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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
A Study on Benefit Cost Analysis of Chungju UIS
Kim, Kwang Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 1~15
Recently, urban information system(UIS) has been developed and utilized by local governments in Korea and has become a key means of urban informatization of local governments. When UIS is conducted only for FM oriented internal utilization regardless of its cost-efficiency, however, its cost-benefit structure could be distorted seriously. The study utilizes benefit cost analysis technique and applied the technique to a model case of Chungju UIS selected by National GIS team. Chungju City developed its GIS for the management of roads and urban planning in 1993. At its beginning, the system was an efficient model with relatively strong cost-benefit structure and could produce positive net benefit 10 years' after its construction. When the city began to develop its facility management with the financial assistance from central government in 1998, however, its cost-benefit structure became distorted. As a result, it is delayed for the UIS to produce positive net benefit until the year of 2015. Using benefit cost ratio, discount rate and Mobile GIS, the study also conducts a sensitivity analysis.
A Study on the Application of Land Resource Evaluation using GIS and Analytic Hierarchy Process
Hwang, Kook-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 16~23
In this study, for the application of land resource evaluation using GIS map overlay method, I have considered about the process that can draw out right results from the problems involving multiple hierarchical indicators and weights. The assumption of this research is that there are two processes in the application of analytic hierarchy process(AHP) and the different results will appear. The two processes are as follows; (1) calculate directly the comprehensive weights to the indicators and overlay the layers(Method I) and (2) repeat the process of map overlay and standardization(Method II). The two precesses are applied on the study site based on the envirosystem in Bong-Hwa, and then some differences were found in the results and it was suggested that the Method II is more reasonable.
Soil Erosion Risk Assessment of the Geumho River Watershed using GIS and RUSLE Methods
Park, Kyung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 24~36
This study integrates the revised universal soil loss equation(RUSLE) with a grid-based GIS method to assess the potential risk of soil erosion at the watershed scale. Data used in this study to generate the RUSLE factors include several thematic maps such as land use, topographic and soil maps, together with tabular precipitation data. Based on the RUSLE estimation for all the grids(10m cells) in the corresponding watershed, a cumulative histogram for the annual soil loss can be constructed. As the results, it shows that the 83.5% value of the annual soil loss for the watershed is less than 1ton/ha. However, the above 30% of agricultural land is defined as a medium or very high-risk area(more than 10ton/ha/yr). So it is necessary to establish soil conservation practices to reduce soil erosion based on the field observations.
Design and Implementation of Spatiotemporal Query Extension on ORDBMS
Yun, Sung Hyun ; Nam, Kwang Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 37~50
In the paper, we describe the query extension techniques for spatiotemporal query functionalities on object-relational DBMS. The spatial objects in real world change the shapes over time. Spatiotemporal databases support to manage a temporal dimension as well as a spatial dimension for history of the objects. The proposed techniques can make conventional object-relational databases to support spatiotemporal databases system by the implementation and inheritance of abstract data types. We define and implement spatial and temporal classes as superclass. And, spatiotemporal classes inherits and extends the classes. The proposed extensions make it easy that conventional database systems not only are transformed into the spatiotemporal database systems, but also do not need to be changed to support spatiotemporal applications.
Experimental Assessment of Satellite-based Positioning System for GIS Data Acquisition
Suh, Yongcheol ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 51~58
Satellite-based positioning system such as global positioning system(GPS) has played a major role in data capture technology for constructing GIS database. Recent advances in satellite-based positioning technology have made the task of precisely locating features fast, easy, and inexpensive, and determined their current latitude and longitude. However, there are still situations where satellite-based positioning service will not provide users with desired precision such as in urban environments, that is, the only severe handicap still hampering satellite-based positioning is the well-known problem of restricted satellite visibilities. As the majority of the creation and updating of road and street network are carried out in urban environments, the obstruction problem considerably impedes the wider application of satellite-based positioning. This paper presents the current GPS-based positioning environment for GIS data acquisition in urban areas. A field experiment with measurement vehicle has been performed under varying operational conditions and areas where shading of satellite signal is encountered due to buildings and overpasses with measurement vehicle in order to evaluate the availability of existing GPS-based positioning. We found that the current GPS-base positioning system we used in this study was insufficient for a precise GIS data acquisition. This research would make a contribution for the development of base data to supplementary technology, which can complement the existing GPS-based positioning.
A Density-based k-Nearest Neighbors Query Method
Jang, In-Sung ; Han, Eun-Young ; Cho, Dae-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 59~70
Spatial data base system provides many query types and most of them are required frequent disk I/O and much CPU time. k-NN search is to find k-th closest object from the query point and up to now, several k-NN search methods have been proposed. Among these, MINMAX distance method has an aim not to access unnecessary node by adapting pruning technique. But this method accesses more disks than necessary while pruning unnecessary nodes. In this paper, we propose new k-NN search algorithm based on density of object. With this method, we predict the radius to be expected to contain k-NN objects using density of data set and search those objects within this radius and then adjust radius if failed. Experimental results show that this method outperforms the previous MINMAX distance method. This algorithm visit less disks than MINMAX method by the factor of maximum 22% and average 7%.
