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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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A Method for the Extraction of a Subset of Points from a Large Set of Points Affecting the Distribution of Surface Data - A Case Study of Market Area and Competitive Power Analysis by Sales Data of Micro Scale Retail Stores -
Lee, Jung-Eun ; Sadahiro, Yukio ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~12
Approaches to spatial analysis differ from the type of spatial objects to be treated. Especially, in here, the case where two spatial data sets coexist is considered. The goal of such case lies on detecting a subset of spatial objects out of a large set that affects the distribution of the other object. However, it is not easy to extract a subset from a large set by visualization just with the help of GIS since huge amount of data are provided nowadays. In this research, therefore, relationship between two different spatial data are analyzed by quantitative measure in the case study of marketing geography. A purchase history data of a small retail store and the location of its competitors are given as source data for the analysis. The goal of analysis from the aspect of this case study is to extract strong competitors of the store that affects the sales amount of the store among many competitors. With the result, therefore, it is expected that market area pattern and competitive power of stores under micro scale retail environment would be understood by quantitative measure.
GIS Application for Evaluating Forest Recreation Functions
Han, Su-Jin ; Lee, Woo-Kyun ; Kwak, Doo-Ahn ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 13~19
In previous classification, forest recreation functions were evaluated by same factors and couldn't consider various characteristics of forest resources. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the recreational function of forest resources by applying different factors to each forest resources. We selected Daegu and Mt. Jiri as study area and divided forest resources into visitor-oriented and forest-oriented recreational resources. The level of recreational functions were evaluated with three grade(low, medium, high). In consequence, our study found out that it is more effective to evaluate forest recreational function by applying accessibility and attraction factors to each forest resources than previous work.
River Basin based Region Reconstruction and it's Regulation Analysis: A Case of Gangwon Province
Kim, Chang-Hwan ; Bae, Sun-Hak ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 20~33
Changing of industry structure and development of traffic and telecommunications requires a change of the knowledge about the space where the human beings reside. Step by step the world is being divided into specified utility blocks. Today there is a limit that only one local government can compete with another region in the world. This study provides decision support tools with the use of GIS on the regional level for regions competition. GIS establishes regions and analyzes their geographic environment data, which will help in local-government problem solving and provide framework data for similar regions to become the community. The wide-area GIS application can present an objective and rational basis for regulation of inefficient investments and excessive competition between adjacent regions. The study area is Gangwon-do. Considering specific features of Gangwon-do which preserved high-quality environment resources, river basins were taken as a basis among natural regional elements. The main object of analysis conducted were the facts relevant to environmental regulation. The Gangwon-do consists of three regions in this study: Yongdong region, North-Hangang region and South-Hangang region. The analysis of each region regulation cases showed the following: in Youngdong region the forests regulation rate is high, in North-Hangang region the military installations protection sector's rate as well as regulation rate for water resources protection is relatively high, in South-Hangang region the forest and water resources regulation rate is high. The percentage of forests and water regulation rate appeared to be rather high in Gangwon-do, which means that the value of forest and water resources there is very high.
A Study of Flood Runoff Variation by Travel Times Estimation Methods
Park, Ki-Bum ; Ko, Jin-Seuk ; Jee, Hong-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 34~45
In this study comparison estimates travel times with observed travel time. In generally, peak flood discharges decrease become travel times longer. It is closely related to storage constant for the watershed routing of a flood. There are so many empirical formulas available for the estimation of travel time, storage coefficients and lag time but results computed generally show great different depending on individual formulas. When calculated flood discharge depend on the travel times varying the discharge. In this study the Wichun travel time shorter optimization travel time than observed travel time for the rusa and memi. There are showed good results for flood discharges, water level and velocity of the memi at the Younggok.
