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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Monitoring of Atmospheric Aerosol using GMS-5 Satellite Remote Sensing Data
Lee, Kwon Ho ; Kim, Jeong Eun ; Kim, Young Jun ; Suh, Aesuk ; Ahn, Myung Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 5, issue 2, 2002, Pages 1~15
Atmospheric aerosols interact with sunlight and affect the global radiation balance that can cause climate change through direct and indirect radiative forcing. Because of the spatial and temporal uncertainty of aerosols in atmosphere, aerosol characteristics are not considered through GCMs (General Circulation Model). Therefor it is important physical and optical characteristics should be evaluated to assess climate change and radiative effect by atmospheric aerosols. In this study GMS-5 satellite data and surface measurement data were analyzed using a radiative transfer model for the Yellow Sand event of April 7~8, 2000 in order to investigate the atmospheric radiative effects of Yellow Sand aerosols, MODTRAN3 simulation results enable to inform the relation between satellite channel albedo and aerosol optical thickness(AOT). From this relation AOT was retreived from GMS-5 visible channel. The variance observations of satellite images enable remote sensing of the Yellow Sand particles. Back trajectory analysis was performed to track the air mass from the Gobi desert passing through Korean peninsular with high AOT value measured by ground based measurement. The comparison GMS-5 AOT to ground measured RSR aerosol optical depth(AOD) show that for Yellow Sand aerosols, the albedo measured over ocean surfaces can be used to obtain the aerosol optical thickness using appropriate aerosol model within an error of about 10%. In addition, LIDAR network measurements and backward trajectory model showed characteristics and appearance of Yellow Sand during Yellow Sand events. These data will be good supporting for monitoring of Yellow Sand aerosols.
Enhancement of Classification Accuracy and Environmental Information Extraction Ability for KOMPSAT-1 EOC using Image Fusion
Ha, Sung Ryong ; Park, Dae Hee ; Park, Sang Young ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 5, issue 2, 2002, Pages 16~24
Classification of the land cover characteristics is a major application of remote sensing. The goal of this study is to propose an optimal classification process for electro-optical camera(EOC) of Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite(KOMPSAT). The study was carried out on Landsat TM, high spectral resolution image and KOMPSAT EOC, high spatial resolution image of Miho river basin, Korea. The study was conducted in two stages: one was image fusion of TM and EOC to gain high spectral and spatial resolution image, the other was land cover classification on fused image. Four fusion techniques were applied and compared for its topographic interpretation such as IHS, HPF, CN and wavelet transform. The fused images were classified by radial basis function neural network(RBF-NN) and artificial neural network(ANN) classification model. The proposed RBF-NN was validated for the study area and the optimal model structure and parameter were respectively identified for different input band combinations. The results of the study propose an optimal classification process of KOMPSAT EOC to improve the thematic mapping and extraction of environmental information.
Estimation of the Range of the Suspended Solid from the Nakdong River using Satellite Imageries and Numerical Model
Hwang, Jae-Dong ; Kang, Yong Q. ; Suh, Yong-Sang ; Cho, Kyu Dae ; Park, Sung Eun ; Jang, Lee-Hyun ; Lee, Na Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 5, issue 2, 2002, Pages 25~33
We were trying to understand indirectly the range of the discharge from the Nakdong with the dispersion of suspended solid(SS) related to the amount of discharge from river in this study. The range of dispersion of SS from the Nakdong was estimated using satellite remote sensing and numerical modeling. The stream field with two dimensional and numerical model using the condition of integrated depth was calculated. According to the results, the streamline flowed from Busan to the Jinhae Bay and Geojae Island. at the flood. The situation at the ebb was totally changed. The streamline flowed out Busan from the Bay. The velocity in offshore was faster than one at coastal water of the Nackdong. Residual current which was averaged during 12hours dominantly appeared the dominant direction from the southwestern part of the Nackdong to the northeastern part of it. The eastward current appeared at the eastern coast of Gaduck Is. Base on the results of the velocity field, the quantifying of the dispersion of SS was estimated by the method of numerical tracer related to the Lagrangian method. The significant range of the dispersion of the SS from the Nackdong was from the eastern coast of Gaduck Is, to the coastal areas of Busan, Korea. The estimated range of the dispersion of the SS using the SeaWiFS and Landsat satellite data was similar to the estimated results using the numerical model.
