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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
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Performance Analysis of Tree-based Indexing Scheme for Trajectories Processing of Moving Objects
Shim, Choon-Bo ; Shin, Yong-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 1~14
In this study, we propose Linktable based on extended TB-Tree(LTB-Tree) which can improve the performance of existing TB (Trajectory-Bundle)-tree proposed for indexing the trajectory of moving objects in GIS Applications. In addition, in order to evaluate proposed indexing scheme, we take into account as follows. At first, we select existing R*-tree, TB-tree, and LTB-tree as the subject of performance evaluation. Secondly, we make use of random data set and real data set as experimental data. Thirdly, we evaluate the performance with respect to the variation of size of memory buffer by considering the restriction of available memory of a given system. Fourth, we test them by using the experimental data set with a variation of data distribution. Finally, we think over insertion and retrieval performance of trajectory query and range query as experimental measures. The experimental results show that the proposed indexing scheme, LTB-tree, gains better performance than traditional other schemes with respect to the insertion and retrieval of trajectory query.
On-line Automatic Geometric Correction System of Landsat Imagery
Yun, YoungBo ; Hwang, TaeHyun ; Cho, Seong-Ik ; Park, Jong-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 15~23
In order to utilize remote sensed images effectively, it is necessary to correct geometric distortion. Geometric correction is a critical step to remove geometric distortions in satellite images. For geometric correction, Ground Control Points (GCPs) have to be chosen carefully to guarantee the quality of geocoded satellite images, digital maps, GPS surveying or other data. Traditional approach to geometric correction used GCPs requires substantial human operations. Also that is necessary much time and manpower. In this paper, we presented an on-line automatic geometric correction by constructing GCP Chip database. The Proposed on-line automatic geometric correction system is consists of four part. Input image, control the GCP Chip, revision of selected GCP, and output setting part. In conclusion, developed system reduced the processing time and energy for tedious manual geometric correction and promoted usage of Landsat imagery.
Principal Component Transformation of the Satellite Image Data and Principal-Components-Based Image Classification
Seo, Yong-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 24~33
Advances in remote sensing technologies are resulting in the rapid increase of the number of spectral channels, and thus, growing data volumes. This creates a need for developing faster techniques for processing such data. One application in which such fast processing is needed is the dimension reduction of the multispectral data. Principal component transformation is perhaps the mostpopular dimension reduction technique for multispectral data. In this paper, we discussed the processing procedures of principal component transformation. And we presented and discussed the results of the principal component transformation of the multispectral data. Moreover principal components image data are classified by the Maximum Likelihood method and Multilayer Perceptron method. In addition, the performances of two classification methods and data reduction effects are evaluated and analyzed based on the experimental results.
Development of a GIS-Based Basin Water Balance Analysis Model
Hwang, Eui-Ho ; Kim, Kye-Hyun ; Park, Jin-Hyeog ; Lee, Geun-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 34~45
Existing Semangeum's water balance analysis simplifies whole basin to single basin and achieved volume of effluence that produce by Kajiyama way to foundation. But Semangeum is complicated and various rice-wine strainer supply system. And there is difficulty to apply as elastic when water balance element is changed at free point. Divided to unit possession station for suitable water balance analysis model application to Semangeum in this study. And developed basin water balance model of GIS base that can do details analysis is bite about development and transfer of an appropriation in the budget of basin water resources. Achieved study including abstraction and concept design that use UML (unified modeling language) diagram for details analysis, stream network composition for rice-wine strainer supply system application, preprocessing of GIS base and postprocessing module development, model revision and verification etc. Support of this water balance analysis model is available to establish efficient water resources administration plan through outward flow process analysis of water resources. And support is considered to be possible in more convenient and, reasonable water resources administration way establishment by minimizing manual processing in systematic water resources government official to user and support diversified analysis system.
Acquisition of Geographic Information in North Korea Using High Resolution Satellite Image
SaGong, Hosang ; Han, Sun-Hee ; Park, Jin-Hyeong ; Seo, Ki-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 46~56
As economic cooperation and exchanges between North and South Korea have been glowing much more than before, the demand for geographic information on North Korea is recently increasing. In fact, there is no specific method to be provided with geographic information on North Korea. In this regard, the study searched a method to collect geographic information on North Korea by using the high spatial resolution satellite image. In order to produce its best result, the study collected the geographic information on the case study area and ensured the location accuracy. This study produced total 52 items of geographic information on North Korea. Horizontal and vertical errors of stereo image, which are 4.6m and 0.9m respectively, showed high accuracy. In addition, even though the horizontal error of single image is 9m, which is bigger than that of stereo image, there is no doubt that it can be used as basic data for North Korean studies and related projects.