Automatic Mosaicing of Airborne Multispectral Images using GPS/INS Data and Unsupervised Classification
Jang, Jae-Dong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 46~55
The purpose of this study is a development of an automatic mosaicing for applying to large number of airborne multispectral images, which reduces manual operation by human. 2436 airborne multispectral images were acquired from DuncanTech MS4100 camera with three bands; green, red and near infrared. LIDAR(LIght Detection And Ranging) data and GPS/INS(global positioning system/inertial navigation system) data were collected with the multispectral images. First, the multispectral images were converted to image patterns by unsupervised classification. Their patterns were compared with those of adjacent images to derive relative spatial position between images. Relative spatial positions were derived for 80% of the whole images. Second, it accomplished an automatic mosaicing using GPS/INS data and unsupervised classification. Since the time of GPS/INS data did not synchronized the time of readout images, synchronized GPS/INS data with the time of readout image were selected in consecutive data by comparing unsupervised classified images. This method realized mosaicing automatically for 96% images and RMSE (root mean square error) for the spatial precision of mosaiced images was only 1.44 m by validation with LIDAR data.
The Relationship between Soil Erosion and Cultivation in the Bockha Stream Watershed Area
Lee, Jin-Young ; Yang, Dong-Yun ; Kim, Ju-Young ; Hong, Sea-Sun ; Kim, Jin-Kwan ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 56~65
In the past, flooding is commonly occurred in the Bockha stream watershed area with inundation by the water and eroded sediments. The purpose of this study is to find the relationship between area under cultivation and amount of soil erosion in each watershed areas using geographic information system(GIS) for decreasing the damages of flooding. The soil erosion amounts were computed on GIS using by universal soil loss equation(USLE). Small catchment areas was divided by topography and computed soil erosion amounts. The mean amount of soil erosion is 0.03
on the condition of the 1,329 mm/yr annual precipitation. The high erosion area(0.05
) is shown in farm areas of the Sangyong-ri in Baeksa-myeon. The high erosion watershed area is related on the slopes of the farm lands and bare soil areas adjoining between the mountain slope and fluvial streams show much amount of soil erosion.
Pilot Building for a Participation System on the Basis of WebGIS by the Process of Urban Planning
Kim, Dae-Wuk ; Ryu, Ji-Won ; Jung, Eung-Ho ; Kim, Soobong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 66~77
Considering constantly increasing number of internet users and information-oriented society with high speed internet network, the application of computer technology is considered to be valuable in urban planning. Particularly, since using Geographic Information System (GIS) is expected to be the best method to convey the information related to the urban planning. Therefore, this study aims at the development of participation system by using GIS and Internet. The system consists of Basic Module, Disposal Module and Decision Support Module. Each module is designed for expressing planning information and processing database, opinion statement and convenience of citizens, and the effectiveness of administration process and decision making. These are connected each other in a basic and simple form, i.e. Java Script and HTML, and the system was realized through data process, Map date and PostGIS for Mapping, and PHP. Last but not least, this system has been tested on the internet and the result indicated its convenience and availability in actual use concluding that participation system has enough application value on urban planning process.
Determining the Flash Flood Warning Trigger Rainfall using GIS
Hwang, Chang-Sup ; Jun, Kye-Won ; Yeon, In-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 78~88
This paper is to apply Geographical Information System (GIS) supported Geomorphoclimatic Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph (GCIUH) approach for the calculated flash flood trigger rainfall of the mountainous area. GIS techniques was applied in geography data construction such as average slope, drainage area, channel characteristics. Especially, decided stream order using GIS at stream order decision that is important for input variable of GCIUH. We compared the GCIUH peak discharge with the existing report using the design storm at Chundong basin(
). The results showed that derived the GCIUH was a very proper method in the calculation of mountaunous discharge. At the Chundong basin, flash flood trigger rainfall was 12.57mm in the first 20 minutes when the threshold discharge was
Developing the Satellite Image based e-Thematic Construction and Management System -Case Study of Supporting Forest Administrative Service-
Jo, Myung-Hee ; Jo, Yun-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 89~100
Recently the dramatical development of domestic spatial information technology and the successful construction of Korea NGIS(Nation Geographic Information System) have been the foundation of the scientific national territory utilization and management. However, there still exists the original problems to construct the thematic maps for supporting the various administrative services because administrative officials tend to depend on paper maps and inventories to generate spatial information, process, upgrade and manage. In this situation, there is a greater need to develop GIS system for the effective construction of various thematic maps. In this study, the satellite image based high accurate e-thematic construction and management system was developed to support the forest administrative service such as generating user based forest thematic maps, modifying them, analyzing and outputting through GIS, GPS and satellite images. For the case study, the previous forest paper map of Jeju Island was converted in format of raster and vector data using satellite images to maintain more exact location information so that this system helps to manage domestic spatial information scientifically and effectively within shorter time then support the standard for domestic spatial information. Moreover, this system plays the role of DSS(Decision Supporting System) for forest administrative affairs by integrating the attribute data, managing the GPS data and linking the multimedia data. For this, the additional main objective of this study was acquired powerful GIS component, which is called as e-mapping component, so that it could be regarded as enabling interoperability and reusability within this application. For the future works, the essential element idea and technology in this study could be applied very usefully to other official works such as constructing thematic maps and supporting the desired affairs.
