Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Ginseng Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Ginseng
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Dec 1991
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Aug 1991
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Apr 1991
Selecting the target year
Effects of Butanol Extract and Water-Soluble Constituent of Radioprotective Ginseng Fractioil on Cell Survival
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 167~170
Radiation protective fraction was Isolated and partially purified from Korean white ginseng. The effect of the fraction was studied on the cell survival of W-damaged CHO-Kl cells. As a result, it was found that the fraction increased the survival rate of damaged cells significantly within the dose range of which cytotoxicity did not appear This fraction was separated into two parts by adding butanol, namely the precipitated protein component and the butanol extract. Damaged cells were treated with each of these components and their survival rates were measured. The protein component demonstrated significant increase in the survival rates, while the butanol extract showed no such increment. These results suggest that the radiation protective effect of the ginseng fraction is originated from the butanol-precipitated protein component, not from the butanol-soluble compounds.
A Study on the Effect of "ADAPTAGEN"
Korean Ginseng Components, for the Injured Mouse by X-ray(
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 171~178
The results ok feeding experiments to the mice with ginseng extract, ginseng Powder, and ADAPTAGEN, for 30 days before X-ray irradiation and for 40 days after the X-ray irradiation at 750 rads were as follow: 1. The 50% lethals days (LD50, ) by the X-ray irradiation were 9 days at 1, 000 rads. 10 days at 900 rads, 11 days at 800 rads, 14 days at 760 rads, and 19 darts at 750 rads. Therefore, the standard radiation dose was set at 750 radb/8 min. 2. The 80% of the control group mice exposed to the X-ray radiation without ginseng feeding died in periods ranging from 14 to 24 days and the 20~30% of the ginseng extract and ginseng powder feeding groups died. But the 100% of the mice fed with ADAPTAGEN survived. 3. Testicles of the control group became smaller in weight than the nomad group by 26.5 to 29.0% and those of the ginseng extract and ginseng powder feeding group reduced by 44.6 to 60.4%. However, testicles of the ADAPTiIGEN feeding group increased in size by 77.4% to 87.1% and in weight by 61%, showing a recovery phenomenon approarhing to those of the ordinary mice. The ADAPTAGEN feeding group mice were also as active in color as the ordinary ones. 4. An electron micrograph(X8, 000X2.2) of the liver cells of the mice which had been 40 days after X-ray irradiation showed as follows; The control group appeared that is physiological action stopped due to the frequent occurrence of morphological change of the nucleus and diffusion of chromosome, reduction in microspores and expansion of microsomts, and endoplasmic change of mitochondria. The liver cells or the ADAPTAGEN feeding group were in a state similar to those of the ordinary mice restoring to normalcy In contrast, the liver cells of the ginseng extract and ginseng powder feeding groups were still far from being normal. 5. A serological analysis showed that the control group sharply decreased in albumin, Y-g1obu1in, and IgG so far as to cause dystrophy and to weaken antibody resistance but that ginseng extract and ginseng powder feeding groups, though in a little more restoring state than the control group, were still far from the normal group. The ADAPTAGEN feeding group restored to a state as comparable to the normal group in the contents of albumin
-globulin, IgG and serum protein. In order words, it is noteworthy that ADAPTAGEN feeding was effective in revitalizing the destroyed cells of a living body and that it has the function of normalizing antibody components.
The Role of Ginseng Total Saponins in the Inhibition of the Development of Analgesic Tolerance to Morphine
Kim, Hack-Seang ; Oh, Ki-Wan ; Seong, Yeon-Hee ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 179~182
The relationship between the brain monoamines and morphine tolerance was examined in ginseng total saponins treated mice. Ginseng total saponins (100 mg/kg, i.p.) did not antagonize morphine (10 mg/kg, s.c.) analgesia in mice. Daily treatment with ginseng total saponins (100 mg/kg) did not affect the brain levels of noradrenaline, dopamine and serotonin for 5 days but inhibited the development of morphine tolerance. This inhibition of the development of morphine tolerance was not attributed to the reductions of brain noradrenaline, dopamine and serotonin in mice treated with ginseng total saponins (100 mg/kg) daily. This result suggest that a newly equilibrated state of neurologic function may involve an underlying mechanism in mice treated with ginseng total saponins.
Effect of Ginseng Hairy Root on Absorption and Excretion of Orally Injested Radiostrontium(85Sr) in Mouse
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 183~187
Effect of ginseng hairy and native roots on body absorption, fecal and urinary excretion of Ingested radiostrontium were investigated in the mouse(NIH-strain, male) treated with or without pre-feeding of each ginseng soluble fraction. The test groups were fed with basic diet supplemented with 1% each ginseng soluble fraction for 7 darts before the radiostrontium were administered by intragastric intubation. In the groups of treated with soluble fraction from ginseng hairy roots, the radioactivities of fecal and urinary excretion increased about 15% over than that of control groups and the whole body retention were about 38%. In the groups of treated with soluble fraction from native ginseng roots, the radioactivities of fecal and urinary excretion increased about 25% over than that of control groups and the whole body retention were about 28%. Also, the levels of radiostrontium accumulation retained significantly the higher percent in skeletons than in other organs.