Developing the Forest Fire Occurrence Probability Model Using GIS and Mapping Forest Fire Risks
An, Sang-Hyun ; Lee, Si Young ; Won, Myoung Soo ; Lee, Myung Bo ; Shin, Young-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 57~64
In order to decrease the area damaged by forest fires and to prevent the occurrence of forest fires, the forest fire danger rating system was developed to estimate forest fire risk by means of weather, topography, and forest type. Forest fires occurrence prediction needs to improve continually. Logistic regression and spatial analysis was used in developing the forest fire occurrence probability model. The forest fire danger index in accordance to the probability of forest fire occurrence was used in the classification of forest fire occurrence risk regions.
Design and Implementation of Component for Location Information of Moving Objects
Lee, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Jin-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 65~76
This paper suggests design and implementation of moving objects management system using GML which is the XML encoding standard of geographic data. The proposed system integrates spatial data and moving objects data, utilizing the concept of Web Feature Services. While integrating data, standard data model and interfaces, proposed by OGC, are used. Since GML is standard for storing and transferring spatial/non-spatial data, interoperability and extendibility can be obtained. In addition, we propose efficient developing environment for the moving object management system by providing components having Web/Mobile interface. If the proposed component be development methods are used, it is easy to add or modifyservices in the mobile system and pla
Generation of the Ortho-Rectified Photo Map and Analysis of the Three-Dimensional Image Using the PKNU 2 Imagery
Lee, Chang Hun ; Choi, Chul Uong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 77~87
It is important for hydrographers to extract the accurate cross section of a river for the hydrographical analysis of the topography. Aerial photographs were used to extract the cross section of a river for the advantages of the accuracy and economical efficiency in this study, while the direct measurement has been used in existing studies. An ortho-rectified photo map using imageries taken by the PKNU 2 (High-resolution, multi-spectral, aerial photographic system developed by our laboratory) was generated using the surveyed data and a digital map. The cross section of a river that was obtained from the ortho-rectified by the surveyed Kinematic data of GPS was compared with the result using ImageStation stereo-plotter of corp. Z/I Imaging. As a result of this study, the RMSE in the ortho-rect process using the surveyed GPS data was lowered as from 5.5788 pixels (about 2m) to 2.84 (about 1m) in comparison with it in the process using a digital map. The surveyed kinematic GPS in extraction of the cross section of a river was excellent as 6.6cm of the planimetric and precision in the confidence level of 95%. The correlation coefficient between the result from the using stereo-plotter and the extraction of cross section of a river using aerial photos was 0.8 hydrographical acquisition of it using PKNU 2 imagery will be possible.
Grid-typed GIS Representation of Distributed Evapotranspiration Estimation Results
Park, Jin-Hyeog ; Hwang, Eui-Ho ; Lee, Geun-Sang ; Chae, Hyo-Sok ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 88~97
A Grid-based distributed evaporation prediction model which calculates temporal and spatial evaporation with a heat balance method was developed. And, the model was considered as the integration with distributed hydrological model in near future. 'This model was programmed by fortran language and used ASCII formatted map data of DEM (Digital Elevation Model) and land cover map extracted by remote sensing data. Also, temporal variations and spatial distributions of evaporation are presented by using GIS. To verify the applicability of the model, it was applied to the Shonai river basin (
) which has sufficient meteorological and hydrological data, Japan. The result shows that the estimated mean annual evaporation was 825.4mm, and this value is estimated as suitable things in considering rainfall and discharge data in study area.
Modeling Community Capacity Building Using Spatial Asset Mapping
Liou, Jaeik ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 98~108
The concept of community capacity is regarded as the ability of people and communities to do works associated with the determinant factors and indicators of the circumstances of socio-economic, environmental and physical contexts. Building capacity of communities to effectively analyze our problematic issues and planning of community development is often required to scrutinize current status of community of socio-economic and infrastructural capacity development with GIS. We consider community development as a planned effort to build assets that increase the capacity of communities. Spatial asset mapping is the process enabling to identify and make inventories of tangible and intangible assets. This mapping requires developing a capacity inventory that collects individual organizational and community capacities in view of human, socio-cultural, natural, financial, digital, and physical capacity. The purpose of this research is not only designed to suggest a new concept capacity building, but also proposes a more creative framework of asset-based community cap linking to parcel-based spatial asset mapping and capacity mapping process.
Fire Emergency Response System Based on GIS - Daegu Metropolitan City FGIS -
Baek, Dong-Seung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 109~118
Disaster management in Korea so far was centered on recovery efforts rather than prior mitigations. Besides, there were no systematic attempts to assemble appropriate information for even for the past disasters. In this reason, the nation has been repeatedly suffered from similar disasters. To prevent and minimize damages from disasters, it is necessary to build an information system that can gather and organize proper information and that can analyze and visualize spatial patterns of past disasters. This research aims at proposing policy measures to foster a GIS based urban disaster management system. To do so, the paper firstly takes a close look at the FGIS in the City of Taegu as an example. Then it examines the effects of GIS based urban disaster management system and suggests future directions to promote it.