An Analysis of the Coastal Topography and Land Cover Changes in the Haeundae Beach
Yang, Ji-Yeon ; Choi, Chul-Uong ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 101~115
As coastal erosion is increasing sharply because of sudden changes in the natural environment and increases in artificial development, the problem of coastal erosion become an important issue, socially and economically. To building the data which needed to grasp the situation and find a solution, we need the monitoring system for long-term. In this study, we analyzed the coastal topography and land cover changes in the Haeundae Beach during 60 years. The Haeundae Beach is the most famous beach in the country and coastal erosion are going on. First, we analyzed the change of coastal topography by calculated the coastline and area of the beach using aerial photos during 60 years. We extracted the coastline by digitized on aerial photo and corrected the height of tide level using sounding and GPS survey data. And we computed the area of beach and analyzed the change of area during 60 years. Second, we analyzed the change of land cover using landcover map. We made the detailed landcover map by on-screen digitizing and estimated the soil loss for the area nearby Haeundae Beach. As a result, we could see that the coastline get nearer to land and the area of beach has been reduced in general. We think that interception of sand supply by the development is the artificial cause of coastal erosion. The result of this study would be useful in long-term coastal monitoring and to analyze the cause of coastal environment change. We expect that the result is available on the coastal information system.
A Study on the Urban Growth Patterns Focusing on Regional Characteristics
Yun, Jeong-Mi ; Lee, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 116~126
The purpose of this study is to analyze the growing course of Busan, Gimhae and Jinhae and further find patterns of the urban growth. This study shows that patterns of the urban growth differ from city to city, being influenced by the city's characteristics. Acknowledging this fact would help the decision maker to determine the developing plan of the urban. The methodology for this study is as follows; Fuzzy set concept is applied to minimize the data loss. At the same time, the AHP is used to give a relative weight to each factor. In order to be able to manage the change based on the dynamic model and time, Cellular Automata is introduced to simulate the growth of urban. The results show that the pattern of Gimhae's and Jinhae's growth is the same, whereas that of Busan is different from them. That is to say, each city has regional characteristics. And the pattern of the urban growth is influenced by the regional conditions of the city.
Analysis of Digital Terrain Model Display by Comparison of GIS Shaded Relief and Rendering
Lee, Hyung-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 127~136
Shaded relief is used in the analysis of digital terrain model, but accurate shadow zone has not been affirmed on account of idea only shadow of terrain that would be in shadow are shaded. This study is to analyze each display difference of a digital terrain model by grasping the shadow characteristics of terrain and comparing shaded relief function used terrain display of GIS with a rendering technique. After terrain with road in subject area is selected and created to digital terrain model of TIN, shaded relief and rendering according to altitude and azimuth of the sun at 9:00 am and 3:00 pm is applied. As the results, only backward portions of the terrain that is in shadow from the sunlight are shaded in case of shaded relief. The rendering created the shadow, which is cast by terrain features. By these mutual comparison, this study represented data for understanding of shaded relief. And it is expected that the rendering method could be used to analyze sunshine influence.