Prepration of 20(R)- and 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh1 from Ginsenoside Re
Shin Il Kim ; Jon ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 188~191
The mild hydrolysis of ginsenosie Re with 50% acetic acid gave a prosapogenin mixture, 20(R)- and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg2. The products were acetylated to give the peracetates, which were further converted into 20(R)- and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh1 by the alcoholic alkaline treatment.
Extraction Yields of Ginseng Saponins in the Extracts of Crude Drug Preparations with Various Concentrations of Ethanol
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 192~196
As a part of studios on the Quality control of index components in crude drug preparations, extraction yields of ginseng saponins from crude drug extracts were identified by TLC and quantified by HPLC. So-Shi-Ho-Tang(小柴胡湯), Sa-Kun-Ja-Tang(四君子湯), Yook-Kun-Ja-Tang(六君子湯) and In-sam-Tang(人蔘湯) were extracted with water, 30%-ethanol, 50%-ethanol, 80%-ethanol and absolute ethanol to analyze ginseng saponins in the crude drug extracts prepared with various concentrations of ethanol. Ginseng saponins were extracted considerably more from the extracts with higher concentrations of ethanol than those with water or lower concentrations of ethanol. Extraction yields of ginseng-side-Rb
from four crude drug preparations were the lowest as 4.9~45.9%, 5.0~40.1, and 6.3~43.7% in water extract and the highest as 29.5~62.6%, 26.7~61.4% and 31.4~62.0% in absolute ethanol extract, compared with those of 80%-methanol extracts.
Effect of Bed Height on Ginseng Growth and Soil Physical Properties
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 197~199
Growth of ginseng and physical properties of soil were compared with bed height in experimental plots of sand loam for four year and clay loam soil for three year old ginseng plants, respectively. Field survey was also carried out to compare yield and soil physical properties with bed height in the same fold of six years old ginseng fields. High yield of ginseng root was observed at high bed both in the experimental plots and field survey as well. The rate of rusty root was significantly reduced at high bed. Soil porosity increased but soil hardness decreased at high bed.
Potential Pests of Ginseng in Scarabaeids
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 200~204
Densities and larval food habits of Holotrichia titanis belonging to Melolonthinae, and of Anomala corpulenta and A. mfocuprea belonging to Rutelinae, collected from surroundings of ginseng fields, were investigated to determine potentia]s as ginseng pests in scarabaeids. H. titanis had similar food habit to the ginseng pests, H. morosa and H. diomphalia, although the density of H. titanis was relatively low during the period of survey, which indicates that the scarabaeid may have potentials to be a major pest with build-up or the population in the fields. However, A. corpulenta and A. rufacuprea with higher populations than H. morose and H. dicmphalia had no or low potency as ginseng pests since they had little preference to ginseng roots or did not feed on these. The latter two species in Rutelinae showed different food habits in relation to dead organic matter.
Export Markets for Ginseng Products
Ference, Don ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 205~215
The current size, characteristics. and channels of distribution of the offshore export (non North American) market for ginseng products are described. The apparent size of the worlds export market for ginseng products in 1987 is 3,363 tonnes. The major export markets for ginseng are Hong Kong (1,972.4 tonnes) and Japan (540.9 tonnes). The volume of ginseng imported into Hong Kong has doubled over the past five years from 976.3 tonnes in 1983 to 1,972.4 tonnes in 1987. This increase is reflective of an expanding Chinese market. In terms of products forms, the toast majority of ginseng imported into China is in root form, while Japan imports both red and white ginseng as well as ginseng beverages and medical products. Hong Kong is the destination of over 86f; of the volume of North American ginseng exported between 1983 and 1987. North American ginseng products are distributed by ginseng brokers or importers/exporters.
인삼연구의 진흥 방안
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 216~217
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 218~376
인삼제품의 품질관리 현황
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 222~223
Quality of Raw Ginseng and Quality Control of Ginseng Products
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 224~230
The seven traditional quality factors including age and root weight ect. were reviewed in relation to the chemical components as a new quality factor and pharmacological data. The other important factor, production place, appeared to be sum of the eight factors. The important of production place indicated that the best quality ginseng is produced in the optimum environment. The description of ginseng for medicinal use in present materia medica missed most traditional quality factors only indicating the change by processing. Such phenomena do not mean the significant of raw
ginseng quality. since appropriate raw ginseng was supplied in traditional way. For the generation with analytical attitude the description of raw ginseng quality to the processed ginseng products is recommendable. For the quality control with biologically active or index compound, the composition of various compounds seems to be the best. The establishment of physical and chemical quality creteria that will match with the traditional mothod it needed and will accomplished by comparative research on raw ginseng from various production sites and growth conditions. The description of production-place, grade and quantity of raw ginseng to the processed products will give better information and higher popularity of products to consumers.
신제품 개발방법과 인삼제품
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 231~239
인삼제품과 기능성 식품 소재의 이용
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 240~246
원료인삼의 성분과 품질 관리
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 247~256
Analysis of Diol- and Triol-Saponins in Ginseng
Park, Jeong-Il ; Park, Man-Gi ; Han, Byeong-Hun ;
Journal of Ginseng Research, volume 15, issue 3, 1991, Pages 257~262