Design and Implementation of Integrated MapServer Based on GML
Lee, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Dong-Ho ; Lee, Hyun-Ah ; Kim, Jin-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 71~84
This paper designs and implements an integrated map server to produce an integrated map. Two requirements for the proposed map server are as follows. First, the system should support a customization of metadata to meet user's requirements. The map server designed here will predefine information such as representations, regions required for client-side processing in the metadata. This will allow users easily acquire an integrated map in the required form of clients. Second, the system should be able to support not only the integration of spatial data but also their non-spatial data. Fusion service is realized by using the concept of linking. The integrated map server suggested in this paper can improve the quality of the fusion service by integrating the results of the map servers according to user's requests. Our experiments shows that the integrated map server reduces the response time in web mapping environments.
The Impact of Environmental Characteristics in the Geumho River Watershed on Stream Water Quality
Park, Kyung-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 85~98
There has recently been an increasing interest of the watershed management as a solution to a wide range of problems related water environment, therefore this study attempted to construct the environment information system to monitor the Geumho River watershed, and to evaluate the impacts of the watershed characteristics on stream water quality. A detailed GIS database to analyze the environmental characteristics at the subwatershed units, including 1:25,000 scale topographical maps, detailed soil maps, land use, 10m-resolution DEMs, roads, streams, vegetation index(NDVI) calculated from Landsat TM imagery, rainfall, and soil loss using RUSLE, is compiled for the study area. The set of variables representing watershed urbanization or industrialization, residential and commercial landuse, industrial landuse, and road area have significantly negative(-) relationship with water quality variables(BOD, COD, SS, T-N, T-P). On the other hand, watershed indicators related to natural environmental conditions, forest cover and vegetation index(NDVI) in each subwatershed were significantly positive(+) relationship with water quality. Three other variables, agricultural landuse, amount of fertilizer and pesticides, and potential soil loss, were not significant in explaining the correlations between watershed environment and stream water quality.
Constructing Thematic Map using Digital Map
Baek, Tae-Kyung ; Shin, Yong-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 99~108
In early year 2003, the previous Urban Planning Law and National Land Use Management Law were abolished and integrated into the Law regarding National Land Planning and Land Use Management. Accordingly, previous Urban Planning Information System is reformed into National Land Use Information System. This paper intends to develop indexes supporting decision-making process and to construct theme map using digital map that can be utilized for the National Land Use Information System. As a base for the index development, necessary database(DB) was established by utilizing the socio-economic information of towns and villages in Busan and a layer of public facilities. Based on the DB, multivariate analyses were performed to examine and analyze the spatial structure of Busan. It was then expressed and constructed as a theme map. The facility theme map was also constructed based on a layer of public facilities and the shortest distance between towns and villages.
Using High Resolution Satellite Imagery for New Address System
Bae, Sun-Hak ; Kim, Chang-Hwan ; Shin, Young-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 109~121
The point of this research is the use of the high resolution satellite image for local government's new address system, as well as spatially field investigation support and base map error finding. Most local governments use scale 1/1,000 and 1/5,000 digital map for base map and field investigation. But field investigator's knowledge insufficiency and the lack of base map's currency make things too difficult from the beginning of the project. As the way of solving this problem, this research offers the use of the high resolution satellite image in new address system with cadence data of digital base map. Until now satellite image is not suitable for our situation because it has low resolution. But this problem was solved for 1m space resolution satellite image and it is being applied wider and wider. Now vector data and Raster data are integrated for complimenting of each weak point. In this study the use of the high resolution satellite image in new address system is expected to improve the quality of the results and reduce the expenses. In addition the satellite image can use local government's fundamental data.
A Study on the Water Resources Geographical Information System Based on Network Component
Kim, Kyung Tak ; Kim, Joo Hun ; Choi, Yun Seok ; Park, Dong Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 6, issue 4, 2003, Pages 122~134
In recent, different kinds of nationwide thematic map have been developed based on NGIS, and each related research field has tried to develop GIS by utilizing this map. Also, Many researches on the geographic information data model has been conducted to improve the compatibility of developed system. The developed system in water resource field should reflect the dynamic characteristics of river flow. Because it should be considered from the design of data model, this study suggests the datamodel for designing geographical information database on water resources which is possible to linear reference capacity based on stream network. In order to examine the applicability of the suggested model, network component based system has developed. Finally, the river network based system shows the superiority in terms of its applicability comparing with other system.