Efficient Roadside Trees Management using RFID and GIS Technology
Kim, Eui-Myoung ; Lee, Yun ; Kim, Sung-Soo ; Kim, In-Hyun ; Choi, Young-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 137~148
Roadside trees that are managed by the local government play important roles to enhance the city lifestyle in many ways. However, because of insufficient human resources that monitor fields and regulations, most roadside trees were left unprotected and lacked the professional management. Also, due to the lack of financial support, pesticides or treatments have rarely been done in a proper time. To solve this existing matter, we have proposed concrete methods that include a latest communication technology, and developed an on-site management system and a web-monitoring system for roadside trees. Our successful research includes efficient approaches to identify an individual tree and integration of both field works and internal work processes with wireless communications and web displays to monitor the roadside trees.
A Study on the Analysis of Location Potential of Commercial Use using GIS Database
Baek, Tae-Kyung ; Choi, Jung-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 149~157
The purpose of this study is to search for location potential in Busan metropolitan city and to support decision-making in land use policy. As basis work for the analysis of the location potential, we build rank-map database by using the 11 index. And then by using rank-map, we carried out the location potential (
) analysis. As a result, we found that many commercial use located in Rank 1 to 2. Also, Rank 4-7 must be made an un-commercial use in assignment of land use zone. These data can be effectively used for land use plan in Busan metropolitan city as the basis data.
Land-Cover Change Detection of Western DMZ and Vicinity using Spectral Mixture Analysis of Landsat Imagery
Kim, Sang-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 158~167
The object of this study is to detect of land-cover change in western DMZ and vicinity. This was performed as a basic study to construct a decision support system for the conservation or a sustainable development of the DMZ and Vicinity near future. DMZ is an is 4km wide and 250km long and it's one of the most highly fortified boundaries in the world and also a unique thin green line. Environmentalists want to declare the DMZ as a natural reserve and a biodiversity zone, but nowadays through the strengthening of the inter-Korean economic cooperation, some developers are trying to construct a new-town or an industrial complex inside of the DMZ. This study investigates the current environmental conditions, especially deforestation of the western DMZ adopting remote sensing and GIS techniques. The Land-covers were identified through the linear spectvral mixture analysis(LSMA) which was used to handle the spectral mixture problem of low spatial resolution imagery of Landsat TM and ETM+ imagery. To analyze quantitative and spatial change of vegetation-cover in western DMZ, GIS overlay method was used. In LSMA, to develop high-quality fraction images, three endmembers of green vegetation(GV), soil, water were driven from pure features in the imagery. Through 15 years, from 1987 to 2002, forest of western DMZ and vicinity was devastated and changed to urban, farmland or barren land. Northern part of western DMZ and vicinity was more deforested than that of southern part. (
of North Korean forest and
of South Korean were change to other land-covers.) In case of North Korean part, forest changed to barren land and farmland and in South Korean part, forest changed to farmland and urban area. Especially, In North Korean part of DMZ and vicinity,
of farmland changed to barren land through 15 years, which showed the failure of the 'Darakbat' (terrace filed) project which is one of food increase projects in North Korea.
Application of Geostatistical Analysis Method to Detect the Direction of Sea Surface Warm Flows
Choi, Hyun-Woo ; Kim, Hyun-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, volume 9, issue 1, 2006, Pages 168~178
In recent years, an ingress of mass jellyfish into cooling water intake system causes interruption of electric power production at the Uljin nuclear power plant. Therefore, monitering and forecast on the mass ingress of marine organisms are demanded as one of the early preventing measurements. Sea water movement is a major factor on the ingress of marine organisms like Moon jellyfish which has weak self-mobile ability. When sea surface flow direction adjacent to the Uljin is the northwest, the jellyfish on the Tsushima warm currents move to the Uljin power plant. To detect the direction of sea surface warm flows, the spatial range with
is set up and NOAA sea surface temperature(SST) data are collected in this area. For the statistical analysis, the SST data are made as GIS point data and geostatistical analysis of ArcGIS is used. Analyzing directional semivariogram, the anisotropy of the SST point data are calculated and warm flow direction is detected. This experimental results are expected to use as an element technology for the early warning system development of mass jellyfish ingress in power plant.