A Study on the Construction of Integrated GIS in Local Government
Park, Sang-Woo ; Lee, Young-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 5, issue 2, 2002, Pages 34~46
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the components to be considered when we construct the integrated GIS. Capability has always to be related to application. In this perspective, the range of integrated GIS's capabilities is more extensive than this existing GIS. Using in the case of Japan's local government, when we want to build the integrated GIS, it is necessary to consider the following things. First, the overall manuals are required. Second, the common spatial database should be build to satisfy outsider user as well as inner user. And last, the chief of local government should gain the sympathy of the member of community.
The Study on the Oceanic Surface Wind Retrieval using TRMM Microwave Imager
Kim, Young-Seup ; Hong, Gi-Man ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 5, issue 2, 2002, Pages 47~53
Ocean surface wind speed was estimated using TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission) TMI (TRMM Microwave/Imager) data. It is used the TRMM TMI brightness temperature and National Data Buoy Center's buoy winds speed dataset near North-America to estimate by the algorithm of the ocean surface wind speed retrieval over North America. Comparing with the buoy data by D-matrix equation, the result that RMSE, BIAS, and correlation coefficient are 2.19
, and 0.81, respectively. Therefore the estimated oceanic surface wind speed by TRMM TMI brightness temperature data show that available to ocean research over upper ocean.
An Efficient Multi-Dimensional Index Structure for Large Data Set
Lee, ByoungYup ; Yoo, Jae-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 5, issue 2, 2002, Pages 54~68
In this paper, We propose a multi-dimensional index structure, called a VA (vector approximate) -tree that constructs a tree with vector approximates of multi-dimensional feature vectors. To save storage space for index structures, the VA-tree employs vector approximation concepts of VA-file that presents feature vectors with much smaller number of bits than original value. Since the VA-tree is a tree structure, it does not suffer from performance degradation owing to the increase of data. Also, even though the VA-tree is MBR Minimum Bounding Region) based tree structure like a R-tree, its split algorithm never allows overlap between MBRs. We show through various experiments that our proposed VA-tree is the efficient index structure for large amount of multi-dimensional data.
Geographic Information Database for Facilitating Regional Development
Kim, Hang-Jib ; Choi, Bong-Moon ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 5, issue 2, 2002, Pages 69~80
GIS is essential to regional development and management in informatization age. But utilization of GIS in Korea remains still elementary area of automated mapping or facility management. In this paper, we suggest executable principles that are able to enhance and improve the efficiency of regional development affairs using GIS DB. In order to accomplish the role of planning support tool, GIS DB have to be plentiful geographic contents. Metadata DB, user-friendly application interface and compatibility of data between the public and the private must be constructed in GIS DB. And geographic information should be shared between the public and the private.
A Study on the Urban Growth Change using Satellite Imagery Data
Kim, Yoon-Soo ; Kim, Jung-Hwan ; Jung, Eung-Ho ; Ryu, Ji-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 5, issue 2, 2002, Pages 81~90
Remote Sensing has been very useful tool in monitoring of cities and updating of GIS database compare to traditional methods due to its benefit; wide range covering on low cost and advanced data collection. However it had come to a limited method in limited researches because of its relatively poor spatial resolution in scanning. Recently launched satellites are able to produce improved imageries, and new commercial services have been commenced for the use of general public with higher spatial resolution up to
. This study tackled a potential use of these improved satellite imageries in urban planning based on the Multi-temporal satellite imagery with particular reference to monitoring on urban areas, for example urbanization and its expanding. i) Portion of individual features and elements in each pixel of satellite imagery was computed based on 'Endmember' of targeted elements. ii) Urbanized areas were categorized based on the 'Fraction imagery' derived from the 'SMA algorithm'. iii) Alterations and expanding of urban areas were identified based on the Multi-temporal satellite imageries. Tested method showed a strong potential to produce more advanced monitoring skills of urban areas.