; Kim, Seung-Hwan ; Nam, Chun-Hee ; Ok, Jin-A ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 2, issue 3, 1999, Pages 1~15
This study was carried out to find out the way to build a comprehensive wetland ecosystem database using the technique of remote sensing and geographic information system. A Landsat TM image taken in May 17, 1997 was used for the primary source for the image analysis. Field surveys were conducted March to September of 1998 to help image analysis and examine the results. An actual wetland vegetation map was created based on the field survey. A Landsat TM image was analyzed by unsupervised and supervised classification methods and finally categorized into such 5 classes as Phragmites australis community, mixed community, sand beach, Scirpus trigueter community and non-vegetation intertidal area. Wetland basemap was developed for the overall accuracy assesment in wetland mapping. Vegetation index map of wetland vegetation was developed using NDVI(normalized difference vegetation index). The map of wetland productivity was developed based on the productivity of Phragmites australis and the relationship to the proximity of adjacent water bodies. The map of potential vegetation succession map was also developed based on the experience and knowledge of the field biologists. Considering these results, it is possible to use the remote sensing and GIS techniques for producing wetland ecosystem database. This study indicated that these techniques are very effective for the development of the national wetland inventory in Korea.
The Analysis Method of Landscape Fragmentation using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index
Jeong, Jong-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 2, issue 3, 1999, Pages 16~22
The various spatial structure of biological habitat has tighten relationship with biodiversity. Due to increasing of population, development of agriculture and urban structure, various change of landscape has became these days. These change of landscape has raised the decrease of habitat and landscape fragmentation. This paper summarizes research to analysis vegetation index according to P/A ratio, Shape Index, and Fractal dimension using Landsat Thematic Mapper(TM). The analysis of landscape fragmentation using NDVI(Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) 0.5~1 has the most profitable for detection of vegetation fragmentation. The analysis of vegetation index of Seoul and Kyunggi province has also showed that Fractal dimension has the most fragmentation index. In near future, time series analysis is needed for fragmentation of vegetation on the same area, and for various landuse of fragmentation analysis. These researches were carried out for preservation strategy of vegetation and biodiversity.
Analysis of Stream Physiographic Characteristics of River Basin by using GIS
Ahn, Seung-Seop ; Jo, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 2, issue 3, 1999, Pages 23~34
This study proposed the possibility of GIS to analyze stream physiographic characteristics of river basin which is important control factor in complex water management. Based on five 1:25,000 topographic maps which cover Yengchon Dam area locates upper area of Kumho River, this study analyzed the characteristics using Arc/Info(UNIX) GIS. Comparing its results and those from the existing method using digital planimeter, it could conclude as follows; First, as the results of the analysis of hypsometric curve of Yeungchon Dam area, it has the topographic characteristics of youth and maturity. And the landform of Yengchon Dam area has developed with regularity when Horton's three laws on the morphology of stream is applied. Second, the possibility of applying GIS to data management and utilization is sufficient even if it requires long time to construct topographic attribute data. Finally, a further research is needed on watershed direction with landform for the purpose of analyzing water source management and topographic property effectively.
Analysis on Urban Heat Island Effects for the Metropolitan Green Space Planning
Park, Kyung-Hun ; Jung, Sung-Kwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 2, issue 3, 1999, Pages 35~45
The research is to examine urban heat island effects which is resulted from urbanization using thermal infrared band of Landsat TM data and to demonstrate heat island alleviation effects of green spaces through correlation analysis of NDVI(Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and surface temperature. According to the results, forests which are covered with natural vegetation have a high NDVI digital values, but surface temperature is very low, and urban areas which is composed of artificial paving materials have a low NDVI, surface temperature increases gradually. In summary, the analysis of relationship between NDVI and surface temperature, used in this study, is regarded as one of effective methodologies for proving heat island alleviation effects of vegetation.