Design and Implementation of Components to Represent the 3-Dimensional+Temporal Objects
Lee, Hyun Ah ; Kim, Jin Suk ; Ryu, Keun Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 119~132
As geographic object is consisted of 3-dimensional, it must be appropriated use the 3-dimensional coordinate system to express for exact representation. To define 3-dimensional+temporal object model we extended 3-dimensional space and valid time from object model of OpenGIS consortium that is limited to 2-dimensional space. This methodology guarantees compatibility with other systems to construct with the open model. Also, it permitted administration for two kinds of object by considering both objects whose position and shape changes discretely over time and objects whose position changes continuously. 3-dimensional+temporal object model was implemented by 3-dimensional+temporal object component using OLE/COM techniques. The interfaces of the component defined based on 3-dimensional+temporal object model. To use this component, we implement the data consumer for 3-dimensional+temporal data.
Constructing Land-use Database Based on the Cadastral Map and Registered Building Data
Baek, Tae-Kyung ; Kim, Young-Hoon ; Choi, Jung-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 133~142
As the city grows in population and size, land-use plan increasingly becomes a crucial element in developing a city-wide plan. In the process of developing the land use plan, identifying the present conditions and predicting the future conditions are the most important steps. That is, to understand the phenomena of land-use activities as well as to manage uses of the land efficiently require the comprehensive land use information system. This study intends to construct the land use database utilizing the Cadastral Map and Registered Building Data and to examine and suggest the application areas of the database. The database was constructed with those of Busan Metropolitan City. Using the established data, it shows how to use the database to identify the present conditions in Busan.
Research for Calibration and Correction of Multi-Spectral Aerial Photographing System(PKNU 3)
Lee, Eun Kyung ; Choi, Chul Uong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 143~154
The researchers, who seek geological and environmental information, depend on the remote sensing and aerial photographic datum from various commercial satellites and aircraft. However, the adverse weather conditions and the expensive equipment can restrict that the researcher can collect their data anywhere and any time. To allow for better flexibility, we have developed a compact, a multi-spectral automatic Aerial photographic system(PKNU 2). This system's Multi-spectral camera can catch the visible(RGB) and infrared(NIR) bands(
pixels) image. Visible and infrared bands images were obtained from each camera respectively and produced Color-infrared composite images to be analyzed in the purpose of the environment monitor but that was not very good data. Moreover, it has a demerit that the stereoscopic overlap area is not satisfied with 60% due to the 12s storage time of each data, while it was possible that PKNU 2 system photographed photos of great capacity. Therefore, we have been developing the advanced PKNU 2(PKNU 3) that consists of color-infrared spectral camera can photograph the visible and near infrared bands data using one sensor at once, thermal infrared camera, two of 40 G computers to store images, and MPEG board to compress and transfer data to the computer at the real time and can attach and detach itself to a helicopter. Verification and calibration of each sensor(REDLAKE MS 4000, Raytheon IRPro) were conducted before we took the aerial photographs for obtaining more valuable data. Corrections for the spectral characteristics and radial lens distortions of sensor were carried out.
A Study on Coupling TOPMODEL with HyGIS
Kim, Kyung Tak ; Choi, Yun Seok ; Jang, Jae Hyeok ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 155~165
Hydrological model which is proper to watershed characteristics and analysis purpose must be used when we analyze water resources. But, although proper model is used, if objectivity and reasonability of data is low it is difficult to get good results from the model. So it is very important to decide the data which is used in selected model and estimate parameters by using the applied data. In this study, temporal and spatial data was constructed as standard data of test site and stored in HyGIS (Hydrological Geographic Information System) DB. A system which extracts temporal and spatial data required to run hydrological model from HyGIS DB by connecting TOPMODEL with HyGIS was developed. In this system, we can extract temporal and spatial data which is needed to run TOPMODEL from HyGIS DB and estimate model parameters by using genetic algorithm. We found that HyGIS and the system connected with TOPMODEL was effective to make temporal and spatial data used in TOPMODEL and estimate model parameters. From this study, we suggested the possibility that HyGIS could be applied properly to another hydrological model, too.
The Relationship Between Phytoplankton Distribution and Environmental Conditions of the Upwelling Cold Water in the Eastern Coast of the Korean Peninsula
Oh, Hyun Ju ; Suh, Young Sang ; Heo, Seung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 7, issue 4, 2004, Pages 166~173
By analyzing the sea surface temperature (SST), phytoplankton and NOAA/AVHRR satellite data of Gijang, located at the eastern coast of the korean peninsula during the period of 2001 to 2003, we have analyzed the daily variation in the upwelling cold water, phytoplankton, and chlorophyll a. The SST of Gijang coast appealed rapid change due to the temporal and spatial variation of the upwelling cold water. This in turn led to an increase in the number of phytoplanktons and other varieties of organisms inhabiting in the Gijang coastal region.