An Analysis on the Changes of the Surface Hydrological Parameters using Landsat TM Data
Chae, Hyo-Sok ; Song, Young-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 2, issue 3, 1999, Pages 46~59
Remote sensing provides informations on the changes of the hydrological states and variables over with the temporal and spatial distribution to monitor hydrological conditions and changes for large area. Especially, it can extract a spatial distribution of hydrological parameters such as surface albedo, vegetation informations, and surface temperature to effectively manage water resources of the watershed. In this study, we analyzed the characteristic of temporal and spatial changes in surface hydrological parameters which is necessary to identify the spatial distribution of water resources. 5 Landsat TM data of 1995 which is collected for Bochong-chon watershed, located in the upper stream of Keum River, were used to estimate characteristics on the change of hydrological parameters and atmospheric correction was carried out using COST model. The study showed that the difference of the albedo by the land cover was very sensitive depending upon the change of sun elevation and the amount of water in the soil. The difference between the surface temperature analysis and the measured air temperature was from
A Spatial Change Analysis of Water Quality Pollutant using GIS and Satellite Image
Jo, Myung-Hee ; Kwon, Bong-Kyum ; Bu, Ki-Dong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 2, issue 3, 1999, Pages 60~70
The purpose of this study is to analyze the spatial change of water quality pollutant in the upper-stream of Kumho River basin. For this purpose, it compared with ground survey data of water quality measurement, using GIS and Landsat TM image, and then constructed a database of water quality pollutants in the watershed by Arc/Info. Also the land cover classification maps of 1985 and 1997 were prepared using maximum likelihood classification. This study detected and analysed the classified images to produce the area of land cover change per sub-basin. In addition, choropleth maps were prepared with spatial change value of water quality pollutants, and overlay analysis was carried out with weight score for each layer. The results of this study revealed that population, animals and fruit orchards were main factors in the spatial change of water pollution of Kumho River basin. The Comparision of pollutions by sub-basins showed a high pollution value in Daechang-chun and Omok -chun stream which follows through the urban area.
Multi-temporal Remote Sensing Data Analysis using Principal Component Analysis
Jeong, Jong-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 2, issue 3, 1999, Pages 71~80
The aim of the present study is to define and tentatively to interpret the distribution of polluted water released from Lake Sihwa into the Yellow Sea using Landsat TM. Since the region is an extreme Case 2 water, empirical algorithms for detecting concentration of chlorophyll-a and suspended sediments have limitations. This work focuses on the use of multi-temporal Landsat TM data. We applied PCA to detect evolution of spatial feature of polluted water after release from the lake Sihwa. The PCA results were compared with in situ data, such as chlorophyll-a, suspended sediments, Secchi disk depth(SDD), surface temperature, remote sensing reflectance at six channel of SeaWiFS. Also, the in situ remote sensing reflectance obtained by PRR-600(Profiling Reflectance Radiometer) was compared with PCA results of Landsat TM data sets to find good correlation between first Principal Component and Secchi disk depth(
=0.7631), although other variables did not result in such a good correlation. Therefore, Problems in applying PCA techniques to multi-spectral remotely sensed data were also discussed in this paper.
Application of Geographic Information Systems for Effective Management of University Forests
Kwon, Taeho ; Kim, Taekyun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 2, issue 3, 1999, Pages 81~90
The functional change of university forest have led to need more complicated techniques for forest management strategies, and more information about forest and natural environment. Therefore the systematic tools, like the so-called Forest Information System to which apply the techniques of geographic information system, are eagerly required for collecting, editing, managing, analyzing the various data about forest and environment, and for supporting the decision-making process. The digital mapping, which could be a primary step to construct the Forest Information System, was carried out using the many kinds of thematic spatial data referring to the Seongju Experimental Forest of Taegu University. As a result, various digital maps including forest type, soil type and so on were constructed. And then we made an user-interface system to link the attributive data in management plan to the thematic spatial data. This system was regarded as the effective tool capable of the more rapid query, analysis and update of related data for systematic management of university forest. Moreover, it would be a useful tool of decision-making in devising, assessing and operating the plan of forest management and development. But there would be much room for supplementation and improvement to make the more convenient and powerful system for the external demands, therefore more concerns and efforts in collecting, revising and updating the data is continuously required.
Development of Value-added Product Generation Software from Satellite Imagery: 'Valadd-Pro'
Lee, Hae Yeoun ; Park, Wonkyu ; Kim, S.A.B. ; Kim, Taejung ; Yoon, Taehun ; Shin, Dongseok ; Lee, Heungkyu ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 2, issue 3, 1999, Pages 91~100
To extract value-added products from satellite images for the benefit of science and human life, the Satellite Technology Research Center at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology has developed an integrated software 'Valadd-Pro'. In this paper, the 'Valadd-Pro' software is briefly introduced and its main components such as geometric correction, ortho correction and digital elevation model extraction are described. The performances of the 'Valadd-Pro' was assessed on
SPOT panchromatic images using ground control points from GPS measurements. Also, the height accuracy was measured by comparing our results with the
produced by USGS and the DEM generated from the digitized countours of maps produced by the National Geographic Institute. In geometric correction, the 'Valadd-Pro' software needed fewer ground control points than a commercial software 'P' for the satisfactory results. In ortho correction, the 'Valadd-Pro' software show the similar performance to a commercial software 'P'. In digital elevation model extraction, the 'Valadd-Pro' software is two times more accurate and four times faster than a commercial software 'P'.